Two-Midnight Rule

News & Analysis as of

Two-Midnight Rule Update

Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) on August 19, 2013, the two-midnight rule provided that an inpatient admission generally would only be payable under Medicare Part A if: (1) the admitting practitioner had an expectation,...more

Significant Hospital Related Mid-Year Updated OIG Review Activities

This is the second of three alerts discussing the mid-year update to the Fiscal Year 2016 Work Plan issued by the Office of Inspector General (OIG). In the first alert we discussed the top management performance challenges...more

CMS Update on Temporary “Two Midnight” QIO Review Pause

CMS has temporarily “paused” Beneficiary and Family Centered Care (BFCC) Quality Improvement Organizations’ (QIOs) performance of initial patient status reviews under CMS’s “two-midnight policy” for short hospital stays. The...more

CMS Announces "Pause" in QIO Review of Inpatient Admissions

Last week CMS announced a temporary "pause" in the review of inpatient admissions by the Beneficiary and Family Centered Care Quality Improvement Organizations (QIOs). CMS posted this announcement on its Inpatient Hospital...more

CMS Temporarily Suspends QIO Patient Status Reviews of Short Stay Inpatient Claims under the Two Midnight Rule

According to press reports, on May 4, 2016, CMS directed Beneficiary and Family Centered Care Quality Improvement Organizations (BFCC-QIOs) tasked with reviewing the appropriateness of short stay inpatient claims under the...more

FY 2017 IPPS Proposed Rule Results in Modest Increase for Hospitals

CMS recently issued a proposed rule updating fiscal year (FY) 2017 Medicare payment policies and rates under the Medicare inpatient prospective payment system (IPPS) and the long-term care hospital (LTCH) prospective payment...more

CMS Proposes FY 2017 Update for Medicare IPPS, LTCH PPS Rates and Policies

CMS has published its proposed rule to update the Medicare acute hospital inpatient prospective payment system (IPPS) and long-term care hospital (LTCH) prospective payment system (PPS) for fiscal year (FY) 2017....more

CMS Proposes to Reverse 0.2 Percent IPPS Rate Reduction After Two-Midnight Rule Litigation Loss

In the FY 2017 IPPS Proposed Rule, CMS announced that it would reverse the 0.2 percent IPPS rate cut that was imposed in FY 2014 (and re-adopted in subsequent years) related to the Two Midnight Rule and increase the...more

In IPPS rule, CMS proposes changes for urban teaching hospitals with rural training track programs

On April 18, 2016, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) issued the fiscal year (FY) 2017 proposed rule updating the Inpatient Prospective Payment System (IPPS) and the Long Term Acute Care Hospital Prospective...more

CMS issues IPPS proposed rule, proposes to permanently remove -0.2 percent offset for Two Midnight Rule

On April 18, 2016, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) issued the fiscal year (FY) 2017 proposed rule updating the Inpatient Prospective Payment System (IPPS) and the Long Term Acute Care Hospital Prospective...more

King & Spalding Submits Comments to CMS Regarding Two-Midnight Rule, Rejecting Agency’s Latest Rationale for Payment Reduction

On February 2, 2016, on behalf of more than 200 client hospitals, King & Spalding responded to CMS’s latest justification for its two-midnight rule and associated 0.2 percent payment reduction, published at 80 Fed. Reg. 75107...more

2-Midnight Rule Updates

- CMS Adopts Change to Benchmark and Shift in Enforcement - CMS Explains Reasoning Behind 0.2% Payment Reduction CMS has published discussions of the 2-midnight rule in two recent Federal Register publications. In the...more

CMS Updates Two-Midnight Rule

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has revised the two-midnight rule to create an exception that will allow payment under Medicare Part A for certain medically necessary hospital stays that do not extend...more

CMS Invites Comments on 2014 Medicare IPPS Rate Cut Due to 2-Midnight Policy Changes

CMS has published a notice with comment period describing its rationale for reducing Medicare inpatient prospective payment systems (IPPS) rates by 0.2% in FY 2014 to offset a projected $220 million increase in IPPS spending...more

CMS Publishes Explanation for Exclusion of Medical Cases from Its 0.2 Percent Two Midnight Rate Cut Analysis in Response to Court...

On December 1, 2015 CMS published a Notice in the Federal Register that provides additional information as to the methodology the agency used to arrive at the 0.2 percent rate reduction associated with the implementation of...more

CMS Issues Final Payment Rules for Physicians and Hospitals

On October 30, 2015, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) released several final rules related to physician and hospital Medicare payments for 2016. Specifically, HHS’s Centers for Medicare and Medicaid...more

CMS Issues CY 2016 Final Rule for Hospital Outpatient and Ambulatory Surgical Center Policy and Payment Changes

On October 30, 2015, CMS issued its final policy changes, quality provisions and payment rates for the Medicare Hospital Outpatient Prospective Payment System (OPPS) and Ambulatory Surgical Center (ASC) Payment System for...more

CY 2016 Medicare OPPS Spending to Drop by 0.4% under Final OPPS Rule; ASC Payments Get Small Boost

On November 13, 2015, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) is publishing its final rule updating the Medicare Hospital Outpatient Prospective Payment System (OPPS) and the Ambulatory Surgical Center (ASC)...more

CMS Finalizes Controversial Changes to "2-Midnight Rule" for Inpatient Stays

On October 30, 2015, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) released its final rule updating the Hospital Outpatient Prospective Payment System (OPPS) and Ambulatory Surgical Center (ASC) Payment System for...more

CMS Issues Final Rule for CY 2016 OPPS and Changes to the Two-Midnight Rule

On October 30, 2015, CMS issued its final rule with comment period (Final Rule) for the Medicare hospital outpatient prospective payment system (OPPS) and the Medicare ambulatory surgical center (ASC) payment system for...more

Health Care Update - November 2015

Ways & Means Leadership Changes – Health Policy Implications Looming: As Congress pushes forward with a two-year budget deal, and new Speaker Paul Ryan begins his tenure as the top Republican in the House of...more

CMS Finalizes Significant Changes to the Two Midnight Rule in the 2016 OPPS Final Rule

On October 30, 2015, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) released the Calendar Year 2016 Outpatient Prospective Payment System Final Rule (2016 OPPS Final Rule). In the 2016 OPPS Final Rule, CMS finalizes...more

Annual RAC Report Shows Significant Drop in Recoveries by CMS in 2014

On October 15, 2015, CMS released its annual recovery auditing report to Congress. CMS’s Recovery Auditor (RAC) program identifies and corrects improper payments through a combination of prepayment and post-payment reviews,...more

Uncertainty Continues for Two-Midnight Rule's Payment Reduction

In Shands Jacksonville v. Burwell [PDF], No. CV 14-1477, 2015 WL 5579653, (D.D.C. Sept. 21, 2015), the United States District Court for the District of Columbia gave the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human...more

District Court Says CMS’s 0.2 Percent IPPS Rate Cut Violated APA

On September 21, 2015, the United States District Court for the District of Columbia ruled that the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) failed to provide a meaningful opportunity to comment on...more

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