Strict Liability

News & Analysis as of

Global Anti-Bribery Year-in-Review: 2015 Developments and Predictions for 2016

I. Introduction: Enforcement Trends and Priorities - Among other significant developments, 2015 saw the U.S. Department of Justice (the “DOJ” or the “Department”) document a policy priority of holding individuals...more

Blame Flows Downhill: All the Way to Sales Clerks

What if a store clerk sells a product that, unbeknownst to him, is illegal? Can the clerk be convicted of a crime, despite not knowing the product was illegal and not intending to sell an illegal product? On January 14,...more

When Product Liability Meets the Uniform Commercial Code

Clients who are first introduced to the concept of strict liability in the context of a product liability lawsuit are often shocked to learn they can be held liable for a product defect simply because they sold the defective...more

Subcontractor Performing Services may be Liable in Strict Liability For Purchasing and Installing Defective Products in Fulfilling...

Jovana Hernandezcueva v. E. F. Brady Company, Inc. - Court of Appeal, Second Appellate District, Division Four (December 22, 2015) - The doctrine of strict liability is ordinarily inapplicable to transactions...more

Five of the Top Drug & Device Developments in 2015

As 2015 winds down, we reflected on some of the year’s most significant legal developments for drug and device manufacturers. In our opinion, the bench got it right (for the most part) this year. Here is a brief recap and...more

Fifth Circuit Clarifies Claim Presentment Requirements under the Oil Pollution Act of 1990

The 1989 grounding of the EXXON VALDEZ spurred Congress to enact the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA) to remedy what it believed to be a patch-work compensation scheme where liability and damages were subject to federal...more

U.S. Coast Guard Issues Final Rule Raising OPA 90 Liability Limits

Action Item: The U.S. Coast Guard published a Final Rule increasing limits of liability for vessels, deepwater ports, and onshore facilities under the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (“OPA 90”). The raise in liability limits also...more

Who Bears Liability For That Call Or Fax? Courts Continue To Wrestle With Direct And Vicarious Liability

Whenever more than one individual or entity is allegedly involved in the “sending” of a fax or the making of a call or text, two key questions in the litigation are: (i) what must be pleaded to state a claim against each...more

Florida Supreme Court Embraces “Consumer-Expectation” Test for Design Defect Claims

The Florida Supreme Court recently issued a significant decision that will affect all strict product liability/design defect cases litigated in Florida. In Aubin v. Union Carbide, decided October 29, 2015, the Court rejected...more

Products Liability – Raw Material Supplier – Component Parts Doctrine Requires a Showing that Raw Materials are Not Inherently...

Brady et al. v. Calsol, Inc. - Court of Appeal, Second Appellate District (October 30, 2015) - The component parts doctrine shields a supplier of raw materials from liability where the raw material component...more

When are Supervisors Liable for the Actions of Subordinates in Federal Civil Rights and Police Liability Cases?

In Federal civil rights actions under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, supervisors are frequently named as defendants, even in circumstances were the supervisor was not directly involved or did not even have knowledge of the actions of the...more

Florida Supreme Court Rejects the "Risk Utility" Test For Strict Liability Design Defect Cases

In a key products liability decision, Aubin v. Union Carbide Corp., No. SC12-2075, 2015 WL 6513924, at *1 (Fla. Oct. 29, 2015), the Florida Supreme Court rejected the Restatement (Third) of Tort's "risk utility" test which...more

The Citadel Revisited – New York’s “Thing of Danger” Privity Exception Is Obsolete (and Another New York Note)

Way back when – before Restatement (Second) of Torts §402A (1965) crystallized the concept of strict liability – courts around the country were poking around, trying to come up with viable theories of what we would now call...more

Philly Court Applies Michigan Law to Dismiss Risperdal Cases

Delve into the crime stories of Elmore Leonard, whether in the form of the books, movies, or television shows, and you are likely to spend considerable time in Michigan and Florida. True, Justified was set in Kentucky. But...more

Can You Use Evidence of Repairs Made After the Fact?

Based on public policy considerations, some types of potentially relevant evidence can’t be used at trial. One example is subsequent remedial or precautionary measures taken after an accident or other event, which, if it had...more

Court Resists Plaintiff’s Attempt to Bring Design Defect Claim Against the Innovator of a Product Who Did Not Manufacture It

Resistance bands used for home exercise purposes have recently become the frequent subject of product liability suits. Perhaps most notably, a lawsuit resulting from an eye injury suffered by Senate Minority Leader Harry...more

Morello v. Kenco Toyota Lift: No Duty to Advise Of Optional Safety Devices

Just last week, the Eastern District of Pennsylvania dismissed plaintiff’s negligence and §402(B) strict liability claims on summary judgment in Morello v. Kenco Toyota Lift, et al. The court reserved dismissal of the...more

Broken Windows: SEC Files Six Settled Rule 105 Actions

Broken Windows – the SEC initiative cloned from the NYC Police Department which prosecutes every case large and small based on the a deterrence theory – is alive and well in the form of the Rule 105 Initiative. This week the...more

Failing to prevent bribery – prevention is better than cure

On 25 September 2015, the Civil Recovery Unit in Scotland recovered £212,800 from Brand-Rex Limited ("Brand-Rex") under an agreed civil settlement, after Brand-Rex self-reported the fact that it had benefited from unlawful...more

Heedless Heeding Presumptions – How New York Law Became a Morass

Ever since this blog started, we’ve made plain that we have no use for the so-called “heeding presumption.” This presumption posits that, because under Restatement §402A, comment j, a defendant providing an adequate warning...more

Construction Defect – Pre-Litigation Procedures of the “Right to Repair Act”

McMillin Albany LLC, et al. v. The Superior Court of Kern County - California Court of Appeal, Fifth Appellate District (August 26, 2015) - Civil Code section 896 (§ 896) is part of a statutory scheme commonly...more

New Jersey’s Appellate Division Holds State May Be Liable for Cleanup Costs under New Jersey’s Spill Act

Action Item: On August 26, 2015, in a case of first impression, the Appellate Division of the New Jersey Superior Court in NL Indus., Inc. v. State of New Jersey, No. A0869-14T3, 2015 N.J. Super. LEXIS 161 (N.J. Super. Ct....more

SDNY Sacks Treanda Failure to Warn Claim

Failure to warn cases remind us of sports talk radio and paleontology. Especially on Monday mornings in the Fall, Philly sports talk radio is a festival of woe and recrimination. The Iggles are terrible, their deficiencies...more

Products Liability – Raw Material Supplier – Consumer Expectations Test

David Johnson, et al. v. United States Steel Corporation - Court of Appeal, First District (September 1, 2015) - In a products liability case, a plaintiff may seek recovery on theories of both negligence and...more

Court Limits Migratory Bird Treaty Act Applicability to Incidental Take

On September 4, 2015, the US Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit issued a ruling in United States v. CITGO that a “taking” subject to prosecution under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA) does not include the...more

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