Supreme Court of the United States Preemption

The United States Supreme Court is the highest court of the United States and is charged with interpreting federal law, including the United States Constitution. The Court's docket is largely discretionary... more +
The United States Supreme Court is the highest court of the United States and is charged with interpreting federal law, including the United States Constitution. The Court's docket is largely discretionary with only a limited number of cases granted review each term.  The Court is comprised of one chief justice and eight associate justices, who are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate to hold lifetime positions. less -
News & Analysis as of

Product Liability Alert: Failure-To-Warn Suit Against Generic Drug Maker Proceeds Despite Argument of Federal Preemption

On January 20, 2015, the U.S Supreme Court denied cert in Teva v. Superior Court of California, Orange County, refusing to review a California state court ruling allowing patients to proceed with claims that Teva...more

PAGA Representative Claims Remain Alive After SCOTUS Denies Iskanian Review

Yesterday, the Supreme Court of the United States declined review of a state supreme court case that has sparked widespread flux in the landscape of class action arbitration waivers in California. In Iskanian v. CLS...more

The Supreme Court Hears Case Regarding Private Enforcement of the Medicaid Act Against States

On Tuesday, January 20, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court will hear oral argument in a significant Medicaid-preemption case from the Ninth Circuit, Exceptional Child Center, Inc. v. Armstrong. In that case, Medicaid-participating...more

Recent Federal Court Rulings Favor Airlines in Frequent-Flyer Cases

In April 2014, the U.S. Supreme Court held that the Airline Deregulation Act (ADA) preempted a frequent flyer program member's common law claim for breach of the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing because the...more

Preemption and Primary Jurisdiction After Pom Wonderful

After the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Pom Wonderful LLC v. The Coca-Cola Co., __ U.S. __, 134 S.Ct. 2228 (2014), fear arose among national marketers that the decision would produce a wave of class actions challenging food,...more

Supreme Court's Petition Denial in Clean Air Act Pre-emption Case Reinforces Threat From Common Law Claims

The United States Supreme Court denied a petition for certiorari earlier this month after the Iowa Supreme Court held in June that the plaintiffs' nuisance claims were not pre-empted by the Clean Air Act (CAA) in Freeman v....more

The Day the Exception Swallowed the Rule: Is Any Software Patent Eligible After Ultramercial III?

The Supreme Court has consistently cautioned that the judicial exceptions to patent eligibility need to be carefully applied: At the same time, we tread carefully in construing this exclusionary principle lest it...more

Health Plans Petition the Supreme Court to Determine Whether FEHBA Preempts State Anti-Subrogation Statutes

The Federal Employees Health Benefit Act (FEHBA) governs federal employee health plans and contains a broad preemption clause comparable to the one found in ERISA.1 Despite the similarity, state and federal courts are split...more

Supreme Court Says CERCLA Does Not Preempt Repose Defense for Tort Claims

The U.S. Supreme Court has put to rest a longstanding legal question affecting the deadline for plaintiffs to bring toxic tort and contamination claims stemming from certain contaminated sites. CTS Corp. v. Waldburger, No....more

How Courts Have Ruled on the Still-open Issue of Whether the Clean Air Act Preempts State Common Law Tort Suits

In its landmark 2011 decision in American Electric Power Co., Inc. v. Connecticut, et al., 131 S.Ct. 2527 (2011), the U.S. Supreme Court held that the Clean Air Act (CAA) and the actions by the U.S. Environmental Protection...more

United States Supreme Court Holds that CERCLA Allows State Statutes of Repose to Limit Plaintiffs’ Injury Claims

This week, the United States Supreme Court issued a ruling of interest to any Potentially Responsible Party regarding the effect of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) on state...more

U.S. Supreme Court Unanimously Reverses Ninth Circuit in Northwest, Inc. v. Ginsberg, Holding ADA Preempts State-Imposed Fair...

