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Rise of the robots

Experts warn of the threat posed by super-intelligent machines, but what does this new era of automation mean for the future of work as we know it? Earlier this year, the Japanese office of advertising agency McCann...more

Dawn raids: How to prepare for, manage, and mitigate the increasing risk to multinational tech companies

Dawn raids and enforcement actions throughout Europe are becoming more and more prevalent. And increasingly, the targets of these raids are multinational tech companies with foreign headquarters, which through their global...more

France anticipating the GDPR

A bill currently under discussion before the French Parliament should result in tightened sanctions against organizations found to be in breach of data protection law. New sanctions provided under the bill are a reflection of...more

New French Act on Intelligence Services: Impacts on Technical Operators

The newly enacted French legislation on intelligence services ("Loi relative au renseignement") has been almost entirely approved by the French Constitutional Court and shall fully enter into force by December 2015, at the...more

Rejection of Oracle's claims for copyright infringement against one of its users and condemnation of the practice of aggressive...

Dealing with a matter involving the Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) Oracle E-Business Suite, the Paris First Instance Court took the opportunity to clarify the differences between copyright infringement and contractual...more

A significant milestone in the path towards the adoption of the General Data Protection Regulation

On 15 June 2015, the Ministers of the Council of the European Union (the "Council") agreed upon a global approach to the European Commission's proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the...more

Cyber risk: Why cyber security is important - We live in an increasingly networked world, from personal banking to government...

Cyber risk is now firmly at the top of the international agenda as high-profile breaches raise fears that hack attacks and other security failures could endanger the global economy. The Global Risks 2015 report,...more

IBM sentenced to pay 6.5 million as contractual damages

In a recent and long-awaited decision, the Bordeaux Court of Appeal concluded a dispute concerning key issues for system integration projects and provided a reminder that the amendments to a contract should be accurate and...more

The Use of First and Last Names as Meta Tags is not Subject to the French Data Protection Act

"Meta Tags" are HTML codes entered into the source code of a webpage providing for information on the nature and content of such webpage, which are used to facilitate the indexing and referencing of such a webpage in search...more

12/14/2014  /  France , Metadata , Privacy Laws

Adoption of a new European legal framework applicable to cross-border electronic identification and e-signatures

The European Parliament and the Council adopted on 23 July 2014 a regulation on electronic identification and trust services for electronic transactions in the Internal Market (the "Regulation"). Before that, the Directive on...more

European Commission's Actions to Better Protect and Enforce Intellectual Property Rights

Although the number of registrations of European Patents, Community Trademarks and Community Designs more than doubled between 2003 and 2012, the high numbers of infringements of intellectual property rights (IPRs) harm this...more

How does French case law deal with bundled software?

Combined offers have always drawn significant attention from French courts. This is all the more the case since combined offers are standard practices when selling computer equipments. Indeed, such equipments are most often...more

Copyright Holders Cannot Prevent Links to Freely-Available Content from Being Posted Online

The Svensson case is a landmark decision by the European Court of Justice ("ECJ") that enshrines the right to create clickable links towards copyrighted content which is freely available on the internet. The ECJ ruled that...more

The new group actions law in France – A cause for concern for companies?

The French law on consumer rights, also referred to as the “Hamon law” (“loi Hamon”), was enacted on 17 March 2014. The introduction of group actions is one of the main innovations of this law. Companies must now...more

CNIL Expanded Investigative Powers

The new French Act on consumer protection enacted on March 18, 2014 broadens the investigative powers of the CNIL (the French Data Protection Authority) by enabling its members and empowered agents to carry out online...more

4/8/2014  /  CNIL , Cybersecurity , Data Protection , EU

How to Secure Information Systems: The Growing Complexity of the Legal Landscape

While businesses take a more cautious approach to how they handle IT security threats, these are becoming increasingly complex and sophisticated. Denial-of-service attacks, software tampering (e.g. computer viruses and Trojan...more

French Courts Ordered to Block and Delist 16 Streaming Websites

Last November, French courts have, for the first time, ordered to block entire video streaming websites based on specific laws against copyright infringement (Hadopi 2009 laws1). To some authors, this decision is questionable...more

E-Commerce: Consider the Enhanced Consumer Protection Clauses

The directive 2011/83/EU of 25 October 2011 relating to consumer rights (the "Directive") is to be implemented as of December 13, 2013 by Member States in national European jurisdictions, including French jurisdiction, and...more

English Court of Appeal requires French defendants to comply with disclosure orders despite the French “blocking statute”

The existence in several countries of “blocking statutes”, which prohibit the provision of economic information to foreign authorities or courts (or require prior authorization to be obtained before doing so), present a...more

You cannot trade a customer file which does not comply with the French Data Protection Act

On June 25, 2013, the French Supreme Court rendered a corner-stone decision for all agreements dealing with personal data. In 2008, a company sold its electronic customer file to its successor in business. It quickly...more

Discovery in the US Involving French Companies

Judicial cross border litigation and/or international arbitration proceedings reveal two distinct systems: common law systems allow a comprehensive collection and disclosure of all existing documents leading to admissible...more

11/15/2012
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