News & Analysis as of

Unconscionable Contracts

The Court of Appeals Examines the Promissory Estoppel/Statute of Frauds Relationship

by Farrell Fritz, P.C. on

In the past, New York Courts have demonstrated a willingness to apply the theory of promissory estoppel, to overcome the legal requirements of the Statute of Frauds. The Restatement (Second) of Contract, Section 139, endorses...more

Summary Of Post-Trial Briefs Filed In Grubhub Misclassification Case

by Fisher Phillips on

The parties in the Grubhub misclassification case are back in court on Monday, October 30, delivering their final closing arguments to the judge. We’ve written about the trial extensively. To sum it up, though: a former...more

Ninth Circuit Affirms Application Of Arbitration Clause Found In Amazon’s Conditions Of Use

by Carlton Fields on

Applying Washington law, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed a California federal court’s ruling that Amazon’s Conditions of Use (COU) created a valid contract between Amazon and its customers, and there was no...more

Enforcing Nursing Home Arbitration Agreements Post-Kindred

Just five months ago, the U.S. Supreme Court weighed in on a nursing home arbitration dispute in Kindred Nursing Centers v. Clark. It held that the Kentucky supreme court’s rationale for not enforcing the arbitration...more

Ninth Circuit Rejects Claim That Amazon’s Terms and Conditions Are an Unconscionable Contract

In an unpublished opinion, the Ninth Circuit affirmed a lower court’s ruling that had sent a putative class action against Amazon over its pricing practices to arbitration, as per Amazon’s terms of service. (Wiseley v....more

Chris Lazarini Examines Unconscionability Claims in Arbitration Clause

by Bass, Berry & Sims PLC on

Bass, Berry & Sims attorney Chris Lazarini examined a case in which a plaintiff filed a breach of fiduciary duty claim in federal court and opposed defendants' efforts to move the claims to arbitration. The plaintiff claimed...more

California Supreme Court to Decide Key Finance Lender Law Usury and Unconscionability Issue

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

Although the California Finance Lenders Law (the CFLL) does not limit the interest rates that may be charged on loans of $2,500 or more, Section 22302 of the law expressly states that loans made under the CFLL may be held...more

Hawaiian Punch: State Supreme Court Stands Up to SCOTUS on Arbitration

In January of 2016, SCOTUS granted review of an arbitration case from Hawaii, but summarily vacated and remanded it without analysis. (Unless you consider “Please read DIRECTV” substantive analysis.) Here’s the risk of that...more

Ninth Circuit Finds Arbitration Agreement In Employment Application Was Unconscionable

by Carlton Fields on

In this case, Ritarose Capili, a sales associate, brought an action against her former employer The Finish Line, Inc. (“Finish Line”), an athletic retailer in California federal court. Finish Line made a motion to compel...more

Eighth Circuit Affirms Order Compelling Arbitration, Rejecting Contract Defenses Of Unconscionability And Lack Of Consideration

by Carlton Fields on

The Eighth Circuit affirmed an order compelling arbitration in a case filed by a volunteer concession worker against an operator of concessions at a sports stadium in St. Louis. The concession worker had volunteered to work...more

Defence & Indemnity - June 2017 : Insurance Issues C. Downer v. Pitcher, 2017 NLCA 13, per Green, C.J.N.L. [4228]

by Field Law on

C. The drivers of two cars involved in an accident privately made a settlement and release agreement, giving the Newfoundland Court of Appeal an opportunity to clarify the legal test for the doctrine of unconscionability....more

Proposed Consumer Contracts Restatement Critiqued at ALI Annual Meeting

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

At the American Law Institute (ALI) annual meeting in Washington, DC on May 22-24th, members had the opportunity to review a discussion draft of the Restatement of the Law Third, Consumer Contracts. The draft is the result...more

Shouldn't You Be Using Arbitration Agreements to Reduce the Costs of Litigation and the Risk of Class Action Claims?

