Civil Procedure Bankruptcy Conflict of Laws

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The Demise of the Presumption Against Preemption in Express Preemption Cases

We’ve always been bothered by the presumption against preemption – so much that this blog’s first major substantive post was on that subject. Even before that, back in the Bone Screw days, we remember the presumption against...more

August 2016: Bankruptcy & Restructuring Litigation Update

Delaware Bankruptcy Court Disagrees with Second Circuit on Implied Preemption of State-Law Fraudulent Transfer Claims Brought by Creditors. In recent years, several bankruptcy and district courts have addressed whether the...more

Ever-Expanding Safe Harbor Leaves Creditors’ Claims Stranded at Sea

Second Circuit holds that Bankruptcy Code preempts creditors’ state law constructive fraud claims. On March 29, 2016, the Second Circuit issued its opinion in In re Tribune Company Fraudulent Conveyance Litig.,...more

Second Circuit Rules that Bankruptcy Safe Harbor Preempts State Law Fraudulent Transfer Rights

Today, the Second Circuit reissued the latest in a line of cases adopting an expansive reading of the safe harbor under Section 546(e) of the Bankruptcy Code. In re Tribune Co. Fraudulent Conveyance Litig., Case 13-3992, Doc....more

Second Circuit Holds that State Law Constructive Fraudulent Transfer Claims Brought By Individual Creditors are Preempted under...

On March 24, 2016, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (the “Court”) ruled that former shareholders of the debtor Tribune Media Company (“Tribune”), who were cashed out in a leveraged buyout (“LBO”), would be...more

Article: Southern District Decision Confirms Breadth of Bankruptcy Court Jurisdiction

The Southern District of New York in the recent Ames decision engaged in a detailed analysis of the contours of bankruptcy-court jurisdiction and found it broadly included a wide array of state law claims (notwithstanding the...more

New York Federal Bankruptcy Court Finds Insurance Insolvency Proceeding Does Not “Reverse – Preempt” Bankruptcy Court Jurisdiction

In a recent adversary proceeding in the chapter 11 case involving Ames Department Stores, Inc. (“Ames”), Lumbermens Mutual Casualty Company (“Lumbermen’s”) argued that under the McCarran-Ferguson Act, the issues in dispute...more

M.D. Fla. Holds Bankruptcy Code Preempts FDCPA For Filing Time Barred Proofs of Claim

In Castellanos v. Midland Funding, LLC, 15-CV-559 (M.D. Fla. Jan. 4, 2016) the United States District Judge John Steele joined with several of his Middle District of Florida colleagues and held that the Bankruptcy Code...more

Case Update: Madden v. Midland Funding

On May 22, 2015, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit held in Madden v. Midland Funding that the federal preemption provision of the National Bank Act, 12 U.S.C. § 85, could not be invoked by a non-national bank...more

Recent Eleventh Circuit Decision Subjects Debt Collectors to FDCPA Liability for Filing Proofs of Claim as to Time-Barred Debts

Debt collectors filing bankruptcy proofs of claims in the Eleventh Circuit should take caution, as they will now be subject to the Fair Debt Collection Practice Act, 15 U.S.C. §§ 1692-1692p (FDCPA). In Crawford v. LVNV...more

First Circuit Hears Oral Arguments on Validity of Puerto Rico’s Recovery Act

A few reactions to today’s oral arguments before the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit regarding the validity of Puerto Rico’s Recovery Act...more

Blog: Recent Decision May Assist Challenges to Alleged Fraudulent Transfers

A recent decision by the Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York may enhance the ability of bankruptcy trustees and creditors committees to challenge allegedly fraudulent transfers that could qualify for...more

Denial of Plan Confirmation and Finality - Supreme Court's Resolution of Circuit Split May Apply to Chapter 11

The Supreme Court has agreed to hear Bullard v. Hyde Park Savings Bank (In re Bullard), U.S., No. 14-116 (cert. granted 12/12/14). The Court's decision in this case will resolve a circuit split with regard to whether an order...more

Medical Marijuana: What Happens in Bankruptcy (Not Much)

In re Arenas, 514 B.R. 887 (Bankr. D. Colo. 2014) – The U.S. trustee sought to dismiss “for cause” a chapter 7 case filed by a marijuana grower and his wife. The debtors countered by moving to convert to a chapter 13...more

Puerto Rico and PREPA Seek Dismissal of Bondholder Challenge to Territory’s Bankruptcy Statute

The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA) yesterday filed separate motions to dismiss the federal court complaint filed last month by some PREPA bondholders seeking to invalidate the...more

Be PREPAred: PREPA Bondholders Greet Puerto Rico’s Bankruptcy Legislation With Federal Lawsuit

On Saturday, June 28, Puerto Rico’s Governor Padilla signed into effect Puerto Rico’s new bankruptcy law for certain revenue bond issuers. Within 24 hours of the statute’s enactment, two mutual fund complexes owning...more

Supreme Court Clarifies Procedure for Deciding Stern Claims in Bankruptcy Courts, But Leaves Big Questions Unresolved

Bankruptcy courts have jurisdiction over "core" and "non-core" proceedings. See 28 U.S.C. § 157. In "core" proceedings, bankruptcy courts can enter final judgments. See 28 U.S.C. § 157(b). In "non-core" proceedings, however,...more

Anna Nicole Smith Revisited: Supreme Court Closes Gap on "Stern claims;" Declines to Clarify Jurisdiction for Certain Bankruptcy...

On Monday, the United States Supreme Court decided in Executive Benefits Insurance Agency v. Arkison that while bankruptcy courts do not have the power to make final decisions on so-called "Stern claims," they can try or...more

The U.S. Supreme Court Clarifies the Procedure for Unconstitutional “Core” Matters Under Stern v. Marshall in Executive Benefits...

In 2011, the U.S. Supreme Court decided Stern v. Marshall, 131 S.Ct. 2594. In Stern, the Court was faced with the question of whether the Bankruptcy Court had statutory and Constitutional authority to decide a counterclaim...more

Lyondell Bankruptcy Court Holds That Safe Harbors Do Not Prohibit Creditors From Asserting State Law Constructive Fraudulent...

On January 14, 2014, Judge Robert E. Gerber of the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York in Weisfelner v. Fund 1. (In re Lyondell Chemical Co.), Adv. Proc. No. 10-4609 (REG), 2014 WL 118036...more

Bankruptcy Court defines limits of shareholder safe harbor in failed leveraged buyouts

An opinion issued in connection with the bankruptcy cases of Lyondell Chemical Company and its affiliates may have significant implications for shareholders who receive payments in connection with a leveraged buyout when the...more

Second Circuit Determines the Relevant Date for Determining a Chapter 15 Debtor’s “COMI”

A. INTRODUCTION - Courts in the Southern District of New York and elsewhere have issued conflicting decisions regarding the appropriate time period to consider in determining a foreign debtor’s “center of its main...more

Ninth Circuit Holds That Debt Can Be Recharacterized as Equity

The US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit recently resolved a split within the circuit when it held that a bankruptcy court has the power to recharacterize debt as equity. In In re Fitness Holdings International, Inc.,...more

Ninth Circuit Widens Circuit Split Over Application of State or Federal Bankruptcy Law To Determine Whether Claims of...

In an important decision for private equity sponsors and other insiders who advance loans to their businesses, on April 30, 2013, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals in In re Fitness Holdings International confirmed that...more

Supreme Court Holds California’s Survival Statute Inapplicable To Delaware Corporation

Section 278 of the Delaware General Corporation in effect limits suits against dissolved corporations to a period of three years from dissolution. In contrast, Section 2010 of the California Corporations Code sets no time...more

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