De Novo Standard of Review

News & Analysis as of

CAFC Affirms Finacea Gel Infringement Under Doctrine of Equivalents

In Intendis GmbH v. Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Inc., USA, the Federal Circuit affirmed the district court decision that found infringement under the doctrine of equivalents. This case shows that the doctrine of equivalents...more

Second Circuit Applies Stricter Rules for a Plan Administrator’s Noncompliance with Benefit Claims Regulations

In Depth - On April 12, 2016, the US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit in Halo v. Yale Health Plan, 2016 WL 1426291 (2d Cir. Apr. 12, 2016), addressed various issues that could arise during a plan administrator’s...more

Judge Uses Institution of IPR to “Bolster” Decision to Overturn Jury’s Finding of Willfulness

A Colorado district court has provided an example of how the decisions of the PTAB in an IPR proceeding can impact district court litigation. In XY, LLC v. Trans Ova Genetics, LLC, Case No. 1:13-cv-00876 (D. Colo.), Judge...more

FERC Market Manipulation Case Still Alive After Ruling in Silkman and Lincoln Paper Case

For the past several years, FERC has been investigating several energy industry participants under several theories of market manipulation. Gradually, these cases have moved from administrative proceedings to U.S. district...more

What You Say in Your SPD About Claims Processing Makes a Difference

Employers who self fund their medical plans often have contracts with their third party administrators about claims processing. Some of those contracts provide that the claims processor has discretion to decide claims; others...more

Long-Awaited Decision is a Mixed Result for Litigants Battling FERC Enforcement Actions in Federal Court

Individuals and organizations litigating the imposition of civil penalties by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (“FERC” or “Commission”) under its anti-manipulation authority in federal court received another opinion...more

Second Circuit Rules On Arbitrability Question

After a de novo review of the District Court’s ruling denying a bank’s motion to compel arbitration, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit reversed and remanded a district’s court order. The plaintiff...more

Court Approves ESI Protocol Permitting Parties to Redact or Withhold Irrelevant Information from Responsive Documents and Document...

In a March 1, 2016 order and opinion, the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida permitted Defendants to redact or withhold certain irrelevant information from responsive documents and document...more

De Novo Review Used In Remand in Claim Construction - CardSoft, LLC v. Verifone, Inc.

Addressing issues of claim construction after a remand from the Supreme Court, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit again reversed the district court’s judgment of infringement, finding that it was based on an...more

Claim Construction—It Depends On the Meaning of “Is” - Straight Path IP Group, Inc. v. Sipnet EU S.R.O.

Addressing claim construction issues in the context of an inter partes review, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit concluded that the Patent Trial and Appeal Board’s (PTAB or Board) construction of the term “is...more

New Patent Claim Construction Review Standard

In early 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court changed the standard of review for patent claim construction with its decision in Teva Pharmaceuticals USA v. Sandoz Inc., 135 S. Ct. 831 (2015) (Teva I). Previously, the U.S. Court of...more

California Court Confirms No Absolute Public Policy Against Non-Competes Entered into by Partners

California’s prohibition on non-competition agreements is less than absolute. For example, non-compete agreements may be enforced against partners or sellers of businesses. Additionally, in SingerLewak LLP v. Andrew Gantman...more

Precedential Cloud Victory in Michigan Court of Appeals

On October 27, 2015, a three-judge panel sitting for the Michigan Court of Appeals unanimously affirmed a lower court decision finding that the use of cloud-based services in Michigan is not subject to use tax in Auto-Owners...more

The Authors Guild v. Google, Inc. USCA Second Circuit, October 16, 2015

Second Circuit affirms district court's holding that Google's creation of searchable, digital copies of tens of millions of books constitutes fair use under Copyright Act, because Google's search service merely provides...more

Going on Offense against State Deceptive Trade Practices AG Actions

We have posted many times about cases where a manufacturer of a regulated product is sued over alleged violations of a state consumer protection or deceptive trade practices act because of something allegedly amiss in the...more

Spectrum Pharmaceuticals Inc. v. Sandoz Inc. (Fed. Cir. 2015)

Last week the Federal Circuit affirmed a District Court's finding of invalidity and non-infringement in ANDA litigation between Spectrum Pharmaceuticals and Sandoz. In so doing, the Court deferred to the factual...more

Seventh Circuit Rules ERISA Does Not Preempt State Law Prohibiting Discretionary Clauses

In Fontaine v. Metropolitan Life Ins. Co., No. 14-1984, 2015 U.S. App. (7th Cir. Sept. 4, 2015), the Seventh Circuit affirmed a U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois decision holding that Illinois’s...more

The Complications of Copyrighted Images in the Yellow Pages - Yellow Pages Photos, Inc. v. Ziplocal, LP

Reviewing a spectrum of copyright-related issues following the conclusion of a jury trial, the U.S. Court of the Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit affirmed the district court, concluding that willful copyright infringement...more

Thirty Years’ Use of Mark Is Not Enough to Prove Acquired Distinctiveness if Evidence Is Insufficient - In re Louisiana Fish Fry...

Addressing the issue of distinctiveness, the Federal Circuit affirmed the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board’s (TTAB) decision to deny registration of a plaintiff’s mark due to the dearth of evidence supporting the plaintiff’s...more

September 2015: Appellate Update

Postscript to the U.S. Supreme Court’s October 2014 Term. The Supreme Court of the United States completed its October 2014 term in June, having decided a number of matters of wide public interest. Among the most notable was...more

ASRC Announces Changes to NAD and NARB Procedures Following Working Group Recommendations

The Advertising Self-Regulatory Council board has announced changes to the adjudicatory processes of the National Advertising Division and the National Advertising Review Board. The changes, announced at the NAD's annual...more

DC Comics v. Towle d/b/a Garage Gotham - USCA, Ninth Circuit, September 23, 2015

Ninth Circuit affirms that Batmobile is “character” entitled to copyright protection. In May 2011, DC Comics sued Towle in a California federal district court, alleging, among other things, causes of action for copyright...more

A Primer on Patent Damages - Carnegie Mellon University v. Marvell Technology Group, Ltd., et al.

Addressing a panoply of damages issues, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit affirmed a reasonable royalty, rejected the defendant’s laches defense and provided significant guidance on the application of the...more

D.C. Circuit Joins Seventh Circuit in Rejecting Court Challenges to Pending SEC Administrative Enforcement Proceedings

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit held today that federal District Courts do not have subject-matter jurisdiction to entertain challenges to ongoing SEC administrative enforcement proceedings. A...more

ERISA — 7th Circuit: Illinois State Law Ban On Discretionary Clauses Upheld

You already know about the big trend in states to ban discretionary clauses in insurance policies that fund ERISA benefits. Chalk up another circuit deciding to enforce the ban....more

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