Consideration

News & Analysis as of

Pa. Supreme Court: Non-Compete Restrictions Need Clarifying

The Pennsylvania Supreme Court has agreed to review Socko v. Mid-Atlantic Systems of CPA, Inc., a case of interest to employers regarding what consideration is necessary to support employee non-compete agreements. The court...more

Tax Court Characterizes Technology Executive’s Merger Proceeds as Ordinary Income

On October 30th, the U.S. Tax Court ruled that a key executive of a technology company acquired by Google for $93 million was required to report a large portion of his merger consideration as ordinary compensation income....more

Delaware Chancery Requires Payment of Merger Consideration to Dissenting Stockholder After Expiration of Appraisal Period

The Delaware Court of Chancery recently dismissed corporate mismanagement and breach of fiduciary duty claims filed by a dissenting stockholder, but ordered that the surviving corporation in a merger was required to pay the...more

Required Consideration Lacking For Replacement Employment Contract

A September 23rd Connecticut Appellate Court decision tells a cautionary tale for employers drafting employment contracts intended to replace earlier contracts. Thoma v. Oxford Performance Materials, Inc., 2014 WL 4548490...more

An Overview of Tennessee Law Regarding Non-Competition Agreements

Often employers invest significant resources in training and developing employees. Prudent employers recognize that, as unfortunate as it may be, employment relationships do not always go as planned. These employers might...more

Is Your Arbitration Agreement Still Enforceable in Missouri After Baker v. Bristol Care, Inc.?

This summer, the Missouri Supreme Court issued a decision that will affect arbitration agreements relied on by employers across the state. The decision—one of many in a recent trend of Missouri cases restricting the...more

Missouri Supreme Court Redefines Adequate Consideration for Enforcing Arbitration Agreements

Continued at-will employment is no longer sufficient consideration to enforce arbitration provisions in Missouri. In Baker v. Bristol Care, a recent decision of the Missouri Supreme Court, a slim majority of the Court struck...more

SEC Approves Rule Preventing Barters for Expungement Cooperation – What You Can Do to Ensure Compliance

On July 22, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) approved the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority’s (FINRA) proposed Rule 2081, which prevents firms or associated persons from conditioning settlement or...more

Wis. Supreme Court Accepts New Case: When Are Covenants Not to Compete Illusory for At-Will Employees?

Last month, the Wisconsin Supreme Court accepted the Court of Appeals’ certification in Runzheimer Int’l, Ltd. v. Friedlen, No. 13AP1392 (Apr. 15, 2014). The intermediate appellate court had certified the following question:...more

Top Ten Issues when Drafting International Agreements – Part II

Method of Payment. If you’re the party providing the goods or services under the agreement, you want to be sure you get the consideration you bargained for. Any fool knows that, but international contracts can make...more

UWOA Exception Does Not Apply to Noncompete Agreements in Pennsylvania

The Pennsylvania Superior Court recently reaffirmed Pennsylvania’s longstanding position that employers must provide valuable consideration to employees who enter into noncompete agreements. In a case of first impression, the...more

Pennsylvania Appellate Court Finds Uniform Written Obligations Act Inapplicable to Covenants Not to Compete

In a case of first impression, the Pennsylvania Superior Court (one of Pennsylvania’s two state appellate courts) recently issued a ruling in Socko v. Mid-Atlantic Systems of CPA, Inc. (“Socko”), 1223 MDA 2013 (May 13, 2014),...more

Pennsylvania Superior Court Rules that Employers Must Provide Additional Consideration to Bind Current Employees to a Non-Compete...

In Socko v. Mid-Atlantic Systems of CPA, Inc., 2014 WL 1898584 (Pa. Super. Ct. 2014), a case of first impression, the Pennsylvania Superior Court ruled that simply reciting, in a non-competition agreement with a current...more

Pa. Superior Court: ‘Valuable Consideration’ Required for Employer Enforcement of Non-Compete Agreement

In a case of first impression, a Pennsylvania appellate court recently held that contractual language satisfying the state’s Uniform Written Obligations Act (UWOA)—that is, a statement that the parties “intend to be legally...more

Prepare To Consider Your Former Employees Your New Competition

There’s nothing that gets employers more fired up than a former employee jumping ship to join a competitor. But, in an effort to prevent such future angst, you’ve had your employees sign a non-compete. You’re golden, right?...more

Pennsylvania Court Refuses to Enforce Non-Competition Agreement; Holds that Continued Employment Alone is Insufficient...

Most jurisdictions in the United States hold that continued employment constitutes sufficient consideration in exchange for entering into a non-competition agreement. A handful of jurisdictions however – Minnesota, North...more

Employers Must Provide "Valuable Consideration" To Current Employees When Entering A Non-Compete Agreement During Employment

In a case of first impression for the appellate courts of this Commonwealth, the Pennsylvania Superior Court recently ruled in Socko v. Mid-Atlantic Systems of CPA, Inc. that language contained in an employment agreement...more

Pennsylvania Superior Court Confirms that Valuable Consideration Required for Non-Compete Agreement Entered Into After...

Through its decision in Socko v. Mid-Atlantic Systems of CPA, Inc., No. 1223, 2014 WL 1898584 (Pa. Super. Ct. May 13, 2014), the Pennsylvania Superior Court has confirmed that a restrictive covenant entered into after the...more

Meandering Through Minutiae – How The Type of Consideration Can Determine The Need For Shareholder Approval

Section 1001 of the California Corporations authorizes a corporation to sell all or substantially all of its assets when the principal terms are approved by the board of directors and the outstanding shares (unless the...more

N.C. Business Court Weighs In On Enforcement of Restrictive Covenants Following Aquisition of a Company

Your company acquires another company through merger or stock purchase. You require the key employees of the acquired company to sign new employment agreements which provide for similar pay, benefits and job duties – but...more

Act Now Advisory: Since Fifield Is Not Going Away Any Time Soon, Illinois Employers Should Consider Revising the Consideration...

In June 2013, the Illinois Appellate Court for the First District (i.e., Cook County) held that, absent other consideration, two years of employment is required for a restrictive covenant to be deemed supported by adequate...more

Twas the Night Before Christmas -- Non-Compete Style

Twas the night before Christmas, when all through the company; A disgruntled employee kept saying “please jump with me.” She was trying to line up a grand, mass departure; Of which she was certain no one could...more

Illinois Supreme Court Lets Ruling Stand Requiring Two Years of Employment to Support Restrictive Covenant

The enforceability of post-employment restrictive covenants in Illinois suffered a set back on October 14, 2013, when the Illinois Supreme Court refused to review an appellate decision that held that two years of employment...more

Illinois Supreme Court’s Refusal To Review Restrictive Covenant Decision Leaves Employers With Uncertainty

The Illinois Supreme Court’s recent refusal to review the Illinois Appellate Court’s controversial decision in Fifield v. Premier Dealer Services, Inc., No. 1-12-0327, 2013 IL App (1st) 120327 (Jun. 24, 2013) leaves employers...more

Delaware Chancery Court Finds Merger "Entirely Fair" to Common Stockholders Despite the Merger Leaving Common Stockholders With No...

In In re Trados Inc. Shareholder Litigation, Case No. 1512-VCL, 2013 Del. Ch. LEXIS (Del. Ch. Aug. 16, 2013), Vice Chancellor Laster of the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware resolved the long-pending dispute...more

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