Science, Computers & Technology Conflict of Laws

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Breaking News - Caplinger Infuse Preemption Dismissal Affirmed

We thought our readers would like to know that today the InFuse preemption decision in Caplinger was affirmed by the 10th Circuit in a 2-1 opinion (here’s a link). Our non-Reed Smith bloggers will undoubtedly have more to...more

New Federal Bill Would Preempt State Data Security Breach Notification Laws

Rep. Marsha Blackburn (R-Tenn) recently introduced H.R. 1770, legislation intended to establish a framework of national data security breach laws, to the House Energy and Commerce Committee. The bill, called the Data Security...more

First Circuit Decision Strengthens Preemption Defense in Name-Brand Pharmaceutical Litigation

On February 20, 2015, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit affirmed the dismissal of plaintiffs’ state-law consumer protection claims against a name-brand pharmaceutical manufacturer, concluding they were impliedly...more

Cyber Legislation on the Move: Data Breach Bill Passes Out of Committee

As an extension of our forecast of upcoming cyber-related legislation, on April 15, the House Energy & Commerce Committee approved the Data Security and Breach Notification Act of 2015 (H.R. 1770), adopting three amendments...more

Competing Proposed Bills in U.S. Congress Look to Reform Outdated Toxic Substances Control Act

Earlier in March, two separate bills were introduced in the United States Senate seeking to update the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) of 1976. The outdated federal legislation was meant to provide the Environmental...more

Product Liability Update - April 2015

In This Issue: - First Circuit Holds State Law Claims Against Drug Manufacturer for Allegedly Misleading Efficacy Representations in FDA-Approved Label Preempted by Food, Drug & Cosmetic Act Because Plaintiffs’...more

First Steps Taken to Establish Federal Law Requiring Companies to Secure Consumer Data; Will Congress Pass Something This Year?

The U.S. House Energy & Commerce Committee took the first steps recently to establish a federal law that would cover actions that companies need to take to secure consumer data. ...more

Data Security and Breach Notification Act of 2015 Making its Way through Congress

On March 25, 2015, a Congressional Subcommittee approved a draft of the “Data Security and Breach Notification Act of 2015,” a statute intended to create a national standard for data security and reporting data breaches. ...more

State Law Claims Based on HIPAA Guideline Violations Are Not Preempted by HIPAA

Though the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) precludes a private right of action in the event of a breach of confidentiality, recent decisions have found that claims based on such breaches...more

Failure to Warn About Dangers of Off-Label Use of Medical Device Preempted Under Federal Law

In Thorn v. Medtronic Sofamor Danek, USA, the Honorable Janet T. Neff dismissed the plaintiff's state law claims of failure to warn and negligence as preempted under the Medical Device Amendments of 1976 ("MDA"), 28 U.S.C. §...more

Udall-Vitter TSCA Reform Bill Builds Momentum for Passage; Senators Boxer, Markey Respond with Competing Legislation

On March 10, 2015, Senators Tom Udall (D-N.M.) and David Vitter (R-La.) introduced the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act (S. 697), to modernize the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). ...more

Calif. Appellate Court Endorses Averaging Lead Exposure in Food and Beverage Prop. 65 Disputes

In a rare published decision concerning California’s expansive Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986, commonly known as “Prop 65,” the California Court of Appeal on March 17, 2015, dealt companies a victory in...more

Notes From The Off-Label Underground

Keeping track of litigation over off-label use/promotion frequently sends us off on tangents. We’ve wandered into abortion cases, securities law cases, criminal cases – even cases brought by criminals....more

FCC Releases Full Text of Order Preempting State Laws Limiting Municipal Broadband

On March 12, 2015, the Federal Communications Commission released the text of its order preempting provisions of North Carolina and Tennessee law that allow municipalities to provide broadband service but otherwise limit the...more

Can The FDA Do That?

A little like one of those peanut-shaped asteroids, today’s post cobbles together a couple of recent developments that, other than having relevance to the FDA, do not have all that much in common....more

FCC Preempts Two State Laws That Limit the Geographic Reach of Municipal Broadband Systems

On February 26, 2015, the Federal Communications Commission voted to strike down provisions of North Carolina and Tennessee laws that restrict the area in which municipally-owned broadband systems in those states are allowed...more

First Circuit Finds Federal Preemption of State Tort Claims That Conflict With A Medication’s FDA-Approved Labeling & Warnings

An opinion issued by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit on February 20, 2015 held that the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (“FDCA”) preempted claims that Lexapro’s U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)...more

Is your confidential information “property” if it does not qualify as a trade secret?

The answer likely is “no” according to a recent decision from a federal court in San Francisco. The plaintiff in that case, a data storage company, alleged that a competitor misappropriated its trade secrets by illegally...more

Comments on USPTO’s Interim Patent Eligibility Guidance (Part 2)

The Preemption Requirement - Preemption is the core concern that drives the Court’s “exclusionary principle”. The Supreme Court in Alice stated...more

Financial Industry Backs Cybersecurity, Data Breach Notification Legislation

Why it matters - The financial industry has thrown its support behind data breach notification legislation as well as passage of a law that would encourage businesses to share cyberthreat information. Data security...more

Supreme Court Takes a Pass on Generic Drug Labeling Appeal

In the watershed case of PLIVA, Inc. v. Mensing, the United States Supreme Court determined that federal law preempts state law failure-to-warn claims against generic pharmaceutical manufacturers. More specifically, Mensing...more

Generic Drug Cos. Face Failure-To-Warn Claims In Calif.

On Jan. 20, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court declined to hear an appeal involving failure-to-warn claims against generic pharmaceutical manufacturers. Teva Pharms. USA Inc. v. Super. Ct., No. 13-956 (U.S. Jan. 20, 2015). This...more

Product Liability Alert: Failure-To-Warn Suit Against Generic Drug Maker Proceeds Despite Argument of Federal Preemption

On January 20, 2015, the U.S Supreme Court denied cert in Teva v. Superior Court of California, Orange County, refusing to review a California state court ruling allowing patients to proceed with claims that Teva...more

Proposed Federal Breach Notification Law: Panacea Or Flash in the Pan?

The Obama Administration has just released the proposed text of the Personal Data Notification & Protection Act as the latest step in its uniform federal breach notification initiative. Similar legislative efforts in the past...more

Banking software patent is found to be invalid

Robinson, J. Defendant’s motion for summary judgment of invalidity is granted; plaintiff’s motion for validity is denied. Defendant’s motion for summary judgment of non-infringement is granted; plaintiff’s motion for...more

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