Consumer Bankruptcy Mortgages

Consumer bankruptcy is a process to reduce or eliminate personal as opposed to business debts. Consumer bankruptcies can be filed under either Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 of the bankruptcy code.  Debtors are... more +
Consumer bankruptcy is a process to reduce or eliminate personal as opposed to business debts. Consumer bankruptcies can be filed under either Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 of the bankruptcy code.  Debtors are eligible for Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 depending on the nature of their debts and assets. less -
News & Analysis as of

New York Appellate Court Confers Standing on Assignee of Note Previously Discharged in Bankruptcy

A mortgage lender has standing to foreclose even when it obtains assignment of the underlying promissory note after the note has been discharged in bankruptcy, a New York appellate court has ruled. The case arose after the...more

Claim Amount: It Pays To Pay Attention

In re Walker, 526 B.R. 187 (E.D. La. 2015) – The bankruptcy court (1) denied a mortgage lender’s request to file a late amendment to a proof of claim that had been filed on its behalf by the debtor and (2) confirmed the...more

Florida Court Rules Borrowers Who Surrender Property in Bankruptcy Can't Later Take it Back

Thanks to several recent United States Bankruptcy Court decisions in Florida, mortgage servicers should now expect borrowers who surrender their real property in bankruptcy to not contest foreclosure later. Since the...more

U.S. Supreme Court Resolves Uncertainty Regarding Junior Mortgage Liens in Chapter 7 Proceedings

A recent U.S. Supreme Court case resolves uncertainty as to whether Bankruptcy Code Section 506(d) allows Chapter 7 Bankruptcy debtors to "strip off" (void) junior mortgage liens that are wholly underwater. That uncertainty...more

Recording Errors: A Typo Is Not Always Fatal

Deirdra Renee Gause v. Citifinancial Services, Inc. (In re Deirdra Renee Gause), 525 B.R. 35 (Bankr. M.D. N.C. 2014) – A chapter 13 debtor sought a court determination that a mortgage loan was unsecured because there was...more

Recent Unanimous Supreme Court Decision Holds That Underwater Mortgages in a Chapter 7 Cannot be “Stripped off"

The Issue and Background - Debtors David Caulkett and Edelmiro Toledo-Cardona (“Debtors”) each filed for Chapter 7 bankruptcy relief with “underwater” junior mortgages held by Bank of America, N.A. (“Bank”). In other...more

Distressed Downloads - June 2015

A Battle in the Making in the Oil and Gas Sector: Second Lien vs. High Yield Debt - In the oil and gas industry, there is a storm brewing between holders of second lien debt and unsecured high yield bonds. These...more

Cramdown Hurdles Round 3: Try, Try Again

In re Ramz Real Estate Co., LLC, 510 B.R. 712 (Bankr. S.D.N.Y. 2013) – An undersecured mortgagee objected to a debtor’s proposed plan of reorganization on several grounds, including that (1) the plan was not approved by...more

Supreme Court Reaffirms a Chapter 7 Debtor's Inability to Strip a Lien Against Real Property

Reaffirming its 1992 decision in Dewsnup v. Timm, on June 1, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court in Bank of America v. Caulkett, No. 13-1421, once again ruled that a chapter 7 debtor may not void a junior lien under Bankruptcy Code...more

Financial Services Report, Summer 2015

In This Issue: - Arbitration Report - Beltway Report - Bureau Report - Mobile & Emerging Payments Report - Mortgage & Fair Lending Report - Operations Report - Preemption Report -...more

The Supreme Court Continues Stability In The Secondary Mortgage Market

On Monday, the Supreme Court reaffirmed the principle that junior “underwater” residential mortgage liens can “pass through” a bankruptcy case unaffected. In Bank of America, N.A. v. Caulkett, the Supreme Court held...more

Wholly Underwater Junior Liens May Not Be Stripped Off in Chapter 7 Bankruptcy Proceedings

The U.S. Supreme Court has held that a debtor in a Chapter 7 bankruptcy proceeding may not void a junior mortgage lien when the debt owed on a senior mortgage lien exceeds the current value of the collateral, provided that...more

