Closely Held Businesses

News & Analysis as of

Do You Need to Do Business with Your Co-Owner’s Children? It Depends on the Language of Your Agreements.

Owners of closely-held businesses, including family-owned companies, often agree to restrict the owners’ ability to later transfer their ownership interests to third parties. Such restrictions prevent one owner from selling...more

Reporting A Closely Held U.S. Corporation’s Overseas Activities

We have heard a lot about large, publicly-traded U.S. corporations that have parked trillions of dollars overseas to avoid the payment of U.S. income tax. We have heard how the tax system must be seriously broken to have so...more

Stretch out estate tax on business interests

Frequently, heirs of successful entrepreneurs are forced to sell off business interests at “fire sale” prices to help pay federal estate taxes. To alleviate the tax strain, Internal Revenue Code Section 6166 allows heirs to...more

Highlights from the 2017 Heckerling Institute on Estate Planning

Each January, the University of Miami hosts the Heckerling Institute on Estate Planning, the country’s largest estate planning seminar. During the seminar, reporters for the American Bar Association’s Real Property Trust &...more

CPAs: Top 10 list for fiduciary income tax returns and planning

As we near tax season, below are some tips for CPAs when planning and preparing tax returns for trusts, along with a link to an upcoming webinar on this very topic. ...more

Loans Between Related Entities

What Was Intended? Over the last thirty years, I have reviewed the income tax returns of many closely held corporations and partnerships. Quite often, on Schedule L (the balance sheet), I will see an entry for “other...more

Beware of Conflicting Interest Transactions in Family Business Management

Directors of all corporations – including family owned businesses – owe a fiduciary duty of loyalty to the company. This duty requires a director to put the interests of the company ahead of his or her personal interest and...more

Announcing Must-Have Treatise on Business Divorce Litigation

There’s little doubt in my mind that “business divorce” has achieved name recognition as a distinct subgenre of commercial litigation whose regular practitioners, by dint of experience dealing in and out of court with the...more

Sole Owners of Close Corporation and LLC Discover They're Not So Sole

What makes a shareholder a shareholder? What makes an LLC member a member? The simplicity of the questions belies the difficulties and endlessly unique fact patterns encountered in case after case involving close...more

Oppression in the Context of a Closely-Held Corporation: SCC Weighs In

In Mennillo v. Intramodal inc., the first oppression remedy case to reach the Supreme Court of Canada (SCC) since BCE Inc. v. 1976 Debentureholders, the SCC provided clarity on how the oppression remedy operates within...more

Does Sarbanes-Oxley Apply to Government Contractors?

Certain government contracts contain representations and warranties which require primes and subs to “comply with all applicable provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (“SOX”).” Several times, clients have asked which SOX...more

2016 Year-End Estate Planning Advisory

In 2016, we continued to experience a period of relative stability in our federal transfer tax system and have been able to plan without expecting imminent significant changes to the system. Under the American Taxpayer Relief...more

Why Do You Need a Buy-Sell Agreement for Your Closely Held Company?

Why do you need a Buy-Sell Agreement for your closely held company? In a nutshell, your business partner might die, become disagreeable, or just simply lose his or her mind, and you need a set of rules to resolve the matter....more

"Recent Opinions Highlight Different Appraisal Valuation Methods Employed in Merger Transactions by Delaware Courts"

There is a general perception that statutory appraisal challenges have been on the rise over the past several years. The Delaware Court of Chancery has issued a number of opinions during that time that use the merger price...more

Proposed Treasury Regulations on Valuation Discounts for Family-Controlled Entities

IRS Proposals Threaten Valuation Discounts for Family-Controlled Entities - The Treasury Department recently published new proposed regulations ("2704(b) regulations") which, if adopted in their current form, would...more

Estate Planning for Family Businesses

Estate planning for closely held family businesses could be significantly affected by proposed regulations that have been published by the Internal Revenue Service. The IRS proposed regulations and their effect on...more

Trust and Estate: Family Feud — Hollywood May Call It Entertainment But It Is No Laughing Matter for Family Businesses, Part II...

INTRODUCTION - As discussed in Part One of this article, statistics show that most family-owned businesses fail after a generation or two. Specifically, only 30% of family-owned businesses survive the transition from...more

Proposed Regs May Limit US Estate Plan

On August 2, 2016, the US Treasury issued long-awaited pro- posed regulations under Code section 2704 that make comprehensive and very significant changes to the valuation of interests in many family-controlled entities for...more

It's Time For Your Buy-Sell Checkup!

Shareholders, Partners and/or LLC members of any closely-held or family-held company should check the buy-sell formula contained in their Shareholder Agreement (sometimes called a Buy-Sell Agreement), Partnership Agreement or...more

Proposed regulations will significantly impact the valuation of interests in many family-controlled entities

New rules have been proposed by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) which would regulate the valuation of transfers of business interests between family members. Based upon recent interpretation, it appears that the IRS is...more

Estate Planning Valuation Discounts Under Section 2704: An Update

For about a generation, families have taken minority discounts when valuing interest in closely-held businesses for estate, gift and generation-skipping transfer tax purposes. This popular estate planning technique is often...more

Valuation Discounts to Family-Controlled Entities in Peril Under Proposed IRS Regulations

On August 4, the Internal Revenue Service finally issued much anticipated proposed regulations under Section 2704 of the Internal Revenue Code, which regulations are intended to significantly limit taxpayers' ability to apply...more

Health Care E-Note - September 2016

In an article published in the September 2016 MASA Newsletter, Jim Hoover and Angie Cameron Smith discuss how physicians should properly respond to subpoenas and requests for patients’ health information. They stress how...more

Proposed changes to Section 2704 could spur tax increase for owners of closely held businesses

Controversial proposed regulations issued by the Treasury and the IRS on August 4, 2016, would change rules for valuing interests in business entities of which a person or a family owns at least one-half. The regulations...more

Court Rules Coequal Stockholders Owe Fiduciary Duties To Each Other

Stockholders in closely held corporations often operate their companies as if they were partnerships. Does that mean that the stockholders, like partners, owe fiduciary duties to each other?...more

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