McDermott Will & Emery

Antitrust Enforcers Discuss Recent Highlights, Ongoing Cases, Enforcement Priorities and General Trends at the 2015 ABA Section of Antitrust Law Spring Meeting

The American Bar Association (ABA) Section of Antitrust Law Spring Meeting concluded earlier this month with the traditional “Enforcers’ Roundtable,” an interview with leading competition authorities about recent highlights,…more

Cartels, DOJ, Enforcement, Enforcement Actions, EU

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Plain and Simple: Maryland Tax Court Holds Insurance Company is Exempt from Corporate Income Taxes

Although taxpayers often complain that complying with the tax laws imposed by the numerous state and local taxing jurisdictions that exist in the United States is a burdensome process, many of these tax statutes also provide…more

Corporate Taxes, Exempt Organizations, Insurance Companies, Insurance Industry, State Taxes

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Inside M&A - Winter 2015

Recent U.S. Cases Highlight Liability Risks to Executives in Mining, Heavy Industrial Transactions - Historically, corporate executives rarely faced personal or criminal liability resulting from mining or environmental…more

Africa, C-Suite Executives, COMESA, Compliance, Corporate Officers

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SEC Proposes New Pay versus Performance Disclosure Rules

On April 29, 2015, the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) voted three-to-two to propose new rules that would prescribe new mandatory Pay versus Performance disclosure. The new disclosure would include…more

Comment Period, Disclosure Requirements, Emerging Growth Companies, Executive Compensation, Foreign Corporations

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International News: Focus on International Private Client

In This Issue: Features - ..The UK Response to BEPS and Hybrid Mismatches ..Parental Liability for French Subsidiaries ..The Evolving US-Cuba Trade Landscape ..Amendments to Taiwan Fair Trade…more

BEPS, Cuba, Foreign Investment, Foreign Subsidiaries, France

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International News: Focus on Compliance

In This Issue - Welcome to the final issue of International News for 2014. As regulatory oversight of companies—from Sarbanes Oxley and the Dodd-Frank Act to the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and the UK Bribery…more

Chief Compliance Officers, China, COMESA, Compliance, Disclosure Requirements

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1782 Discovery Applications Now Permitted in a ‘Reasonably Contemplated’ Foreign Judicial Proceeding

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit recently affirmed a decision by the Southern District of Florida that substantially expanded a litigant’s ability to obtain discovery in aid of a foreign proceeding. The…more

28 U.S.C. §1782, Discovery, Foreign Corporations, Foreign Jurisdictions

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Pre-AIA Statute Did Not Give Patent Owner in an Ex Parte Reexamination the Right to Bring an Action in District Court

In re Teles AG Informationstechnologien - Addressing whether a patent owner involved in a pre-America Invents Act (AIA) ex parte reexamination, could challenge an adverse reexamination decision in a district court action…more

Appeals, Claim Construction, Ex Partes Reexamination, Obviousness, Patent Litigation

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Costs Sanctions For Failing to Respond to an Offer to Mediate: A Warning to Litigants in the UK

A recent UK Court of Appeal judgment demonstrates a clear and unequivocal endorsement of mediation and makes clear that a party who refuses to acknowledge or engage in an invitation to participate in mediation can face…more

Mediation, UK

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FTC Updates Guidelines for Making Proper Disclosures in Digital Advertising

The U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) released updated guidance on how to make online advertising and marketing disclosures “clear and conspicuous” to avoid consumer deception. The guidelines affect the structure and format…more

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SEC Proposes New Pay versus Performance Disclosure Rules

On April 29, 2015, the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) voted three-to-two to propose new rules that would prescribe new mandatory Pay versus Performance disclosure. The new disclosure would include…more

Comment Period, Disclosure Requirements, Emerging Growth Companies, Executive Compensation, Foreign Corporations

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Maker’s Mark Defeats “Handmade” Class Action Lawsuit

Could consumers have plausibly believed that one of the country’s top-selling bourbon brands is “handmade”? Not according to one federal district court in Florida, which recently dismissed a class action alleging Maker’s Mark…more

Advertising, Class Action, Labeling, Wine & Alcohol, Young Lawyers

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Mexican Energy Reforms Bring E&P Opportunities and Much More

Last week the Mexican Congress approved legislation including Constitutional amendments that were approved by the required number of Mexican states on December 16 that will bring changes to the nation’s energy laws that…more

Energy, Energy Reform, Mexico, Oil & Gas

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Focus on Regulatory Law - December 2014

