Communications & Media Civil Procedure Conflict of Laws

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Weird "Science" = Preemption

Here at the DDL Blog, we write from time to time on food litigation. You might think it’s out of left field, and sometimes we even justify our food posts by pointing out that the “F” in FDCA stands for “Food.” But we need...more

Pharmaceutical Marketing and Unfair-Trade-Practices Claims

Lawsuits against pharmaceutical companies generally center on product-liability claims. A new trend in pharma cases, however, is to include a different kind of claim: a claim for unfair trade practices....more

Locke Lord QuickStudy: “Certified Organic” — A Shield For Defendants Or A Sword For Plaintiffs?

Manufacturers and retailers of organic food products should take note that the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York has held that federal law governing the certification of organic and natural...more

Tomorrow is Another One-A-Day: FDA Guidelines Preempt Vitamin Claims, but Consumer Class Still Has Opportunity to Supplement

Although consumer class actions in California are dime-a-dozen, a recent Northern District of California case involving One A Day vitamins stands out because it demonstrates how federal regulations can preempt certain state...more

Retail and Fashion Law Trends: What’s ‘‘In’’ for 2015

The retail industry saw a number of significant developments in 2014, many of which were a long time in the making. As courts begin to consider new claims and legislation that arose last year, the industry needs to be aware...more

Ninth Circuit Upholds FDA’s Primary Jurisdiction Over “Natural” Labeling On Cosmetics But Orders Stay Rather Than Dismissal

Plaintiffs’ lawyers love to challenge products labeled as “natural,” with hundreds of false advertising class actions filed in just the last few years. Recently, in Astiana v. Hain Celestial (pdf), the Ninth Circuit reversed...more

“Common” Defense No Bar to Removal in Preemption Case

We’re not law professors. We don’t typically read opinions with an eye to where they fit (or don’t) in some grand jurisprudential scheme. We’re litigators, so we read opinions with an eye to whether they can help our...more

Food Litigation Newsletter - March 2015 # 2

In This Issue: - RECENT SIGNIFICANT DEVELOPMENTS AND RULINGS ..Ninth Circuit Reverses Dismissal Based on Standing, Preemption ..Court Applies Common Sense Standard in Dismissing ‘No Refined Sugars’...more

Court Finds that Class Action Plaintiffs’ False Advertising Claims are Stripped Bayer Based on Federal Preemption

In the recent case of Gallagher v. Bayer AG, Case No. 14-cv-04601-WHO (N.D. Cal. March 10, 2015), the plaintiffs asserted that the defendants Bayer AG and related entities (collectively, “Bayer”) engaged in false advertising...more

First Circuit Finds Federal Preemption of State Tort Claims That Conflict With A Medication’s FDA-Approved Labeling & Warnings

An opinion issued by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit on February 20, 2015 held that the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (“FDCA”) preempted claims that Lexapro’s U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)...more

Food for Thought: 2014 Litigation Annual Review

Food for Thought reports on significant court decisions affecting the food industry. The focus of this edition is on several food-related cases pertaining to class certification; particularly, on district court decisions...more

Plaintiff’s Mislabeling Claims Against Honest Tea Survive Motion to Dismiss

On January 5, 2015 Judge Kimberly Mueller of the Eastern District of California denied Honest Tea’s motion to dismiss a case involving accusations that the company misled consumers about the antioxidant content of one of its...more

The Day the Exception Swallowed the Rule: Is Any Software Patent Eligible After Ultramercial III?

The Supreme Court has consistently cautioned that the judicial exceptions to patent eligibility need to be carefully applied: At the same time, we tread carefully in construing this exclusionary principle lest it...more

Q&A Series: Class Action Litigation Has Focused On Claims By Spirits Producers on Labels, Websites, and In Marketing Campaigns

In some cases class action plaintiffs are making claims based on an allegedly incorrect statement on a label. Does TTB approval of a label protect a producer against claims based on the content of the label? TJC: There...more

Consumer Products Companies Should Take Care to Comply with California “Made in USA” Labeling Law

New cases are being brought by plaintiff attorneys under the California “Made in USA” labeling law, which prohibits use of that claim or similar language if the "merchandise or any article, unit, or part thereof" was made...more

Beginning to Close the POM Circle? – POM Wonderful and Drug Advertising: JHP Pharmaceuticals

Earlier this year, in POM Wonderful LLC v. Coca-Cola Co.,[1] the Supreme Court examined the interaction between the Lanham Act’s prohibition against false advertising and the FDCA’s prohibition against food, drug and...more

Pom Wonderful Drops Ninth Circuit Appeal of State Claims Filed Against Coca-Cola

On September 19, 2014, Pom Wonderful, LLC dropped its Ninth Circuit appeal of a ruling that dismissed its state deceptive advertising and unfair competition claims against Coca-Cola, a sibling case to a recent Supreme Court...more

California Court of Appeal Rules Models’ Right of Publicity Claims Assignable, Not Preempted by Copyright Act

The California Court of Appeal held earlier this month that certain right of publicity claims are freely assignable, and that the Copyright Act does not preempt a right of publicity claim where the defendant has no legal...more

Fox News Network, LLC v. TVEyes, Inc. - USDC, S.D.N.Y, September 9, 2014

District court finds that TVEyes’ media-monitoring service that continuously records vast amounts of television and radio content and allows subscribers to search transcripts and video clips of that content constitutes fair...more

Ninth Circuit: AG’s Suit Challenging Add-On Products Stays in State Court

Lawsuits filed by the Hawaii Attorney General alleging that card issuers deceptively advertised add-on products belong in state court – and are not preempted by the National Bank Act (NBA), the Ninth U.S. Circuit Court of...more

Lanham Act Claims Are Not Precluded by Compliance with the FDCA

In POM Wonderful LLC v. Coca-Cola Co., decided last month, the U.S. Supreme Court confirmed that companies can bring unfair competition actions under the Lanham Act even when their competitors have complied with the Federal...more

Lanham Act Claims Are Not Precluded by Compliance with the FDCA

POM Wonderful LLC (“POM”) produces and sells a pomegranate-blueberry juice blend. POM brought a Lanham Act suit against Coca-Cola for allegedly marketing one of its juices in such a way that it misled consumers into thinking...more

Food Litigation Newsletter - August 2014

In This Issue: - Recent Significant Rulings ..Court Dismisses Most of plaintiff’s Claims Based on Regulatory Violations ..Court Dismisses MSG Claims in Part on Preemption Grounds ..Court Partially...more

Ninth Circuit Holds State AG Credit Card Add-On Suits Belong In State Court

On August 1, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit held that neither the federal question statute nor the Class Action Fairness Act provide a federal district court with subject matter jurisdiction over the Hawaii...more

Sixth Circuit Affirms Certification and Summary Judgment for TCPA Class, Despite State Law Class Action Prohibition

On July 9, 2014, the Sixth Circuit affirmed a district court ruling that a consumer TCPA class action could proceed against Lake City Industrial Products, rejecting Lake City’s argument that Michigan law prohibited TCPA class...more

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