Promissory Notes

News & Analysis as of

SEC Seeks to Bring Down Ponzi Scheme Selling Life Settlements

On November 10, 2015, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) filed a complaint in the Northern District of Georgia against James Torchia and the companies under his control alleging that Torchia is running a Ponzi...more

Appellate Court Notes

Appellate Court Advance Release Opinions: AC36382, AC36387 - Hilton v. Commissioner of Correction - AC36922 - Nationwide Mutual Ins. Co. v. Pasiak - This was Round Three of a case previously reported on. An...more

Litigation Alert: Washington Supreme Court Clears Up Ambiguity on "Holder" versus "Owner" of Secured Notes

The Washington Supreme Court, sitting en banc, affirmed in Brown v. Washington State Department of Commerce the Department of Commerce’s denial of a mediation request under the Foreclosure Fairness Act (FFA) made by a...more

Reach of Contractual Jury Trial Waivers Narrowed By Alabama Supreme Court

In Ex Parte Acosta, No. 1140200, — So. 3d —, No. 1140200, 2015 WL 3537476 (Ala. June 5, 2015), the Alabama Supreme Court refused to incorporate a jury trial waiver from a collateral loan document into a Promissory Note. ...more

California’s Secured Promissory Note Exemption

The line between real property transactions and securities transactions is not always clear.  California Corporations Code Section 25100(p) provides an exemption for a promissory note secured by a lien on real property...more

There’s Nothing Magic About the “Original” Promissory Note

In a victory for creditors, the Alabama Court of Civil Appeals recently reversed a trial judge’s decision to exclude a copy of a promissory note from evidence simply because it was not an original. Without the promissory...more

Equitable Liens: No Mortgage Does Not Necessarily Mean No Lien

Marcum v. Marcum (In re Marcum), 508 B.R. 499 (Bankr. M.D. Fla. 2014) – A creditor made two prepetition loans to a chapter 13 debtor for payment of delinquent real estate taxes. The loans were supposed to be secured by...more

Foreclosure Plaintiffs Cannot Rely Solely on Their Status as Parent Corporation

The ownership of the promissory note by a subsidiary corporation of the Plaintiff cannot alone establish standing to foreclose. In HSBC Bank USA, N.A. v. Ryan Kahan, et al., the Court granted the borrowers’ motion for...more

Domestic Partnership Agreements: Financial Disclosures and Privacy

To reduce risk of later attack on the domestic partnership agreement, domestic partners should make fair and reasonable financial disclosures to each other prior to signing the agreement. Each partner should disclose to the...more

Florida Appellate Court Provides Guidance on Proof Required to Enforce Lost Negotiable Instruments

As Florida works through its foreclosure backlog, many of the cases remaining are those with complications, for example a lost promissory note. Such issues are not insurmountable, but do require an attention to detail. For...more

SEC, FINRA, DC Sanction Success Trade

A recurrent theme in today’s enforcement environment is parallel and often overlapping proceedings. That is the case with a District of Columbia based broker that drew sanctions from the SEC, FINRA and DC. In the Matter of...more

Florida Court of Appeals Reverses Foreclosure of Reverse Mortgage by Expanding the Definition of “Borrower” to Include Surviving...

Home equity conversion mortgages, commonly known as “reverse mortgages” are popular loan products in Florida. In order to foreclose on a reverse mortgage, the lender generally must allege that all conditions necessary to...more

SEC Fines Adviser $20 Million Based on Conflicts

Failure to disclose conflicts of interest and/or to comply with firm procedures are the predicates for a series of SEC enforcement actions involving regulated entities. The most recent example of these trends is an action...more

Appellate Court Notes

Appellate Court Advance Release Opinions - AC36506 - Sidorova v. East Lyme Board of Education - Due to budget cuts, the Board of Education laid off the plaintiff who was a tenured French teacher. She sued for...more

New York Appellate Court Confers Standing on Assignee of Note Previously Discharged in Bankruptcy

A mortgage lender has standing to foreclose even when it obtains assignment of the underlying promissory note after the note has been discharged in bankruptcy, a New York appellate court has ruled. The case arose after the...more

Real Property, Financial Services & Title Insurance Update: Weeks Ending July 10, 17 & 24, 2015

REAL PROPERTY UPDATE - Eviction/Summary Judgment: Error to grant summary judgment where plaintiff failed to refute multiple affirmative defenses including an assertion that the eviction would cause an inequitable...more

Liberalization of Louisiana Foreclosure Law: Cat on a Hot Tin Roof

Legislation liberalizing Louisiana foreclosure law was signed by Louisiana’s governor on June 5. House Bill 697 becomes effective on August 1, 2015. One particular area where lenders strive to use technology involves...more

A Notice of Default Does Not “Disturb Possession”

An action to quiet title in real property can be governed by various statutes of limitation, depending on what theory underlies the claim. Possibilities include the five-year limitations period for adverse possession, the...more

Real Property, Financial Services & Title Insurance Update: Weeks Ending May 1 & 8, 2015

Foreclosure: trial court abused its discretion in dismissing foreclosure action with prejudice, cancelling substantial debt, and denying lender ability to refile a foreclosure action without making finding of facts as...more

Who needs New York law when you can have an English scheme of arrangement instead?

DTEK Finance B.V., Re [2015] EWHC 1164 (Ch) - Following upon the November judgment in Re APCOA Parking Holdings GmbH, last week Mrs Justice Rose sanctioned a scheme of arrangement between the Dutch company DTEK Finance...more

Father-Daughter Conclude Settlement With SEC

The SEC concluded its litigation with a father – daughter combination that solicited investors to purchase promissory notes based on representations that there would be risk free returns from forex trading. There were no...more

Converting Your Convertible Note

If you just invested in the next big thing by way of a convertible promissory note, you will want to ensure that, when it converts, you get all of the equity to which you’re entitled. Does your note convert at the valuation...more

The Sixth Circuit, Relying upon Michigan’s Nonrecourse Mortgage Loan Act, Rejects the Enforceability of an Insolvency Covenant

Notwithstanding Michigan’s 2012 Nonrecourse Mortgage Loan Act (NMLA), which provides that solvency covenants in nonrecourse loans unenforceable, in Borman, LLC v. 18718 Borman, LLC, a third-party purchaser of a foreclosed...more

Forbear or Beware: Are Forbearance Agreements the Solution to California Creditors' Nightmares?

In commercial and real estate disputes, the creditor oftentimes agrees to settle his claim for a discounted amount payable in fixed installments over time, but, at the same time, the creditor requires the debtor to secure its...more

Indiana Court of Appeals Reverses “E-Mortgage” Decision

The Indiana Court of Appeals reversed and remanded for further proceedings a trial court’s grant of partial summary judgment and held that because the plaintiff did not show that it controlled the electronic mortgage note...more

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