Foreclosure Mortgages

Foreclosure is a legal process whereby a lender seeks to force the sale of a mortgaged property in order to recover the balance of a delinquent loan. Recently, the foreclosure process has been the subject of... more +
Foreclosure is a legal process whereby a lender seeks to force the sale of a mortgaged property in order to recover the balance of a delinquent loan. Recently, the foreclosure process has been the subject of greater legislative and judicial scrutiny after systemic abuses were uncovered during the widespread foreclosure crisis resulting from the Great Recession. less -
News & Analysis as of

St. Louis County Ordinance Requiring Pre-Foreclosure Mediation Unconstitutional, Missouri Supreme Court Holds

The Missouri Supreme Court recently ruled that a St. Louis County ordinance requiring lenders to mediate with borrowers prior to foreclosure was void ab initio because it was not directed to a matter of purely municipal...more

Act 6/91 Update

The Pennsylvania Superior Court issued an opinion that sets forth a new interpretation of Act 6. It may adversely impact some pending consumer foreclosure actions, and it changes the notice requirements on subsequent...more

New Jersey Bankruptcy Court Holds That Mortgage Was No Longer Enforceable and Borrower Was Entitled to a “Free House”

Action Item: In light of this decision, lenders should ensure that foreclosures in New Jersey are filed within six years of the date of default. Failure to file a foreclosure within six years may cause the action to be barred...more

Cure and Reinstatement of Home Mortgages in Chapter 13: Florida's Bright-Line Rule is Not So Bright

Section 1322(c)(1) of the Bankruptcy Code allows debtors to cure defaults and reinstate a mortgage on their principal residence "until such residence is sold at a foreclosure sale that is conducted in accordance with...more

Ohio Appeals Court Rules Documents Flawed, Reverses Previous Foreclosure Judgment

On October 22, the Ninth District Court of Appeals reversed a summary judgment decision allowing a trust unit of a bank to foreclose on a home. In this case, the loan servicers were unable to prove who held the promissory...more

New York Appeals Court Clarifies Law on Out-Of-State Affidavits

Recently, the New York Appellate Division held an affidavit supporting an Oklahoma bank’s motion to foreclose a New York mortgage conformed to New York statutory requirements. An affidavit acknowledged out of state must be...more

Stay Relief: What Happens to “Unreasonable” Fees?

Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. v. 804 Congress, L.L.C. (In re 804 Congress, L.L.C.), 756 F.3d 358 (5th Cir. 2014) – After an oversecured creditor obtained relief from the automatic stay and foreclosed on some property, the...more

An Embarrassment of Riches: North Carolina Law Review Features Two Articles on Section 75-1.1

The Chief Justice of the United States recently criticized modern law reviews with these memorable words: “Pick up a copy of any law review that you see. The first article is likely to be, you know, the influence of Immanuel...more

Views from the Footprint - Banking, Collateral, Default and Foreclosure Question

In this issue of Community Banking Excellence, we pose a question to Spilman’s banking law professionals throughout the firm’s geographical footprint, focusing on Virginia, Pennsylvania, North Carolina and West Virginia. The...more

Developer May Not Extinguish Contractor’s Liens by Foreclosing on Its Own Mortgage, Florida Court Holds

A Florida appellate court recently rejected a real estate developer’s creative effort to shed its property of contractor’s liens. The court applied the venerable principal of mortgage law that a borrower may not extinguish...more

New York Fed Introduces Community Credit Information Tool

On September 29, the New York Fed released a new informational tool about home prices, distressed sales, delinquencies and foreclosures at the national, state and county levels....more

Foreclosing on FHA-Insured Mortgage in Violation of HUD Regulations Could Constitute Breach of Contract

Eleventh Circuit Rules that Failure to Comply with HUD Regulations in Foreclosing on FHA-Insured Mortgage – Including the Requirement of Having a Face-to-Face Meeting With the Debtor – Can Constitute a Breach of...more

Nevada Supreme Court Holds Foreclosure Of A Homeowners Association’s Assessment Lien Extinguishes A First Mortgage

On September 18, the Nevada Supreme Court decided that a homeowners association may foreclose its assessment lien non-judicially and that the foreclosure extinguishes a first mortgage. SFR Investments Pool v. US Bank (130...more

Does Your Notice of Default and Right to Cure Letter Comply with Maine Law?

The Maine Law Court’s recent decision Bank of America, N.A. v. Greenleaf, 96 A.3d 700 (Me. 2014) has drawn significant attention to the issue of a mortgagee’s standing to foreclose a mortgage it holds by assignment from...more

Florida: Note and Mortgage Still Enforceable After Dismissal of Foreclosure Action

Unsuccessful mortgage foreclosure actions have resulted in a new wave of "quiet title" lawsuits brought by borrowers attempting to have their notes and mortgages deemed void and unenforceable. However, the federal district...more

D.C. Court of Appeals, Nevada Supreme Court Extinguish Lender's Mortgage Lien Following Association Lien Foreclosures

A recent decision by the District of Columbia Court of Appeals brings into renewed focus the tension between condominium/homeowner associations and lenders when it comes to payment of delinquent association assessment...more

Appellate Court Notes

?AC35507 - State v. Wright - ?AC35289, AC36395 - Southport Congregational Church-United Church of Christ v. Hadley - The doctrine of equitable conversion did not apply when the decedent contracted to sell real...more

“Totality of the Circumstances” Standard Used to Sanction Mortgagee for Lack of “Good Faith” Negotiation in Foreclosure Matter

New York’s Appellate Division, Second Department, recently ruled that a mortgagee’s conduct in evaluating a borrower’s loan modification application should be judged using the “totality of the circumstances” standard to...more

Real Property, Financial Services & Title Insurance Update: September 2014 #1

REAL PROPERTY UPDATE - - Foreclosure/Standing: to establish a prima facie case for mortgage foreclosure, successor mortgagor must introduce evidence it was in possession of original note with blank endorsement at time...more

California Retroactively Extends Mortgage Debt Forgiveness Tax Relief, But Only For 2013

At the end of July, the California state legislature enacted an extension of its modified conformity to federal mortgage debt forgiveness tax relief for 1 year, through 2013. The law allows exclusion of income realized as a...more

Mortgage Holder’s Petition to Set Aside Judicial Tax Sale Rejected

A panel of the Commonwealth Court held that the trial court properly denied a mortgage holder’s petition to set aside the judicial tax sale of a property in Lackawanna County due to alleged improper service of notice and...more

Arizona Supreme Court to Contractor: Sorry But Equitable Subrogation of a Bank’s Later Deed of Trust Trumps Earlier Mechanics’...

The smoke has finally cleared in a hard and long-fought battle between a bank and contractor both claiming priority to foreclose millions of dollars on a Phoenix condominium project. The project, well-known as Summit at...more

Even a Tax Authority May Sometimes Have to Pay

In Clinton County Treasurer v. Wolinsky, 511 B.R. 34 (N.D.N.Y. 2014), a Chapter 7 trustee sought to avoid a property tax foreclosure as a fraudulent transfer and then to recover damages from the foreclosing county. The...more

Maine Supreme Court Addresses MERS Assignments and Payoff Amounts During Cure Periods

The Maine Supreme Court has been active in the last few months – issuing several decisions that will likely impact foreclosure actions in that state. The decisions covered a full range of foreclosure issues, from whether a...more

Illinois Case Law and Legislation Update

Effective January 1, 2015, Section 18.4 of the ICPA was amended to permit a condominium Board of Directors to adopt and amend its rules and regulations to allow for electronic delivery of notices and other communications...more

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