News & Analysis as of

Proximate Cause

Are stores liable for car crashes and pedestrians hit by cars in parking lot crosswalks?

by Michigan Auto Law on

Court rules in Bay County case involving TBI car crash victim in a Menard’s parking lot crosswalk that stores do have legal duty to protect ‘safety zone’ - Parking lots are more dangerous than you might think. Hundreds of...more

Pro Te: Solutio - Vol. 10 No. 2 – Spring 2017

by Butler Snow LLP on

It’s Spring! In this issue of Pro Te, we do a little a “spring cleaning” to brush the dust off some familiar topics that we consider in day-to-day pharmaceutical litigation. In The Forgotten Element? Warnings Proximate...more

The Continuing Saga of Sebo v. American Home Assurance Company: The Second District Court of Appeal Rules on Remand

On July 20, 2017, the Second District Court of Appeal issued an order that closed its books on the Sebo appeal. Mr. Sebo made a homeowner’s claim to American Home contending construction deficiencies had allowed water to...more

Poisoning the Well: Washington Supreme Court Applies Efficient Proximate Cause to Eviscerate Pollution Exclusion in Liability...

by Carlton Fields on

Professionals and practitioners in first party property insurance are likely familiar with the efficient proximate cause rule, which requires an insurance policy to provide coverage where “a covered peril sets in motion a...more

United States Supreme Court Shuts Down Ninth Circuit’s "Provocation Rule"

In an October 2010 use of force case arising out of an incident in Los Angeles County, the Ninth Circuit attempt to expand officer liability with the “Provocation Rule” was struck down by the United States Supreme Court....more

PERS Company Prevails at Trial of Wrongful Death Suit

by Hinshaw & Culbertson LLP on

A recent case involving a PERS (Personal Emergency Response System) was decided in the Appellate Court of Connecticut, Theodore v. Lifeline Sys. Co., 173 Conn. App. 291, 2017 Conn. App. LEXIS 211 (Conn. App. Ct. May 23,...more

New York’s Highest Court Applies Proximate Cause Test To Additional Insured Endorsement

In The Burlington Insurance Company v. NYC Transit Authority, et al., (N.Y. June 6, 2017), the New York Court of Appeals – New York’s highest court – held that when an insurance policy states that additional insured coverage...more

Absolute Pollution Exclusion—Not So Absolute

by Perkins Coie on

Slapping insurers with breach of contract and bad faith, Washington state’s highest court recently found that a general liability policy’s so-called “absolute” pollution exclusion may not be so absolute. In Xia et al. v....more

The Indiana Supreme Court Finds a Non-Delegable Duty of Worksite Safety Created in Form Design-Build Contracts Between the Owner...

by Reminger Co., LPA on

In Indiana, courts have historically found it is acceptable practice for a general contractor to delegate the duty of ensuring the safety of a subcontractor’s employees to the subcontractor, so long as it is clearly set forth...more

Washington Supreme Court Applies Efficient Proximate Cause Test to Pollution Exclusion

In its recent decision in Xia v. ProBuilders Specialty Ins. Co. RRG, 2017 Wash. LEXIS 443 (Wash. Apr. 27, 2017), the Supreme Court of Washington had occasion to address the concept of efficient proximate cause as it relates...more

Do you get Bragging Rights if the Malware Infecting your Computer was Named after Zeus?

by Bryan Cave on

Over the last decade as the specter of cyber attacks has increased dramatically, financial institutions have been encouraged to look into the use of cyber fraud insurance as one means of minimizing risk. A recent decision by...more

What’s That Smell? An Examination of Legal Developments Related to Formaldehyde Products

Is that formaldehyde you smell in your newly floored sunroom? Hopefully, it is not. Formaldehyde is a colorless, flammable, strong-smelling chemical used in construction and household products, such as cabinets, furniture,...more

Occurrence-Based Insurance Policies and Claims-Made Insurance Policies – There’s a Crucial Difference

I’ve yet to find reading through an insurance policy on anyone’s “bucket list.” But read them you should. Or have your attorney read through them (wink, wink). Because when you need to tender a claim there’s...more

Standing to Enforce Foreign Trademark Rights After Belmora v. Bayer Certiorari Denial

by Jones Day on

On February 27, 2017, the Supreme Court of the United States denied certiorari in Belmora LLC v. Bayer Consumer Care AG, 819 F.3d 697 (4th Cir. 2016), cert. denied, __ S. Ct. __, 2017 WL 737826 (U.S. Feb. 27, 2017) (No....more

Competing Causes of Loss: Florida Supreme Court Issues Decision Applying The Concurrent Causation Doctrine

We have discussed on a number of occasions the issue of causation when there are multiple causes of loss, some covered and some not covered. Most jurisdictions apply what is known as the efficient proximate cause analysis...more

Tort reform, apportionment and immunity

by Reminger Co., LPA on

Applying Ohio’s tort reform legislation to a situation where a non-party is immune from the tort liability in issue has resulted in contradictory holdings. This article originally appeared in the 2016 September/October...more

Eleventh Circuit Affirms Dismissal of RICO Claim in Hidden Fee Case

by Goodwin on

On September 2, 2016, the Eleventh Circuit affirmed dismissal of a civil RICO claim in Ray v. Spirit Airlines, Inc., a case that challenged Spirit Airlines’ reporting of fees to customers. The Eleventh Circuit’s affirmance...more

Questioning 2nd Circ. Analysis in Aluminum Antitrust Case

by Zelle LLP on

In a painstaking dissection of the “inextricably intertwined” standard often used by courts to determine whether plaintiffs can show they suffered “antitrust injury” if they neither purchased from, nor competed with, a...more

Banks Appeal Fair Housing Act Case to Supreme Court

by Dorsey & Whitney LLP on

In September 2015, the Eleventh Circuit ruled that the City of Miami had sufficient standing to sue Bank of America and Wells Fargo over lending practices that were alleged to be racially discriminatory. On June 28, 2016,...more

Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals Accepts Materialization-of-Risk Standard for Loss Causation

On July 20, 2016, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit recognized the “materialization of the risk” standard as a means of proving loss causation in securities-fraud cases. The court’s decision in Ohio Public...more

The Supreme Court - June 2016 #8

by Dorsey & Whitney LLP on

The Supreme Court granted certiorari in eight cases last week: Bank of America Corp. v. Miami, No. 15-1111; Wells Fargo & Co. v. Miami, 15-1112: (1) Whether the term “aggrieved” in the Fair Housing Act imposes a...more

Breaking News - West Virginia Statute Adopts Learned Intermediary Rule

by Reed Smith on

The West Virginia legislature has passed, and the governor signed, S.B. 15, adopting the learned intermediary rule on February 26, 2016. ...more

Ninth Circuit Finds No Reliance On Auditor’s Qualified Opinions

by Allen Matkins on

In 2009, the Securities and Exchange Commission sued Danny Pang and his two companies for allegedly defrauding investors of hundreds of millions of dollars by misrepresenting investments in the life insurance policies of...more

Finding coverage for “additional insured,” Third Circuit cautions that “insurer cannot bury its head in the sand”

by Reed Smith on

Executive Summary - Using the “four corners” rule, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit decided in Ramara, Inc. v. Westfield Insurance Co., No. 15-1003 (3d Cir. Feb. 17, 2016), that an insurer owed a garage...more

Insurance Coverage – Predominant or Efficient Proximate Cause

by Low, Ball & Lynch on

Varadanyan v. Amco Insurance Company - Court of Appeal, Fifth Appellate District (January 7, 2016)- Insurance Code section 530 codifies the “efficient proximate cause doctrine” in resolving first party insurance...more

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