Closely Held Businesses

News & Analysis as of

Proposed Regs May Limit US Estate Plan

On August 2, 2016, the US Treasury issued long-awaited pro- posed regulations under Code section 2704 that make comprehensive and very significant changes to the valuation of interests in many family-controlled entities for...more

It's Time For Your Buy-Sell Checkup!

Shareholders, Partners and/or LLC members of any closely-held or family-held company should check the buy-sell formula contained in their Shareholder Agreement (sometimes called a Buy-Sell Agreement), Partnership Agreement or...more

Proposed regulations will significantly impact the valuation of interests in many family-controlled entities

New rules have been proposed by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) which would regulate the valuation of transfers of business interests between family members. Based upon recent interpretation, it appears that the IRS is...more

Estate Planning Valuation Discounts Under Section 2704: An Update

For about a generation, families have taken minority discounts when valuing interest in closely-held businesses for estate, gift and generation-skipping transfer tax purposes. This popular estate planning technique is often...more

Valuation Discounts to Family-Controlled Entities in Peril Under Proposed IRS Regulations

On August 4, the Internal Revenue Service finally issued much anticipated proposed regulations under Section 2704 of the Internal Revenue Code, which regulations are intended to significantly limit taxpayers' ability to apply...more

Health Care E-Note - September 2016

In an article published in the September 2016 MASA Newsletter, Jim Hoover and Angie Cameron Smith discuss how physicians should properly respond to subpoenas and requests for patients’ health information. They stress how...more

Proposed changes to Section 2704 could spur tax increase for owners of closely held businesses

Controversial proposed regulations issued by the Treasury and the IRS on August 4, 2016, would change rules for valuing interests in business entities of which a person or a family owns at least one-half. The regulations...more

Court Rules Coequal Stockholders Owe Fiduciary Duties To Each Other

Stockholders in closely held corporations often operate their companies as if they were partnerships. Does that mean that the stockholders, like partners, owe fiduciary duties to each other?...more

Proposed Tax Regulations Limit Availability of Valuation Discounts to Family Business Owners

For family business owners who desire to transfer ownership of part of their business to the next generation, the valuation of the business interest is often an important factor to consider. This is especially true for family...more

IRS Proposes New Rules Designed to Restrict Valuation Discounts in Family Transfers

Partnerships and LLCs are common choices of entity for family-owned businesses, due to their flexibility and the many uses to which they can be put – including pooling of family assets, succession planning, asset protection,...more

IRS Proposes Regulations to Limit Valuation Discounts for Family Businesses

On August 2, 2016, the Internal Revenue Service and the Treasury Department issued proposed regulations intended to substantially limit the use of discounts in valuing intra-family transfers of interests in family-controlled...more

Proposed 2704 Regulations: Significant Impact on Valuation Discounts for Family Businesses

Background: On August 4, 2016, the Treasury Department and Internal Revenue Service issued proposed regulations addressing the valuation of certain business interests for federal estate, gift and generation-skipping tax...more

The Charging Order – How The Nevada Secretary Of State Doesn’t Get It Quite Right

In 2007, Nevada imposed an interesting limitation, the charging order, on the ability of creditors to foreclose on shares of closely-held Nevada corporations. Here’s how the Nevada Secretary of State’s website describes the...more

Valuation Discounts for Intra-Family Transfers of Family-Held Business Interests are Proposed to be Curtailed – Act Now!

On August 4, 2016, the Treasury Department issued proposed regulations that would, if implemented, significantly curtail valuation discounts applied to intra-family transfers of family business interests. Final adoption of...more

Do You Need Directors and Officers (D&O) Insurance for a Family-Owned Business?

Family business owners may assume that D&O insurance coverage is necessary only for publicly traded corporations and large, non-family owned private businesses. That is not the case. Individual directors and officers of a...more

Proposed Treasury Regulations Regarding Valuation Discounts for Transfers of Family-Controlled Entities, if Enacted, Would Apply...

After years of anticipation, the U.S. IRS recently issued Proposed Treasury Regulations that would, if enacted in their current form, substantially eliminate most valuation discounts for family-controlled entities and result...more

District Court Rules on ERISA Liability of Board and ESOP Advisory Committee Members in ESOP Transactions

On Sept. 1, 2016, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois issued its decision in the Antioch employee stock ownership plan (ESOP) fiduciary litigation. The court held that the Antioch Board of Directors...more

Proposed Regulations Under Internal Revenue Code Section 2704: Changes May Be Coming to Transfers of Closely Held Business...

On August 2, 2016, the Treasury Department issued proposed regulations under the authority provided in Section 2704(b) of the Internal Revenue Code (the "Code"). These proposed regulations were much anticipated by the estate...more

The End of Valuation Discounts in Estate Tax Planning?

Families with interests in closely held entities have long benefitted from reduced estate and gift tax exposure due to valuation discounts. If regulations proposed by the Internal Revenue Service are adopted in their present...more

IRS phases out valuation discounts - planning likely required before the end of 2016

Earlier this month, the US Treasury issued proposed regulations that, when finalized, will significantly increase the transfer tax cost of transferring interests in family-controlled entities to other family members, both...more

Family-Controlled Businesses -- Tax Targets Again: Newly Proposed 2704 Regulations and Presidential Candidates' Positions

It's August of an election---year, and not just any election---year, a presidential election year. So, in less than 80 days, we'll all go to the polls and elect a new president. While Benjamin Franklin might have been right...more

The End to Discounts for Transfers of Interests in Family Business Entities

The ability to use transfer and liquidation restrictions in legal documents to reduce the value of an interest in a family-controlled (or “closely-held”) business entity (e.g., partnership, corporation, limited liability...more

Proposed Treasury Regulations Would Severely Limit Valuation Discounts

Earlier this month, the U.S. Department of the Treasury unveiled its long-awaited proposed regulations targeting valuation discounts commonly used in estate planning, thereby overturning decades of settled law. As drafted,...more

Proposed Rules Would Limit Valuation Discounts for Family Controlled Entities

On August 2, 2016, the Internal Revenue Service proposed regulations that would severely limit valuation discounts for lack of marketability and lack of control that taxpayers have historically applied for federal gift,...more

IRS Proposes Rules That Would Dramatically Reduce Valuation Discounts in Family Business Succession Planning

Business Owners May Have Little Time to Act Before Rules Are Finalized - The valuation of a family member's interest in a family business has a major impact on the success or failure of a transfer of such interest to...more

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