Rule-of-Reason Analysis

News & Analysis as of

Federal Trade Commission Issues First-Ever Guidance on “Unfair Methods of Competition”

Section 5 of the 1914 Federal Trade Commission Act declares that “unfair methods of competition in or affecting commerce” are unlawful. The Act also empowers the Commission to prevent persons, partnerships, and corporations...more

Key Take-Aways From the FTC’s New Section 5 Statement

The Federal Trade Commission’s New Section 5 Statement Preserves the Agency’s “Doctrinal Flexibility” but Fails to Provide Meaningful Concrete Guidance - On August 13, 2015, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) released...more

"After Long Debate, FTC Issues Only General Principles Regarding Section 5"

On August 13, 2015, the U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) issued formal guidance on Section 5 enforcement consisting of a general statement of principles1 to guide application of its authority to challenge “unfair methods...more

FTC Releases Section 5 Guidelines

On Thursday, August 13, 2015, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) released a Statement of Enforcement Principles Regarding “Unfair Methods of Competition” Under Section 5 of the FTC Act. The statement was passed by a 4–1 vote,...more

FTC Puts "Standalone" Section 5 Enforcement Approach on the Record

For the first time in its 101-year history, the Federal Trade Commission recently issued a policy statement outlining the extent of its authority to police "unfair methods of competition" on a "standalone" basis under Section...more

Sowing Uncertainty: Navigating Patent Disputes and Antitrust Scrutiny Post King Drug

On June 26, 2015, the Third Circuit issued an opinion in King Drug Co. of Florence, Inc. v. Smithkline Beecham Corp., (Case No. 14-1243). King Drug. The opinion, which already has been extensively commented on and...more

Antitrust Attack on NFL's LA Moves Faces Long Odds

Greenberg Glusker partner Ricardo Cestero was quoted in a story that ran in Law360 on July 21st about the National Football League’s proposed plan to move the San Diego Chargers to Los Angeles. Fans of the Chargers urged the...more

First Federal Appellate Court Holds a NonCash Reverse Payment Subject to Antitrust Scrutiny: Is the Third Circuit's Decision in...

Recently, the Third Circuit issued the first federal appellate decision interpreting the Supreme Court's landmark decision in FTC v. Actavis, Inc.[1], potentially greatly expanding the scope of settling parties in reverse...more

Second Circuit Continues the Ebook Saga by Affirming Apple’s Role in an Unlawful Price Fixing Conspiracy

On June 30, 2015, the same day as the launch of Apple’s new streaming music service, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals coincidentally affirmed a district court ruling that Apple conspired with five of the country’s largest...more

King Drug Co. of Florence, Inc. v. SmithKline Beecham Corp. (3rd Cir. 2015)

Ever since the Supreme Court's decision in FTC v. Actavis in 2013, courts (predominantly district courts) have grappled with the scope of the decision. It was evident that the presence of a large cash payment from the...more

U.S. Supreme Court Preserves 50-Year-Old Rule Barring Post-Patent Royalties

On Monday, June 22, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court issued a 6-3 decision in Kimble v. Marvel Entertainment, declining to reverse longstanding, yet controversial, precedent holding post-patent term royalties to be unlawful per...more

Procaps, Carlton Fields Getting Thoroughly Embarrassed in Antitrust Litigation vs. Patheon, Morgan Lewis

Anybody who litigates antitrust cases should pay attention to Procaps v. Patheon, currently pending in the Southern District of Florida. It’s a debacle. Procaps is getting crushed. Morgan Lewis is running circles around...more

Wholesale Grocery Products Case Raises Questions About How and When to Apply Per Se Rule and Rule of Reason

The Supreme Court recently denied review in In re: Wholesale Grocery Products Antitrust Litigation, an action that came up from the District of Minnesota and the Eighth Circuit. Substantively, the case is a useful reminder...more

Locke Lord QuickStudy: Filling in Some Actavis Gaps - California Supreme Court Adopts Structured Rule of Reason Test for Antitrust...

A sweeping new opinion from the California Supreme Court revives California Cartwright Act challenges to pay-for-delay pharmaceutical patent settlements. In re Cipro Cases I & II, (Case No. S198616, Slip Op. May 7, 2015). A...more

California Supreme Court Details Antitrust Analysis of "Reverse Payment" Patent Settlements

Last week, in In re Cipro Cases I & II, Case No. S198616, the Supreme Court of California adopted the United States Supreme Court's application of the Rule of Reason to the antitrust analysis of so-called "reverse payment"...more

American Quarter Horse Association Rule Against Registration of Cloned Horses Found Not To Violate Sherman Act

A Matsushita “Quick Look” Analysis Demonstrates that While Plausible, No Evidence Supports An Actionable Conspiracy or Monopoly. Abraham & Veneklasen Joint Venture et al. v. Am. Quarter Horse Ass’n, 776 F.3d 321 (5th Cir....more

Sixth Circuit Rejects Rule 23(F) Petition: Comcast Not Necessarily Triggered By Antitrust Class’s Use Of A Single Damages Model...

In an antitrust class action lawsuit, multiple theories of liability often create separable anticompetitive effects that, when combined, can result in aggregated damages, but a plaintiff’s model must measure damages...more

Business Court Says "Rule Of Reason" Analysis Appropriate To Antitrust Claim By Chiropractors Against Their Independent Practice...

I can think of only three reasons why you might want to know about the Business Court's decision in Sykes v. Health Network Solutions, 2013 NCBC 53: - You are a chiropractor or you live with one. - You are...more

Discussions Among Physician Groups - Avoiding Antitrust Issues

Driven by Federal Health Care Reform and a desire to remain independent of hospitals and health care systems, physician groups are actively exploring different collaborative and alignment options, including the formation of...more

Supreme Court, in FTC v. Actavis, rejects the “scope of the patent” test, holding that antitrust law’s “rule of reason” analysis...

Patent rights and antitrust law contain inherently antagonistic policies: While antitrust law is aimed at preventing monopolies and promoting competition, patent law explicitly rewards inventors with a time-limited right to...more

FTC v. Actavis Decision Offers Guidance to Drug Manufacturers

June 18, 2013 – The Supreme Court handed down a 5-3 decision yesterday in FTC v. Actavis, Inc., holding pay-for-delay agreements are subject to antitrust review, but are not presumptively unlawful. The decision was authored...more

FTC's Norman PHO Advisory Opinion - New Clinical Integration Guidance, Same Antitrust Analysis

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) provided its first guidance for clinically integrated networks since passage of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and the joint FTC/DOJ Accountable Care Organization (ACO) Antitrust Policy...more

FTC Staff Issues Favorable Clinical Integration Advisory Opinion That It Does Not Intend to Challenge Proposed Formation of...

On February 13, 2013, the FTC issued an advisory opinion letter that it did not plan to challenge the proposed creation of the Norman Physician Hospital Organization (“Norman PHO”)—which includes approximately 280...more

FTC Issues Another Favorable Clinical Integration Program Advisory Opinion

In a February 13, 2013, advisory opinion, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Bureau of Competition stated that it has no present intention to recommend that the FTC challenge a clinical integration program (CIP) proposed by...more

FTC Issues First Clinical Integration Advisory Opinion Post-ACA

FTC staff advisory opinions are not issued all that frequently and advisory opinions regarding clinical integration are issued even less frequently. The latest advisory opinion, issued last week, is therefore noteworthy, not...more

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