Subject Matter Jurisdiction

News & Analysis as of

BREAKING NEWS: Sales Tax Battle Breaks Out in South Dakota; Quill’s Last Stand?

On March 22, 2016, South Dakota Governor Dennis Daugaard signed into law Senate Bill 106, which requires any person making more than $100,000 of South Dakota sales or more than 200 separate South Dakota sales transactions to...more

Federal Circuit Patent Updates - April 2016

Mankes v. Vivid Seats Ltd. (No. 2015-1909, 4/22/16) (Taranto, Schall, Chen) - Taranto, J. Vacating judgment on the pleadings dismissing cases for inadequately pleading divided infringement and remanding for...more

Leaving Real Estate Investment Trusts in the Cold: How the Americold Case Could Preclude Establishing Diversity Jurisdiction in...

The Supreme Court’s most recent citizenship opinion, Americold Realty Trust v. Conagra Foods, Inc., could make removing or keeping a case in federal court based on diversity more difficult for a statutory trust with a...more

Supreme Court Upholds Strict Diversity of Citizenship of Non-Corporate Entities for Diversity Jurisdiction

In a unanimous decision on March 7, 2016, the United States Supreme Court affirmed its longstanding principle that unincorporated entities cannot claim diversity jurisdiction for federal court purposes. This case highlights...more

Mooting Class Actions by Offer of Judgment – Episode 2: The Ninth Circuit Strikes Back

In Campbell-Ewald v. Gomez, 136 S. Ct. 663 (Jan. 20, 2016), the Supreme Court resolved a split among courts and held that an unaccepted settlement offer of complete individual relief does not moot the plaintiff’s lawsuit. ...more

Covenant Not to Sue Insufficient to Warrant Dismissal of Counterclaims Where Covenant Contained Reservation of Rights

The plaintiff filed a motion to dismiss the defendants' patent invalidity counterclaims for lack of subject matter jurisdiction pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. Rule 12(b)(1) because the plaintiff withdrew its patent infringement...more

Second Circuit Affirms Denial of Class Certification in FDCPA Action for De Minimus Recovery

Gallego v. Northland Grp. Inc., No. 15-1666-CV, 2016 WL 697383 (2d Cir. Feb. 22, 2016) - Debtor brought a class action against a debt collector alleging violations of the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA) by...more

District Court Rejects “Worthless Services” FCA Claim, Interprets First-to File Bar and Res Judicata in FCA Context

Earlier this month, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia dismissed a 2-count False Claims Act (FCA) complaint against Unisys Corporation. United States ex rel. Soodavar v. Unisys Corp., 2016 WL 1367163...more

Alabama Sex Offender Religious Land Use Case To Proceed

The U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama has ruled that Ricky Martin may proceed with his religious land use and other claims against the Chilton County District Attorney Randall Houston. The Middle...more

Appellate Court Notes

Supreme Court Advance Release Opinions: SC19408 - NPC Offices, LLC v. Kowaleski - In this case, the Supreme Court reversed the Appellate Court. The Appellate Court had agreed with the Trial Court that a driveway...more

Bad Bullets Brings Sixth Circuit in Line with Siblings: The Commercial Activity Exception to the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act

On March 7, 2016, the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals joined its sibling circuits by affirming a ruling from the Southern District of Ohio, which found that the design and manufacture of a product is a commercial activity...more

Appellate Court Notes

Supreme Court Advance Release Opinions: SC19480 - McCullough v. Swan Engraving, Inc. - This case determined that when a husband had already filed a claim for disability benefit in a timely fashion under the Worker’s...more

Supreme Court Reinforces Strict Rule On Citizenship of Unincorporated Entities for Diversity Jurisdiction to the Detriment of...

Article III of the U.S. Constitution extends the jurisdiction of federal courts to “[c]ontroversies … between Citizens of different States.” U.S. Const. art. III, § 2, cl. 1. “This rule is easy enough to apply to humans, but...more

If You Want to Contest Jurisdiction, Don’t File a Counterclaim

In Microsoft Corporation v, GeoTag, Inc., [2015-1140] (April 1, 2016), the Federal Circuit affirmed the district court’s exercise of jurisdiction (although on different grounds) and affirmed summary judgment of...more

Franchisee Can’t Work Its Way Out of Trademark Infringement and Breach of Contract Litigation on Jurisdictional Grounds

An out-of-state franchisee sought to escape the reach of the Massachusetts District Court in a breach of contract and trademark infringement litigation filed by its Massachusetts-based franchisor. But, the parties quickly...more

EPA Requests Dismissal of Complaint For Lack of Subject Matter Jurisdiction

On March 10, 2016, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) filed a motion to dismiss for lack of subject matter jurisdiction and a supporting memorandum of law (Memorandum) in Anderson v. McCarthy, Case No....more

Court Lacks Subject Matter Jurisdiction To Review Interference Ruling

ABT Holding Company, et al. v. Garnet Biotherapeutics, Inc., C.A. No. 14-1512 – LPS-CJB, March 23, 2016 - Burke, C. J. Report and recommendation recommending that defendant’s motion to dismiss based on lack of subject...more

Court Has Jurisdiction In Declaratory Judgment Action.

Robinson, J. Defendant’s motion to dismiss for lack of subject matter jurisdiction is denied. This is a declaratory judgment action on non-infringement and invalidity of the patent-in-suit. Defendant is an NPE. It had...more

No Appeal to Housing Court for Major Development Projects Says Top Mass. Court

Appeals of major development projects of 25 or more dwelling units or 25,000 square feet or more of gross floor area cannot go to the Massachusetts Housing Court, as jurisdiction for these projects is exclusively with the...more

The Supreme Court - March 2016 #2

The Supreme Court of the United States issued decisions in three cases today - Americold Realty Trust v. ConAgra Foods, Inc., No. 14-1382: Plaintiff corporations, including respondent ConAgra Foods, Inc., brought suit...more

Eleventh Circuit Considers Challenge to SEC Administrative Proceedings

Recently, in the consolidated cases of Charles Hill, Jr. v. SEC (No. 15-12831) and Gray Financial Group, Inc. v. SEC (No. 15-13738), the U.S. Court of Appeals for Eleventh Circuit heard oral argument on the question of...more

ITC Section 337 Update – March 2016

BriarTek IP, Inc. Petitions for Writ of Certiorari - On February 10, 2016, BriarTek IP, Inc. filed a petition for writ of certiorari to review a judgment of the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit that...more

Court Rules That Student-Athletes Are Not Employees Under the FLSA - The U.S. District Court Decision Is Another Win for the NCAA...

In another blow to legal arguments that student-athletes should be paid as employees, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Indiana recently concluded that student-athletes at the University of Pennsylvania...more

Wisp of a Possibility of Gas Kit Lawsuit May Establish Declaratory Judgment Jurisdiction

In a recent case concerning propane gas kits used as an alternative fuel conversion system, the District of Massachusetts found that declaratory judgment jurisdiction exists, even though the parties in the case had entered...more

Gibson Guitar Corp. v. Viacom International, Inc. (USCA, Ninth Circuit, February 19, 2016)

Ninth Circuit affirms district court's dismissal of SpongeBob SquarePants trademark suit against Viacom but revives claims against U.K.-based defendant on grounds that question of whether product was used in commerce in U.S....more

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