Standard of Review

News & Analysis as of

Massachusetts Superior Court Adopts Stringent Standard for Unpaid Meal Breaks Under State Wage Law

Seyfarth Synopsis: The Massachusetts Superior Court recently issued an opinion holding that, under Massachusetts wage law, employers in the Commonwealth must pay employees for meal breaks, unless the employees are completely...more

Global Private Equity Newsletter - Winter 2017 Edition: Is Arguing Over the Appropriate Level of Efforts Worth the Effort?

The recent Delaware case, Williams Cos v. Energy Transfer Equity LP (No. CV 12168-VCG, (Del. Ch. June 24, 2016)), sought to provide some additional guidance on this question, but at bottom the standard adopted by the court is...more

Completing the Loop Without Reinventing the Wheel: First District Holds 1998 EIR Adequate Without Further CEQA Review to Analyze...

In an opinion filed November 29, and belatedly ordered published on December 22, 2016, the First District Court of Appeal affirmed the trial court’s denial of a writ petition challenging on CEQA grounds the San Francisco...more

PTAB Reversed on Issue of Diligent Reduction to Practice

Perfect Surgical Techniques (PST), Inc. owns US 6,030,384 (‘384). Olympus petitioned for Inter Partes review of ‘384 as anticipated or obvious over JP H10-33551 (JP ‘551). JP ‘551 published less than one year before the...more

SCOTUS: Dismissal Not Mandatory for False Claims Act Seal Violation

Rigsby places discretion in the hands of district courts as to whether and how to sanction relators who violate the seal requirement in False Claims Act cases. On December 6, 2016, only a month after oral argument, the...more

Supreme Court Rejects Mandatory Dismissal for an FCA Seal Breach

The Supreme Court held that a relator’s breach of the seal in a qui tam case does not require mandatory dismissal of the complaint, but the Court declined to articulate what factors are appropriate to consider in determining...more

Key Lessons From the Recent Precedential Order by Federal Circuit – Jurisdiction, Mandamus, and Privilege

On November 17, 2016, the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit published a precedential order denying a petition for a writ of mandamus to overturn a district court’s determination. In In re: Rearden LLC,...more

Supreme Court Concludes that Violation of FCA Seal Provision Does Not Necessarily Mandate Dismissal of Qui Tam Suits

The Supreme Court held yesterday that a violation of the False Claims Act’s seal provision does not mandate dismissal of a relator’s complaint. Justice Kennedy authored the Court’s opinion in the unanimous 8-0 decision. ...more

Roadmap for Merger Decision-Making Process in Delaware

In a string of recent cases, the Delaware courts have given public companies a roadmap for structuring the decision-making process in merger transactions. Before delving into the recent decisions, it may help to understand...more

Acting the Part: Ontario Court of Appeal Clarifies Use of Future Conduct in Contractual Interpretation

On December 2, 2016, the Ontario Court of Appeal (Court) provided new guidance on the principles of contractual interpretation in the wake of the Supreme Court of Canada’s 2014 decision in Sattva Capital Corp. v. Creston Moly...more

Slam Dunked! First District Rejects All CEQA And Land Use Challenges To Golden State Warriors Event Center Project And EIR In...

In a lengthy published opinion filed November 29, 2016, the First District Court of Appeal rejected all legal challenges to the City of San Francisco’s Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Report (FSEIR) and related land...more

In A Summary Order, Second Circuit Vacates 30-year Child Pornography Sentence on Substantive Reasonableness Grounds

In United States v. Sawyer, No. 15-2276, the Second Circuit (Jacobs, Pooler, Crawford) vacated and remanded for resentencing a case involving a conviction for possession of child pornography. The decision rested on a finding...more

Wither Subsequent Review? Supreme Court Again Weighs In On CEQA Subsequent Review Standards Following Negative Declarations –...

On November 22, 2016, the California Supreme Court issued a significant Order granting review in Coastal Hills Rural Preservation v. County of Sonoma (2016) 2 Cal.App.5th 1234, and also transferring the matter back to the...more

Federal Circuit Firmly Rejects PTAB Criteria For Covered Business Method Review - Brooks Kushman Post-Grant

In a recent panel decision that deviates from the Federal Circuit’s current tendency to defer to the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office’s interpretation of the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act, the court vacated a final written...more

Diligence Required for Antedating Prior Art Is Reasonably Continuous Diligence—Not Continuous Exercise of Reasonable Diligence

In Perfect Surgical Techniques, Inc. v. Olympus America, Inc., No. 15-2043 (Fed. Cir. Nov. 15, 2016), the Federal Circuit found the diligence standard the PTAB applied in an IPR “too exacting,” vacating the Board’s decision...more

A Patent Does Not Become a CBM Patent Because its Practice Could Involve a Potential Sale of a Product or Service

In Unwired Planet, LLC, v. Google, Inc., [2015-1812] (November 21, 2016) the Federal Circuit vacated and remanded the PTAB’s final written decision in Covered Business Method Patent Review No. 2014-00006, that found the...more

Federal Circuit Reins in PTAB’s Use of CBM Reviews

In Unwired Planet, LLC v. Google Inc., Case No. 2015-1812 (Fed. Cir. November 21, 2016), the Federal Circuit rejected the PTAB’s broad application of CBM reviews to claims that are merely “incidental” or “complementary” to...more

Retroactive Tax Law Upheld, Circuit Court Jurisdiction Limited

Before 2014, Alabama sales tax applied only to the sale of prepaid calling cards or authorization numbers, pursuant to Ala. Code §40-23-1(a)(13). In 2014, the Alabama Legislature amended the above statute to “clarify” that it...more

"After Corwin, Court of Chancery Provides Additional Guidance on Application of Business Judgment Rule to Post-Closing Damages...

As previously reported in Insights: The Delaware Edition, the Delaware Supreme Court’s landmark decision in Corwin v. KKR Financial Holdings LLC, 125 A.3d 304 (Del. 2015) articulated a new defendant-friendly rule for...more

"Forward Momentum: Trulia Continues to Impact Resolution of Deal Litigation in Delaware and Beyond"

Throughout the second half of 2015, the Delaware Court of Chancery began questioning its long-standing practice of approving deal litigation settlements involving broad releases for defendants in exchange for disclosure (or...more

Evidence From LinkedIn, IMDB Used to Support Denial of Benefits

Be careful what you ask for. The Plaintiff in a recent case from the Central District of California learned that lesson when the Plan’s re-evaluation of her claim for benefits revealed that she was apparently working as a...more

With the Election (Mercifully) Behind Us, What Will a Trump Administration Mean for Employers?

The 2016 Presidential election was arguably the most contentious, unpredictable, and politically polarizing race in this nation's history. The contours of the electoral map changed by the hour in the days leading up to...more

Deference for Assessment Review Boards

Supreme Court of Canada Upholds Reasonableness as Standard of Review - The standard of review of a composite assessment review board’s decision to increase a property tax assessment is reasonableness, the Supreme Court...more

Supreme Court Hears Argument on Sanction Standard for Violations of False Claims Act’s Seal Requirement

We blogged in September about State Farm Fire & Cas. Co. v. U.S. ex rel. Rigsby, 136 S. Ct. 2386 (2016), a case that is pending before the United States Supreme Court. On Tuesday, November 1, the Supreme Court heard oral...more

TX Court of Appeals Reaffirms That “Preponderance of the Evidence ” Test Can Be Applied To TCEQ Orders Issued Under The TSWDA

On April 8, 2016, the Texas Court of Appeals, Third District, at Austin, issued an important decision interpreting the standard of review that applies to the judicial review of certain administrative enforcement orders issued...more

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