In This Issue: - Regulatory Authorities - Energy - Public Economy Law - Contracts - Public Health - Comparative Law - Excerpt from Regulatory Authorities: French…more

Competition Authorities, Energy Policy, EU

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IP Update, Vol. 16, No. 7, July 2013

“Reverse Payment” Settlements Face Greater Antitrust Scrutiny Following U.S. Supreme Court Ruling in FTC v. Actavis: Federal Trade Commission v. Actavis, Inc. - Resolving a split among the U.S. Courts of Appeals, the U.S…more

Advertising, ANDA, Antitrust Investigations, Arbitration Agreements, Claims Limitations Period

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IP Update, Vol. 16, No. 7, July 2013

“Reverse Payment” Settlements Face Greater Antitrust Scrutiny Following U.S. Supreme Court Ruling in FTC v. Actavis: Federal Trade Commission v. Actavis, Inc. - Resolving a split among the U.S. Courts of Appeals, the U.S…more

Advertising, ANDA, Antitrust Investigations, Arbitration Agreements, Claims Limitations Period

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Massachusetts: Proposing to Repeal Tax Credits Might Have Chilling Effect

During the rollout of his fiscal year 2016 budget proposal, Massachusetts Governor Charlie Baker proposed to repeal the state’s film tax credit in 2017. While this tax credit has drawn criticism for its goal of providing public…more

Film Tax Credits, Governor Baker, Repeal, State Budgets, Tax Revenues

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Non-Direct Competitors May Sue Under the Lanham Act, Doctrine of Prudential Standing Eliminated

The Supreme Court of the United States swept away the different standards for Lanham Act prudential standing previously applied by the courts of appeals, and expressly discarded the amorphous concept of prudential standing in…more

Corporate Counsel, False Advertising, Lanham Act, Lexmark, Lexmark v Static Control Components

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Illinois Retailers Beware: Class Action Complaint Filed Against Grocer for Collecting Illinois Sales Tax on Manufacturers’ Coupons Lacking Specific Language

A class action complaint was filed in federal court last week against New Albertson’s, Inc. the operator of the Jewel-Osco grocery chain, alleging failure to deduct manufacturers’ coupons from the tax base on which sales tax was…more

Class Action, Coupons, Department of Revenue, Grocery Stores, Jewel-Osco

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Exemptions for Energy Intensive Companies From Renewable Energy Surcharges: Commission Opens In-Depth State Aid Investigation Against France

The European Commission has opened an in-depth State aid investigation into a French scheme, under which energy intensive companies are exempted from renewable energy surcharges. The decision to open the formal investigation…more

Energy, Energy Policy, EU, Renewable Energy

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Privacy and Data Protection: 2014 Year in Review

In 2014, regulators around the globe issued guidelines, legislation and penalties in an effort to enhance security and control within the ever-shifting field of privacy and data protection. The Federal Trade Commission confirmed…more

Africa, Anti-Spam Legislation, Canada, China, Cybersecurity

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Certificated Natural Gas Storage Capacity Is Based on Science Not Sales, FERC Rules

The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (the Commission) issued an order on Thursday, March 19, 2015, refusing to allow the abandonment of certificated working gas capacity when the reason for the request was unrelated to the…more

Energy Storage, FERC, Mineral Leases, Natural Gas, Oil & Gas

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Privacy and Data Protection: 2014 Year in Review

In 2014, regulators around the globe issued guidelines, legislation and penalties in an effort to enhance security and control within the ever-shifting field of privacy and data protection. The Federal Trade Commission confirmed…more

Africa, Anti-Spam Legislation, Canada, China, Cybersecurity

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IRS Releases Highly Anticipated Cash Balance Plan Regulations

The U.S. Department of the Treasury (Treasury) and Internal Revenue Service (IRS) recently released long-awaited final regulations (the Final Regulations) with respect to market rates of return and related Pension Protection Act…more

Equity Plans, Final Rules, Hybrid Plan, IRS, Pension Protection Act of 2006

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Challenges Facing “Narrow” Provider Networks on the ACA Health Care Insurance Exchanges

In This Issue: - The Driving Forces Behind the Trend Toward Narrower Networks - The Trade-Off - Regulatory, Legislative and Litigatious Responses to Narrower Networks Across the Nation - Judicial and CMS…more

Affordable Care Act, Health Insurance, Health Insurance Exchanges, Legislative Agendas, Medicare

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IRS Releases Draft Revised Form 5300 and Instructions

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) recently released a draft revised Form 5300 and its instructions. Form 5300, the Application for Determination for Employee Benefit Plan, is generally used to request an IRS determination that…more

Employee Benefits, IRS, Retirement, Section 401, Section 501

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No Interlocutory Review of Pre-Institution Stay Motion’s in CBM Proceedings - Intellectual Ventures II LLC v. JPMorgan Chase & Co., et al.

