Residential Real Estate Finance & Banking Civil Remedies

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Nevada and D.C. Courts Give Priority of Position to HOA Assessment "Superliens" Over First Mortgages

Mortgage lenders beware. - In late August, the D.C. Court of Appeals rendered a decision in Chase Plaza Condominium Association, Inc. v. J.P. Morgan Chase Bank, N.A., CA-5826-10 (August 28, 2014) determining that a...more

Usury in Florida: Penalties

There are two “tiers” of penalties for violation of the Florida usury statutes, one civil and the other criminal, and both are severe. Civil penalties usually involve forfeiture of the entire interest charged (or contracted...more

CFPB Issues First Enforcement Action for Servicing Rules Violations

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau recently announced a consent order with Flagstar Bank, F.S.B., alleging unfair acts and practices under the Consumer Financial Protection Act (CFPA) and violations of the CFPB's...more

Creditors Beware: Married Couples Claiming Homestead Protection on Two Residences May Avoid a Forced Sale

Florida’s homestead exemption protects a married couple’s primary residence from forced sale to satisfy a judgment lien, but what happens when spouses retain two properties as their individual primary residences, claiming...more

Editorial: Banks Can Fight Buyback Claims with a Little Help from BofA

Bank of America took a big hit when it reached a record-breaking $16.65 billion mortgage settlement with the United States Department of Justice in August. The company is likely to attempt to recoup as much of the penalty as...more

Shadow Regulation: A Call For Judicial Oversight To DPA’s Or NPA’s

On August 21, 2014, the United States Department of Justice announced a record 16.65 billion dollar agreement to resolve civil claims alleged against Bank of America for improperly concealing the risks of mortgage-related...more

Equitable Subrogation: “Complete and Perfect Justice” Requires Party To Be Without Fault

Ocwen Loan Servicing LLC v. Summit Bank, N.A. (In re Francis), 750 F.3d 754 (8th Cir. 2014) – A lender that attached the wrong legal description to its recorded mortgage sought equitable subrogation and/or reformation...more

Florida and Connecticut AGs file lawsuit asserting Dodd-Frank enforcement authority

On July 29, 2014, another Section 1042 lawsuit was filed jointly by the Attorneys General of Florida and Connecticut in a Florida federal court. The lawsuit alleges that four individuals and their four businesses formulated...more

Ninth Circuit Holds That Loan Purchasers Are Victims Under the MVRA

The US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit recently affirmed a restitution order in favor of both the originator and purchaser of two fraudulently obtained mortgages under the Mandatory Victim Restitution Act (MVRA). ...more

FHFA Announces Settlement Of Litigation With Investment Bank

On August 22, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) announced that it settled litigation with a major investment bank, other related companies, and several individuals over alleged violations of federal and state...more

Mortgage Holder’s Petition to Set Aside Judicial Tax Sale Rejected

A panel of the Commonwealth Court held that the trial court properly denied a mortgage holder’s petition to set aside the judicial tax sale of a property in Lackawanna County due to alleged improper service of notice and...more

Arizona Supreme Court to Contractor: Sorry But Equitable Subrogation of a Bank’s Later Deed of Trust Trumps Earlier Mechanics’...

The smoke has finally cleared in a hard and long-fought battle between a bank and contractor both claiming priority to foreclose millions of dollars on a Phoenix condominium project. The project, well-known as Summit at...more

Federal, State Mortgage-Related Investigations Yield Largest Ever Civil Settlement

On August 21, the DOJ announced that a large financial institution agreed to resolve federal and state mortgage-related claims through what the DOJ characterized as the largest ever civil settlement with a single entity....more

Bank of America’s $16.65 Billion Settlement

In what is being reported as the largest settlement ever between the U.S. and a single business entity, Attorney General Eric Holder and Associate Attorney General Tony West announced Thursday that Bank of America Corp....more

Recent HUD Enforcement Actions Highlight Risks of Loan Discrimination Against Those on Maternity/Paternity Leave

The U. S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (“HUD”) recently entered into settlement agreements with two lenders that allegedly discriminated against mortgage loan applicants based on their maternity leave status....more

HUD Announces Disability Income Fair Housing Conciliation Agreement

On August 13, HUD announced that a nonbank mortgage lender agreed to pay $104,000 to resolve allegations that the lender’s underwriting practices resulted in discrimination against mortgage applicants who rely on disability...more

Servicer’s Error Leads to $16 Million Award

Kate Berry reported in American Banker and SourceMedia’s National Mortgage News on how a $616 servicing error snowballed into a $16 million jury verdict. It was reported that a jury last month awarded $514,000 in compensatory...more

CFPB Fines Online Mortgage Company And Its Owner For Alleged Deceptive Rate Advertising

On August 12, the CFPB announced a consent order with a nonbank mortgage lender, its affiliated appraisal management company (AMC), and the individual owner of both companies to resolve allegations that the lender deceptively...more

Full Credit Bid Rule Bars Recovery for Wrongfully Enjoined Lender

On June 30, 2014, Judge James A. Teilborg, a Senior District Judge in Arizona, ruled that Tri City National Bank (“TCNB”) was not entitled to bond money posted by the plaintiffs after TCNB was wrongfully enjoined from...more

Bankruptcy Beat: Connecticut District Court Suggests Automatic Stay May Apply To Non-debtor Junior Lienholders In Foreclosure...

On July 22, 2014, the Connecticut District Court issued an opinion, Eastern Savings Bank FSB v. St. Germain, et al, 2014 WL 3687740 (D. Conn. 2014), which could impact the applicability of the automatic stay of 11 U.S.C....more

SDNY Orders Bank To Pay $1.3 Billion Following Verdict In GSE Civil Fraud Case

On July 30, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York ordered a bank to pay a nearly $1.3 billion civil penalty after a jury found the bank liable in October 2013 on one civil mortgage fraud charge arising...more

Citigroup To Pay $7 Billion To Settle Mortgage Claims

To settle charges related to the packaging, marketing, sale, and issuance of residential mortgage-backed securities (RMBS), Citigroup will pay a total of $7 billion, including a record $4 billion fine to the Department of...more

Court Grants in Part and Denies in Part Nomura’s Motion to Dismiss Trustee Repurchase Action

On July 18, Justice Marcy Friedman of the New York County Supreme Court, Commercial Division, granted in part and denied in part Nomura Credit & Capital Inc.’s motion to dismiss claims brought by HSBC, as Trustee for the NAAC...more

CFPB, State AGs Weigh In On TILA Rescission

This week, the CFPB and 25 states filed amicus briefs in Jesinoski v. Countrywide Home Loans, Inc., No. 13-684, a case pending before the U.S. Supreme Court that may resolve a circuit split over whether a borrower seeking to...more

Federal, State Authorities Obtain Another Major RMBS Settlement

On July 14, the DOJ, the FDIC, and state authorities in California, Delaware, Illinois, Massachusetts, and New York, announced a $7 billion settlement of federal and state RMBS civil claims against a large financial...more

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