Judge Rakoff

News & Analysis as of

U.S. District Court Limits the Extraterritorial Application of U.S. Bankruptcy Law but Important Considerations for Foreign...

On July 6, 2014, Judge Jed S. Rakoff, United States District Judge for the Southern District of New York, declined to extend the reaches of section 550(a) of the Bankruptcy Code abroad to permit the recovery of funds that...more

Individual Liability: What’s Behind The Headlines?

It’s been open season on financial institutions since the 2008-2009 financial crisis (“Financial Crisis”). State and federal prosecutors and regulators are competing with each other for press coverage of their latest consent...more

Madoff Bankruptcy Decision Offers Protection for Foreign Investors

In re Madoff Securities Extends Morrison Framework to Prevent Avoidance of Purely Foreign Transfers under SIPA and the Bankruptcy Code - Applying the U.S. Supreme Court’s landmark decision in Morrison v. National...more

Second Circuit Overturns District Court’s Rejection of SEC-Citigroup Fraud Settlement

In a closely-watched decision involving judicial review of agency settlements, the Unites States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit vacated United States District Court Judge Jed Rakoff’s 2011 order rejecting a proposed...more

The Second Circuit And The Separation Of Powers: Limiting Judicial Scrutiny Of SEC Settlements

On June 4, 2014, a three-judge panel of the Second Circuit Court of Appeals vacated a widely publicized 2011 decision by U.S. District Judge Jed Rakoff, which rejected a settlement between the U.S. Securities and Exchange...more

Second Circuit Overturns Lower Court's Refusal to Approve SEC Settlement With Citigroup

In an eagerly anticipated decision, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit vacated the 2011 decision of Judge Jed S. Rakoff of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, rejecting a proposed...more

Second Circuit Vacates Judge Rakoff’s Rejection of SEC Settlement: Consent Decree “Fair and Reasonable” Even Without Admission of...

D&O insurers should be mindful of a recent development in the Second Circuit that could have implications for D&O insurers. The developments stem from a key decision in the Southern District of New York in 2011. On November...more

Ruling Explains and Extends Application of Good Faith Defense to Fraudulent Transfer Actions in SIPA Context

In an April 27, 2014 decision in the Madoff cases, Judge Jed S. Rakoff ruled that the standard of good faith should be considered differently in a Securities Investor Protection Act (SIPA) liquidation. To defeat a good faith...more

Five Questions and Answers About the Second Circuit’s SEC v. Citigroup Decision

Last week we posted a summary of the Second Circuit’s decision in SEC v. Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. This week, as a follow-up, we pose the following five “yes or no” questions and provide responses as a way to further...more

Second Circuit upholds broad SEC settlement powers - for potential defendants, 3 key points

The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit has found that Judge Jed S. Rakoff of the District Court for the Southern District of New York abused his discretion in refusing to approve a settlement between the...more

The Second Circuit Confirms the SEC’s Ability to Settle Without Requiring Admissions of Wrongdoing

In November 2011, Judge Jed Rakoff of the Southern District of New York ignited a firestorm of commentary and concern among the securities bar by declining to approve a settlement between the SEC and Citigroup in which the...more

Deference and Compromise Reigns over Establishment of Truth: Second Circuit Validates SEC Use of "Neither Admit Nor Deny"...

On June 4, 2014, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals vacated U.S. District Judge Jed Rakoff’s influential and controversial decision to reject a consent injunction between the SEC and Citigroup Global Markets Inc. (Citigroup)...more

Second Circuit Vacates Judge Rakoff’s Ruling Rejecting SEC-Citigroup Settlement

On June 4, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit vacated a November 28, 2011, decision of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York in which the district court declined to approve a settlement...more

Second Circuit Vacates Judge Rakoff’s Order Refusing to Approve Citigroup “Neither Admit Nor Deny” Settlement

On June 6, 2014, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals vacated Judge Rakoff’s order refusing to approve a settlement between the SEC and Citigroup in which Citigroup neither admitted nor denied the agency’s allegations. See SEC...more

The Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) Prevails in the Second Circuit in Defending Its No-Admission Settlement Policy

The long legal battle over the SEC’s neither-admit-nor-deny settlement policy has finally come to an end. On June 4, 2014, the Second Circuit issued an opinion vacating the district court’s rejection of a proposed consent...more

Second Circuit Reverses SDNY In SEC-Citigroup Settlement Case

On June 4, 2014, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit vacated and remanded a November 28, 2011 order from the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York refusing to approve a...more

Second Circuit Says Wall Street Can Play “Truth or Settle”

On June 4, 2014, a three-judge Second Circuit panel reversed and remanded Judge Rakoff’s 2011 order that rejected an S.E.C. settlement with Citigroup. The proposed settlement resolved the S.E.C.’s securities fraud case...more

Second Circuit’s Citigroup Decision Protects SEC’s Discretion in Settling Enforcement Cases

Wednesday’s decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit in the Citigroup case is significant because it clarifies the standards for judicial review of consent decrees in SEC enforcement proceedings and...more

Second Circuit Says Pragmatism Trumps “Cold, Hard” Facts, Limits District Courts’ Powers in Reviewing SEC Settlements

Summer is coming, but this is probably not the vacation Southern District of New York Judge Jed Rakoff had in mind. On June 4, 2014, the Second Circuit vacated Judge Rakoff’s order refusing to approve the SEC’s $285 million...more

This Week In Securities Litigation (Week ending June 6, 2014)

The SEC had mixed results in court this week. A Manhattan jury returned a verdict against the agency in a high profile and long-running insider trading case where the agency had previously obtained favorable rulings from the...more

SEC v. Citigroup: A New Standard for Reviewing Consent Decrees

In an appeal that had the securities industry holding its breath for two years, the Second Circuit, on June 4, 2014, vacated Southern District Judge Jed Rakoff's 2011 order rejecting a proposed settlement between the SEC and...more

Trials Are About Truth; Consent Decrees Are About Pragmatism

I recently wrote about Judge Rakoff’s refusal to enter the SEC’s proposed consent decree in SEC v. Citigroup Global Markets, Inc., 827 F. Supp. 2d 328 (SDNY 2011) – and the shift in SEC enforcement policy that it prompted. ...more

Judge Rakoff Reversed by Second Circuit on SEC-Citi case, Still Sort of Wins

You’d be forgiven if you’d forgotten at this point, but way back in Obama’s first term, the SEC once investigated and sued Citigroup for its involvement in a collateralized debt obligation deal. As the SEC said in its...more

Judge Rakoff Overturned: SEC-Citigroup Settlement Sent Back for Reconsideration

In a long-awaited decision, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit today overturned Judge Rakoff's highly controversial decision which refused to approve a $285-million settlement between the United States...more

Second Circuit Says District Court Erred In Blocking SEC/Citigroup Settlement

The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit yesterday vacated a closely-watched 2011 decision by U.S. District Court Judge Jed Rakoff rejecting a $285 million fraud settlement between Citigroup Inc. and the U.S....more

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