Sherman Act

News & Analysis as of

Regulatory Capture Vitiates State Action Immunity

The Supreme Court has ruled that when an oversight mechanism created by a State —here a State Board — is under the control of those it was supposed to be regulating (sometimes referred to by economists as “regulatory...more

Health Care and Legal Services Providers Challenge State Regulatory Boards on Heels of SCOTUS State Action Antitrust Immunity...

On February 25, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court narrowed the scope of antitrust immunity for state regulatory boards whose members are active market participants in the occupation regulated by the boards. In North Carolina State...more

Camels and Dogs, Oh My! Defendant Documents Doom Health Provider Trade Association and Insurers’ Motion to Dismiss Antitrust Suit

Over two and one-half years after it was initially filed, an antitrust suit brought by plaintiff ambulatory surgery centers (“ASCs”) against health insurers and a trade association of competing health systems is finally...more

Clarity Put on Hold as FTAIA Conflict/Confusion Continues

The Foreign Trade Antitrust Improvements Act (FTAIA) was enacted in 1982 to help achieve clarity in the application of U.S antitrust laws to international trade. More than 30 years since that effort, the FTAIA has not...more

Second Circuit Denies Stay of Injunction for American Express

Earlier today the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit issued an order denying American Express’s motion for a stay of an injunction requiring AmEx to modify its rules prohibiting merchants from steering customers to...more

Supreme Court Surprises the Antitrust World with Denial of Cert in Motorola and AU Optronics

Today the United States Supreme Court denied certiorari in two cases, Motorola Mobility LLC v. AU Optronics et al. and Hsiung and AU Optronics Corp. America Inc. v. United States, declining to resolve a closely watched...more

Wholesale Grocery Products Case Raises Questions About How and When to Apply Per Se Rule and Rule of Reason

The Supreme Court recently denied review in In re: Wholesale Grocery Products Antitrust Litigation, an action that came up from the District of Minnesota and the Eighth Circuit. Substantively, the case is a useful reminder...more

Teladoc successful in thwarting new Texas telemedicine rules

We previously reported on the new telemedicine regulations adopted by the Texas Medical Board (Board), which requires that patients be seen face-to-face or in person to establish a physician-patient relationship in order to...more

Do State Bar Associations Have Antitrust Risk?

It was only a matter of time after the Supreme Court’s decision in North Carolina State Board of Dental Examiners v. Federal Trade Commission, 135 S. Ct. 1101 (2015) (*), that a state bar association would face an antitrust...more

SG’s Latest Brief On Implied FDCA Preemption Under Buckman

On May 26, 2015, the Solicitor General’s office responded to the United States Supreme Court’s Oct. 14, 2014 invitation for the government’s views on the certiorari petition filed in Athena Cosmetics, Inc. v. Allergan, Inc.,...more

Second Circuit Holds a Hard Switch Between Drugs Is an Unlawful Product Hop Under Section 2

On May 22, 2015, in a much-watched case, the Second Circuit upheld a preliminary injunction against Actavis PLC and its wholly owned subsidiary, Forest Laboratories, LLC (collectively “Actavis” or “Forest”), finding that...more

Injunction Blocks Implementation of Texas Telemedicine Regulations

Late last week, Texas telemedicine practitioners received a temporary reprieve from a new regulation issued by the Texas Medical Board (the “Board”) when a Texas federal court prohibited implementation of the new rule that...more

Texas Telemedicine Rule Delayed by Antitrust Suit

A Texas Medical Board rule requiring a physician to conduct an in-person evaluation before prescribing certain drugs will not go into effect today, June 3, as originally planned. A federal court granted a preliminary...more

In re Capacitors Antitrust Class Action Litigation Survives Motion to Dismiss

Direct and indirect capacitor purchasers who filed class action complaints against an alleged worldwide cartel of capacitor manufacturers have, for the most part, survived a motion to dismiss in the Northern District of...more

Insurer Escapes Antitrust Suit, But Hospital Must Continue the Fight

A large regional health insurer extricated itself from an antitrust suit, leaving the dominant local hospital to square off alone versus an ambulatory surgical center (ASC). The U.S. District Court for the Southern District...more

Second Circuit Affirms Preliminary Injunction in People of the State of New York v. Actavis PLC

We’ve previously covered the New York State Attorney General’s (“NYS AG”) lawsuit against Actavis PLC and Forest Laboratories seeking to prevent them from discontinuing sales of the Forest drug Namenda IR, which is used to...more

Actavis Loses Nameda® Appeal Over “Hot Documents”

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit’s opinion (issued May 22, 2015 with a public, redacted version available May 28, 2015), affirming the district court’s grant of a preliminary injunction in State of New York v....more

American Express Appeals Anti-Steering Permanent Injunction to Second Circuit

Last Thursday, American Express appealed the District Court for the Eastern District of New York’s February ruling that its anti-steering rules violated Section 1 of the Sherman Act. The court entered a permanent injunction...more

TELADOC Sues Texas Over Telehealth Restraint

The Texas Medical Board recently adopted a new rule requiring face to face encounters by physicians with patients before prescribing medication. Teladoc has sued the Texas Medical Board in Federal Court alleging restraint of...more

Can Trademark Abuse Constitute Monopolization?

As far as antitrust law is concerned, trademarks are the unwanted stepchildren of intellectual property. The conventional wisdom is that trademarks – whose exclusionary effect is very attenuated, if it exists at all – do not...more

Sixth Circuit Clarifies Proof Required To Show Below-Cost Pricing in Antitrust Case

A recent Sixth Circuit decision clarified the minimum standard a plaintiff must meet to prove a claim of below-cost pricing under either the concerted or independent antitrust provisions of the Sherman Act. In Superior...more

And Now Bad Actor Waivers for Forward-Looking Statements

The Securities Act (Section 27A(b)) and the Exchange Act (Section 21E(b)) exclude reliance on the safe harbor for forward-looking statements if, among other things, the statement is made with respect to an issuer that has,...more

Status of Pay-for-Delay Cases Nearly Two Years After Actavis – “It ain’t over ’til it’s over.”

Nearly two years ago the Supreme Court issued its opinion in FTC v. Actavis, 133 S. Ct. 2223 (2013), holding that a reverse payment made by a brand manufacturer to a generic manufacturer to resolve pending patent litigation...more

Shipping Executive Acquitted of Antitrust Charge

On May 8, 2015, a jury in Puerto Rico acquitted Thomas Farmer (Farmer), the former vice president of price and yield management for Crowley Liner Services, Inc., of conspiring to suppress and eliminate competition in...more

Federal Trade Commission Obtains a Near Record-Breaking Disgorgement in a Monopolization Case

On April 20, 2015, the Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) announced that Cardinal Health, Inc. (“Cardinal”), agreed to pay $26.8 million to resolve allegations that it violated Section 2 of the Sherman Act by monopolizing the...more

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