Upon consideration of an issue of first impression, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit addressed its limited jurisdiction to hear an interlocutory appeal on a motion to stay a district court proceeding under § 18…more

America Invents Act, Appeals, Covered Business Method Proceedings, Interlocutory Appeals, JPMorgan Chase

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Nearly Expired Is Not the Same as Expired: The Board Clarifies Claim Construction Standards for Inter Partes Review - Apple, Inc. v. PersonalWeb Techs., LLC

Addressing the standard to be applied for claim construction during inter partes review (IPR) proceedings, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office’s (PTO) Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB or Board) declined to create an…more

Apple, Claim Construction, Expiration Date, Inter Partes Review Proceedings, Obviousness

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Cooperation Agreement Between European Union and Switzerland in Competition Matters Enters into Force

The Cooperation Agreement between the European Union and Switzerland in competition matters, which entered into force on 1 December 2014, is the first “second generation” agreement concluded by the European Union with a third…more

Competition Act, Cooperation Agreement, EU, Switzerland

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Did France Really Ban Work E-Mails After 6 p.m.?

Several international news sources recently reported that French law now prevents employees from answering their mobile phones or professional e-mails after 6.00 pm (see articles in the Guardian and USA Today, among others). The…more

CBAs, Email Policies, Employment Contract, France, Mobile Devices

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Lawmakers Reach Deal to End Government Shutdown, Raise Debt Ceiling

While the focus over the past 16 days has been on the shuttered government and the prospect of the United States defaulting on its debt obligations, there are subtexts that are relevant to the health care industry. This On the…more

Affordable Care Act, CMS, Debt Ceiling, Federal Budget, Government Shutdown

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New California LLC Law Requires Members To Reconsider Their Operating Agreement

On January 1, 2014, California limited liability company (LLC) law changes in several respects. Unlike other new laws regulating business entities, the new LLC law does not give existing LLCs a choice as to whether to be…more

Consent, Corporate Governance, Fiduciary Duty, LLC, Managers

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The New Normal: Big Data Comes of Age

On May 1, 2014, the White House released two reports addressing the public policy implications of the proliferation of big data. The first report is by the Executive Office of the President, entitled “Big Data: Seizing…more

Barack Obama, Big Data, Data Breach, Data Protection, ECPA

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Focus on Private Equity - April 2015

In This Issue: - The Use of Alternative Credit in Europe - Buying and Selling a Craft Brewery in the United States - Excerpt from The Use of Alternative Credit in Europe: As a result of the reduced…more

Breweries, Equity Financing, EU, Private Equity, Regulatory Standards

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New Developments in The UK Shale Gas Sector

The shale gas sector in the United Kingdom is still in its infancy, but the UK Government has announced recently new measures and incentives to encourage its growth. On 13 December 2012, the Government lifted a temporary…more

Fracking, Oil & Gas, Shale Gas

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FTC Clarifies “Failing Firm” Defense

Earlier this week, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) published an article that offers guidance on the “failing firm” or “flailing firm” defense often invoked in the hospital merger context. The article, written by Debbie…more

Commercial Bankruptcy, FTC, Hospital Mergers, Hospitals, Insolvency

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Illinois Circuit Court Dismisses Challenge to Retained Job EDGE Credits

Corporations with Illinois Economic Development for a Growing Economy (EDGE) credit agreements giving credit for retained jobs can breathe a sigh of relief: The litigation challenging the state’s ability to grant EDGE credits…more

Economic Development, Job Creation, Tax Credits

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Combinations of Predictable Elements from the Prior Art Need Not Be Advantageous - Nuvasive, Inc. v. Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc.

Addressing the propriety of combining prior art in an obviousness analysis, U.S. Patent and Trademark Office’s (PTO) Patent Trial and Appeal Board (“PTAB” or “Board”) determined that a patent for a spinal implant for promoting…more

Medical Devices, Obviousness, Patent Trial and Appeal Board, Patents, Prior Art

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Supreme Court Rejects “Presumption of Prudence,” Adopts New Pleading Standards in Fifth Third Bancorp v. Dudenhoeffer

The Supreme Court of the United States has issued its highly anticipated decision in Fifth Third Bancorp v. Dudenhoeffer, No. 12-751. In an opinion written by Justice Breyer for a unanimous court, the Supreme Court held that..…more

Duty of Prudence, Employee Benefits, ERISA, ESOP, FIfth Third Bancorp v Dudenhoeffer

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What Do We Do Now that the World Didn’t End in 2012?

