Conflict of Laws Transportation Labor & Employment

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Same-Day Delivery Companies: 2; MA Independent Contractor Statute: 0. First Circuit Once Again Upholds Classification of Couriers...

Relying on its precedent, the First Circuit Court of Appeals held for the second time this year that the Federal Aviation Administrative Authorization Act of 1994 (“FAAAA”) preempts application of the Massachusetts...more

First Circuit Allows FedEx Drivers to Continue with Wage-and-Hour Claims under Massachusetts Wage Act

Misclassification of workers is a trending topic in employment law and can result in significant financial damages for unwary employers. In Schwann v. FedEx Ground Package System, Inc., No. 15-1214, U.S. App. 1st Cir. 2016,...more

February 2016 Independent Contractor Compliance and Misclassification News Update

In February 2016, two federal appellate courts ruled in favor of companies in IC misclassification cases: one where the NLRB was reversed in a decision where the agency had found stagehands to be employees and not ICs; the...more

The InterConnect Flash! No. 53 - February 2016

2 Steps Back — First Circuit Could Have Done More for the Independent Contractor Business Model - Approximately one year ago in FLASH No. 46, we wrote about Massachusetts District Court Judge Robert G. Stearns’ industry...more

Seattle Becomes First City in U.S. to Allow Uber Drivers to Unionize

In December, 2015, the Seattle City Council unanimously voted in favor of legislation that expressly permits drivers for Uber, Lyft and other ride-hailing services to unionize. Drivers for these companies, who are treated as...more

Uber Complicated? State and Local Labor Law May Fill in Federal Gaps

Last week, Seattle passed a historic law that would allow Uber drivers – whom Uber has steadfastly maintained are independent contractors despite legal challenges – to organize, form a union, and bargain over the terms and...more

Federal Law Preempts State Wage Law in Employee Misclassification Case

A Massachusetts Superior Court recently ruled against a group of truck drivers who claimed that a delivery company violated the Massachusetts Wage Act by misclassifying the drivers as independent contractors rather than as...more

Airline Industry Alert: Court Finds Airline Deregulation Act Does Not Preempt Miami-Dade County's Living Wage Ordinance

On September 21, 2015, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit held that the Airline Deregulation Act (ADA) does not preempt Miami-Dade County's Living Wage Ordinance (LWO). Amerijet Int'l, Inc. v. Miami-Dade...more

Airline Industry Alert: Court Finds Federal Law Preempts State Drug-Testing Law as Applied to Flight Attendant

In a decision that is good news for airline employers, a federal trial court in Minnesota has held that the state drug-testing statute, which prohibits discharging an employee the first time the employee fails a drug test, is...more

Airline Industry Alert: Washington State Supreme Court Finds SeaTac Ordinance Increasing Minimum Wage to $15 an Hour Enforceable...

In a 5-4 decision, the Washington State Supreme Court has held that Proposition 1 – an ordinance which increased the minimum wage within the city of SeaTac for employees in the hospitality and transportation industries to $15...more

District Court Confirms Federal Preemption in Massachusetts “ABC Test” Litigation

Yesterday, Judge Denise Casper of the District of Massachusetts issued an industry friendly ruling in Massachusetts Delivery Association v. Healy, awarding summary judgment to the Massachusetts Delivery Association (“MDA”)...more

Federal Judge Holds FAAAA Preempts a Critical Portion of the Massachusetts Independent Contractor Law

On July 8, 2015, a federal district court judge held that a section of the Massachusetts Independent Contractor law, as applied to same-day delivery services, is preempted by the Federal Aviation Administration Authorization...more

Airline Industry Alert: OT Class Action Against Southwest Airlines Fails to Take Off

Airlines achieved a major victory on May 19, 2015, with an order from the Central District of California granting Southwest Airlines Co.'s motion to dismiss in McKinley v. Southwest Airlines Co., United States District Court,...more

Agencies Beware: Supreme Court Leans Toward Air Marshal Whistleblower in Oral Argument

On November 4, 2014, the Supreme Court heard oral arguments in Dep’t of Homeland Security v. MacLean, bringing closer to an end the lengthy dispute between Robert MacLean and his former employer, the Transportation Security...more

FAAAA Does Not Preempt California Meal and Rest Period Requirements

In Godfrey v, Oakland Port Services Corp., which was decided on October 28, 2014, the California Court of Appeal issued a published decision holding that the Federal Aviation Administration Authorization Act of 1994 (FAAAA)...more

An Update on DOT’s Passenger Protection Rulemaking #3, NextGen, Ebola, Drones, Enforcement Actions, Security Fees and Other...

Department of Transportation: Regulatory - Comments Filed on DOT’s Passenger Protection #3 Rulemaking: U.S. and foreign airlines, airline associations, airports, consumer groups, on-line travel agencies,...more

First Circuit Favors Broad Application of Analogue to Airline Deregulation Act Preemption Provision

On September 30, 2014, in Massachusetts Delivery Association v. Coakley, No. 13-2307 (September 30, 2014), the First Circuit Court of Appeals overturned a lower court’s refusal to preempt a Massachusetts independent...more

Federal Preemption Defense Running Out of Gas?

Recent decisions by the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals and the California Supreme Court have thrown a road block in the way of employers relying on a federal statute to preempt certain state wage-and-hour law claims. At issue...more

Motor Carriers Face Uphill Battle After California Supreme Court Decision

Harris v. Pac Anchor Transportation, Inc., No. S194388 (July 28, 2014): In a unanimous decision, the California Supreme Court has held that the Federal Aviation Administration Authorization Act of 1994 (FAAAA) does not...more

Six Days on the Road and I'm Gonna Park My Truck to Comply with State Laws Tonight

My apologies to Dave Dudley. The song “Six Days on the Road” just doesn’t stand up to the changes we would have to make after the Ninth Circuit’s decision that the state meal and rest break laws are not preempted by federal...more

Ninth Circuit Holds FAAAA Does Not Preempt California’s Meal and Rest Break Laws

Last week the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit concluded, in Dilts v. Penske Logistics, LLC, that the Federal Aviation Administration Authorization Act of 1994 (FAAAA) does not preempt the application of...more

The Ninth Circuit Puts Up Road Block to Motor Carrier Arguing that California Break Laws are Preempted by the FAAA Act, But Leaves...

On Wednesday, the United States Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals rendered a decision that, on its face, involved a technical preemption issue, but one that will have serious repercussions for those in the transportation...more

Air Marshal Whistleblower v. TSA: Supreme Court to Blow Final Whistle

On July 25, 2014, the U.S. Government will submit its opening brief to the Supreme Court in the decade-long battle that began when the Transportation Security Administration (“TSA”) terminated former air marshal-turned...more

The Supreme Court’s Ginsberg Decision Could Significantly Affect the Outcome of Motor Carrier Preemption Cases

In a unanimous decision, the U.S. Supreme Court recently held that the Airline Deregulation Act (ADA) can preempt even common law claims for breach of the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing if such claims relate...more

Massachusetts Independent Contractor Law Survives Trade Association’s Challenge

The Massachusetts Independent Contractor statute, Mass. G.L. c. 149, § 148B, establishes a rigorous three-part test for determining whether a worker performing services for an employer may be considered an independent...more

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