Promissory Notes

News & Analysis as of

Court Reversed Forfeiture Award Due To Trial Court Not Indicating It Followed The Correct Standard

In Cooper v. Sanders H. Campbell/Richard T. Mullen, Inc., a company filed suit under a promissory note against a former joint venture partner. No. 05-15-00340-CV, 2016 Tex. App. LEXIS 9253 (Tex. App.—Dallas August 24, 2016,...more

SEC Charges Promoters of Notes Backed by Gold Mine, U.S.

When it is to good to be true, it almost always is. But returns of 53% to 120%, backed by millions of ounces of gold and bonds from the U.S. and Bank of America? Too hard to resist. Investors paid their cash; the promoters...more

Selected Risk Retention Questions and Answers for CMBS Securitizations

On October 22, 2014, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Securities and Exchange Commission, the Federal Housing...more

District Court Of Nebraska Determines Non-Signatory Of Arbitration Agreement Is Not Bound To Arbitrate

A signatory may bind a non-signatory to an arbitration agreement through principles of contract and agency law such as: (1) incorporation by reference; (2) assumption; (3) agency; (4) veil-piercing/alter-ego; and (5)...more

Loan Enforcement and Creditors’ Rights

At times, lenders lose the promissory notes on defaulted loans. Lost notes are problematic because, in order to have standing to foreclose, a lender may be required in many states, including in New York, to possess the...more

Convertible Debt Term Sheets – What Companies Need to Know

Convertible debt is a type of financing companies frequently seek as a prelude to their first significant preferred equity financing, or as a bridge round between equity financings. A convertible debt round will typically...more

Foreclosure of Mortgage Securing Electronic Promissory Note Affirmed

Florida’s Fourth District Court of Appeal recently issued its mandate in Rivera v. Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. confirming the finality of its decision to uphold the enforcement of an electronic promissory note (“e-note”) in a...more

No right to jury trial in foreclosure, even where lender seeks money judgment on promissory note

Given the choice, a borrower in foreclosure may prefer that a jury determine her fate, rather than a judge.  But by statute, “[a]ll mortgages shall be foreclosed in equity” and “foreclosure claim[s] shall, if tried, be tried...more

Has Your Promissory Note Been Outlawed?

The modern understanding of the term “outlaw” is someone who has broken the law and has not been captured and brought to justice. There is, however, another sense of the term. A note is said to be “outlawed” when the...more

NJ Tax Court Denies Interest Addback Exception - Does Your Company Still Qualify?

In a decision published April 26, 2016, the New Jersey Tax Court in Kraft Foods Global Inc. v. Director, Div. of Taxation ruled that a taxpayer couldn’t deduct interest paid to its corporate parent. The taxpayer’s...more

NC Business Court Refuses To Enjoin Similar British Lawsuit

It's possible to get an NC state court to enjoin a party from pursuing parallel litigation in another American state. But what about enjoining a party before an NC court from pursuing a parallel case in another country?...more

The Fourth DCA Issues Florida’s First District Court Opinion Specifically Ruling that Promissory Notes are Negotiable Instruments

The Fourth District Court of Appeal recently held that a promissory note is a negotiable instrument even though it references provisions in the mortgage. Onewest Bank, FSB v. Jose Nunez, Case No. 4D13-48176, 2016 WL 803542...more

Commentary on Elsman: Copy of Note Attached to Complaint May Evidence Standing to Foreclose

With its recently-issued opinion in Elsman v. HSBC Bank USA as Trustee for MLMI 2006-AF1, slip op. 5D14-1753, 41 Fla. L. Weekly D57b, 2015 WL 9491875 (Dec. 31, 2015), the Fifth DCA has added to a growing body of case law...more

Florida’s Fourth DCA Provides Clarity on Proofs Required to Enforce Promissory Note Specially Indorsed to Another

In Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company v. Dennis M. Conley, 4D14-2430 (Fla. 4th DCA Jan. 6, 2016), Florida’s Fourth District Court of Appeal clarified the methods by which a foreclosure plaintiff can seek to enforce a note...more

Security assignments – not always what they say they are?

The nature of security created under a security document does not always match its description in the document. Charlotte Drake explains how this recharacterisation risk can apply to security assignments. ...more

Appellate Court Notes

Appellate Court Advance Release Opinions: AC36382, AC36387 - Hilton v. Commissioner of Correction - AC36922 - Nationwide Mutual Ins. Co. v. Pasiak - This was Round Three of a case previously reported on. An...more

Litigation Alert: Washington Supreme Court Clears Up Ambiguity on "Holder" versus "Owner" of Secured Notes

The Washington Supreme Court, sitting en banc, affirmed in Brown v. Washington State Department of Commerce the Department of Commerce’s denial of a mediation request under the Foreclosure Fairness Act (FFA) made by a...more

Reach of Contractual Jury Trial Waivers Narrowed By Alabama Supreme Court

In Ex Parte Acosta, No. 1140200, — So. 3d —, No. 1140200, 2015 WL 3537476 (Ala. June 5, 2015), the Alabama Supreme Court refused to incorporate a jury trial waiver from a collateral loan document into a Promissory Note. ...more

California’s Secured Promissory Note Exemption

The line between real property transactions and securities transactions is not always clear.  California Corporations Code Section 25100(p) provides an exemption for a promissory note secured by a lien on real property...more

There’s Nothing Magic About the “Original” Promissory Note

In a victory for creditors, the Alabama Court of Civil Appeals recently reversed a trial judge’s decision to exclude a copy of a promissory note from evidence simply because it was not an original. Without the promissory...more

Equitable Liens: No Mortgage Does Not Necessarily Mean No Lien

Marcum v. Marcum (In re Marcum), 508 B.R. 499 (Bankr. M.D. Fla. 2014) – A creditor made two prepetition loans to a chapter 13 debtor for payment of delinquent real estate taxes. The loans were supposed to be secured by...more

Foreclosure Plaintiffs Cannot Rely Solely on Their Status as Parent Corporation

The ownership of the promissory note by a subsidiary corporation of the Plaintiff cannot alone establish standing to foreclose. In HSBC Bank USA, N.A. v. Ryan Kahan, et al., the Court granted the borrowers’ motion for...more

Domestic Partnership Agreements: Financial Disclosures and Privacy

To reduce risk of later attack on the domestic partnership agreement, domestic partners should make fair and reasonable financial disclosures to each other prior to signing the agreement. Each partner should disclose to the...more

Florida Appellate Court Provides Guidance on Proof Required to Enforce Lost Negotiable Instruments

As Florida works through its foreclosure backlog, many of the cases remaining are those with complications, for example a lost promissory note. Such issues are not insurmountable, but do require an attention to detail. For...more

SEC, FINRA, DC Sanction Success Trade

A recurrent theme in today’s enforcement environment is parallel and often overlapping proceedings. That is the case with a District of Columbia based broker that drew sanctions from the SEC, FINRA and DC. In the Matter of...more

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