“Deed in Lieu”: Deed That Is Not Really In Lieu Of Foreclosure Will Likely Not Be Treated As a Deed

In re Primes, 518 B.R. 466 (Bankr. N.D. Ill. 2014) – A mortgagee moved for relief from the automatic stay, arguing that it acquired title to property prior to the bankruptcy under a quit claim deed given to it by the...more

The Supreme Court Prohibits Chapter 7 Debtors From Stripping Off Wholly Underwater Liens in Bankruptcy

On June 1, 2015, the United States Supreme Court in Bank of America, N.A. v. Caulkett, 575 U.S. ____ (2015), unanimously held that a Chapter 7 debtor cannot strip off wholly “underwater” liens secured by the debtor’s...more

Supreme Court Decides Bank of America v. Caulkett and Bank of America v. Toledo-Cardona

On June 1, 2015, the United States Supreme Court decided Bank of America v. Caulkett, No. 13-1421, together with Bank of America v. Toledo-Cardona, No. 14-163, holding that a debtor in a Chapter 7 bankruptcy proceeding may...more

Foreclosures: Beware Unexpected Violations

Field v. Bank of America, N.A. (In re Gibbs), 522 B.R. 282 (Bankr. D. Hawaii 2014) – A bankruptcy trustee sued a mortgage lender to recover for defects in a prepetition non-judicial foreclosure sale. The lender brought a...more

Watt Final Order

AIKEN, Chief Judge: Bank of New York Mellon, as trustee for certificate holders of the CWALT, Inc., alternative loan trust 2006-0A21, mortgage pass-through certificates series 2006-0A21 ("BNYM"), appeals the...more

Stripping of Unsecured Second Mortgages in Chapter 7 Bankruptcies in the Crosshairs

Since its 1989 opinion in Folendore v. Small Business Admin., the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals has allowed debtors to completely strip off and void wholly unsecured junior liens in Chapter 7 bankruptcies under Section...more

Lost Mortgage Notes: Those Pesky State UCC Variations

Desmond v Raymond C. Green, Inc. (In re Harborhouse of Gloucester, LLC), 523 B.R. 749 (1st Cir. BAP 2014) – A Chapter 7 trustee objected to the proof of claim filed by a downstream assignee of a lost mortgage note. ...more

Mortgage Notes: Those Nasty Assignments!

In re Baber, 523 B.R. 156 (Bankr. E.D. Ark. 2014) – The debtors objected to a proof of claim filed on behalf of a mortgagee based on issues arising from assignment of the mortgage note by the lender that originated the...more

Prepetition Stay Waivers: Which Way Is The Wind Blowing?

In re Triple A & R Inv., Inc., 519 B.R. 581 (Bankr. D. P.R. 2014) – A mortgagee moved for relief from the automatic stay based on the debtor’s prepetition consent to stay relief.  The debtor argued that a prepetition waiver...more

Mortgage Recording: What Happens When There Is An Extra “E”?

Weiss v. JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (In re Thibault), 518 B.R. 635 (Bankr. D. Mass. 2014) – A chapter 7 trustee sought to avoid a mortgage using his “strong-arm” powers on the basis that it was not properly recorded...more

Mortgage Recording Requirements: Tiny Technical Defect Strikes Again

Rogan v. U.S. Bank, N.A. (In re Partin), 517 B.R. 770 (Bankr. E.D. Ky. 2014) – A chapter 7 trustee sought to avoid mortgages on three properties using his “strong arm” powers, arguing that they were improperly recorded...more

BofA Underwater Mortgage Cases Hit Supreme Court

The U.S. Supreme Court will hear two cases brought by Bank of America regarding whether a second mortgage on an underwater property can be voided during Chapter 7 bankruptcy. Both cases involve Florida homeowners who sued to...more

New Jersey Bankruptcy Court Holds That Mortgage Was No Longer Enforceable and Borrower Was Entitled to a “Free House”

Action Item: In light of this decision, lenders should ensure that foreclosures in New Jersey are filed within six years of the date of default. Failure to file a foreclosure within six years may cause the action to be barred...more

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