The countdown to the launch of the new generic top-level domains, or gTLDs, and the surrounding uncertainty about whether the potential commercial benefits will outweigh the perceived burdens, has begun. Is your company ready?…more

Domain Names, gTLD, Trademarks

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Skilled Nursing Facilities: Steps for Reducing FCA Liability

Several government agencies have voiced concerns related to the level of therapy services necessary to care for residents of Skilled Nursing Facilities (SNFs). The level of therapy services indicated for SNF residents affects…more

CMS, False Claims Act, Health Care Providers, Healthcare, OIG

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Privacy and Data Protection: 2014 Year in Review

In 2014, regulators around the globe issued guidelines, legislation and penalties in an effort to enhance security and control within the ever-shifting field of privacy and data protection. The Federal Trade Commission confirmed…more

Africa, Anti-Spam Legislation, Canada, China, Cybersecurity

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Focus on Tax Strategies & Developments - March 2015

In This Issue: - U.S. International Tax Policy: 10 Questions for 2015 - The New UK Diverted Profits Tax - France Implements Horizontal Tax Consolidation - China’s New General Anti-Avoidance Rules: An…more

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Inside M&A - Summer 2013

A Closer Look at Leveraged Dividend Recapitalizations - With merger and acquisition activity down over the course of 2012 into 2013, and a weak market for initial public offerings (IPOs), many private equity firms have…more

Bridge Loans, Collateralized Loan Obligations, Debtors, Dividends, Financing

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Have Employees In New York City? Earned Sick Time Act Requires Notice by TODAY, May 1

New York City’s Earned Sick Time Act (Act) requires all Covered Employers to provide all Covered Employees with written notice of the new law by today, May 1, 2014…more

Employee Rights, Paid Leave, Sick Leave

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FTC and DOJ Host Workshop Examining Health Care Competition - Updated 2015

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and the Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) held a public workshop on February 24–25, 2015, to examine recent trends and developments in health care provider organization…more

ACOs, Acquisitions, Affordable Care Act, Antitrust Division, DOJ

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Chuck Yeager’s Latest Suit Pulls Out of Nose Dive - Yeager et al. v. Fort Knox Security Products

Over the years, well-known aviation figure and retired United States Air Force general, Charles E. “Chuck” Yeager (Yeager) has been engaged in numerous legal disputes, including several lawsuits that Yeager has filed against…more

Celebrity Endorsements, Chuck Yeager, Contract Formation, Endorsements, Lanham Act

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New Board Compliance Guidance Prompts General Counsel Focus

Health care general counsel should review, and brief their internal clients on, the new Practical Guidance for Health Care Governing Boards on Compliance Oversight (Guidance), released on April 20, 2015. A joint effort by the…more

Chief Compliance Officers, Health Care Providers, Healthcare, Internal Audit Functions, Internal Controls

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Insights for Driving Value Through Operational Performance of Private Equity Investments

The 13th annual Beecken Petty O’Keefe & Company Private Equity Conference took place on Friday, February 21st. McDermott, a lead sponsor of the event, hosted a panel of leading, mid-market private equity (PE) funds to discuss…more

Private Equity Funds

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International News: Focus on Compliance

In This Issue - Welcome to the final issue of International News for 2014. As regulatory oversight of companies—from Sarbanes Oxley and the Dodd-Frank Act to the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and the UK Bribery…more

Chief Compliance Officers, China, COMESA, Compliance, Disclosure Requirements

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Secret Practice of a Russian Invention on U.S. Soil Invalidates a Patent - Solvay, S.A. v Honeywell International

Affirming the federal district court, the U. S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit concluded that a claim was invalid under § 102(g)(2), i.e., the invention was made in this country by another who had not abandoned,…more

Patents, Russia

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New Board Compliance Guidance Prompts General Counsel Focus

Health care general counsel should review, and brief their internal clients on, the new Practical Guidance for Health Care Governing Boards on Compliance Oversight (Guidance), released on April 20, 2015. A joint effort by the…more

Chief Compliance Officers, Health Care Providers, Healthcare, Internal Audit Functions, Internal Controls

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Focus on Private Equity - October 2014

