Tribal Loans

News & Analysis as of

Orrick's Financial Industry Week in Review

Financial Industry Developments - Agencies Publish Study on Banking Activities and Investments under Dodd-Frank - On September 8, 2016, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Federal Deposit Insurance...more

House Committee approves Dodd-Frank replacement bill

By a vote of 30-26 earlier this week, the House Financial Services Committee approved the “The Financial CHOICE Act of 2016” (H.R. 5983), the bill released in July 2016 by Committee Chairman Jeb Hensarling to replace the...more

CashCall Case Brings More Uncertainty to the True Lender Debate

The case provides an outline of issues to consider and structures to avoid in designing bank collaboration models in the future. On August 31, in Consumer Financial Protection Bureau v. CashCall, Inc., the U.S....more

CFPB Month in Review for August 2016

In case you missed it, here is what the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) was up to over the last month: Enforcement Actions and Litigation - Enforcement Action Against First National Bank of Omaha...more

Arguing that CashCall was the "True Lender", CFPB Successfully Challenges High Interest Loan Program

On August 31, a federal district court in California ruled in favor of the U.S. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) on the application of "true lender" principles in the context of a tribal lending arrangement. The...more

CFPB Prevails On Summary Judgment Against CashCall, Inc.

On August 31, 2016, in a ground breaking decision, the United States District Court in Los Angeles ruled that CashCall, Inc. violated the Consumer Financial Protection Act in connection with efforts to collect on certain...more

Minnesota AG Settles Suit Against California Online Lender Relating to Alleged “Rent-a-Tribe” Scheme

On August 19, the Attorney General’s Office for the State of Minnesota (Minnesota AG) announced that it had settled a lawsuit against a California-based online lender relating to an alleged “rent-a-tribe” scheme. The...more

Vermont federal district court rules CFPA does not provide private right of action for alleged usurious loans; denies motion to...

A Vermont federal district court recently issued a decision ruling on the defendants’ motion to dismiss a class action involving allegations that an online tribal lending venture violated federal and state law because of...more

Spotlight on CFPB Enforcement

At this week’s NBPCA Power of Prepaid conference in Washington, DC, DWT Payments team member Adam Maarec joined a panel entitled “Spotlight on CFPB Enforcement: Uncovering Recent Trends, Targets and Priorities Surrounding...more

Fourth Circuit Rejects Motion to Compel Arbitration in FDCPA Putative Class Action

Hayes v. Delbert Servs. Corp., No. 15-1170, 2016 WL 386016 (4th Cir. Feb. 2, 2016) - In Hayes v. Delbert Servs., Corp.,the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit held that an arbitration agreement between the...more

DOJ Takes On Tribal Lending: Inside The Indictments

In recent months, the attention of the tribal lending industry has focused on the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s emerging role in regulating short-term loans from sovereign tribal nations, but a new and even more...more

Out of Alignment: The Dysfunctional Definition of an Accredited Investor & The Often Overlooked “Entity” Issue

As many of you know there is a heated ongoing debate as to whether the current definition of “accredited investor” should be revised and, if so, how it should be revised. The overwhelming majority of recent articles, and even...more

Lawmakers Request That the CFPB Consult With State Officials Before Proceeding With Its Proposed Rulemaking on Short-Term Lending

In an April 8, 2016 letter to Richard Cordray, Director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB,” or “Bureau”), Representatives Randy Neugebauer (R-TX) and Mick Mulvaney (R-SC) requested that the Bureau convene a...more

Republican Congressmen seek CFPB forum on impact of payday lending rule on state and tribal sovereignty

Two Republican members of the House Financial Services Committee, Randy Neugebauer and Mick Mulvaney, have sent a letter to Director Cordray asking him to convene a forum or roundtable of state and tribal officials before the...more

Director Cordray reveals no change in CFPB’s approach to payday loans

In remarks earlier this week to the National Credit Union Association, Director Cordray discussed the proposals the CFPB is considering for small dollar loans. In March 2015, in anticipation of convening a SBREFA panel, the...more

Fourth Circuit Holds Arbitration Clause Unenforceable When It Forbids Arbitrator From Applying The Applicable Law

This case involves a class action filed in a Virginia district court against Delbert Services Corporation, the servicing agent of certain loans, for which the plaintiffs claimed that Delbert’s unfair debt collection practices...more

Owner of Payday Lenders, Attorney Hit with Federal Criminal Indictment

A man alleged to be the owner and operator of a group of payday-lending companies and an attorney alleged to have submitted false affidavits and structured sham arrangements have been indicted by a federal grand jury in New...more

CA federal court refuses to dismiss CFPB lawsuit against payday lending companies alleging UDAAP violations based on state law...

A federal district court has refused to dismiss the lawsuit filed by the CFPB in December 2013 against CashCall, several related companies and their principal, which asserted UDAAP violations based on the defendants’ efforts...more

Tribally Affiliated Payday Lenders Can Use Tribal Sovereign Immunity as Defense to State Administrative Proceedings, Class Actions

Two recent decisions provide support for the use of tribal sovereign immunity by tribally affiliated payday lenders as a defense to both state administrative proceedings and private class actions. In Everette v. Joshua...more

CFPB Online Loan Suit Sent to California

In the most recent development in the CFPB’s two-year-old lawsuit alleging unfair, deceptive, and abusive practices by several online lenders, on September 23, 2015, Massachusetts U.S. District Judge George O’Toole, Jr.,...more

CFPB files lawsuit against Internet payday loan companies

The CFPB has filed a complaint in federal district court in New York against a group of commonly-controlled companies for allegedly engaging in unlawful conduct in connection with making payday loans over the Internet. With...more

Fourth Circuit Rejects Characterization Of Motions “For Reconsideration,” Remands To Determine Whether Dispute Is Arbitrable

The Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit recently remanded a case to the district court for full consideration of a request to compel arbitration, finding the lower court’s order “inconsistent with the emphatic federal...more

The Importance Of Selecting An Available Arbitration Forum

The Eleventh Circuit affirmed a Florida district court’s denial of Cashcall’s motion to compel arbitration, as the forum selected in the parties’ loan agreement was not available. Appellee Abraham Inetianbor initially...more

Second Federal Circuit Court Refuses To Enforce Arbitration By South Dakota Tribe

Using a different analysis, but reaching the same result as a recent decision from the Seventh Circuit, the Eleventh Circuit agreed that a defendant could not compel arbitration of consumer claims before the Cheyenne River...more

Federal district court grants CFPB petition to enforce CIDs issued to tribal lenders

A California federal court recently issued an order granting the CFPB’s petition to enforce its civil investigative demands (CIDs) issued to three tribally-affiliated payday lenders. However, the court also granted the...more

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