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Finance & Banking Constitutional Law Criminal Law

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CFTC Case Updates: Settlement Highlights Agency’s New Premium on Cooperation; 7th Circuit Upholds Criminal Spoofing Conviction

On August 7, 2017, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC or Commission) announced a settlement for a civil penalty of $600,000 with the Bank of Tokyo Mitsubishi UFJ, Ltd. (BTMU) for alleged spoofing violations, with...more

LIBOR Criminal Convictions Reversed – The Perils of Global Enforcement

by Michael Volkov on

The growth of global enforcement systems raises important policy issues and risks for enforcement authorities. In an interesting case, US v. Allen and Conti, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals reversed criminal convictions...more

Second Circuit: Fifth Amendment Bars Testimony Compelled by Foreign Governments

by Latham & Watkins LLP on

The court vacates LIBOR convictions with significant implications for US criminal cases involving cross-border investigations. Key Points: ..The Fifth Amendment also limits the use a defendant’s statements compelled by...more

Second Circuit Clarifies Fifth Amendment Law, with Implications for US Prosecution of International Cartels

by McDermott Will & Emery on

On July 19, 2017, the Second Circuit vacated the convictions and dismissed the indictments of two individuals accused of playing a role in the manipulation of the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR). United States v. Allen,...more

US Second Circuit Finds Testimony Compelled by UK Regulators to be Inadmissible in Criminal Proceedings

Creating a potential new impediment for collaboration between UK and US investigators, the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit in New York recently held that evidence derived from compelled testimony cannot be used in a...more

A Constitutional Check on Cross-Border Enforcement Tactics: Takeaways from the Second Circuit’s Decision in United States v. Allen

by King & Spalding on

Today’s global investigations frequently involve the cooperation of many government agencies in multiple countries. On July 18, 2017, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit handed down a decision creating a major...more

United States v. Allen and the Taint of Compelled Testimony in Cross-Border Enforcement Actions

In a decision likely to cause global reverberations in the realm of cross-border enforcement, the US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit has vacated the convictions and indictment in the first US criminal appeal related...more

Fifth Amendment Prohibits Use of Compelled Foreign Testimony in U.S. Criminal Trials

by Pepper Hamilton LLP on

On July 19, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit vacated the conviction of two former London-based bankers, Anthony Allen and Anthony Conti, who were convicted in October 2015 on multiple counts of bank and wire...more

Convictions reversed in LIBOR case

On July 19, 2017, in United States v. Allen, et al. (16-cr-98) (Cabranes, Pooler, Lynch), the Second Circuit issued a decision reversing the convictions of defendants Anthony Allen and Anthony Conti for wire fraud and...more

Second Circuit Denies Public Access to Monitor’s Reports on Separation-of-Powers Grounds

In a decision that will provide reassurance both to prosecutors and to the institutions with whom they enter into deferred prosecution agreements (“DPAs”), the Second Circuit (Katzmann, Lynch, Pooler (concurring)) held in...more

U.S. Supreme Court Rules NY Surcharge Law Regulates Speech

by Bryan Cave on

The U.S. Supreme Court ruled last week that New York’s statutory ban on merchant’s surcharging customers who choose to pay for credit cards is a regulation of speech and is not merely a regulation of pricing conduct, as the...more

The Supreme Court - March, 2017 #4

by Dorsey & Whitney LLP on

The Supreme Court of the United States issued a decision in the following case today: Expressions Hair Design v. Schneiderman, No. 15-1391: Five businesses in New York, petitioners here, wanted to pass along the...more

Scope Of The Jury Trial Right In Civil FIRREA Actions

by WilmerHale on

In recent years, the U.S. Department of Justice has stepped up its use of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 to pursue civil enforcement actions against financial institutions and their...more

Is Counterfeit Currency A Bank Note?

by Allen Matkins on

Counterfeiting was once considered to be tantamount to treason. It is still a serious, but not capital, crime. In fact, it is one of only four crimes specifically mentioned in the Constitution. Notably, however, the...more

"Cross-Border Investigations Update - June 2016"

This issue of Skadden’s semiannual Cross-Border Investigations Update takes a look at recent cases and enforcement trends, including proposed amendments to China’s commercial bribery law, the use in U.S. courts of compelled...more

Testing The 5th: Compelled Testimony From Foreign Regulators

by WilmerHale on

The circumstances of the prosecution of Anthony Allen and Anthony Conti exemplify how cross-border cooperation and parallel investigations can give rise to novel issues in a subsequent criminal trial. Allen and Conti were...more

Supreme Court: Government Cannot Restrain Untainted Assets

by Dorsey & Whitney LLP on

Since the Supreme Court handed down its decisions in U.S. v. Monsanto, 491 U.S. 600 (1989) and Caplin & Drysdale, Chartered v U.S., 491 U.S. 617 (1989) is has been well established that a defendant’s Sixth Amendment right to...more

An Important Check On The Abuse Of Government Authority

by McGuireWoods LLP on

As citizens of a nation founded on the rule of law, we depend upon law enforcement and prosecutors to protect us from harm and from those who infringe our liberty. In exchange for this protection, we permit these public...more

"France's Double-Trial System for Market Abuses May Be Headed for Reform"

In 2015, the French double-trial system for market abuses will be referred to the Constitutional Council for an assessment of the system’s constitutionality under the double jeopardy rule (or, using the Latin maxim, the ne...more

Guindon: SCC Hears Arguments in Penalty Case

by Dentons on

The Supreme Court of Canada heard oral arguments today in the case of Guindon v. The Queen (Docket No. 35519). At issue in the case is the nature of the third-party penalty in section 163.2 of the Income Tax Act....more

FBAR Penalty to Face Excessive Fines Clause Test

by Blank Rome LLP on

Last week, a federal jury in Miami found that Carl Zwerner had willfully failed to disclose his foreign bank account to the Treasury Department for calendar years 2004, 2005 and 2006. Zwerner now potentially owes the United...more

IRS Sharpens Its Sword Of Damacles

by Charles (Chuck) Rubin on

In a jury verdict this wake in the Southern District of Florida, the IRS has a sharpened Sword of Damacles to hang over the head of FBAR reporting violators. In U.S. v. Zwerner, a jury found that Carl Zwerner WILLFULLY failed...more

Reining In Overbroad Criminal Subpoenas – Is Some Relief In Sight?

by Dechert LLP on

In the wake of the national financial crisis, both the U.S. Department of Justice (“DOJ”) and the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) publicly committed themselves to enhanced enforcement of federal financial laws...more

Do Laws Have An Expiration Date?

by Allen Matkins on

Last week, I wrote about a bill, AB 129, currently pending in the California legislature that would amend California Corporations Code Section 107. As I had pointed out in an even earlier post last May, that statute...more

Update on the UK Confiscation and Restraint Regime

by Dechert LLP on

The National Audit Office has published a report dated 17 December 2013 (the “NAO Report”) on confiscation orders, which are the main mechanism that the UK Government uses in carrying out its policy to deprive criminals of...more

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