Equal Credit Opportunity Act Disparate Impact

News & Analysis as of

The Future Of CFPB Small Business Lending Regulation

In this article we highlight the role played by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau in regulating small business lending. Broadly speaking, the bureau’s jurisdiction is limited to the marketplace for consumer financial...more

Was a CFPB Enforcement Action Based on "Racial Profiling and Junk Science"?

In a press release dated April 18, 2012, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB or Bureau) declared that it would "use all available legal avenues, including disparate impact, to pursue lenders whose practices...more

Industry trade groups’ renewed challenge to HUD disparate impact rule could yield helpful precedent for ECOA cases

The D.C. district court recently granted two industry trade associations whose members sell homeowners insurance leave to file an amended complaint in their lawsuit challenging the Fair Housing Act (FHA) disparate impact rule...more

Director Cordray defends CFPB positions in appearance before Senate Banking Committee; comments on small business lending and...

Much of Director Cordray’s testimony in his appearance before the Senate Banking Committee yesterday consisted of his predictable defense of various CFPB positions. While the hearing was much less contentious than last...more

Director Cordray appears before House Financial Services Committee

Director Cordray was the sole witness at the hearing held yesterday by the House Financial Services Committee, which was entitled “The Semi-Annual Report of the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection.” In November 2015, the...more

Disparate Impact Continues to be a Viable Discrimination Theory for the CFPB under the ECOA

On Wednesday, March 16, 2016, the House Financial Services Committee hosted the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s (“CFPB”) Director Richard Cordray for a hearing on “The Semi-Annual Report of the Bureau of Consumer...more

Update on the U.S. Supreme Court’s Inclusive Communities Decision

As previously reported on this blog, the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc., 135 S. Ct. 2507 (2015) adopted a burden-shifting approach to...more

CFPB Poised to Continue Focused Scrutiny of Indirect Auto Lenders

Earlier this month, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) announced a joint enforcement action with the Department of Justice (DOJ) against Toyota Motor Credit Corporation (TMCC), an indirect auto lender, which,...more

FTC Throws Down the Gauntlet To Information Providers and Users

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) started the New Year by throwing down the gauntlet to organizations that sell, buy or otherwise provide or use “Big Data” analytics, particularly including employers, creditors, landlords,...more

FTC Releases Report on “Big Data” Offering Practical and Legal Considerations for Businesses

On January 6, 2016, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) released a report on the growing use of “big data” which discusses potential benefits and risks to big data use and offers practical and legal considerations for...more

House Report Examines the CFPB’s Methodology in Auto Finance Investigations

On November 24, Republicans on the House Committee on Financial Services issued a report regarding the CFPB’s approach for determining discrimination in the auto lending industry. The report questions the CFPB’s proxy...more

Are Disparate Impact Claims Legally Cognizable Under ECOA?

In Texas Dep’t of Housing and Community Affairs v. The Inclusive Communities Project, 135 S. Ct. 2507 (2015), the Supreme Court held that disparate impact claims are legally cognizable under the Fair Housing Act (“FHA”). As a...more

Fair Lending Director Ficklin Discusses Small Business Lending, LGBT issues, LEP consumers and Inclusive Communities at ABA...

Last Thursday, I had the pleasure of teaching a class on payments and banking products to new lawyers at the American Bar Association’s Consumer Financial Services Institute. I arrived early for the class and got to hear a...more

Supreme Court Decision May Make It Easier for Borrowers to Sue for Discrimination

A recent decision of the Supreme Court of the United States may make it easier for borrowers to claim discrimination when denied a loan. In late June 2015, the Court addressed whether lawsuits brought under the Fair Housing...more

CFPB Refers Another Auto Finance Company to DOJ on Disparate Impact Allegations

Not long after taking action against American Honda Finance Corporation under the disparate impact doctrine for allegedly discriminatory auto loan pricing, the CFPB has struck again—this time reportedly referring Santander...more

ABA seeks supervisory and enforcement standards consistent with Inclusive Communities

The American Bankers Association has sent a letter to the DOJ, Fed, OCC, FDIC, HUD and CFPB requesting confirmation “in interagency guidance, updated exam procedures, and where appropriate amended regulations that the...more

Supreme Court Slams The Brakes On Challenge To Disparate Act

As of now, the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) prohibits dealers from unintentional, or “disparate impact,” discrimination in setting dealer reserves in auto financing. This disparate impact can result from policies or...more

Auto Finance Company Agrees to Change Dealer Compensation Policy to Settle CFPB and DOJ Fair Lending Claims

To resolve charges by the Consumer Federal Protection Bureau (CFPB) and the Department of Justice (DOJ) that it engaged in unlawful discrimination in violation of the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA), American Honda...more

CFPB Brings First ECOA Disparate Impact Action Post-Inclusive Communities

Just over 18 months after bringing a disparate impact-based ECOA case against Ally Financial (“Ally”) for discriminatory auto loan pricing, the CFPB has struck again—this time taking action against American Honda Finance...more

The U.S. Supreme Court’s Decision in Texas Department of Housing & Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc.

In Texas Department of Housing & Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc., 576 U.S. ___, 2015 WL 2473449 (Jun. 25, 2015), the U.S. Supreme Court, in a 5-4 decision, held that disparate impact discrimination...more

Special Alert: Disparate Impact Under the Equal Credit Opportunity Act After Inclusive Communities

On June 25, the Supreme Court in Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc. held that disparate-impact claims are cognizable under the Fair Housing Act (FHA). The Court, in a 5-4...more

Supreme Court upholds ‘disparate impact’ under the FHA but emphasizes that claims cannot rely on statistics alone

In a much-anticipated decision, the U.S. Supreme Court held in Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project (“Inclusive Communities”) that claims of disparate impact discrimination are...more

Supreme Court Allows Disparate-Impact Claims Under the Fair Housing Act

The Supreme Court held today that the Fair Housing Act (FHA) not only prohibits intentional discrimination, but also establishes liability for practices that result in a disparate impact on minority groups. Texas Department...more

House approves amendment prohibiting use of appropriated funds for DOJ disparate impact litigation under the FHA

Yesterday, the House of Representatives approved an amendment to H.R. 2578, the Fiscal Year 2016 Commerce, Justice, and Science Appropriations Act, that would bar the use of appropriated funds by the Department of Justice to...more

Court Tosses HUD’s Disparate Impact Rule: Is Protection for Lenders from Disparate Impact Claims on the Horizon?

Since the 1970s, courts have routinely held that the Fair Housing Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ 3601 et seq., may remedy housing discrimination proven through use of the disparate impact theory. The doctrine of disparate impact permits a...more

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