Minority Shareholders

News & Analysis as of

Business-Judgment Rule Applied in New York to Going-Private Transaction with Procedural Protections

The New York Appellate Division, First Department, ruled Thursday that the business-judgment rule – not the entire-fairness standard of review – can apply to a going-private transaction with the majority shareholder where the...more

Blog: Another Twist On Restrictive Bylaw Provisions: Minimum Support Thresholds

In this article, Reuters discusses yet another creative permutation on restrictive bylaw provisions — requiring that plaintiffs in certain shareholder litigation provide consents to the litigation from shareholders holding...more

In re KKR Financial Holdings LLC S'holder Litig., Consol. C.A. No. 9210-CB (Del. Ch. Oct. 14, 2014) (Bouchard, C.)

In this opinion, the Court of Chancery dismissed a purported class action by stockholders of KKR Financial Holdings LLC (“KFN”) challenging its acquisition by KKR & Co. L.P. (“KKR”) in a stock-for-stock merger, rejecting...more

Focus on Private Equity - October 2014

Proposed EU Merger Review of Non-Controlling Minority Shareholding Acquisitions: Challenges and Opportunities for Private Equity - At present, the EU Merger Regulation [Council Regulation (EC) No 139/2004] (the Merger...more

In re Cornerstone Therapeutics Inc. S'holder Litig., Consol. C.A. No. 8922-VCG (Del. Ch. Sept. 10, 2014) (Glasscock, V.C.)

In this opinion on a motion to dismiss, the Court of Chancery held that, in a controller transaction governed by entire fairness review, a plaintiff need not specifically plead non-exculpated breaches of duty as to...more

Minority Shareholder Oppression In Family Businesses In Pennsylvania

Decades ago, Pennsylvania courts, as well as other state courts, were reluctant to interfere with business judgments of majority shareholders managing a corporation, even where the expectations of a minority shareholder had...more

Minority Shareholder Rights In Pennsylvania And Florida: A Tale Of Two Very Different Approaches

This article analyzes the development of the law relating to treatment of minority shareholders in Pennsylvania and Florida. The article discusses what type of conduct is actionable, what remedies are available as well as...more

The Texas Supreme Court Decision in Ritchie v. Rupe

On June 20, 2014, the Texas Supreme Court issued its opinion in Ritchie v. Rupe, 2014 Tex. LEXIS 500 (Tex. 2014). In Ritchie, a minority shareholder in a closely held corporation attempted to force the majority shareholders...more

Texas Supreme Court's Recent Shareholder Oppression Opinions Reaffirm Primacy of Common Law Fiduciary Duties Under Gearhart

In three recent cases, the Texas Supreme Court has made it clear that for claims of "minority shareholder oppression" — essentially, acts of a majority shareholder group that are harmful to a minority shareholder without...more

Commission Publishes White Paper on Minority Shareholdings

Under the current Council Regulation (EC) No 139/2004 (the Merger Regulation), the Commission is only able to review transactions that lead to a change of control. The Commission also has the power to review existing minority...more

Ritchie v. Rupe

The Texas Supreme Court, on June 20, 2014, issued its highly anticipated opinion in Ritchie v. Rupe, 2014 Tex. LEXIS 500 (Tex. 2014). Ritchie involved a claim by a minority shareholder in a closely held corporation under the...more

Texas Supreme Court Rejects a General Cause of Action for Minority Shareholder Oppression

The Supreme Court of the State of Texas recently issued a significant opinion relating to the remedies available to minority shareholders of Texas corporations. In Ritchie v. Rupe, No. 11-0447 (Tex. June 20, 2014), available...more

"European Commission Issues Merger Reform White Paper Regarding Minority Shareholdings and Member State Referrals"

On July 9, 2014, the European Commission published its proposal (White Paper) outlining the approach it intends to adopt with respect to the application of the EU Merger Regulation (EUMR) to the acquisition of minority...more

Texas Supreme Court Denies Minority Shareholder’s Oppression Claims

On June 20, the Texas Supreme Court ruled that courts are not authorized to order closely held corporations to buy out a minority shareholder’s interests under state law, and that no common-law cause of action exists for...more

Business Litigation Alert: Texas Supreme Court Update - New Ruling Restrains Minority Shareholder Oppression Claims

The Texas Supreme Court recently issued its decision in Ritchie v. Rupe, a case that essentially eliminates the continuing viability of claims for minority shareholder oppression in Texas. The case involved a dispute over a...more

Delaware Court of Chancery Applies Entire Fairness Standard to Going-Private Transaction with a Controlling Stockholder Negotiated...

In In re Orchard Enterprises, Inc. Stockholder Litigation, the Delaware Court of Chancery held that the entire fairness standard of review applied to a going-private transaction with a controlling stockholder, even though the...more

Texas Supreme Court weekly orders (6/14)

In its order list for June 20, 2014, the Texas Supreme Court issued opinions in eight cases and granted review in one case. In this post, I will summarize the opinions in four cases, and also describe the case in which the...more

Corporate and Financial Weekly Digest - Volume IX, Issue 25

In this issue: - Delaware Court of Chancery Rules That a Major Debt Holder and 48 Percent Stockholder Is a Controlling Stockholder and Owes Fiduciary Duties to Minority Stockholders - Delaware Court of Chancery...more

The M&A Word of the Day® from the Book of Jargon® – Global Mergers & Acquisitions Is Squeeze Out [Video]

Latham & Watkins partner Olivier du Mottay explains the M&A term Squeeze Out, the right of the bidder in a public to private/takeover to require minority shareholders to sell their shares to the bidder once it has reached a...more

New UK Financial Conduct Authority Delisting Requirements

Changes to FCA Listing Rules increase requirements for delisting a premium listed company with a controlling shareholder. On 1 May 2014, the UK’s Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) announced changes to Listing Rule 5,...more

Poison Pills with Lower Ownership Thresholds for Activist Investors Come Under Attack

On March 25, 2014, Daniel Loeb’s Third Point LLC filed suit against Sotheby’s and its directors in Delaware’s Court of Chancery to invalidate Sotheby’s poison pill. The board of Sotheby’s adopted the poison pill this past...more

M&A Update: Ohio Federal Judge Blocks Controlling Stockholder’s Tender Offer Based On Target Board’s Conflicts and Stockholder...

In a March 14, 2014 decision that has received little commentary, an Ohio federal court in Spachman v. Great American Insurance Co. took the extraordinary step of enjoining a tender offer by Great American Insurance, a...more

Delaware Supreme Court Tells Controlling Shareholders “If You Look Out For Your Minority, We’ll Look Out For You”

On March 14, 2014, the Delaware Supreme Court unanimously affirmed an important Delaware Court of Chancery decision issued in 2013 that offered a roadmap to companies and their directors on how to obtain the protections of...more

Delaware Supreme Court Affirms Criteria for Applying the Business Judgment Rule to Controlling Stockholder Going-Private...

In Kahn, et al. v. M & F Worldwide Corp., et al., 2014 WL 996270 (Del. Mar. 14, 2014), the Delaware Supreme Court unanimously affirmed that, when certain procedural safeguards are implemented at the outset of negotiations, a...more

Frank v. Elgamal, C.A. No. 6120-VCN (Del. Ch. Mar. 10, 2014) (Noble, V.C.)

In this memorandum opinion, the Court of Chancery granted in part and denied in part defendants’ motion for summary judgment as to certain claims asserted by a stockholder plaintiff in connection with a merger involving a...more

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