The U.S. Supreme Court unanimously holds that the Airline Deregulation Act (ADA) preempts a state-law claim for breach of the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing where it seeks to enlarge the parties' voluntary...more

United States Supreme Court Resolves Circuit Split and Narrows Scope of SLUSA

In Chadbourne & Parke LLP v. Troice, Nos. 12-79, 12-86 and 12-88, 2014 U.S. LEXIS 1644 (U.S. Feb. 26, 2014), the Supreme Court of the United States resolved a split in the circuits regarding whether alleged misrepresentations...more

Supreme Court Maintains Viability of State Law Claims Related to Securities Transactions

A recent Supreme Court opinion, Chadbourne & Parke LLP v. Troice, addresses the viability of class action state-law claims arising from fraudulent securities transactions. This was an opportunity for the Court to limit...more

Supreme Court Rules that the Securities Litigation Uniform Standards Act Does Not Preempt State Law Claims

This week, the US Supreme Court narrowed the scope of the preemption provisions of the Securities Litigation Uniform Standards Act (SLUSA), which bars certain state law-based securities class actions. As a result, securities...more

Inside The Courts - March 2014 | Volume 6 | Issue 1

In This Issue: - U.S. SUPREME COURT: ..Lawson v. FMR LLC, No. 12-3 (U.S. March 4, 2014) ..Chadbourne & Parke LLP v. Troice, No. 12-79 (U.S. Feb. 26, 2014) - CLASS CERTIFICATION: ..In re BP...more

The Supreme Court Narrows SLUSA’s Reach and Expands the Pool of Potential Defendants Subject to State Securities Law Class Actions

On February 26, 2014, the United States Supreme Court limited the reach of the Securities Litigation Uniform Standards Act of 1998 (SLUSA), thereby increasing the number of individuals and entities that may be surprised to...more

Supreme Court Narrows The Scope Of SLUSA Preemption, Green-Lighting State Law Class Action Claims Alleging Ponzi Scheme

On February 26, 2014, the U. S. Supreme Court (“the Court”) held that the Securities Litigation Uniform Standards Act of 1998 (“SLUSA”) did not preclude Stanford Ponzi scheme plaintiffs’ state-law class action claims because...more

Supreme Court Holds That SLUSA Does Not Preempt State Law Claims Of Investors In Stanford Ponzi Scheme

Recently, the U.S. Supreme Court limited the scope of the preemption of state law class actions afforded by the Securities Litigation Uniform Standards Act of 1998 (SLUSA) in Chadbourne & Parke LLP v. Troice, No. 12-79 (U.S....more

Corporate and Financial Weekly Digest - Volume IX, Issue 9

In this issue: - CFTC Issues Advisory on Compliance with Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act Security Safeguards - SEC Issues Guidance on Aggregate Advisory Fee Rates for Multi-Manager Funds - Supreme Court Rules that...more

U.S. Supreme Court Ruling Opens the Door to More State-Law Securities Class Actions

Today, in a 7-2 decision with Justice Breyer writing for the majority, the Supreme Court issued a narrow interpretation of when the federal Securities Litigation Uniform Standards Act (“SLUSA”) preempts state-law securities...more

"Mass Tort and Consumer Class Action Outlook: A Mixed Landscape for Defendants in 2014"

Recent decisions by the U.S. Supreme Court have improved the landscape for defendants seeking to fend off mass tort and consumer class actions. In Comcast Corp. v. Behrend, 133 S. Ct. 1426 (2013), the Supreme Court tightened...more

Supreme Court Declines to Review Fair Credit Reporting Act

The United States Supreme Court declined to grant certiorari to decide whether the Fair Credit Reporting Act preempts private rights of action under New Jersey state law for defamation. FCRA’s furnisher rule imposes special...more

Salient Lessons For Australian Applicants Of US Diagnostic Patent Applications

In the latest decision concerning diagnostic method claims a US Court1 has provided some guidance to the diagnostics industry on the interpretation of the recent Supreme Court decisions in Mayo v Prometheus2 (Mayo) and AMP v....more

Clean-Up in Aisle 9: Ninth Circuit Finds Ralphs Grocery Company’s Arbitration Policy Unconscionable Under State Law Not Preempted...

As we have reported on several occasions, a string of United States Supreme Court cases over the past few years has strengthened the use and applicability of arbitration provisions in contracts. For example, in AT&T Mobility...more

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