Twombly/Iqbal Pleading Standard

News & Analysis as of

A New Normal? Challenges to Market Definition Find a Foothold at 12(b)(6) Stage

Recent federal court opinions dismissing cases under Rule 12(b)(6) may provide an early off-ramp for antitrust defendants where a roadblock has often existed. Courts are increasingly dismissing cases at the 12(b)(6) stage for...more

LSU Hospital Operator May Proceed with Antitrust Suit Against Competing Health System

The antitrust suit against Willis Knighton Medical Center will continue following the denial of its motion to dismiss. BRFHH Shreveport v. Willis Knighton Med. Ctr., case number 5:15-cv-02057 (W.D. La. Mar. 31, 2016). The...more

Implausibility Wins the Day: Ninth Circuit Affirms Dismissal of Deception Claims Against “Sugar” Lip Balm

The Ninth Circuit has upheld dismissal of a class action complaint on Twombly/Iqbal plausibility grounds, noting that the standard has its roots in “judicial experience and common sense.” In Ebner v. Fresh, Inc., — F.3d —-,...more

Judge Koh Nominated for Ninth Circuit

We here at the blog would like to congratulate Judge Lucy Koh for being nominated by President Obama to sit on the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. A press release from the White House stated that “Judge Lucy Haeran Koh has...more

Cajun TwIqbal Kiss-off

The Twombly and Iqbal requirement that complaints set forth facts making out a plausible case for liability got a nice workout in the recent case of Guidry v. Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc., 2016 WL 633673 (E.D. Louisiana Feb....more

Is "Plausibility" a Rorschach Test? The Fourth Circuit's Divided Opinion on Twombly's Motion to Dismiss Standard

A recent Fourth Circuit cases demonstrates the inherently subjective nature of the "plausibility" standard used to evaluate a motion to dismiss under Rule 12(b)(6). This standard, first articulated by the Supreme Court in...more

2015 IP Law Year In Review

Commil USA, LLC v. Cisco Systems, Inc., 135 S. Ct. 1920 (May 26, 2015) - ..Does a defendant’s belief that a patent is invalid serve as a defense to charges of inducing infringement? NO - ..Inducement requires...more

Northern District of California Moves Quickly in Response to Rules Change to Apply Full Weight of Twombly and Iqbal to Patent...

Last month, the U.S. District Court in the Northern District of California ruled that the Federal Circuit’s somewhat bare pleading standard for direct patent infringement is no longer sufficient following recent amendments to...more

Second Circuit Tells Public Figures Suing For Defamation: We Need Plausible Factual Allegations Of Actual Malice

In Biro v. Condé Nast, et al., the Second Circuit recently determined that, in a defamation action, limited-purpose public figures must plead in a “plausible way” that the defendants acted with actual malice, citing Federal...more

Locke Lord Article: Effect of Amendments to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure In Patent Infringement Cases

On December 1, 2015, new Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (F.R.C.P.), approved earlier this year by The U.S. Supreme Court, went into effect. These amendments, discussed below, will impact patent infringement actions not only...more

CLIENT ALERT: Federal Rules of Civil Procedure Amendments to Take Effect December 1, 2015

On December 1, 2015, amendments to Rules 1, 4, 16, 26, 30, 31, 33, 34, 37, 55 and 84 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure will become effective. These amendments were originally approved by the Judicial Conference in...more

Pleading Patent Infringement Without Form 18

On December 1, 2015, changes recommended by the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and adopted by the Supreme Court will take effect. Among these changes is elimination of the...more

Supreme Court Adopts Amendments to Federal Rules That May Deter Patent Infringement Lawsuits, Especially Those Filed by...

In April 2015, the United States Supreme Court adopted Congress’s amendments to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, in part abolishing Rule 84 and along with it Form 18, which allows plaintiffs to file bare-bones patent...more

Comcast and its Discontents

Shortly after the Supreme Court’s decisions in Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. v. Dukes, 131 S. Ct. 2541 (2011) and AT&T Mobility LLC v. Concepcion, 563 U.S. 321 (2011), I appeared before a federal district judge on a motion to dismiss...more

The ERISA Litigation Newsletter - October 2015

Editor's Overview - This month, we review the Second Circuit's ruling in New York State Psychiatric Ass'n, Inc. v. UnitedHealth Grp. wherein the Second Circuit ruled that: (i) a provider association has associational...more

Evolving Private Remedies for Competition Infringements in Europe: Class Actions in the U.K.

Winds of change are blowing through Europe’s national courts, beginning with a new antitrust damages Directive requiring changes in national laws to facilitate private enforcement of competition law. This step was a major...more

Practical Rhetoric – Pleading & Plausibility

There’s lots of recent scholarship complaining about how pleading standards have gotten too stringent. Professor Anne Ralph of Ohio State University Law School believes she’s found a solution. In her article in the Yale...more

Patience Please: Rhode Island Supreme Court Reminds Litigants It Has Not Yet Adopted Iqbal And Twombly

In 2007, the United States Supreme Court in Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007), significantly modified the standard of review applied to motions to dismiss in federal courts. A few years later, in 2009,...more

Divided Fourth Circuit Panel Slices Up Twombly in Table Saw Boycott Suit

Last week, a divided three-judge panel of the Fourth Circuit issued a significant decision in a boycott conspiracy case, SD3, LLC v. Black & Decker, No. 14-1746 (4th Cir. Sept. 15, 2015). The suit, at its heart, turns on the...more

Michigan Federal Court Dismisses TCPA Complaint and Rejects Plaintiff’s Conclusory ATDS Allegations

The U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan recently dismissed a TCPA complaint upon finding the plaintiff’s factual allegations insufficient to satisfy the pleading standards imposed by both Rule 8(a) and...more

Second Circuit Refines Title VII Pleading Standard

The Second Circuit Court of Appeals recently remanded a former employee’s racial discrimination lawsuit brought under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. In Littlejohn v. City of New York, No. 14-1395 (August 3, 2015),...more

Ninth Circuit Shreds Guitar Price-Fixing Action

In a humbucker of a decision issued August 25, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the dismissal of a price-fixing case brought against five guitar and amplifier makers, their industry trade association, and retailer...more

Direct Infringement Motion to Dismiss Under Form 18 Granted - Addiction and Detoxification Institute LLC v. Carpenter et al.

Addressing pleading requirements for direct and indirect infringement, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit affirmed a district court’s determination that although pre-filing notice is not required to bring suit...more

Second Circuit Clarifies Pleading Standard for Title VII Claims

A Second Circuit panel recently revived a former employee’s racial discrimination suit against New York City, reversing in part the Southern District of New York’s dismissal of her case. In Littlejohn v. City of New York,...more

Elimination of Rule 84 and Form 18 Could Increase Pleading Standards in Patent Cases

In an order issued in late April of this year, the U.S. Supreme Court, without comment, adopted changes to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure that were approved in September by the Judicial Conference of the United States....more

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