Disparate Impact

News & Analysis as of

CFPB provides insight on treatment of big data

This will follow up on Barbara Mishkin’s January 14, 2016 blog “FTC warns use of big data may violate federal consumer protection laws.” At the American Bar Association’s Consumer Financial Services Committee meeting last...more

Court Certifies Title VII Discrimination Case Based On Discretionary Decision-Making

In Rollins v. Traylor Brothers, Case No. 14-CV-1414 (W.D. Wash. Jan. 21, 2016), Judge John Coughenour of the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Washington certified the claims of a class of workers alleging...more

FTC Throws Down the Gauntlet To Information Providers and Users

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) started the New Year by throwing down the gauntlet to organizations that sell, buy or otherwise provide or use “Big Data” analytics, particularly including employers, creditors, landlords,...more

House Republicans Level Another Blow at CFPB’s Auto-Lending Policies

Scrutiny of the CFPB’s auto-lending supervision and enforcement practices was renewed last week when Republicans on the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Financial Services issued another scathing report criticizing...more

The Door Is Open To Disparaging Trademarks

Federal Circuit Rules § 2(A) of tThe Lanham Act Unconstitutional - Refusal to Register Disparaging Marks Held Unconstitutional - On December 22, 2015, the Federal Circuit in In re Simon Shiao Tam ruled that Section...more

Fourth Circuit Court Of Appeals Holds That Gender Normed Physical Fitness Tests Do Not Run Afoul Of Title VII

As we are all aware, Title VII of the Civil Rights act of 1964 prohibits, among other things, discrimination in employment on the basis of sex. This prohibition extends not only to intentionally discriminatory conduct, but...more

How the Current Regulatory and Legal Landscapes Can Lead to Fair Lending Violations

The CFPB's website states, "Other regulators focus on the safety and soundness of the financial institutions first. The CFPB is the first to focus primarily on the American consumer." The CFPB's actions, however, may have the...more

What #OscarsSoWhite teaches us about disparate impact

I have to admit that I’m just not a big fan of awards shows, and that includes the Academy Awards. Don’t get me wrong, I love movies. But I find awards shows dull and way, way too long. If something extremely funny happens,...more

Employment Law - January 2016

Does The ADEA Permit Disparate Impact Suits by Applicants? Eleventh Circuit Says Yes - Why it matters - The Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals created a circuit split with a decision that the Age Discrimination in...more

Interest Groups Support NCAA’s Anti-Felon Policy on Appeal

Recently, three interest groups filed an amicus brief to support the National Collegiate Athletic Association’s (“NCAA”) policy that bars anyone who has been convicted of a felony from coaching in NCAA-certified high school...more

Are Outsourcing Arrangements a New Vehicle for Alleging Employment Discrimination?

Recent events have resulted in greater scrutiny of arrangements involving the outsourcing of certain business functions by U.S. employers, particularly where such arrangements involve foreign workers on visas in the United...more

FTC Releases Report on “Big Data” Offering Practical and Legal Considerations for Businesses

On January 6, 2016, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) released a report on the growing use of “big data” which discusses potential benefits and risks to big data use and offers practical and legal considerations for...more

Job Applicants May Bring Disparate Impact Age Discrimination Claims

Plaintiffs can sue for employment discrimination under federal civil rights laws using two theories. Disparate treatment claims allege that the plaintiff was treated differently based on his or her protected status. Disparate...more

Male Minister Who Won’t Wear Makeup Sues For Religious Bias

Boy, the Detroit area seems to be in the front lines for the gender-identity wars. As I’ve previously reported here, here, here, and here, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission has a high-profile...more

Employment Law 101: Race Discrimination

Who, What, Why . . . Who does it apply to: The law applies to all employers regardless of size. What is the issue: The Civil Rights Act of 1866 was passed to prohibit racial discrimination in contracts of...more

House Report Examines the CFPB’s Methodology in Auto Finance Investigations

On November 24, Republicans on the House Committee on Financial Services issued a report regarding the CFPB’s approach for determining discrimination in the auto lending industry. The report questions the CFPB’s proxy...more

Court Finds Promotional Tests Violate Title VII

In Bruce Smith, et al. v. City of Boston, Case No. 12-CV-10291 (D. Mass. Nov. 16, 2015), Judge Young of the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts held that the City of Boston Police Department’s (the...more

First Circuit Withdraws Earlier Opinion in Location-Based Discrimination Case; Issues Less Expansive Amended Opinion

In August, we wrote about the First Circuit Court of Appeals’ decision in Abril-Rivera v. Johnson, which affirmed a lower court ruling dismissing location-based discrimination and retaliation claims against FEMA. Last week,...more

Court Issues Mixed Bag Discovery Decision In EEOC Nationwide Race Discrimination Case

In EEOC v. DolGenCorp, LLC d/b/a Dollar General, No. 13-CV-4307 (N.D. Ill.), a case we blogged about previously here, Judge Andrea Wood of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois recently decided several...more

Inclusive Communities And Disparate Impact Under The Fair Housing Act

In its recent Inclusive Communities decision the Supreme Court held (5-4) that disparate impact claims are cognizable under the Fair Housing Act. The authors discuss disparate impact prior to the case, HUD’s disparate impact...more

Firefighter’s Twelve Year Court Battle Over Racial Discrimination Ends in Reversal of His Million Dollar Judgment

In Jabari Jumaane v. City of Los Angeles (Ct. of Appeal B255763), published November 10, 2015, the Court of Appeal for the Second Appellate District ended 12 years of see-saw litigation, ruling that the racial discrimination...more

Update: HHS Proposed Regulations on Section 1557 of the ACA

On September 8, 2015, HHS published its proposed regulations implementing Section 1557 of the Affordable Care Act. In a previous article on Section 1557, entitled “The Future of Healthcare Discrimination Litigation,” we...more

Obama embraces ‘ban the box’ movement

In November, President Obama announced that he was directing federal agencies that they could not inquire about criminal convictions on federal job applications. According to the president, the federal government “should not...more

Consent Decree Sheds Light on the EEOC’s Interpretation of its Background Check Guidance

On September 8, 2015, BMW Manufacturing Co., LLC and the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) entered into a consent decree ending the EEOC’s disparate impact lawsuit over BMW’s use of criminal background...more

Big Data, Big Problems: The Liability Pitfall Lurking Beneath the Shiny Surface of “People Analytics”

The use of big data in employment decisions—a practice often referred to as “people analytics”—has exploded in recent years. Lately, however, the concept is gaining more and more attention not only for its appeal of faster...more

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