Proposed EU Merger Review of Non-Controlling Minority Shareholding Acquisitions: Challenges and Opportunities for Private Equity - At present, the EU Merger Regulation [Council Regulation (EC) No 139/2004] (the Merger…more

EU, European Commission, European Merger Control Regulation, IPO, JOBS Act

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IP Update, Vol. 16, No. 10, October 2013

No Case or Controversy in DJ Against Patentee Who Sued Manufacturer’s Customers: Cisco Systems, Inc. v. Alberta Telecommunications Research Center - In a non-precedential opinion addressing declaratory judgment…more

Cisco, Claim Construction, Copyright, FRAND, Offsets

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FDA Issues Revised Draft Guidance on Disclosures of Risk Information in Consumer-Friendly Print Advertisements and Promotional Labeling

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently released its Revised Draft Guidance entitled “Brief Summary and Adequate Directions for Use: Disclosing Risk Information in Consumer-Directed Print Advertisements and…more

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Out-of-Market Divestiture Required to Resolve Competitive Concerns

On January 30, 2015, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced a settlement of its investigation into Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.’s (Sun) acquisition of Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd. (Ranbaxy) from Daiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd…more

Acquisitions, Drug Manufacturers, FTC, Generic Drugs, Multinationals

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A Year’s Review of Massachusetts Tax Cases

Allied Domecq Spirits & Wines USA, Inc. v. Comm’r of Revenue, 85 Mass. App. Ct. 1125 (2014) - In a unique case, the Massachusetts Appeals Court affirmed a ruling of the Appellate Tax Board (ATB) that two corporations…more

Appeals, Apportionment, DirectTV, Dish Network, Dormant Commerce Clause

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OCR to Begin Phase 2 of HIPAA Audit Program

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Office for Civil Rights (OCR) will soon begin a second phase of audits (Phase 2 Audits) of compliance with Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA)…more

Audits, Best Management Practices, Business Associates, Chief Compliance Officers, Covered Entities

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Hospital and Health System M&A Series: Developing a Hospital Transaction Strategy and Process

Hospital transactions involve complex processes and carry significant ramifications for an institution and the communities it serves. This article outlines key steps that a hospital board and management team should take in…more

Charitable Purpose, Competition, FTC, Healthcare, Hospital Mergers

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Physicians Write Letter to FDA Regarding Biosimilar Naming Concerns

On Thursday, August 14, 2014, several physicians wrote a letter to Commissioner Hamburg of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) expressing their concerns regarding the naming of biosimilar products in light of the…more

Biosimilars, BPCIA, FDA, Generic Drugs, Pharmaceutical

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Non-Claimed Elements Cannot Transform an Abstract Idea - Agilysys, Inc. et al. v. Ameranth, Inc.

Addressing unpatentable subject matter under 35 U.S.C. §101, the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB or Board) concluded that additional elements not recited or required by the claim, such as a non-limiting preamble, cannot…more

Abstract Ideas, Claim Construction, Covered Business Method Proceedings, Patent Trial and Appeal Board, Patents

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CMS Finalizes 2015 Home Health Prospective Payment System Rule

The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) published the annual final rule on the Medicare home health prospective payment system (HH PPS) rates for calendar year (CY) 2015 in the November 6, 2014, Federal Register…more

CMS, Final Rules, Patient Prospective Payment System

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The Immigration Accountability Executive Actions: Ramifications for Business

On November 20 and 21, 2014, President Obama announced his plan for executive action on the United States’ immigration problems, known as the immigration accountability executive actions. The actions represent the most…more

Barack Obama, Citizenship, DACA, DAPA, EB-2

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Privacy and Data Protection: 2014 Year in Review

In 2014, regulators around the globe issued guidelines, legislation and penalties in an effort to enhance security and control within the ever-shifting field of privacy and data protection. The Federal Trade Commission confirmed…more

Africa, Anti-Spam Legislation, Canada, China, Cybersecurity

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New York Proposes Revised Regulations for Health Care Collaborations

Today, New York health regulators proposed revised rules that would allow health care providers to merge or cooperate with one another without being subject to federal or state antitrust scrutiny…more

Antitrust Provisions, Healthcare, Healthcare Providers, Hospital Mergers, Hospitals

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IRS Issues Additional Guidance on Beginning of Construction Rules for Renewable Projects

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) issued Notice 2015-25 (Notice) on March 11, 2015, to provide further guidance on meeting the beginning of construction requirements for wind and other qualified facilities (biomass, geothermal,…more

