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Sales Free and Clear: What About Restrictive Covenants?

Heatherwood Holdings, LLC v. HGC, Inc. (In re Heatherwood Holdings, LLC), 746 F.3d 1206 (11th Cir. 2014) – A chapter 11 debtor owned property that had always been used as a golf course and club. When it requested that...more

Who Will Think of the Tenants: Split in Authority Regarding the Interplay Between Bankruptcy Code Sections 363(f) and 365(h)(1)(A)

A useful tool granted to trustees (and debtors-in-possession) in bankruptcy is the ability to assume or reject leases.1 The trustee can exploit this power to the estate's economic advantage, either assuming or rejecting the...more

Mortgage Enforcement: Dot Those “i”s and Cross Those “t”s – Or Else

A chapter 13 debtor objected to the portion of a mortgagee’s claim consisting of expenses related to foreclosure of its mortgage. She argued that since the mortgagee failed to comply with notice requirements under the...more

Bankruptcy Sales and Leases: “Free And Clear” May Not Be So “Free And Clear”

In approving the sale of a Chapter 11 debtor’s assets, a bankruptcy court found that a tenant of the debtor was entitled to continue in possession of the leased portion of the sold property for the remainder of its lease. ...more

Tenants Beware: Your Landlord’s Bankruptcy Could Result in a Lost Lease

It is unfortunate, but true: a commercial tenant may someday be required to deal with a bankrupt landlord. Any bankruptcy filing can be complicated and chaotic. But, a tenant faced with a landlord’s is more than just a...more

Hold That ReFi! A Reason to Think Twice Before Entering Post-Petition Agreements with Discharged Debtors

After months of phone calls, loan modifications and discussions with borrowers, one finally receives the dreaded bankruptcy notice in the mail. A chapter 7, no-asset case, with the loan listed on the bankruptcy schedules as a...more

Navigating Foreclosure in States with 'One Action Rules'

Late last year, the New York Supreme Court decided 172 Madison (NY) LLC v. NMP Grp., LLC, in which it examined New York’s one-action rule, a complex and often misunderstood rule that can have huge implications for lenders...more

Potpourri Of Issues In Foremost Building Bankruptcy Sale

In In re Scimeca Foundation Inc., 497 B.R. 783 (Bankr. E.D. Pa. 2013), a Chapter 7 trustee sought court approval for a sale of the debtor’s property and resolution of related issues over the objections of the debtor. In...more

Supreme Court Denies Certiorari To Hear Bank Of America’s Challenge To Eleventh Circuit’s Rule Regarding Lien Stripping In Chapter...

The United States Supreme Court recently denied certiorari to an Eleventh Circuit appeal which would have addressed the issue of whether section 506(d) of the Bankruptcy Code permits a chapter 7 debt to “strip off” a wholly...more

Florida Law on Assignment of Rents Provisions

A recent bankruptcy decision from a New Jersey Bankruptcy Court (In re Surma, 504 B.R. 770 (Bankr. D.N.J. 2014)) has once again drawn attention to the effect assignment of rents provisions in mortgages can have, depending on...more

Deviation From Statutory Scheme In Sale Of Receivership Property

The sale of real and personal property in a receivership estate is governed by 28 U.S.C. §§ 2001 and 2004, and both contain procedures for both a public and private auction of property. Regarding personal property, § 2004...more

A Section 363 Sale Does NOT Transfer Property Free and Clear of an Equitable Servitude

Sales in bankruptcy court under 11 U.S.C. § 363 (called “363 Sales”) are often used to sell property during a bankruptcy case. The 363 Sale process provides an efficient procedure to liquidate estate property and offers...more

New Case Alert: Dissent Highlights Disturbing Potential for Increasing Escrow Holder Policing and Disclosure Obligations

A new decision in Ash v. North American Title Co. holds that (1) contract damages based upon a bankruptcy were not foreseeable, and (2) an escrow holder was entitled to a jury instruction as to intervening or superceding...more

Appeal Court Re-Writes Rules Relating to Insolvent Tenants

Landlords' set to obtain "full value" as a result of re-statement of ancient equitable principle - Pillar Denton Limited and others v Jervis and others - Outline - In a ruling relating to the stricken...more

Enforcing “Bad Boy” Guaranties When The Borrower Files For Bankruptcy Protection

Have you ever gone through an entire foreclosure action only to have the borrower, usually a special purpose entity, file for bankruptcy protection on the eve of sale? If you have - and what lender hasn’t? - you know how...more

Mortgage Debt Lesson: Don't Pursue Collection Of A Discharged Mortgage

Creditors should double check the bankruptcy status of a debtor/borrower before pursuing collection. As a pending case illustrates, pursuing collection of an initially reaffirmed, but later discharged mortgage could be a...more

HUD Updates Foreclosure Procedures, Pre-Foreclosure Borrower Communication Policies

On October 28, HUD issued two mortgagee letters related to the servicing of certain FHA-insured loans. Mortgagee Letter 2013-38 provides a list of the first legal actions necessary to initiate a foreclosure and the reasonable...more

CFPB Refines Mortgage Rules to Resolve Conflicts and Inconsistencies

On October 15, 2013, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) issued an interim final rule and bulletin refining and making technical changes to certain provisions of its January 2013 mortgage rules. The interim rule...more

Real Estate Tip: Price Protection for the Stalking Horse Bidder

Real estate buyers may hesitate when a seller is in bankruptcy; extra care is often required. One of many possible bankruptcy-related transaction structures arise when a buyer strikes a deal directly with the bankrupt owner...more

Rogers Towers: Discovery of Loss-Share Payments in Litigation: Irrelevant

In foreclosure actions based on assets of a failed bank, borrowers sometimes attempt to discover whether and how much the FDIC has reimbursed the acquiring institution for its loss under the loan....more

Rogers Towers: New York Bankruptcy Court Clears Way for McNeal Rehearing

The long-awaited rehearing of In re McNeal has been given the green light from an unlikely source – a New York Bankruptcy Court Judge....more

Weathering The Storm Of An Owner Or General Contractor Bankruptcy

Bankruptcy court is often the “court of bad news” for creditors. ...more

Rogers Towers: Denying Discharge for Passive Falsification of Financial Statements

As we have discussed in previous posts, if a debtor actively falsifies a financial statement to obtain a loan, such debt is not dischargeable in a subsequent bankruptcy proceeding under § 523(a)(2)(B) of the Bankruptcy Code....more

Virginia Financial Institutions - June 2013

In this issue: - CFPB Amends Ability-to-Repay Rule to Ease Standards for Small Creditors - Assistant Managers Fail to Break the Piggy Bank...For Now - Federal Agencies Make Changes to Regulation...more

Tax Filing By Lender Discharges Borrower From Mortgage Liability

If a taxpayer who has borrowed money from bank defaults on repayment and does not repay the bank, the taxpayer will have cancellation of indebtedness income to the extent that the amount due the lender exceeds the value of...more

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