Contract Formation

News & Analysis as of

Validity Of Preliminary Contractual Arrangements

The United Sections of the Italian Supreme Court (Corte di Cassazione a Sezioni Unite) recently issued a remarkable ruling in relation to the validity of Italian law preliminary agreements contemplating the subsequent...more

What Happens When the Construction Contract is Not Signed and the Work is Underway?

Although it seems self-evident that participants to a construction project would not want to commence work without first obtaining signatures on a written contract, it happens all too frequently, even on big projects. At...more

When You Can and Can’t E-Sign

The definition of “signed” in the UCC includes “any symbol,” as long as it’s “executed or adopted with present intention to adopt or accept a writing.” Com C §1201(b)(37). E-Sign extends this approach to electronic...more

Meeting of the Minds at the Inbox: Some Pitfalls of Contracting via Email

We have had a number of clients run into issues relating to whether or not an email exchange constituted a binding contract. This issue comes up regularly when informality creeps into negotiations conducted electronically,...more

Contracting with foreign entities and electronic signature under English Law: Getting the execution right

You've managed to agree the deal; all that's left is to sign the documents. That's the easy bit, correct? So you might think, but it is important to be careful not to slip up at this final stage, particularly when contracting...more

California Court Allows Employee to Disaffirm Arbitration Agreement Due to Age

We thought we'd heard everything! This is a new one, that's for sure. It's no secret that employees try to wiggle out of arbitration agreements all of the time. There are the usual digs: the agreement was buried in the middle...more

Technology And The Workplace

How Email And Texting Are Transforming Business Interactions - The automotive industry has embraced technology. Most dealerships have installed business development centers, and Internet departments to attract the...more

When Does an Email Form a Legally-Binding Agreement? Ask the Canucks.

A recent decision from the British Columbia Court of Appeal provides an important reminder when communicating by email regarding the negotiation of the terms of an agreement: Just because you haven’t signed a contract,...more

There Two Ways To Create An Obligation And Six Ways To Extinguish It

The California defines an “obligation” as “a legal duty, by which a person is bound to do or not to do a certain thing.” Cal. Civ. Code § 1427. An obligation is created in one of two ways: by contract or by operation of...more

Chuck Yeager’s Latest Suit Pulls Out of Nose Dive - Yeager et al. v. Fort Knox Security Products

Over the years, well-known aviation figure and retired United States Air Force general, Charles E. “Chuck” Yeager (Yeager) has been engaged in numerous legal disputes, including several lawsuits that Yeager has filed against...more

Specify When and Under What Circumstances Your Contract Will End

It makes perfect sense that when entering into a new business relationship the parties (and their counsel) are keenly focused on getting things started. While there is nothing wrong with this, sometimes parties forget to...more

Recent California Decisions Reinforce Need for Care in Electronic Contracting

In mid-1999, the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws, responding to an intensifying reliance on electronic communications and a corresponding need for clarity as to the legal enforceability of...more

Please can I have your Autograph Mr Ramsay!

You might have seen some of the recent media coverage of Gordon Ramsay’s court case relating to a personal guarantee given to his landlord that was signed using an “automated pen” operated by his estranged business partner...more

Minnesota Supreme Court Holds that Medical Staff Bylaws Are an Enforceable Contract

In an opinion released on December 31, 2014, the Supreme Court of Minnesota held that medical staff bylaws can be an enforceable contract and that a hospital’s medical staff (as an unincorporated association) can have the...more

Can Saks Fifth Avenue Legally Discriminate Against Transgender Employees?

Saks Fifth Avenue’s latest fashion trend is receiving mixed reviews from critics across the nation. According to a discrimination and retaliation complaint filed in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of...more

When is an Electronic Signature Enforceable?

When is an electronic signature sufficient to make an agreement enforceable? Two recent California Court of Appeal decisions rejected efforts to enforce agreements supposedly entered into with electronic signatures under the...more

Food Fights Make Bad Law

The axiom "hard facts make bad law" never held so true than in the case of the Minnesota Supreme Court's decision in Medical Staff of Avera Marshall Regional Medical Center vs. Avera Marshall, issued on December 31, 2014. ...more

Minn. Sup. Court: Med Staff Bylaws Are a Contract & Staff May Sue

On the last day of 2014 the Minnesota Supreme Court gave a hospital medical staff a double victory, ruling that (1) medical staff bylaws constitute a contract between the hospital and medical staff members and (2) the medical...more

Utah Supreme Court Confirms Employee Handbook Disclaimer Can Protect Utah Companies from Implied Contractual Claims

A recent Utah Supreme Court decision drives home to companies with employees in Utah that a clear and conspicuous disclaimer in a prominent point of an employee handbook goes a long way to protecting the company from any...more

2014: The Year of Arbitrator Authority

A lot of interesting arbitration law was made this year, on topics from validity to vacatur, but the banner issue was arbitrator authority.  SCOTUS announced that theme for the year with its BG Group decision in March and...more

An Electronic Signature is More Than a Printed Name on an E-Mail

J.B.B. Investment Partners, Ltd., et al. v. R. Thomas Fair, et al. - Court Of Appeal, First Appellate District (December 5, 2014) - The Uniform Electronic Transactions Act (UETA) was promulgated in Civil Code...more

Ninth Commandment of Government Contracting: Thou shalt be prepared to reciprocate

It would be wonderful if everything in a Government contractor’s life were black and white: Both parties could live by the language in the contract and there would be no need to stray from that language. But that does not...more

Ninth Circuit Holds that Putative TCPA Class Action Is Not Subject to Arbitration Clause in Shrinkwrap Contract

The Ninth Circuit recently held that a putative class action asserting violations of the federal Telephone Consumer Protection Act (“TCPA”) was not subject to arbitration because the representative plaintiff was unaware of...more

Avoid the Oral Agreement

Cresson SWD Services, L.P. vs. Basic Energy Services, L.P. is a warning about the perils of an oral agreement for a risky downhole procedure. Cresson hired Basic to make improvements on a saltwater disposal well by deepening...more

Innovation in Outsourcing – the Legal View

“Innovation” is a word that is heard with increasing frequency in outsourcing circles, despite the concept being not exactly new. This begs the question why it has now crept its way up the list of topics for consideration in...more

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