Strict Liability

News & Analysis as of

When are Supervisors Liable for the Actions of Subordinates in Federal Civil Rights and Police Liability Cases?

In Federal civil rights actions under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, supervisors are frequently named as defendants, even in circumstances were the supervisor was not directly involved or did not even have knowledge of the actions of the...more

Florida Supreme Court Rejects the "Risk Utility" Test For Strict Liability Design Defect Cases

In a key products liability decision, Aubin v. Union Carbide Corp., No. SC12-2075, 2015 WL 6513924, at *1 (Fla. Oct. 29, 2015), the Florida Supreme Court rejected the Restatement (Third) of Tort's "risk utility" test which...more

The Citadel Revisited – New York’s “Thing of Danger” Privity Exception Is Obsolete (and Another New York Note)

Way back when – before Restatement (Second) of Torts §402A (1965) crystallized the concept of strict liability – courts around the country were poking around, trying to come up with viable theories of what we would now call...more

Philly Court Applies Michigan Law to Dismiss Risperdal Cases

Delve into the crime stories of Elmore Leonard, whether in the form of the books, movies, or television shows, and you are likely to spend considerable time in Michigan and Florida. True, Justified was set in Kentucky. But...more

Can You Use Evidence of Repairs Made After the Fact?

Based on public policy considerations, some types of potentially relevant evidence can’t be used at trial. One example is subsequent remedial or precautionary measures taken after an accident or other event, which, if it had...more

Court Resists Plaintiff’s Attempt to Bring Design Defect Claim Against the Innovator of a Product Who Did Not Manufacture It

Resistance bands used for home exercise purposes have recently become the frequent subject of product liability suits. Perhaps most notably, a lawsuit resulting from an eye injury suffered by Senate Minority Leader Harry...more

Morello v. Kenco Toyota Lift: No Duty to Advise Of Optional Safety Devices

Just last week, the Eastern District of Pennsylvania dismissed plaintiff’s negligence and §402(B) strict liability claims on summary judgment in Morello v. Kenco Toyota Lift, et al. The court reserved dismissal of the...more

Broken Windows: SEC Files Six Settled Rule 105 Actions

Broken Windows – the SEC initiative cloned from the NYC Police Department which prosecutes every case large and small based on the a deterrence theory – is alive and well in the form of the Rule 105 Initiative. This week the...more

Failing to prevent bribery – prevention is better than cure

On 25 September 2015, the Civil Recovery Unit in Scotland recovered £212,800 from Brand-Rex Limited ("Brand-Rex") under an agreed civil settlement, after Brand-Rex self-reported the fact that it had benefited from unlawful...more

Heedless Heeding Presumptions – How New York Law Became a Morass

Ever since this blog started, we’ve made plain that we have no use for the so-called “heeding presumption.” This presumption posits that, because under Restatement §402A, comment j, a defendant providing an adequate warning...more

Construction Defect – Pre-Litigation Procedures of the “Right to Repair Act”

McMillin Albany LLC, et al. v. The Superior Court of Kern County - California Court of Appeal, Fifth Appellate District (August 26, 2015) - Civil Code section 896 (§ 896) is part of a statutory scheme commonly...more

New Jersey’s Appellate Division Holds State May Be Liable for Cleanup Costs under New Jersey’s Spill Act

Action Item: On August 26, 2015, in a case of first impression, the Appellate Division of the New Jersey Superior Court in NL Indus., Inc. v. State of New Jersey, No. A0869-14T3, 2015 N.J. Super. LEXIS 161 (N.J. Super. Ct....more

SDNY Sacks Treanda Failure to Warn Claim

Failure to warn cases remind us of sports talk radio and paleontology. Especially on Monday mornings in the Fall, Philly sports talk radio is a festival of woe and recrimination. The Iggles are terrible, their deficiencies...more

Products Liability – Raw Material Supplier – Consumer Expectations Test

David Johnson, et al. v. United States Steel Corporation - Court of Appeal, First District (September 1, 2015) - In a products liability case, a plaintiff may seek recovery on theories of both negligence and...more

Court Limits Migratory Bird Treaty Act Applicability to Incidental Take

On September 4, 2015, the US Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit issued a ruling in United States v. CITGO that a “taking” subject to prosecution under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA) does not include the...more

Fifth Circuit Holds that Migratory Bird Treaty Act Does Not Apply to Incidental Takes - What It Means for Energy Developers

On September 4, 2015, the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals reversed the misdemeanor convictions of Citgo Petroleum Corporation and Citgo Refining and Chemicals Company, L.P. (collectively Citgo) for “taking” migratory birds in...more

Florida Defective Product Lawsuits: Who can be liable and how to prove it

Manufactures and sellers have a responsibility to put reasonably safe products in the stream of commerce. When someone is injured by a defective product, both the manufacturer and the seller of the product can be liable for...more

Lack of Proximate Cause for Failure to Warn Nets a Directed Verdict

A week ago, in a post-script to a post on Daubert decisions, we reported that the trial court in Hexum v. Eli Lilly & Co., No. 2:13-cv-02701-SVM-MAN, 2015 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 109737 (C.D. Cal. Aug. 18, 2015), had granted...more

California Dreaming: The Bite of Bauman, the Perfume of Preemption, the Stink of Stengel

This week the Drug and Device Law Son turns 20. It is apparently an age of discontent, of gripes and snipes. When we asked the DDLS what he wanted for his birthday, he said he wanted to move "back" to California. Something...more

Claims of Negligent Design and Breach of Implied Warranty to Proceed Against Boston Scientific Mesh

On February 9, 2009, a North Carolina resident was implanted with the Obtryx Transobturator Mid- Urethral Sling System (Boston Scientific Mesh). She sued Boston Scientific Corp., the maker of the sling, asserting claims of...more

How Does a Bad Idea Get Implanted?

Not so long ago we discussed how Pennsylvania law clearly precludes prescription medical product strict liability, but plaintiffs keep asserting that cause of action anyway. The plaintiff bar is nothing if not persistent. ...more

New Jersey Supreme Court Rejects Broad Expansion of Private Nuisance and Trespass

Action Item: On August 6, 2015, the Supreme Court of New Jersey in Ross v. Lowitz, et al., No. A-101-13 (N.J. Aug. 6, 2015), held that property owners could not prove claims for private nuisance and trespass against the...more

SEC Commissioner: Don’t Hold CCOs Accountable for Misdeeds of Advisers

SEC Commissioner Daniel Gallagher, in a speech on June 25, 2015, said that a perceived trend by the SEC toward “strict liability” for chief compliance officers (CCOs) is “sending a troubling message.” The statement...more

Manufacturer of Asbestos-Free Product May Still Be Liable for Asbestos Related Injuries

In Sherman v. Hennessy Industries, Inc. (No. B252566, filed June 18, 2015), the Court of Appeal, Second District, reversed a trial court’s grant of summary judgment in favor of a manufacturer of a brake grinding machine. The...more

SEC Commissioner Gallagher: Guidance is Needed For IA CCOs

SEC Commissioner Daniel Gallagher published a statement explaining his dissent in two recent enforcement actions in which the Chief Compliance Officer of an investment adviser was charged, noting that the trend in such...more

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