Construction Project, Energy Projects, Energy Sector, Guidance Update, Investment Tax Credits

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International News: Focus on Mining and Metals

In This Issue: - Features ..Investors in Africa Benefit from Regional Trading Blocs ..Understanding the COMESA Merger Control Regime ..Protecting Your UK Business Against Departing…more

Africa, Brand, China, Coal, COMESA

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Whistleblowing in China and the United States

The Chinese Government’s wide-ranging bribery and corruption investigation into the pharmaceutical industry takes a new turn every week. Media reports contain numerous incidents of purported whistleblowers making allegations or…more

Bribery, China, Compliance, Corruption, Dodd-Frank

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CMS Finalizes Proposal to Remove Continuing Medical Education Exclusion from Sunshine Act Regulations

On October 31, 2014, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) issued its final Medicare physician fee schedule rule for CY 2015 (the Final Rule), which also includes certain changes to the Sunshine Regulations…more

CMS, Continuing Medical Education, Final Rules, Medicare, Pharmaceutical

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Post-Alice—Claims Directed to an Abstract Idea Must Have Meaningful Limitations

LinkedIn Corp. v. AVMarkets, Inc. - Addressing patent eligibility in a covered business method (CBM) patent review, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office’s Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB or Board) concluded that the…more

Abstract Ideas, CLS Bank v Alice Corp, Covered Business Method Proceedings, LinkedIn, Patent Litigation

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IP Update, Vol. 16, No. 11, November 2013

Appellate Decision Sets Stage for Next Skirmish In The Apple vs. Samsung Smart Phone Wars - A unanimous panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit has concluded that the district court was within its…more

Apple, Apple v Samsung, Fresenius, Patent Infringement, Patent Litigation

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IRS Extends Implementation of Certain FATCA Provisions, Eliminates 2013 Reporting

On July 12, 2013, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) issued Notice 2013-43, which extended the implementation of certain provisions of the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) by six months and eliminated reporting on U.S…more

FATCA, FFI, Foreign Banks, IGAs, IRC

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Privacy and Data Protection: 2014 Year in Review

In 2014, regulators around the globe issued guidelines, legislation and penalties in an effort to enhance security and control within the ever-shifting field of privacy and data protection. The Federal Trade Commission confirmed…more

Africa, Anti-Spam Legislation, Canada, China, Cybersecurity

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ISS and Glass Lewis Update Proxy Voting Guidelines for 2015

Institutional Shareholder Services Inc. (ISS) and Glass, Lewis & Co., LLC, issued their respective annual updates to their proxy voting guidelines on November 6, 2014. As revised these guidelines have important implications for…more

Bylaws, Employee Stock Purchase Plans, Equity Compensation, Executive Compensation, Fee-Shifting

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Collective Redundancy Consultation: European Court Judgment is Good News for UK Employers

We reported recently on the Advocate General's opinion in the Woolworths collective redundancy case. At the time, we were still awaiting the final decision of the European Court. That decision has now been delivered and it…more

Collective Redundancy Consultations, Redundancy Dismissals, UK

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Focus on Tax Strategies & Developments - November 2014

REIT Spin-Offs: Recent Transactions and IRS Rulings - Several recent corporate spin-offs in the United States have involved real estate investment trusts (REITs). Provided several requirements are satisfied, including…more

Corporate Taxes, FATCA, Income Taxes, Inversion, Mortgages

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Amendments to Virtual Representation Statute Take Effect on January 1, 2015

There is increasing interest among trustees and beneficiaries to resolve disputes and modify trust documents without going to court. For many years, the primary mechanism to accomplish that in Illinois has been the Virtual…more

Beneficiaries, Dependents, Minors, New Legislation, Non-Judicial Settlement Agreements

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The “Totality of the Specification” Can Override a District Court’s Factual Findings - Enzo Biochem Inc. v. Applera Corp.