by Foley & Lardner LLP on

Businesses across the country regularly bemoan the time and expense of litigation. Even when businesses are successful in defending non-meritorious consumer claims alleging unfair or deceptive practices, false advertising,...more

Key California Employment Law Cases: March 2017

by Payne & Fears on

This month’s key California employment law cases involve arbitration and PAGA issues. Arbitration - Farrar v. Direct Commerce, Inc., 9 Cal. App. 5th 1257, 215 Cal. Rptr. 3d 785 (2017) - Summary: Arbitration...more

Forcing the Issue? California Supreme Court Opens Door for Challenges to Mandatory Arbitration Clauses

Consistent with the historical reluctance of California courts to enforce arbitration provisions in consumer contracts, on April 6, 2017, the California Supreme Court ruled that an arbitration provision that waived an...more

Is Your Arbitration Agreement Enforceable?

by Snell & Wilmer on

Health care providers may favor arbitration due to the perception that it is a faster, less expensive alternative to litigation. State and federal policy favors arbitration for the same reasons.  Because of the strong public...more

Chipping Away at Arbitration: California Supreme Court Further Limits Arbitration Waivers

by Hirschfeld Kraemer LLP on

On April 6, 2017, the California Supreme Court held that an arbitration agreement waiving the right to public injunctive relief is contrary to California public policy and is unenforceable under California law. In McGill...more

New Jersey Court Compels Arbitration, Declines To Appoint Substitute Arbitrator Despite “Exorbitant” Administrative Fee

by Carlton Fields on

Terra Finance LLC brought an action to compel arbitration. Defendant Acrow Corporation moved to dismiss the action under Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6), arguing that the arbitration clause was unconscionable, and therefore...more

Ninth Circuit Reverses District Court Decision On Unconscionability Of Dispute Resolution Agreement, Severs Problematic Provisions

by Carlton Fields on

The Ninth Circuit reversed a district court’s finding that a dispute resolution provision (“the Provision”) of an employment agreement was substantively and procedurally unconscionable, upholding the provision as not tainted...more

Recent Decisions Clarify (Un)Enforceability of Class Action Waivers in Employment Agreements

Companies looking to waive class action rights of employees may instead be waving goodbye to provisions in their employment contracts. Two recent decisions in California—one administrative and one in the 9th Circuit—recently...more

NC Fiduciaries Have a Duty to Explain Arbitration Agreements in Contracts

by Smith Anderson on

The Supreme Court of North Carolina recently issued an opinion that could have a substantial impact on the enforceability of arbitration agreements when a fiduciary relationship exists, particularly in the context of consumer...more

Defence & Indemnity - December 2016: II. LIABILITY ISSUES B.

by Field Law on

B. Where a contract for security services explicitly provides that it is not a contract for insurance and contains an enforceable liability exclusion clause, the security provider will not be liable for the loss. ...more

Want to Arbitrate? Not So Fast. California Court of Appeals Decision Illustrates Limits to Contractual Obligation to Arbitrate

by Selman Breitman LLP on

On December 27, 2016, the California Court of Appeals published a decision on the enforceability of an Alternative Dispute Resolution Agreement (the "Agreement") in the context of an employee-employer relationship.? The issue...more

In 2016 the Texas Supreme Court Continues to Favor Arbitration

by Strasburger & Price, LLP on

In 2016, the Texas Supreme Court issued three important opinions affecting arbitration agreements. The most significant was Hoskins v. Hoskins, 497 S.W.3d 490 (Tex. 2016). The issue in that case was whether a party seeking to...more

North Carolina Federal Court Holds That Arbitration Clause Requiring Panel To Render A Decision Within 30 Days Is Not...

by Carlton Fields on

In July, a federal court in North Carolina held that an arbitration provision which required the arbitration panel to reach a decision within thirty days of their selection was not unconscionable. Arising out of a dispute...more

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