Data Processors

News & Analysis as of

The 2016 EU Data Protection Legislation

In April 2016, the European Union adopted new legislation on data protection. The part relevant to private enterprises (EU Regulation 2016/679) is known as the General Data Protection Regulation or “GDPR.” The GDPR is subject...more

A Side-By-Side Comparison of “Privacy Shield” and the Controller-Processor Model Clauses: The Easiest Way to Understand What...

The EU Data Protection Directive 95/46/EC (the “Directive”) creates the legal framework for the national data-protection laws in each EU member state. The Directive states that personal data may only be transferred to...more

Self-Certification Under EU-U.S. Privacy Shield to Commence from August 2016

Following the formal approval of the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield by the European Commission on 8 July 2016, the arrangement will come into force in the U.S. commencing 1 August 2016 and will provide a convenient framework to allow...more

Bavarian Data Protection Authority issues guidance paper on video surveillance under the General Data Protection Regulation

On 6 July 2016, the Bavarian Data Protection Authority issued a brief guidance paper on video surveillance under the new EU General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”). This short paper is the first issue within a series...more

CJEU Attorney General Opinion Seeks to Restrict the Interpretation of ‘Establishment’

In June, the Attorney General (“AG”) of the Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”) issued his opinion (English translation pending) in the case of Verein für Konsumenteninformation v Amazon EU Sàrl (Case C-191/15)....more

Implementation of Policy Allowing Complete Foreign Ownership in E-Commerce Operations Nationwide in China

The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology Issues the First Value-Added Telecom Services License to an E-Commerce Wholly Foreign Owned Enterprise. Background - Historically, foreign investors were...more

Just When You Thought it was Safe to Go Back in the Water: Brexit Creates Additional Uncertainty in Trans-Atlantic Privacy...

In October 2015, the European Court of Justice invalidated the US-EU Safe Harbor Program in the landmark Schrems v. Data Protection Commissioner decision. The Safe Harbor was a 15-year old program that had allowed American...more

Are Dynamic IP Addresses Personal Data? A Primer

Last month, one of the Advocate Generals (“AG”) of the Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”), Manuel Campos Sánchez-Bordona, issued an opinion suggesting that dynamic IP addresses should be recognized as “personal...more

EU Data Protection reform – six top tips for pension scheme trustees

After more than four years of negotiations, the new EU data protection framework has finally been agreed. Following a two-year transition period, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) will apply in all member states...more

Strict and far-reaching new EU data protection regime comes into force

The EU General Data Protection Regulation ("GDPR") is now in force, and the clock is officially ticking for businesses to bring their operations into line with its sweeping changes. On 4 May 2016, after more than four...more

Europe Counts Down to the General Data Protection Regulation

Businesses have two years to comply with Europe’s new privacy regime. On 24 May 2016, after more than four years of debate, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR, or the Regulation) enters into force. The GDPR...more

Galloway v Frazer & Others – A glimpse to the future of data protection litigation

On 27 January, the High Court of Northern Ireland granted British MP George Galloway leave to serve proceedings on Google Inc. out of the jurisdiction. The application was based on a variety of claims including libel,...more

Privacy Shield Update: A Recap of Recent Developments

On April 13, 2016, the Article 29 Working Party (WP29), an influential group of European data protection authorities, issued a non-binding opinion that criticized certain elements of the fledgling Privacy Shield framework....more

Turkish Parliament Enacts New Data Protection Law

In a step toward its accession to the EU, Turkey has enacted its first comprehensive Data Protection Law. The law was passed by the Turkish Parliament 24 March and published in the Official Gazette 7 April....more

How to Prepare for the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)

The EU General Data Protection Regulation (the “GDPR”) was adopted by the EU Parliament last April 14, 2016. The GDPR will replace the EU Data Protection Directive (95/46/EC), which was implemented more than 20 years ago....more

Privacy Shield Rejected, GDPR Approved - What This Means to Automotive Organizations

The European Union Article 29 Working Party (Article 29) issued an opinion on the proposed EU-U.S. Privacy Shield framework agreement (Privacy Shield) last month, stating that although the Privacy Shield was a “great step...more

The Basics of International Privacy Law for Commercial Litigators, Part 2: Global Trends

Although the volume of data that flows between the EU and the U.S. ensures that EU privacy law occupies most of the spotlight on the world stage, other countries have their own privacy laws worth noting as...more

The Data Protection Directive Is Dead! Long Live the General Data Protection Regulation!

After four years of protracted discussions and negotiations, the General Data Protection Regulation (the “GDPR”) gained final approval from the European Parliament 14 April. It will enter into force 20 days after publication...more

An Overview of Turkey’s New Data Protection Law

After a decade of winding its way through the legislative process, Turkey’s new Data Protection Law entered into force on April 7. Although Turkey previously had a few sectoral data protection laws on the books, this is the...more

New Decree defines the scope of Kazakhstan’s state electronic database

At the end of February, the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan enacted Decree No. 117, providing that the types of personal data to be stored in the state’s electronic database are...more

European Commission Releases Text of Proposed Privacy Shield Agreement for Transfer of European Union Citizen Data to the United...

On February 29, 2016, the European Commission released the full text of the proposed EU-U.S. Privacy Shield agreement, a data protection self-certification framework for companies transferring EU citizen data to the United...more

What You Need to Know About the New General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)

The EU Parliament Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice, and Home Affairs (“LIBE”) finally released the text of the long anticipated new data protection law. While the law has not formally been enacted, its adoption at this...more

New WP29 Opinion on the application of EU data protection law to non-EU businesses

The EU's Article 29 Working Party has published an Opinion that seeks to clarify the application of EU data protection law in relation to businesses based outside the EU. The EU's Article 29 Working Party (the 'WP29') is...more

Article 29 Working Party updates its Opinion on applicable law

The Article 29 Working Party (WP29) has updated its Opinion on applicable law and has introduced a new ‘inextricable link’ test representing a new element to the existing ‘in the context of the activities of an establishment’...more

Will free apps soon be dead in Europe?

As we’ve discussed previously, the GDPR significantly limits user consent as a basis for processing personal data. One interesting question is whether the new rules on consent will kill free apps in Europe. Free apps...more

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