Supreme Court of the United States Preemption

The United States Supreme Court is the highest court of the United States and is charged with interpreting federal law, including the United States Constitution. The Court's docket is largely discretionary... more +
The United States Supreme Court is the highest court of the United States and is charged with interpreting federal law, including the United States Constitution. The Court's docket is largely discretionary with only a limited number of cases granted review each term.  The Court is comprised of one chief justice and eight associate justices, who are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate to hold lifetime positions. less -
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The ERISA Litigation Newsletter - April 2016

Editor's Overview - This month we feature three key developments. First, we review the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Gobeille v. Liberty Mut. Ins. Co., 136 S. Ct. 936, 947 (2016) wherein the Supreme Court held that a...more

Supreme Court Invalidates Maryland Power Plant Subsidy Program and Reaffirms FERC’s Exclusive Authority Over Wholesale Capacity...

On April 19, 2016, for the second time in three months, the Supreme Court of the United States reaffirmed the exclusive jurisdiction of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) over the formation of wholesale rates in...more

Innovator Drug/510k Medical Device Impossibility Preemption and the Meaning of “A Fortiori”

According to Black’s Law Dictionary, “a fortiori” is legal Latin meaning: - By even greater force of logic; even more so it follows. We’ve been arguing for some time – since PLIVA v. Mensing, 131 S. Ct. 2567...more

Sign O’ The Times: SCOTUS Denies Cert In Franchise Arbitration Dispute

On Monday of this week, after stringing the parties along for five months, SCOTUS denied cert in a case involving the intersection between arbitration and franchise regulation. The petition was filed in November of 2015,...more

Supreme Court Rejects Maryland Power Plant Subsidies, But Signals Permissible Ways for States to Incentivize New Plants

In recent years, Maryland attempted to subsidize new power plants by guaranteeing prices for generating capacity at wholesale auctions administered by PJM Interconnection L.L.C. (PJM). Tuesday, the Supreme Court unanimously...more

The Supreme Court - April 2016 #3

The Supreme Court of the United States issued decisions in two cases on April 19, 2016: Hughes v. Talen Energy Marketing, LLC, No. 14-614: Congress, though the Federal Power Act (“FPA”), 16 U.S.C. §791a et seq., vested...more

Supreme Court Hands FERC Win on Authority Over Capacity Markets

With its decision on Tuesday, April 20 in Hughes v. Talen Energy Marketing, the Supreme Court issued its second significant holding of the year on the reach of federal authority over interstate wholesale sales markets. The...more

Supreme Court Affirms Invalidation of Maryland's Program to Incentivize New Power Generation

The U.S. Supreme Court, in a narrowly crafted opinion by Justice Ginsburg, has unanimously invalidated Maryland's program to promote construction of new natural gas capacity by guaranteeing new generating capacity. The...more

Supreme Court Confirms State Limits on Wholesale Power Generation - Federalism vs. States' Rights Again at Issue in Court's Third...

The U.S. Supreme Court on April 19, 2016, issued its decision in the third and final energy case this term. In Hughes v. Talen Energy Marketing, et al., the Court clarified the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's (FERC)...more

Supreme Court Decides Hughes v. Talen Energy Marketing, LLC

On April 19, 2016, the United States Supreme Court decided Hughes v. Talen Energy Marketing, LLC, No. 14-614, holding that Maryland’s program that provided subsidies to a new electricity generator through state-mandated...more

Supreme Court rules on state energy incentives

The U.S. Supreme Court has released its ruling on a case affecting how states may provide incentives for electric power generation. In Hughes v. Talen Energy Marketing, LLC, the Court upheld a lower court's ruling...more

Employee Health Plans: Good News / Bad News – State Claims Reporting Laws Do Not Apply, but Recovery of Overpayments Made More...

Employee health plans recently received good and bad news from the Supreme Court. On the upside, the Court invalidated a State law that required self-insured employee health plans (and their third-party administrators) to...more

Judge Garland’s ERISA Jurisprudence Reflects His Methodical and Moderate Reputation

With President Obama’s recent nomination of Judge Merrick B. Garland of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit to the U.S. Supreme Court, we thought our loyal readers would be interested to learn a little about Judge...more

UPDATE: Supreme Court Asks Solicitor General to Weigh In on Madden Case

The Supreme Court released the results of its March 18 status conference in the Madden v. Midland case. The Court determined that it would like to see a brief from the U.S. Solicitor General (SG). The SG is the official...more

SCOTUS ERISA Cases, Part Two: Preemption of State Healthcare Claims Database

This is the second article of a three part series summarizing employee benefit issues that are being argued in front of the U.S. Supreme Court during the current October 2015 term. Part One provided an outline of Montanile v....more

POM Wonderful LLC v. Coca Cola Co.: legal battle nearly over, but industry litigation landscape forever changed…

On March 18, 2016, Pom Wonderful LLC made closing arguments in its trial against Coca-Cola for the alleged misleading marketing of a pomegranate-blueberry juice which contained only trace amounts of either pomegranate or...more

Supreme Court Exempts ERISA Plans from a State Reporting Law

In Gobeille, Chair of the Vermont Green Mountain Care Board v. Liberty Mutual Insurance Co., decided on March 1, 2016, the Supreme Court held that the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (“ERISA”) preempts...more

Comment K Case by Case – Falling Out of Favor?

When we examined Restatement (Second) of Torts §402A, comment k (1965), in our 2011 research post “Comment K, Some of the Way,” we remarked about how it said “a lot of things,” including: (1) that one can’t design away...more

Guest Post - Design Defect Preemption - It’s as Simple as One, Two, Three

Courts are starting to “get” the design defect preemption argument. That makes sense because the argument is simple. Any major changes in the design of a drug or a medical device require the prior approval or permission of...more

Supreme Court Reaffirms ERISA’s Preemptive Effect as It Overturns State Health Care Law

In Gobeille v. Liberty Mutual Insurance, the Supreme Court overturned a Vermont law requiring ERISA plans to disclose health payments to the state’s “All Payer Database.” The Court determined that reporting requirements are a...more

4th Circuit Revisits N.C.’s Statute of Repose; No Bar to Hazardous Waste-Related Personal Injury Claims

Twice, courts have been called upon to interpret North Carolina’s 10-year statute of repose in connection with injuries allegedly stemming from the release of hazardous substances. CTS Corporation v. Waldburger involved CTS’s...more

Silence Would Have Been Golden: Unnecessary Illogical Preemption Decision in Motrin SJS/TENS Summary Judgment Victory

We sat through The Revenant again this weekend, at the plaintive (not plaintiff) request of a Drug and Device Law Friend who had yet to see it. Last time, we barely stayed awake. This time, we lost the battle. We have heard...more

Supreme Court Considers Preemption of Puerto Rico's Recovery Act

On Tuesday, March 22, 2016, the Supreme Court heard oral arguments in Puerto Rico v. Franklin California Tax-Free Trust and Acosta-Febo v. Franklin California Tax-Free Trust, which address the constitutionality of Puerto...more

Cannabis and Preemption: U.S. Supreme Court Refuses to Hear Suit by Colorado’s Neighbors

In what was generally considered to be the biggest challenge to Colorado’s recreational cannabis laws to date, the U.S. Supreme Court denied a motion by the states of Nebraska and Oklahoma seeking to file a Bill of Complaint,...more

Madden Update – Petition Request Bodes Well for High Court Review but Raises New Questions

The US Supreme Court’s recent request for an opinion from the US Solicitor General to help inform the Court’s decision on whether to review the Second Circuit’s decision in Madden v. Midland Funding, LLC indicates that the...more

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