Conflict of Laws Consumer Protection

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Consumer Food Fraud Claim Sinks in Arkansas Safe Harbor

On this date in 1896 the Dutch completed the harbor at IJmuiden. (That capital J is not a mistake. The I and J go together as a digraph, and they form a ligature that effectively makes up a single letter in the Dutch...more

The Label on Your "Handmade" Whiskey Is Causing More Problems Than You Think

The recent market for artisanal and handcrafted goods has spawned a spate of consumer class actions against makers of popular liquors, including Tito’s Vodka, Maker’s Mark, and Jim Beam, for using terms like “handmade,”...more

Second Circuit Decision Could Disrupt Secondary Market for Bank-Originated Loans

A May 22, 2015 decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit appears to disturb the generally settled body of law concerning the status of non-bank investors with respect to applicable usury laws for...more

“Predominant economic interest” — CashCall, Inc. v. Morrisey

PLA today posts (alongside the already-posted public WebBank deals) a petition for certiorari filed in the U.S. Supreme Court a few months back in the CashCall rent-a-charter / true lender litigation. In this case, West...more

Second Circuit Declines To Allow National Bank Preemption by Assignee of National Bank

A national bank can charge an interest rate that exceeds state law maximums, but the bank’s assignee cannot, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit ruled recently, in a decision that could impact the ability of debt...more

Second Circuit Holds Application of State Usury Laws to Third-Party Debt Purchasers Not Preempted by National Bank Act

On May 22, 2015, in Madden v. Midland Funding, LLC (“Madden”), the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit held that the application of state usury laws to third-party assignees is not preempted by the National...more

Albany County’s “Safe Toys” Legislation on Hold Pending Court Proceeding

Earlier this year, we wrote about a far-reaching product safety ordinance enacted into law in Albany County, NY (the “County”) entitled “The Toxic Free Toys Act.” At the time, we expressed our concern that numerous issues...more

Second Circuit Holds That National Bank Act Preemption Does Not Apply to an Independent, Third-Party Debt Collector That Purchased...

The Second Circuit recently issued a National Bank Act preemption decision with significant implications for purchasers of loans and other debt from national banks. See Madden v. Midland Funding, LLC, --- F.3d ---, 2015 WL...more

Cosmetic Safety Legislation Introduced, Again

In what is the latest in a line of Congressional proposals to beef up the federal government’s authority to regulate cosmetics, Senator Dianne Feinstein (D-CA), has proposed a bill aimed at dramatically increasing Food and...more

2nd Circuit Reinstates Consumer Class Action Against National Debt Buyer Through Preemption Decision

On May 22, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit ruled against a debt collection firm, holding that “non-national bank entities are not entitled to protections under the National Bank Act (“NBA”) from state-law...more

Second Circuit Ruling Undermines National Bank Act Preemption of State Usury Laws for Loans Transferred to Non-Banks

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit ruled last week that a purchaser of charged-off debts from a national bank was not entitled to assert the preemption of state usury laws available to national banks under...more

Confusion Surrounds the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act

The United States Supreme Court recently declined to review Crawford v. LVNV Funding, LLC, 758 F.3d 1254, 1257 (11th Cir. 2014) cert. denied, No. 14-858, 2015 WL 246891 (U.S. Apr. 20, 2015), an Eleventh Circuit decision that...more

Financial Services Weekly News Roundup - May 2015 #4

CFPB Fines Bank $7.5M for Overdraft Violations, With $49M More in Redress - Why it matters: In its first action targeting overdraft fees, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) fined Regions Bank $7.5...more

Weird "Science" = Preemption

Here at the DDL Blog, we write from time to time on food litigation. You might think it’s out of left field, and sometimes we even justify our food posts by pointing out that the “F” in FDCA stands for “Food.” But we need...more

Going The Distance To Limit Preemption

Anybody who watched the Mayweather-Pacquiao fight knows that a long fight does not necessarily make for an exciting fight. Thirty-six minutes of “action” can actually contain very little action. The exceedingly long...more

Supreme Court’s Holding in Oneok v. Learjet Could Lead to New Risks for Market Participants

On April 21, 2015, the Supreme Court decided Oneok v. Learjet, holding that “Respondents’ state-law antitrust claims are not within the field of matters pre-empted by the Natural Gas Act” even though the claimed violations...more

Supreme Court Preserves States' Power to Protect Consumers But in the Process Blurs Federal Preemption Analysis

The Supreme Court once again showed that, when it comes to the antitrust laws, the consumer is king. In Oneok, Inc. v. Learjet, the Court was asked to decide where state antitrust laws end and federal regulation begins. The...more

Recent Ninth Circuit Decisions in False Advertising Consumer Class Action Cases May Prevent Preemption and Relegate the Primary...

In two recent decisions, Reid v. Johnson & Johnson, __ F.3d __, Case No. 12-56726 (9th Cir. March 13, 2015) and Astiana v. The Hain Celestial Group, Inc., __ F.3d __, Case No. 12-17596 (9th Cir. April 10, 2015), the Ninth...more

Supreme Court Rejects Pre-Emption Claim in State Antitrust Action

On April 21, 2015, the Supreme Court issued a divided opinion declining to find federal pre-emption by the Natural Gas Act (NGA) of certain state antitrust claims. In Oneok, Inc. v. Learjet, Inc., a group of manufacturers,...more

Supreme Court Rejects FERC’s Preemption Argument and Permits State Antitrust Claims Against Interstate Pipelines to Proceed

On April 21, the U.S. Supreme Court issued an opinion in ONEOK, Inc., et al., v. Learjet, Inc. et al holding that state antitrust claims are not pre-empted by the Natural Gas Act. This important decision put the brakes on an...more

New Federal Bill Would Preempt State Data Security Breach Notification Laws

Rep. Marsha Blackburn (R-Tenn) recently introduced H.R. 1770, legislation intended to establish a framework of national data security breach laws, to the House Energy and Commerce Committee. The bill, called the Data Security...more

FCRA Preemption: Is Guidance on the Way from the 11th Circuit?

FCRA preemption of state law claims against furnishers of credit information is anything but a settled legal issue. For better or worse, guidance may be on the way soon from the Eleventh Circuit. This is a subject that cannot...more

First Circuit Decision Strengthens Preemption Defense in Name-Brand Pharmaceutical Litigation

On February 20, 2015, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit affirmed the dismissal of plaintiffs’ state-law consumer protection claims against a name-brand pharmaceutical manufacturer, concluding they were impliedly...more

First Steps Taken to Establish Federal Law Requiring Companies to Secure Consumer Data; Will Congress Pass Something This Year?

The U.S. House Energy & Commerce Committee took the first steps recently to establish a federal law that would cover actions that companies need to take to secure consumer data. ...more

Data Security and Breach Notification Act of 2015 Making its Way through Congress

On March 25, 2015, a Congressional Subcommittee approved a draft of the “Data Security and Breach Notification Act of 2015,” a statute intended to create a national standard for data security and reporting data breaches. ...more

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