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Circuits Split Over Constitutionality of SEC’s Administrative Law Judges

by Carlton Fields on

The Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals, in Bandimere v. SEC, recently held that the SEC’s administrative law judges (ALJs) are “inferior officers” whose appointments violate the Appointments Clause of the U.S. Constitution...more

Hold the Phone: SEC Takes One Last Stand Before the Tenth Circuit regarding the Constitutionality of the SEC’s Administrative Law...

Last week, the United States Securities and Exchange Commission filed a petition for rehearing en banc with the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals, imploring the court to reconsider a divided panel’s ruling on the...more

To Be or Not To Be: The SEC Administrative Court — Are They Constitutional or Not

by Seyfarth Shaw LLP on

Seyfarth Synopsis: What, if any, steps the government will take to appeal the Tenth Circuit’s Bandimer’s decision remains to be seen. The government may elect to petition the entire Tenth Circuit to hear the case en banc. Or...more

Tenth Circuit Creates Circuit Split on the Constitutionality of SEC Administrative Law Judges

by BakerHostetler on

On December 27, 2016, a divided panel of the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals found the SEC’s use of administrative law judges (“ALJs”) unconstitutional, setting aside an ALJ’s administrative order finding David F. Bandimere...more

Tenth Circuit Decision in Bandimere v. SEC Creates Circuit Split on Question Whether the SEC’s Procedure for Appointing...

On December 27, 2016, in Bandimere v. SEC, the Tenth Circuit held that SEC administrative law judges (ALJs), who preside over the agency’s civil administrative proceedings, are “inferior officers” within the meaning of the...more

The Tenth Circuit Rules SEC Administrative Judges Are Unconstitutional, Setting Up Potential Supreme Court Review

The constitutionality of the SEC’s in-house administrative proceedings is in doubt following the 10th Circuit Court of Appeals’ ruling in Bandimere v. SEC. In Bandimere, a three-judge panel held, by a 2-1 decision, that SEC...more

Not So Fast: The Tenth Circuit Creates a Split by Denying the Constitutionality of the SEC’s Administrative Law Judges

Just before the clock struck 2017, the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit weighed in on the constitutionality of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission’s (“SEC” or “Commission”) administrative...more

Tenth Circuit Decision Finds Against the SEC and Creates a Circuit Split on the Constitutionality of the Commission’s ALJs

by K&L Gates LLP on

In the final days of 2016, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit denounced the constitutional authority of the five administrative law judges (“ALJs”) who preside over contested administrative proceedings brought by...more

Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals Finds SEC’s Process for Designating Administrative Law Judges to be Defective, Causing Split with...

by Dechert LLP on

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit on December 27, 2016, in Bandimere v. SEC, found the Administrative Law Judges (ALJs) used by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to hear its administrative...more

Tenth Circuit ruling on constitutionality of SEC administrative judges: implications for CFPB

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

Just before year-end, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit, in Bandimere v. United States Securities and Exchange Commission, set aside an SEC decision finding the petitioner liable for violating various securities...more

Appellate Court Decision Casts New Doubts Regarding SEC Administrative Actions

by Bryan Cave on

A recent federal appellate decision casts new doubt on the SEC’s practice of using its own administrative law judges (ALJs) to hear actions brought by the SEC Enforcement Division. In a decision late last month, the U.S....more

Circuits Split - Tenth Holds SEC ALJs Unconstitutional

by Burr & Forman on

The Tenth Circuit recently held that the SEC’s in-house judges are “inferior officers” hired in violation of Article II’s Appointment Clauses, creating a split with the D.C. Circuit over the issue. The Tenth Circuit held...more

10th Circuit Finds SEC Administrative Proceedings are Unconstitutional

The Appointments Clause of the US Constitution requires that “inferior officers” be appointed by the President, department heads or courts of law. SEC administrative law judges, or ALJs, are not appointed by the SEC – they...more

CFTC Proposes New Rule Allowing it to Obtain Trading Firm’s Trade Secrets Without Due Process

by Seyfarth Shaw LLP on

As the Obama administration winds down, its regulators are showing no signs of letting up. Last week the Commodities Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) decided that it should no longer be constrained by its subpoena power...more

D.C. Circuit: SEC’s In-House Court is Constitutional

by Carlton Fields on

Previously, we advised that the Securities and Exchange Commission’s increased preference for bringing enforcement actions in its in-house court had triggered jurisdictional and constitutional challenges to SEC administrative...more

Business Litigation Report - August 2016

Circuit Courts Align to Shield SEC Administrative Proceedings from Collateral Constitutional Attack - In response to the financial crisis of the late 2000s, Congress passed the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer...more

August 2016: Circuit Courts Align to Shield SEC Administrative Proceedings from Collateral Constitutional Attack

In response to the financial crisis of the late 2000s, Congress passed the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (“Dodd-Frank”) in 2010. Previously the SEC could pursue civil penalties only against...more

Update on Lawsuits Challenging the U.S. Department of Labor’s Fiduciary Rule

As we previously reported, there are five pending lawsuits challenging the U.S. Department of Labor’s new fiduciary rule. Our Client Alert on the new rule outlines the significance of the rule and the implications of the...more

Financial Services Weekly News - August 2016 #2

by Goodwin on

Editor's Note - OATS Reporting Violations and FINRA Enforcement. FINRA’s Order Audit Trail System (OATS), is an integrated audit trail of order, quote and trade information for all NMS stocks and OTC equity securities,...more

ALJs are A-OK: D.C. Circuit Upholds Constitutionality of SEC In-House Courts

In several recent decisions we have covered, Federal Circuit Courts have unanimously ruled that respondents in an SEC enforcement action cannot bypass the Exchange Act’s review scheme by filing a collateral lawsuit in federal...more

D.C Circuit rejects constitutional challenge to SEC’s use of administrative law judges

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

A challenge to the constitutionality of the SEC’s use of administrative law judges (ALJ) was rejected by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit. In Raymond J. Lucia Companies, Inc. et al. v. Securities and Exchange...more

D.C. Circuit Rejects Challenge to Appointment of SEC ALJs

by Dorsey & Whitney LLP on

While the Commission’s venue selection determinations have been repeatedly challenged, each of the decisions in favor of the agency at the circuit court level has failed to reach the merits of the Constitutional claim....more

Turns Out the Second Circuit . . . Uh, Heh Heh . . . Tossed Gibson Dunn for a Very Good Reason

by Brooks Pierce on

So yesterday I wrote about the seemingly wrongheaded decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit to strike Gibson Dunn’s appearance from Lynn Tilton’s case in that court. Its apparent issue was that Judge...more

Supreme Court Declines to Review Constitutionality of SEC In-House Court

by Carlton Fields on

The SEC’s increased use of its own "home court" for enforcement proceedings has triggered constitutional challenges to SEC administrative proceedings (APs). See "Defendants Challenge SEC’s Increased Use of Administrative...more

The Scope Of SEC Defendants' Jury Trial Right: Part 2

by WilmerHale on

This is the second of four articles examining the scope of the Seventh Amendment jury trial right for civil defendants in U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission enforcement actions. The previous article explained why the...more

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