Promissory Notes

News & Analysis as of

Note versus Mortgage: Who leads the dance?

Earlier this month, Florida’s Fourth District Court of Appeal released an opinion seemingly designed to serve as a primer on perfecting a security interest in a promissory note secured by a mortgage. The analysis is found in...more

Real Property, Financial Services & Title Insurance Update: Weeks Ending May 1 & 8, 2015

Foreclosure: trial court abused its discretion in dismissing foreclosure action with prejudice, cancelling substantial debt, and denying lender ability to refile a foreclosure action without making finding of facts as...more

Who needs New York law when you can have an English scheme of arrangement instead?

DTEK Finance B.V., Re [2015] EWHC 1164 (Ch) - Following upon the November judgment in Re APCOA Parking Holdings GmbH, last week Mrs Justice Rose sanctioned a scheme of arrangement between the Dutch company DTEK Finance...more

Father-Daughter Conclude Settlement With SEC

The SEC concluded its litigation with a father – daughter combination that solicited investors to purchase promissory notes based on representations that there would be risk free returns from forex trading. There were no...more

Converting Your Convertible Note

If you just invested in the next big thing by way of a convertible promissory note, you will want to ensure that, when it converts, you get all of the equity to which you’re entitled. Does your note convert at the valuation...more

The Sixth Circuit, Relying upon Michigan’s Nonrecourse Mortgage Loan Act, Rejects the Enforceability of an Insolvency Covenant

Notwithstanding Michigan’s 2012 Nonrecourse Mortgage Loan Act (NMLA), which provides that solvency covenants in nonrecourse loans unenforceable, in Borman, LLC v. 18718 Borman, LLC, a third-party purchaser of a foreclosed...more

Forbear or Beware: Are Forbearance Agreements the Solution to California Creditors' Nightmares?

In commercial and real estate disputes, the creditor oftentimes agrees to settle his claim for a discounted amount payable in fixed installments over time, but, at the same time, the creditor requires the debtor to secure its...more

Indiana Court of Appeals Reverses “E-Mortgage” Decision

The Indiana Court of Appeals reversed and remanded for further proceedings a trial court’s grant of partial summary judgment and held that because the plaintiff did not show that it controlled the electronic mortgage note...more

Regulators Release Guidance on Private Student Loans With Graduated Repayment Terms at Origination

On January 29, the federal financial regulatory agencies (the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the National Credit Union...more

Typo Disastrous for Lender

The United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit recently issued a harsh opinion for lenders in In re: David L. Duckworth. The case provides a startling example of the drastic consequences of failing to carefully...more

Employee Who Was Sued By Former Employer Collects $271,000 From Employer

PCGH sued its former employee, Thomas Keck, to collect on an unpaid promissory note. Keck defended against the action by claiming that any money he owed PCGH was offset by monies PCGH owed him for unpaid bonus and severance...more

An Unlikely Condition Precedent to Foreclosure in Florida

Mortgage servicers beware. Mortgagors in Florida are defending residential mortgage foreclosures based on the allegation that the servicer failed to give them notice of assignment of the right to bill and collect on the debt...more

California Employment Law Notes - January 2015

$300,000 In Punitive Damages Upheld In Sexual Harassment Case Despite Nominal Damages Award - State of Arizona v. ASARCO LLC, 2014 WL 6918577 (9th Cir. 2014) (en banc). Angela Aguilar who worked in a copper mine...more

Documentary Stamp Taxes: Enforcing a Promissory Note and Mortgage Prior to Payment

While failure to pay Florida’s documentary stamp taxes on a promissory note or mortgage can subject the offender to criminal and financial sanctions, the state’s courts of appeal are split when it comes to determining whether...more

California Foreclosure Law: California Supreme Court Grants Review Of The Keshtgar Decision

As reported in our blog article below, in June the Second District Court of Appeal held that California’s non-judicial foreclosure statutes do not grant a defaulting borrower the right to enjoin a foreclosure sale by alleging...more

Real Estate Tip: Foreclosure Confusion

The financial crisis has taught us a great deal about the mortgage transfer business, secondary markets and loan securitization. In the Spring 2014 issue of the Real Property, Trust & Estate Law Journal, Prof. Dale A. Whitman...more

Authenticating Loan Records From Prior Lenders

In special assets litigation, a bank offers into evidence its own loan records as well as the records of other lenders who previously serviced the loan. However, Florida courts treat these records as inadmissible hearsay...more

5th Circuit Affirms Look Through of Partnerships for Installment Sale Limitation

In Mingo v. Comm’r the 5th Circuit upheld a Tax Court decision and denied installment sale treatment to the extent the partnership interest sold related to underlying unrealized receivables. The taxpayer sold its interest in...more

Death By Typo: Seventh Circuit Confirms That Security Agreements Must Be Error-Free

The most common, or at least the most preventable, way for a security interest to perish involuntarily is a drafting error made by the author of the security instrument. The Seventh Circuit recently confirmed a security...more

Banks Beware! Parol Evidence May Not Correct Drafting Errors When Enforcing Security Agreements

Secured transactions typically include two key documents, which are often executed simultaneously: a promissory note memorializing loan and repayment terms executed by the borrower in favor of the lender and a security...more

Promissory Notes: Who are you Promising to Pay?

Promissory notes are often issued in the course of business arrangements and financial transactions to record indebtedness and financial obligations. People who use these instruments, however, should be aware of the...more

District Court Issues Crucial Ruling on Pennsylvania's Recording Statute

The U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania has held that the failure to create and record written instruments evidencing assignments of mortgages and transfers of promissory notes secured by mortgages on...more

Real Property, Financial Services & Title Insurance Update: September 2014 #1

REAL PROPERTY UPDATE - - Foreclosure/Standing: to establish a prima facie case for mortgage foreclosure, successor mortgagor must introduce evidence it was in possession of original note with blank endorsement at time...more

Bankruptcy Court Holds That Secured Creditors Can Be “Crammed Down” With Below-Market Rate Replacement Notes

On August 26, 2014, in the case In re MPM Silicones, LLC, Case No. 14-22503 (Bankr. S.D.N.Y.) (“Momentive”), the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York held that secured creditors could be...more

Standing To Foreclose– Revisited

There have been several articles posted on this blog on the subject of standing – the legal right to enforce a promissory note and/or mortgage. This continues to be a popular issue for defense counsel to raise and, as a...more

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