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California Tax Developments - A Reed Smith Quarterly Update (3rd Quarter 2014)

Case Updates - Court finds ownership of LLC membership interest does not constitute doing business in California On November 14, the Fresno County Superior Court determined that Swart, an Iowa-based corporation with a...more

Does French law recognise a duty to mitigate?

Introduction - On 2 July 2014, the 1st Civil Chamber of the French Cassation Court reaffirmed that a tortfeasor is liable for all consequences resulting from his or her tort. The victim of the tort has no duty to...more

Court Affirms Costs against Plaintiffs Following Contentious Discovery (Pennsylvania)

Kuznyetsov v. West Penn Allegheny Health Sys., 2014 WL 5393182 (W.D. Penn. Oct. 23, 2014). In this Fair Labor Standards Act case, “[d]iscovery was contentious and the motions practice was excessive. As a result, a...more

Interest on costs in Western Australia – a quiet shift from incipitur to allocatur?

There are two key positions regarding when interest on a judgment sum begins to run. The rule that interest runs on costs from the date of the certificate of costs is known as the “allocatur” rule and can be contrasted with...more

New Jersey Tax Court Finds Two Pennsylvania Taxes Are Not Required To Be Added Back

In a Corporation Business Tax (CBT) case, PPL Electric Utilities Corporation v. Director, Division of Taxation, Dkt. No. 000005-2011 (N.J. Tax. Ct. Oct. 2, 2014), the Tax Court of New Jersey found for the taxpayer and held...more

Prevailing Party Awarded Taxable Costs from Production to Opposing Party (California)

Apple Inc. v. Samsung, 2014 WL 4745933 (N.D. Cal. Sept. 19, 2014). In this intellectual property case, the plaintiff sought to recover around $1.5 million in costs for producing documents to an online hosted...more

IRS Denies Treaty Benefits Despite Lack of Treaty Shopping

In Starr International Company, Inc., v. United States, the taxpayer (“Starr International Company, Inc.” or “SICO”) filed a complaint in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia seeking a tax refund from...more

Focus on Tax Controversy - Fall 2014

Supreme Court to Hear Tax Injunction Act Case - On August 20, 2013, in Direct Marketing Association v. Brohl, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit held that the federal Tax Injunction Act (TIA) prohibited...more

Nevada Supreme Court Upholds Fraud Verdict Against The California Franchise Tax Board

The Franchise Tax Board’s Shande - This is case that has been more than two decades in the making. It began in the 1990s when inventor Gilbert Hyatt filed a California tax return showing that he relocated from...more

Now You See It, Now You Don’t: MTC Election Disappears in Michigan?

On September 11, 2014, Michigan Governor Rick Snyder signed S.B. 156, which purports to repeal the state’s adoption of the Multistate Tax Compact (the Compact) retroactive to January 1, 2008. Mich. Pub. Acts 2014, No. 282...more

Cook County Ordered to Start Processing Use Tax Refund Claims By September 24, 2014

On September 17, 2014, the Circuit Court of Cook County entered summary judgment in favor of the Chicagoland Chamber of Commerce, represented by Reed Smith LLP (“Reed Smith”), on the remaining count of their Complaint...more

Midwest Gaming Win Reinforces Division Between Police and Taxing Powers

In United States v. Doremus, 249 U.S. 86 (1919) the Supreme Court held that a tax law “may not be declared unconstitutional, because its effect may be to accomplish another purpose as well as the raising of revenue.” That...more

Appellate Court Orders California Tax Agency to Pay Attorney Fees Based on Significant Public Benefit Obtained by Reed Smith

The California Court of Appeal held in a published decision Sept. 2 that Reed Smith secured a significant benefit for the public by bringing a case that resulted in the Court striking down portions of an unconstitutional and...more

Mortgage Holder’s Petition to Set Aside Judicial Tax Sale Rejected

A panel of the Commonwealth Court held that the trial court properly denied a mortgage holder’s petition to set aside the judicial tax sale of a property in Lackawanna County due to alleged improper service of notice and...more

Court Affirms Taxation of Costs; Says Plaintiff Presents a “Bad Argument” (Wisconsin)

Wis. Res. Prot. Coun. v. Flambeau Mining Co., 2014 WL 3810884 (W.D. Wis. Aug. 1, 2014). In this environmental case, the plaintiff moved for review of the clerk’s ruling awarding costs to the defendant. In particular,...more

Second Circuit's Significant Decision Could Impact Liquidating Trustees

In the case of United States of America v. Edward P. Bond, No. 12-4803 (2d. Cir. August 13, 2014), the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (the "Second Circuit") issued a decision that could have...more

California Federal Court Holds Bank Responsible For Funds Subject To IRS Levy On Customer’s Account

On August 15, the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California held that a bank responded too slowly to a government levy on a customer’s account and was therefore responsible for funds subsequently removed by...more

First Circuit Liberalizes Tax Deductibility Standard of False Claims Act Settlements

Appellate court affirms $50 million tax refund to FCA defendant, holding that the “economic realities” of settlement payments determine whether they are compensatory. Civil False Claims Act (FCA) settlements, which...more

First Circuit Rules in Favor of Dialysis Operator in Tax Dispute

On August 13, 2014, the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit affirmed a district court’s judgment in a tax dispute proceeding that Fresenius Medical Care Holdings, Inc. (Fresenius) was entitled to more than...more

California Tax Developments - A Reed Smith Quarterly Update (2nd Quarter 2014)

Case Updates - California’s taxing agency gets reprimanded again; ordered to pay $2.6 million in attorneys’ fees. We previously reported on the Los Angeles Superior Court case Lucent Technologies, Inc., et al. v. Board...more

Cook County Use Tax Update – Reed Smith Wins Appeal – Ordinance Invalid

On August 4, 2014, the First District Illinois Appellate Court affirmed a lower court decision invalidating Cook County’s Non-Titled Personal Property Use Tax (the “Use Tax”). The Appellate Court dismissed as moot the...more

United States Supreme Court to Review Ruling in Direct Marketing

On July 1, 2014, the United States Supreme Court agreed to review the 10th Circuit Court of Appeals decision in Direct Marketing Association v. Brohl. The Court of Appeals held that federal courts lack jurisdiction under the...more

Does the settlor of a trust have standing to seek its enforcement in the courts?

As a general rule, any beneficiary of a trust would have standing to seek its enforcement in the courts. The Restatement (Third) of Trusts is sending mixed signals as to whether the settlor of a trust, qua settlor, would have...more

Appelate Court Notes

AC35823 - Stratford v. Wilson - When Mayor allegedly overpaid a departing employee as he was leaving office himself, the town sued the former employee under the action of “indebitatus assumpsit for money had &...more

DOJ Secures Verdict in Excess of $2 Million for Failure to File FBARs

On Wednesday, May 28, 2014, a jury in Miami issued a verdict against a taxpayer for $2.2 million in fees, interest, and civil penalties for willfully failing to file foreign bank account reports (FBARs) for his Swiss bank...more

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