Giving little deference to the district court’s factual findings, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit reversed a district court’s claim construction in a long-running dispute relating to a patent for labeled and…more

Appeals, Claim Construction, Clear Error Standard, Evidence, Patent Litigation

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USPTO Implements Quick Fixes to AIA Review Rules

On March 27, 2015, the director of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) announced several quick fixes in response to public comments on proposed revisions to the rules for inter partes review (IPR), post grant review (PGR)…more

Covered Business Method Proceedings, Inter Partes Review Proceedings, Patent Trial and Appeal Board, Post-Grant Review, Public Comment

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FDA Issues Draft Guidance Addressing Reliance on Ex-U.S. Clinical Data in Medical Device Premarket Submissions

On April 22, 2015, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) posted draft guidance that articulates the agency’s policy for the acceptance of clinical data from trials conducted outside the United States (OUS) in support of…more

Clinical Trials, FDA, Investigational Device Exemptions, Medical Devices, Premarket Approval Applications

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U.S. Appeals Courts Issue Conflicting Decisions on Whether ACA Permits Tax Subsidies of Health Care Coverage Purchased Through Federal Exchanges

On July 22, 2014, three-judge panels of the U.S. Courts of Appeals for the District of Columbia and Fourth Circuits issued conflicting decisions regarding whether the Affordable Care Act (ACA) permits federal tax credits for…more

Affordable Care Act, Halbig v Burwell, Healthcare, IRS, King v Burwell

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The New York Court of Appeals Considers the Consequences of a Liability Insurer’s Breach of the Duty to Defend

What are the consequences of a liability insurer’s breach of the duty to defend its insured against a potentially covered claim? Recent decisions from the New York Court of Appeals highlight differing views nationwide on…more

Breach of Duty, Commercial General Liability Policies, Duty to Defend, Insureds, Insurers

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Focus on China Compliance - Fall 2014

In This Issue: - Between a Rock and a Hard Place: Navigating Disclosures to U.S. Regulators Within the Framework of China’s State Secrets Law - Internal Investigations in China: Collecting and Reviewing Digital…more

China, Disclosure Requirements, Evidence, FCPA, Internal Controls

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Final Regulations Allow Retirement Plan Payments for Accident, Health and Disability Insurance

On May 9, 2014, the Internal Revenue Service finalized regulations that govern the tax treatment of payments made by retirement plans to pay accident or health insurance premiums. Under the final regulations, accident or health…more

Benefit Plan Sponsors, Defined Contribution Plans, Disability Insurance, Final Rules, Health Insurance

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Focus on Private Equity - April 2015

In This Issue: - The Use of Alternative Credit in Europe - Buying and Selling a Craft Brewery in the United States - Excerpt from The Use of Alternative Credit in Europe: As a result of the reduced…more

Breweries, Equity Financing, EU, Private Equity, Regulatory Standards

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Supreme Court: Claim Construction Is Subject to Hybrid Review - Teva Pharmaceuticals USA v. Sandoz, Inc.

In a 7–2 decision penned by Justice Breyer, the Supreme Court of the United States overturned the de novo standard as the sole standard of review issues arising in claim construction. Teva Pharmaceuticals USA v. Sandoz, Inc.,…more

Claim Construction, Clear Error Standard, De Novo Standard of Review, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Patent Litigation

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Massachusetts: Proposing to Repeal Tax Credits Might Have Chilling Effect

During the rollout of his fiscal year 2016 budget proposal, Massachusetts Governor Charlie Baker proposed to repeal the state’s film tax credit in 2017. While this tax credit has drawn criticism for its goal of providing public…more

Film Tax Credits, Governor Baker, Repeal, State Budgets, Tax Revenues

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340B ‘Mega-Guidance’ Arrives at OMB

On May 6, 2015, the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) submitted guidance on the 340B Federal Drug Pricing Program (340B Program) to the federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review…more

Healthcare, HRSA, OMB, Prescription Drug Coverage, Prescription Drugs

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Holiday Pay – The Case Continues

In the latest in a long-running series of cases on holiday pay, the Employment Tribunal has handed down its first judgment in Lock v British Gas Trading Limited…more

Employment Tribunals, Holiday Pay, Holidays, UK, Wage and Hour

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Hazardous Waste Recycling Regulations – the Latest Chapter

“A long time ago in a [May 19, 1980 Federal Register] far, far away [or so it seems],” the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) declared its authority to regulate all hazardous secondary material, whether discarded or…more

EPA, Hazardous Substances, RCRA, Recycling, Waste Disposal

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IRS Issues Additional Guidance on Beginning of Construction Rules for Renewable Projects

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) issued Notice 2015-25 (Notice) on March 11, 2015, to provide further guidance on meeting the beginning of construction requirements for wind and other qualified facilities (biomass, geothermal,…more

Construction Project, Energy Projects, Energy Sector, Guidance Update, Investment Tax Credits

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UK Court of Appeal: “Defaulting Shareholder” Provisions Are Unenforceable Penalties

Talal El Makdessi v Cavendish Square Holdings BV dealt with restrictive covenants in the context of a share sale. The UK Court of Appeal ruling indicates that contractual deterrents should not be used without careful…more

