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Fourth Circuit Decides Case on Transgender Students’ Rights

On April 19, 2016, the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals issued a decision addressing transgender and gender nonconforming students. In G.G. v. Gloucester County School Board the Fourth Court was presented with the question of...more

Fourth Circuit Holds that “Sex” Under Title IX Incorporates Gender Identity

Seyfarth Synopsis: The Fourth Circuit in a case of first impression held that Title IX entitles transgender students to use the bathroom that matches their gender identity. Though that ruling only discusses Title IX, the...more

Special Report: How Should NC Employers Apply Restroom Policies Following HB2?

The Public Facilities Privacy & Security Act, commonly known as HB2, continues to generate controversy and confusion. The new law has caused many employers to reexamine their policies with regard to restroom use by employees...more

Fourth Circuit Holds that Title IX Protects Transgender Student’s Right to Use Men’s Restroom Consistent With the Student's Gender...

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit holds that Title IX protects a transgender student’s right to use the restroom that aligns with the student’s gender identity. The Fourth Circuit has become the first...more

Restoring the Balance: Lessons from the Human Rights Appeal of Mihaly v Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of...

We had earlier provided clients with a brief summary of the Mihaly decision on January 27, 2016. This article is a follow-up and includes some of the top lessons for regulators and their legal counsel. When it comes to...more

G.G. v. Gloucester County School Board – A Tipping Point on Transgender Student Access Issues?

Have we reached a judicial tipping point on transgender student bathroom and locker room access issues? Perhaps we have. On April 19, 2016, the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals – the federal circuit court with...more

The Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals Sets Precedent, Undermining Rationale For Anti-Transgender Legislation and Policies

On Tuesday, the Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit issued a 2-1 ruling in Grimm v. Gloucester County School Board, No. 15-2056, finding that a transgender student has the right to sue his school board under Title IX for...more

Fourth Circuit Rules that Title IX Extends to Transgender Bathroom Access

On April 19, 2016, the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals issued an opinion that is likely to have a significant impact on the rights of transgender students. In G.G. ex rel. Grimm v. Gloucester County School Board, No. 15-2056...more

United States Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals Adopts OCR's Title IX Gender Identity Interpretation for Transgender Students'...

A majority panel of three judges in GG v Gloucester County School Board, U.S. Court of Appeals 4th Cir. Case No. 15-2056 (April 19, 2016), reversed a federal trial court's decision, endorsed the Office of Civil Rights'...more

California Appellate Court Finds College Student Accused of Sexual Assault Was Denied Due Process

In a ruling sure to reverberate on college campuses across the nation, a California appeals court unanimously reversed the trial court’s ruling in Doe v. Univ. of Southern California. In Doe, a student (“Doe”) sued the...more

Federal Court of Appeals Defers to OCR and Concludes Title IX Permits Transgender Students to Use Restrooms Based on Gender...

In a closely watched case, the federal Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit reversed a lower court decision and, in a 2-1 split opinion, held that, based on guidance from the federal Office for Civil Rights (OCR) within...more

First Federal Appeals Court Rules that Title IX Applies in Transgender Bathroom Case

Yesterday, in a landmark ruling, a federal appellate court decided that under Title IX a transgender student can challenge a school board policy that limits bathroom and locker room access based on biological sex. The United...more

Sixth Circuit Rules that the "Deliberate Indifference" Standard Still Matters in Title IX Harassment Litigation

In Stiles v. Granger County Board of Education, the United States Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed dismissal of a Title IX lawsuit against a public school district because the alleged victim of harassment and bullying...more

Employment Law Letter - Spring 2016

Will Smoking Pot on the Job Get You Fired? You’d think that would be a slam dunk question, but if you’re a state employee whose union is willing to take your case to an arbitrator, apparently it isn’t. Back in 2012,...more

“Mattress Performance” Title IX Lawsuit Against Columbia Is Dismissed

Last May, a former Columbia University student sued the university over the circumstances around Emma Sulkowicz’s widely publicized “Mattress Project,” in which Sulkowicz vowed to carry a mattress around campus so long as the...more

Case Permits Possible Disclosure of Student Records by California Department of Education

School Districts Should Notify Parents About April 1 Opt-Out Deadline - A federal judge has ordered the California Department of Education to release information about students who are attending, or who have attended,...more

How Not to Regulate the Profession: Findings of Discrimination at B.C. Veterinary Body Offers Cautionary Tale

Brar v B.C. Veterinary Medical Association, 2015 BCHRT 151 (CanLII) (B.C. Human Rights Tribunal) The case of Brar out of British Columbia is remarkable, not only for its epic length (a titanic 1,601 paragraphs over...more

Harvard and MIT: A Decision Is Here! (Sort Of)

Long after the Department of Justice’s (DOJ) Statements of Interest (SOI) were filed in June of 2015 in the cases involving Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), touching off a flood of...more

Are You Training Your Teachers on Trauma-Informed Practices?

The Compton Unified School District in California is currently defending itself in a unique federal court lawsuit brought by students who allege that by failing to properly address the symptoms of complex, personal trauma...more

Second Circuit Holds District Denied FAPE by Refusing to Discuss Bullying at IEP Meeting

On January 20, 2016, the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit issued its decision in T.K. v. New York City Dep’t of Educ., — F.3d —, 2016 WL 229842 (2d Cir. Jan. 20, 2016), an important decision regarding the role of a...more

Can a Massachusetts Religious School Refuse to Employ a Worker in a Same-Sex Marriage?

In Barrett v. Fontbonne Academy, the Massachusetts Superior Court curtailed various statutory and constitutional defenses available to an employer affiliated with a religious institution that faces discrimination claims under...more

Interest Groups Support NCAA’s Anti-Felon Policy on Appeal

Recently, three interest groups filed an amicus brief to support the National Collegiate Athletic Association’s (“NCAA”) policy that bars anyone who has been convicted of a felony from coaching in NCAA-certified high school...more

“Cat’s Paw” Liability in Faculty Decision-Making

Children’s fables are often an overlooked source of wisdom. Take for example Aesop’s 17th century fable “The Monkey and the Cat.” As the story goes, a cat and monkey lived in the same house as pets. The monkey, desiring...more

Six States File Amicus Brief in Transgender Teen’s Appeal to Use Boys’ Bathroom

Recently, the South Carolina State Attorney General filed an amicus brief on behalf of six states in support of a school board’s restroom policy that prohibits a transgender teen from using the boys’ restroom....more

College Basketball Players Can Bring Sexual Orientation Claim Under Federal Law, And Why Employers Should Pay Attention

In the months since the EEOC’s landmark ruling in Baldwin v Foxx, the looming question has been: Would federal courts adopt the Commission’s position that claims of sexual orientation discrimination were cognizable under...more

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