News & Analysis as of

Search & Seizure

When Can a School Search a Student’s Bag?

by Reminger Co., LPA on

Last week the Ohio Supreme Court unanimously ruled that a school’s intrusive search of an unattended bag did not violate a student’s 4th Amendment right to be free from illegal search and seizures because the examination of...more

Ontario Court Allows Workplace Random Drug and Alcohol Testing to Proceed

In April 2017, the Ontario Superior Court of Justice allowed the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) to proceed with implementing random drug and alcohol testing of safety-sensitive employees, pending the outcome of an ongoing...more

Computer Surveillance by Employers: Finding the Balance between Business Interests and Employee Privacy Rights

by Dickinson Wright on

As the use of computers and computer activity becomes more pervasive in the workplace, employers are facing new challenges. Generally speaking, greater network connectivity should be welcomed by employers. However, the use of...more

Court Upholds Murder-for-Hire Conviction, Rejects Fourth Amendment Challenges

The murder-for-hire statute makes it a crime to agree to commit murder in exchange for “anything of pecuniary value.” 18 U.S.C. § 1958. The Second Circuit has understood this language to require that, at the time of the...more

City and Police Officer Victorious in Malicious Prosecution and Seizure Case

by Best Best & Krieger LLP on

Best Best & Krieger LLP attorneys Christopher Pisano and Dana Vessey prevailed on a motion for summary judgment on behalf of the City of Colton and one of its police officers in a case that stemmed from a complicated story...more

The Circuit Raises A Glass To A Broad Construction Of Law Enforcement’s Authority Under The Fourth Amendment

Yesterday the Second Circuit issued a decision in United States v. Diaz, No. 15-3776 (Walker, Sack, Chin). In an opinion by Judge Sack, the Court addressed two questions under the Fourth Amendment: when does a police...more

Latest Legal Developments On Student Searches

by Tucker Arensberg, P.C. on

Highhouse v. Wayne Highlands School District, — F.Supp.3d — 2016 WL 4679012 (M.D. Pa. Sept. 7, 2016): claims relating to unlawful strip search of student accused of stealing money against individual employees and a school...more

Court Allows the TTC to Implement Random Drug and Alcohol Testing

by Dentons on

In a recent decision, the Honourable Justice Marrocco of the Ontario Superior Court of Justice denied the request of the Amalgamated Transit Union Local 113 and Robert Kinnear (the “Applicants”) to restrain the TTC from...more

Immigration Fact and Fiction for the U.S. Employer: More on CBP Searching Electronic Devices – What is Left of the Fourth...

As mentioned in a prior blog post, the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) can conduct searches of individuals departing the United States, a fact that many are not aware of. In fact, the rule that failure to declare...more

On the Border: Lawmakers Seek to End Warrantless Searches of Electronic Devices by Border Authorities

by Snell & Wilmer on

The controversial practice of U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agents randomly demanding that Americans turn over passwords to their mobile devices so they can be searched at the border and at ports of entry may be...more

FAQs for Entering the U.S.—Entry Inspection and Electronic Devices

All individuals entering the U.S. at international ports of entry are inspected by US Customs & Border Protection (CBP). This occurs at either the arrival airport in the U.S., Pre-Flight Inspection if flying from most...more

Beware of Potential Punitive Damages Associated with Section 1983 Actions

by SmithAmundsen LLC on

Under Title 42 § 1983 of the U.S. Code, liability is imposed upon individuals and entities that act “under color of law.” Based on the Fourth Amendment, people have the right to be secure against unreasonable searches and...more

Privacy Tip #80 – Continued Controversy Over Mobile Device Searches by CBP

Many people were shocked and outraged over the story I relayed about a U.S. citizen, in fact, a NASA scientist, who, after returning from racing solar cars abroad was required by Custom and Border Patrol (CBP) agents to hand...more

The Delphic Provision

by Hogan Lovells on

On 8 December 2014, the agreement between the three Departments of Mineral Resources (DMR), Environmental (DEA) and Water Affairs, also known as the “One Environmental System” became a reality. In principle, this was aimed at...more

Immigration Fact or Fiction for the U.S. Employer: CBP Searching Electronic Devices – A New Thing?

There has been heightened interest and concern regarding the potential for U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) to search laptops and smart phones at the port of entry, due to the mention of such searches in one of...more

Crossing the Border with Electronics - Helpful Tips and Pitfalls to Avoid

by Dickinson Wright on

International travelers have been reporting that cell phones, computers, and other communication devices are being seized by Officers of the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (“USCBP”) branch of the U.S. Department of...more

Tech Rally – Industry Giants Back Google's Play to Protect Data

by Bracewell LLP on

On March 10, 2017, Google Inc. filed its objection to a Pennsylvania magistrate judge's order to comply with search warrants and turn over personal user data partially stored on foreign servers abroad. A number of technology...more

Illinois Appellate Court Limits Warrantless Searches of Liquor Licensees

by Holland & Knight LLP on

The Illinois Appellate Court has found unconstitutional a provision of the Illinois Liquor Control Act (Liquor Act) that authorizes unlimited inspection of liquor retailers' premises by local officials. The court ruled that...more

Is There an Opening to Withdraw or Modify Electronic Logging Device Rule?

by Holland & Knight LLP on

The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) published its final electronic logging device (ELD) rule on Dec. 16, 2015, which the FMCSA claims, "is intended to help create a safer work environment for drivers, and...more

Amendment to Criminal Procedure Rule 41 Impacts Data Privacy in U.S. and Abroad

On December 1, 2016, amended Rule 41 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure (FRCP) went into effect, thus expanding federal law enforcement’s power to search and seize electronic data. The new rule will allow law...more

Ninth Circuit Considers Limits to DEA Access to Oregon PDMP

by McDermott Will & Emery on

On November 7, 2016, the US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit heard arguments in Oregon Prescription Drug Monitoring Program v. United States DEA, No. 14-35402 (9th Cir. 2016). Here, the Drug Enforcement Administration...more

Be Reasonable: Qualified Immunity, After-Discovered Facts, and the Case of Hernandez v. Mesa

In some form or fashion, law students learn that the words “reasonable man” denote a person exercising those qualities of attention, knowledge, intelligence and judgment which society requires of its members for the...more

United States Supreme Court Upholds Constitutionality of Criminal Breath Test Refusal Statutes

by Rumberger Kirk & Caldwell on

The United States Supreme Court recently upheld the constitutionality of state statutes providing criminal penalties for the refusal to provide a breath test after an arrest for DUI, but held them unconstitutional when...more

General Court Confirms that the Commission May Rely on Lawfully Seized Recordings Even if Made Unlawfully by a Third Party

by McDermott Will & Emery on

On 8 September 2016 the General Court (“GC”) dismissed Heiploeg’s appeal against the European Commission’s (“Commission”) decision in Shrimps (AT.39633) and confirmed that the Commission may rely on recordings seized lawfully...more

D.H. v. Clayton County School District - A Federal Appeals Court Reaffirms New Jersey v. TLO

In the light of Riley v. California and United States v. Wurie, which imposed a warrant requirement for the search of cellular phones incident to lawful arrest, some legal commentators believed the courts were poised to...more

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Cybersecurity

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