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Five Key Takeaways From the D.C. Circuit’s PHH Decision

The legal challenge by PHH Corp. (PHH) to a June 4, 2015, decision by the director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) in connection with the Bureau’s enforcement proceeding against PHH has captivated the...more

D.C. Circuit Court Finds the CFPB Misinterpreted Section 8 of RESPA and Violated Due Process with Retroactive Application

The D.C. Circuit Court issued its long-awaited opinion in PHH Corporation v. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, No. 15-1177 (D.C. Cir., filed 2015) regarding the constitutionality of the Consumer Financial Protection...more

PHH v. CFPB: Statutes of Limitation Apply To CFPB Administrative Proceedings: What You Need To Know

The D.C. Circuit Court released its highly anticipated opinion in PHH v. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau on October 11. This post addresses one important holding from that opinion. In other posts, we will be analyzing...more

Consumer Financial Protection Bureau Brought Down a Notch

Earlier lastweek the United States Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit issued its 110 page opinion concerning the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”) and CFPB enforcement action in PHH Corporation Et al vs Consumer...more

Appellate Court Decision Holding CFPB Unconstitutional Promises Significant Implications

In a landmark decision issued last week, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit held that the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s (CFPB) structure violated the Constitution’s separation-of-powers requirements. In...more

U.S. Court of Appeals Rules Current Structure of CFPB Unconstitutional

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s (CFPB) reign as an unchecked power just suffered a significant check. On Oct. 11, 2016, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia found that the CFPB’s structure was...more

CFPB Single-Director Structure Deemed Unconstitutional

Yesterday—in PHH Corp. v. CFPB—the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia (the “D.C. Circuit”) held that the single-director structure of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”) is unconstitutional,...more

Payment Processor Risk: Do You Know It When You See It? Red Flags for the Unwary

Recent litigation and enforcement activities of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB” or the “Bureau”) spotlight the heightened regulatory focus on payment intermediaries, i.e. processors, and their role as...more

SEC Wins Jury Verdicts Against City of Miami, Budget Director

The SEC prevailed at trial in an action against the City of Miami and its former budget director, Michael Boudreaux centered on three bond offerings. Specifically, the jury returned verdicts in favor of the Commission as to...more

Tennessee Securities Division Ramps Up Enforcement

The Securities Division of Tennessee’s Department of Commerce and Industry has increased its enforcement activity during 2016. The recent actions include: Final Administrative Orders: Clifton Alexander and

D.C. Circuit Rejects Challenge to Appointment of SEC ALJs

While the Commission’s venue selection determinations have been repeatedly challenged, each of the decisions in favor of the agency at the circuit court level has failed to reach the merits of the Constitutional claim....more

FERC Civil Penalties May Be Subject to Full Judicial Review

A Federal District Court recently held that a proposed civil penalty assessed by FERC was subject to a full trial de novo where the respondent elects to forego a hearing before an Administrative Law Judge, a matter of first...more

The Scope Of SEC Defendants' Jury Trial Right: Part 2

This is the second of four articles examining the scope of the Seventh Amendment jury trial right for civil defendants in U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission enforcement actions. The previous article explained why the...more

Novel Reading Of Statute Widens CFPB Jurisdiction

Tucked away in a seemingly innocuous paragraph in a complaint, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau has asserted an extraordinary and potentially far-reaching expansion of its authority. On June 6, 2016, the CFPB...more

In Apparent First, Eleventh Circuit Extends Five-Year Statute of Limitations to Declaratory Relief and Disgorgement Actions by SEC...

A federal appellate court recently held that the five-year statute of limitations in 28 U.S.C. § 2462 applies to actions by the Securities and Exchange Commission for declaratory relief and disgorgement. The decision extends...more

2nd Cir. Joins 7th & D.C. Requiring Exhaustion to Challenge SEC ALJs

The Second Circuit has affirmed dismissal of “diva of distressed” Lynn Tilton’s constitutional challenge to the SEC’s administrative forum, holding that issue isn’t reviewable by the courts until an appeal after two levels of...more

Second Circuit Rejects Challenge to SEC Venue Decision

The second circuit joined the two other circuits which have rejected challenges to the SEC’s venue selection decisions, concluding that district courts do not have jurisdiction to hear the suits presenting the question while...more

Federal Reserve Bank Ruled a Federal Supervisory Agency Under the BSA

In a case of first impression, a district court held that a regional Federal Reserve Bank was a supervisory agent as defined by the Bank Secrecy Act (“BSA”). The BSA requires the reporting of any suspicious activity that may...more

Is the CFPB Constitutional?

Is the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) constitutional? A panel of the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals is currently considering the issue after hearing oral argument in PHH Corporation v. CFPB....more

CFPB Suffers First Official CID Challenge

On April 21, 2016, Judge Richard J. Leon of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia ruled on the first judicial challenge to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s (“CFPB,” or “Bureau”) authority to...more

Federal Court: CFPB Overstepped Jurisdiction in Issuing CID to For-Profit Colleges Accreditor

Judge Richard J. Leon of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia on April 21, 2016, ruled that the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) did not have authority to issue a Civil Investigation Demand (CID) to...more

CFPB Cannot Force For-Profit College Group to Comply With Investigative Demand

On April 21, the United States District Court for the District of Columbia ruled that due to a lack of authority under existing consumer protection laws, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”) cannot require a...more

CFPB lacked authority to issue CID issued to college accrediting organization, D.C. federal district court rules

The D.C. federal district court has ruled that the CFPB exceeded its statutory authority when it issued a CID to the Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges and Schools (ACICS) in August 2015....more

MetLife Opinion Turns the Tables on FSOC: Back to the Drawing Board

U.S. District Court Judge Rosemary Collyer recently released her opinion invalidating the decision of the Financial Stability Oversight Council (FSOC or the Council) to designate MetLife a systemically important financial...more

SOX Whistleblower Receives $250,000 Award Related to State Wage Act Complaints

The ARB recently concluded that a former program manager was entitled to recover more than $250,000 in back pay and benefits under Section 806 of SOX based on his discipline and constructive discharge. The ARB clarified that...more

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