Tribal Loans

News & Analysis as of

PLI’s “The CFPB Speaks” panel discussion

Earlier yesterday, at the Practicing Law Institute’s (“PLI”) 22nd Annual Consumer Financial Services Institute in New York City, Alan Kaplinsky (who is co-chairing the event) moderated a panel entitled “The CFPB Speaks,” that...more

Court Enforces CFPB Civil Investigative Demand Against Tribal Lending Entity; Rejects Argument that Tribal Sovereignty Precludes...

On January 20, 2017, in CFPB v. Great Plains Lending, a three-judge panel of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s civil investigative demands for documents from lending...more

Ninth Circuit affirms tribal lenders subject to CFPB investigative demands

The Ninth Circuit recently issued its opinion in CFPB v. Great Plains Lending, LLC, et al., in which three tribal-affiliated, for-profit lending companies (“Tribal Lenders”) challenged the authority of the CFPB to issue civil...more

Ninth Circuit Compels Tribal Lenders to Comply with CFPB Investigative Demand

On January 20, 2017, the Ninth Circuit affirmed a trial court ruling that ordered three tribal lending entities to comply with the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s (CFPB) civil investigative demands. The CFPB’s...more

Stage Set for Ninth Circuit to Weigh in on “True Lender” Test

On January 3, 2017, the Central District of California issued an order in CFPB v. CashCall, Inc., No. 2:15-cv-07522 (C.D. Cal.) allowing the defendants to request an interlocutory appeal of its August 31, 2016, decision...more

Federal district court certifies interlocutory appeal in CFPB lawsuit against CashCall

The California federal district court judge who is presiding over the CFPB’s lawsuit against CashCall and several related companies that funded, purchased, serviced, and collected online installment loans has granted the...more

California Supreme Court Declines to Extend Tribal Sovereign Immunity to Payday Lending Businesses

On December 22, 2016, the California Supreme Court issued People ex rel. Owen v. Miami Nation Enterprises. The decision found that certain tribal business entities that provided loans in California are not "arms of the tribe"...more

Tribal Sovereign Immunity Not a Bar to Payday Lending Enforcement Action, California Supreme Court Rules

In a state enforcement action alleging violations of California's lending law and seeking to enjoin continued lending to state residents, the California Supreme Court has ruled that the two tribally affiliated entities that...more

Georgia Supreme Court Rejects Attempts to Narrow State Payday Lending Act

Last week, in Western Sky Financial v. State of Georgia, the Georgia Supreme Court issued a decision rejecting challenges to the state's Payday Lending Act (the "Act") and affirming the denial of a motion to dismiss claims...more

SBA Office of Advocacy submits comment letter asking CFPB to reconsider payday loan proposal

The Small Business Administration’s Office of Advocacy has submitted a comment letter on the CFPB’s proposed payday loan rule that raises concerns about the proposal’s economic impact on small businesses and encourages the...more

FTC Obtains $1.3 Billion Judgment Against Individual Who Operated Payday Lenders

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has obtained a $1.3 billion judgment against the individual operator of several payday lenders and related servicing and marketing companies in a lawsuit filed in a Nevada federal district...more

Eleventh Circuit Doubles Down On The Importance Of Selecting An Available Arbitration Forum

The Eleventh Circuit affirmed a district court’s denial of a motion to compel arbitration on the grounds that the designated forum in the arbitration agreement was both unavailable and integral to the agreement. Appellee...more

Orrick's Financial Industry Week in Review

Financial Industry Developments - Agencies Publish Study on Banking Activities and Investments under Dodd-Frank - On September 8, 2016, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Federal Deposit Insurance...more

House Committee approves Dodd-Frank replacement bill

By a vote of 30-26 earlier this week, the House Financial Services Committee approved the “The Financial CHOICE Act of 2016” (H.R. 5983), the bill released in July 2016 by Committee Chairman Jeb Hensarling to replace the...more

CashCall Case Brings More Uncertainty to the True Lender Debate

The case provides an outline of issues to consider and structures to avoid in designing bank collaboration models in the future. On August 31, in Consumer Financial Protection Bureau v. CashCall, Inc., the U.S....more

CFPB Month in Review for August 2016

In case you missed it, here is what the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) was up to over the last month: Enforcement Actions and Litigation - Enforcement Action Against First National Bank of Omaha...more

Arguing that CashCall was the "True Lender", CFPB Successfully Challenges High Interest Loan Program

On August 31, a federal district court in California ruled in favor of the U.S. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) on the application of "true lender" principles in the context of a tribal lending arrangement. The...more

CFPB Prevails On Summary Judgment Against CashCall, Inc.

On August 31, 2016, in a ground breaking decision, the United States District Court in Los Angeles ruled that CashCall, Inc. violated the Consumer Financial Protection Act in connection with efforts to collect on certain...more

Minnesota AG Settles Suit Against California Online Lender Relating to Alleged “Rent-a-Tribe” Scheme

On August 19, the Attorney General’s Office for the State of Minnesota (Minnesota AG) announced that it had settled a lawsuit against a California-based online lender relating to an alleged “rent-a-tribe” scheme. The...more

Vermont federal district court rules CFPA does not provide private right of action for alleged usurious loans; denies motion to...

A Vermont federal district court recently issued a decision ruling on the defendants’ motion to dismiss a class action involving allegations that an online tribal lending venture violated federal and state law because of...more

Spotlight on CFPB Enforcement

At this week’s NBPCA Power of Prepaid conference in Washington, DC, DWT Payments team member Adam Maarec joined a panel entitled “Spotlight on CFPB Enforcement: Uncovering Recent Trends, Targets and Priorities Surrounding...more

Fourth Circuit Rejects Motion to Compel Arbitration in FDCPA Putative Class Action

Hayes v. Delbert Servs. Corp., No. 15-1170, 2016 WL 386016 (4th Cir. Feb. 2, 2016) - In Hayes v. Delbert Servs., Corp.,the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit held that an arbitration agreement between the...more

DOJ Takes On Tribal Lending: Inside The Indictments

In recent months, the attention of the tribal lending industry has focused on the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s emerging role in regulating short-term loans from sovereign tribal nations, but a new and even more...more

Out of Alignment: The Dysfunctional Definition of an Accredited Investor & The Often Overlooked “Entity” Issue

As many of you know there is a heated ongoing debate as to whether the current definition of “accredited investor” should be revised and, if so, how it should be revised. The overwhelming majority of recent articles, and even...more

Lawmakers Request That the CFPB Consult With State Officials Before Proceeding With Its Proposed Rulemaking on Short-Term Lending

In an April 8, 2016 letter to Richard Cordray, Director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB,” or “Bureau”), Representatives Randy Neugebauer (R-TX) and Mick Mulvaney (R-SC) requested that the Bureau convene a...more

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