Judge Rakoff

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Judge Rakoff Rules that Bitcoin Is Money in New York Federal Court

On August 19, Judge Jed S. Rakoff of the US District Court for the Southern District of New York issued a ruling in the case of Robert Faiella, holding that bitcoins are “money,” citing the plain meaning of the term in The...more

Corporate and Financial Weekly Digest - Volume IX, Issue 33

In this issue: - ISS Launches New Equity Plan Data Verification Portal - ISDA Publishes Protocol for 2014 Credit Derivatives Definitions - FinCEN Issues Advisories for US Financial Institutions -...more

Judge Rakoff’s summary judgment order simplifies e-reader case against B&N

Judge Rakoff granted several of defendants’ summary judgment motions in Adrea’s suit alleging infringement of U.S. Patents Nos. 7,298,851 (“Electronic book security and copyright protection system”), 7,299,501 (Electronic...more

Judge Rakoff’s “Sour Grapes”: SEC v. Citigroup Settlement Approved

On August 5, 2014, U.S. District Judge Jed Rakoff reluctantly approved a$285 million settlement in the SEC’s enforcement action against Citigroup. In SEC v. Citigroup, the SEC alleged that after Citigroup realized in early...more

Judge Rakoff Approves SEC’s $285M Settlement With Citigroup

On remand following a Second Circuit decision vacating his June 2011 rejection of a settlement between Citigroup and the SEC, Judge Jed Rakoff of the Southern District of New York approved the settlement, finding that it met...more

SDNY Judge Approves RMBS Consent Judgment But Questions Second Circuit’s Standard For Reviewing Agency Consent Judgments

On August 5, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York Judge Jed Rakoff approved a consent judgment between the SEC and a financial institution to resolve allegations that the institution violated securities...more

Southern District of New York Holds in Madoff That the Bankruptcy Code Cannot Be Used to Recover Extraterritorial Transfers

Dealing a major blow to the trustee’s efforts to recover fraudulent transfers on behalf of the bankruptcy estate of the company run by Bernard Madoff, Judge Jed S. Rakoff of the United States District Court for the Southern...more

Judge Rakoff Decides Claim Construction

Judge Rakoff construed the following terms in U.S. Patent No. 6,585,516 (“Method and system for computerized visual behavior analysis, training, and planning”) and its associated ’516 Patent Reexamination Certificate. ...more

SEC Gives Itself the Home Court Advantage in an Accounting Fraud / Internal Controls Action Against a Corporate CEO

An otherwise mundane SEC announcement on July 30, 2014 of an enforcement action charging a public company CEO and CFO with accounting fraud and internal controls violations is significant because the SEC is proceeding against...more

Securities Enforcement 2014 Mid-Year Review

While not nearly as transformative and dramatic as the first half of 2013 and the early days of Chair Mary Jo White and Director of Enforcement Andrew Ceresney, the first six months of 2014 was just as busy and productive...more

Judge Rakoff Grants Permanent Injunction and Awards Attorneys’ Fees for Unreasonable Litigation Tactics and Redundant Post-Trial...

Following a six-day jury trial finding defendants’ infringement of U.S. Patent No. 7,874,487 (“Integrated illumination assembly for symbology reader”) to be willful, Judge Rakoff permitted plaintiffs to move for a permanent...more

U.S. District Court Limits the Extraterritorial Application of U.S. Bankruptcy Law but Important Considerations for Foreign...

On July 6, 2014, Judge Jed S. Rakoff, United States District Judge for the Southern District of New York, declined to extend the reaches of section 550(a) of the Bankruptcy Code abroad to permit the recovery of funds that...more

Individual Liability: What’s Behind The Headlines?

It’s been open season on financial institutions since the 2008-2009 financial crisis (“Financial Crisis”). State and federal prosecutors and regulators are competing with each other for press coverage of their latest consent...more

Madoff Bankruptcy Decision Offers Protection for Foreign Investors

In re Madoff Securities Extends Morrison Framework to Prevent Avoidance of Purely Foreign Transfers under SIPA and the Bankruptcy Code - Applying the U.S. Supreme Court’s landmark decision in Morrison v. National...more

Second Circuit Overturns District Court’s Rejection of SEC-Citigroup Fraud Settlement

In a closely-watched decision involving judicial review of agency settlements, the Unites States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit vacated United States District Court Judge Jed Rakoff’s 2011 order rejecting a proposed...more

The Second Circuit And The Separation Of Powers: Limiting Judicial Scrutiny Of SEC Settlements

On June 4, 2014, a three-judge panel of the Second Circuit Court of Appeals vacated a widely publicized 2011 decision by U.S. District Judge Jed Rakoff, which rejected a settlement between the U.S. Securities and Exchange...more

Second Circuit Overturns Lower Court's Refusal to Approve SEC Settlement With Citigroup

In an eagerly anticipated decision, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit vacated the 2011 decision of Judge Jed S. Rakoff of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, rejecting a proposed...more

Second Circuit Vacates Judge Rakoff’s Rejection of SEC Settlement: Consent Decree “Fair and Reasonable” Even Without Admission of...

D&O insurers should be mindful of a recent development in the Second Circuit that could have implications for D&O insurers. The developments stem from a key decision in the Southern District of New York in 2011. On November...more

Ruling Explains and Extends Application of Good Faith Defense to Fraudulent Transfer Actions in SIPA Context

In an April 27, 2014 decision in the Madoff cases, Judge Jed S. Rakoff ruled that the standard of good faith should be considered differently in a Securities Investor Protection Act (SIPA) liquidation. To defeat a good faith...more

Five Questions and Answers About the Second Circuit’s SEC v. Citigroup Decision

Last week we posted a summary of the Second Circuit’s decision in SEC v. Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. This week, as a follow-up, we pose the following five “yes or no” questions and provide responses as a way to further...more

Second Circuit upholds broad SEC settlement powers - for potential defendants, 3 key points

The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit has found that Judge Jed S. Rakoff of the District Court for the Southern District of New York abused his discretion in refusing to approve a settlement between the...more

The Second Circuit Confirms the SEC’s Ability to Settle Without Requiring Admissions of Wrongdoing

In November 2011, Judge Jed Rakoff of the Southern District of New York ignited a firestorm of commentary and concern among the securities bar by declining to approve a settlement between the SEC and Citigroup in which the...more

Deference and Compromise Reigns over Establishment of Truth: Second Circuit Validates SEC Use of "Neither Admit Nor Deny"...

On June 4, 2014, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals vacated U.S. District Judge Jed Rakoff’s influential and controversial decision to reject a consent injunction between the SEC and Citigroup Global Markets Inc. (Citigroup)...more

Second Circuit Vacates Judge Rakoff’s Ruling Rejecting SEC-Citigroup Settlement

On June 4, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit vacated a November 28, 2011, decision of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York in which the district court declined to approve a settlement...more

Second Circuit Vacates Judge Rakoff’s Order Refusing to Approve Citigroup “Neither Admit Nor Deny” Settlement

On June 6, 2014, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals vacated Judge Rakoff’s order refusing to approve a settlement between the SEC and Citigroup in which Citigroup neither admitted nor denied the agency’s allegations. See SEC...more

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