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The Tenth Circuit Rules SEC Administrative Judges Are Unconstitutional, Setting Up Potential Supreme Court Review

The constitutionality of the SEC’s in-house administrative proceedings is in doubt following the 10th Circuit Court of Appeals’ ruling in Bandimere v. SEC. In Bandimere, a three-judge panel held, by a 2-1 decision, that SEC...more

Not So Fast: The Tenth Circuit Creates a Split by Denying the Constitutionality of the SEC’s Administrative Law Judges

Just before the clock struck 2017, the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit weighed in on the constitutionality of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission’s (“SEC” or “Commission”) administrative...more

Trading and Markets Enforcement Report - January 2017

January 2017 - The last several years have seen law enforcement and regulatory bodies sharpen their focus on trading activity in the securities and derivatives markets. This focus has coincided with the advent of new and...more

Circuits Split - Tenth Holds SEC ALJs Unconstitutional

The Tenth Circuit recently held that the SEC’s in-house judges are “inferior officers” hired in violation of Article II’s Appointment Clauses, creating a split with the D.C. Circuit over the issue. The Tenth Circuit held...more

10th Circuit Finds SEC Administrative Proceedings are Unconstitutional

The Appointments Clause of the US Constitution requires that “inferior officers” be appointed by the President, department heads or courts of law. SEC administrative law judges, or ALJs, are not appointed by the SEC – they...more

6th Circuit Orders Pay-to-Play Challenge to Merits Panel

The Sixth Circuit this week declined the SEC’s request to dismiss a Constitutional challenge to the new MSRB pay-to-play rules. Instead, the Court ordered the case to a merits panel for consideration. The Republican parties...more

D.C. Circuit: SEC’s In-House Court is Constitutional

Previously, we advised that the Securities and Exchange Commission’s increased preference for bringing enforcement actions in its in-house court had triggered jurisdictional and constitutional challenges to SEC administrative...more

6th Circuit Orders Pay-to-Play Challenge to Merits Panel

The Sixth Circuit this week declined the SEC’s request to dismiss a Constitutional challenge to the new MSRB pay-to-play rules.  Instead, the Court ordered the case to a merits panel for consideration.  The Republican parties...more

SDNY Prosecutors Score First Post-Newman Insider Trading Conviction

On August 17, 2016, jurors in a New York federal court convicted Sean Stewart on criminal charges of conspiracy, securities fraud, and tender offer fraud after more than five days of deliberation. Stewart, a former...more

This Week In Securities Litigation

The D.C. Circuit handed down the first circuit court decision ruling on the Appointments Clause question concerning the retention of SEC ALJs. The court concluded that there was no violation of the Clause....more

ALJs are A-OK: D.C. Circuit Upholds Constitutionality of SEC In-House Courts

In several recent decisions we have covered, Federal Circuit Courts have unanimously ruled that respondents in an SEC enforcement action cannot bypass the Exchange Act’s review scheme by filing a collateral lawsuit in federal...more

D.C Circuit rejects constitutional challenge to SEC’s use of administrative law judges

A challenge to the constitutionality of the SEC’s use of administrative law judges (ALJ) was rejected by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit. In Raymond J. Lucia Companies, Inc. et al. v. Securities and Exchange...more

Supreme Court Declines to Review Constitutionality of SEC In-House Court

The SEC’s increased use of its own "home court" for enforcement proceedings has triggered constitutional challenges to SEC administrative proceedings (APs). See "Defendants Challenge SEC’s Increased Use of Administrative...more

Equity Trust Notches a Rare Defense Win in SEC Administrative Proceedings

On June 27, 2016, SEC Administrative Law Judge Carol Fox Foelak dismissed the Division of Enforcement’s charges against IRA custodian Equity Trust Company in connection with the company’s processing of investments marketed by...more

Hill v. SEC: Eleventh Circuit Buries District Court Challenges to the Constitutionality of SEC Enforcement Actions

Last week, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit held that a district court cannot hear constitutional challenges to an ongoing administration enforcement action of the U.S. Securities and Exchange...more

Eleventh Circuit Joins Peers in Preserving SEC’s Home Court Advantage

After four failed attempts at persuading federal appellate courts to hear constitutional challenges to SEC administrative courts, it is increasingly clear that defendants in SEC in-house proceedings will not be able to pursue...more

11th Circuit Holds Judicial Review of SEC ALJs Premature

The Eleventh Circuit Friday joined three others in concluding that Congress intended Respondents must wait until appeal from the Commission to have a Court consider their challenges to the Constitutionality of the SEC’s...more

Your daily dose of financial news - The Brief – 6.14.16

The big story of week so far came just a few minutes after the Brief went to [digital] print yesterday, so apologies for the second hand news: Microsoft has agreed to acquire LinkedIn for a staggering $26.2 billion in a move...more

Solon And The California Constitution

Article IV, Section 8 of the California Constitution requires that to be passed, a bill must first be read...more

No federal court challenge to constitutionality of SEC’s use of administrative law judges before final SEC order, Second Circuit...

A recent decision by the U. S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit suggests that an attempt by a company or individual that is the target of a CFPB administrative enforcement action to bring a separate action in federal...more

Second Circuit Halts Constitutional Challenge to SEC Administrative Proceedings

On June 1, the Second Circuit in Tilton et al. v. SEC, No. 15-2103 (2d. Cir. Jun. 1, 2016), echoed recent Seventh and D.C. Circuit decisions (respectively, Bebo v. SEC, No. 15-1511 (7th Cir. Aug. 24, 2015), cert. denied, 136...more

Weighted Scales of Justice in SEC Administrative Proceedings?

Since the 2010 passage of the Dodd-Frank Act, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) has been the subject of growing criticism regarding its increased use of administrative proceedings. By enacting Dodd-Frank,...more

AG Explains Why the Conflict Minerals Decision Was Not Appealed to the Supreme Court

Loretta Lynch, United States Attorney General, explained in a letter to Paul Ryan, Speaker of the House, why the United States did not submit a writ of certiorari with respect to the conflict minerals decision: - The...more

BREAKING NEWS: Supreme Court Declines to Address the Constitutionality of Securities and Exchange Administrative Forum

On March 28, 2016, the Supreme Court denied a petition for certiorari review brought by Laurie Bebo, the former CEO of Assisted Living Concepts Inc., who challenged the constitutionality of proceedings conducted in an SEC...more

Your daily dose of financial news The Brief – 3.29.16

Major news for the extended Blackstone & private equity family yesterday, as federal authorities arrested Wall Street exec Andrew Caspersen on charges of securities and wire fraud in what they’re labeling a “’brazen’ scheme...more

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