Default, Shareholder Litigation, Shareholders, UK

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Illinois Trust Taxation Deemed Unconstitutional

Ruling creates planning opportunities to minimize income taxes. In Linn v. Department of Revenue, the Illinois Fourth District Appellate Court reviewed the state’s statutory framework for taxing trusts. Linn v…more

Income Taxes, Property Tax, Trusts

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Parking Heater Manufacturer Pleads Guilty to Price-Fixing

On March 12, 2015, the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) announced that Espar Inc., pleaded guilty to one count of price-fixing under the Sherman Act in a scheme involving parking heaters for commercial vehicles that ran from…more

Antitrust Investigations, Corporate Criminal Fines, DOJ, Guilty Pleas, Manufacturers

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CMS Issues Interim Final Rule Reaffirming Requirements for Prescribers of Part D Drugs

The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) on May 6, 2015, published an interim final rule with comment period (Interim Rule) modifying the regulatory requirement that health care professionals enroll in or opt out of…more

CMS, Healthcare, Healthcare Professionals, Interim Rule, Medicare

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Non-Direct Competitors May Sue Under the Lanham Act, Doctrine of Prudential Standing Eliminated

The Supreme Court of the United States swept away the different standards for Lanham Act prudential standing previously applied by the courts of appeals, and expressly discarded the amorphous concept of prudential standing in…more

Corporate Counsel, False Advertising, Lanham Act, Lexmark, Lexmark v Static Control Components

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Chinese Government Further Encourages, Regulates Multi-Site Practice by Physicians

The Opinions on Encouragement and Regulation of Multi-Sited Practices of Physicians demonstrate the Chinese government’s continued efforts to develop Chinese physicians’ ability to practise at multiple sites, and will provide…more

China, Healthcare, Healthcare Facilities, Hospitals, Physicians

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European Court of Human Rights Finds That Greater Protections Are Required For The Political Beliefs Of UK Employees

The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), in Redfearn v United Kingdom [2012] ECHR 1878, has held that employment law in the United Kingdom does not adequately protect individuals from dismissal as a result of their political…more

EU, Hiring & Firing, Political Expression, Termination

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Focus on Private Equity - April 2015

In This Issue: - The Use of Alternative Credit in Europe - Buying and Selling a Craft Brewery in the United States - Excerpt from The Use of Alternative Credit in Europe: As a result of the reduced…more

Breweries, Equity Financing, EU, Private Equity, Regulatory Standards

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Lost Profits Are Hard to Come By - Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. et al. v. NuVasive, Inc.

Addressing the issue of convoyed and related sales, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, even while affirming the district court with respect to its invalidity and infringement findings, remanded the case for a new…more

Intellectual Property Litigation, Medical Devices, Patent Infringement, Patent Litigation, Patent Royalties

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International News: Focus on International Private Client

In This Issue: Features - ..The UK Response to BEPS and Hybrid Mismatches ..Parental Liability for French Subsidiaries ..The Evolving US-Cuba Trade Landscape ..Amendments to Taiwan Fair Trade…more

BEPS, Cuba, Foreign Investment, Foreign Subsidiaries, France

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The New Balance of Power: What the 114th Congress Means for Business

As the now-lame-duck U.S. Congress convenes for its final legislative session of 2014, the 114th U.S. Congress is gearing up for action. Officeholders on both sides of the aisle are preparing for the shift to Republican control…more

Election Results, Legislative Agendas, Legislative Committees, Political Parties

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Taxpayer Victory Helps Trusts Holding Business and Real Estate Avoid Tax

One of the most vexing tax issues remaining unresolved since the 1986 enactment of the passive loss (PAL) rules is whether business or rental income earned by a trust can be active income and whether business or rental losses…more

Income Taxes, Passive Losses, Property Tax, Rental Income, Rental Property

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Seventh Circuit: Plaintiffs Lacked Standing to Challenge Tax Exemption for Ministerial Rental Allowances

In November 2013, the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin declared unconstitutional Section 107(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, which excludes from gross income rental allowances paid to ministers as part…more

Churches, Establishment Clause, Federal Jurisdiction, Freedom From Religion Foundation, IRC

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Inside M&A - Summer 2013

A Closer Look at Leveraged Dividend Recapitalizations - With merger and acquisition activity down over the course of 2012 into 2013, and a weak market for initial public offerings (IPOs), many private equity firms have…more

Bridge Loans, Collateralized Loan Obligations, Debtors, Dividends, Financing

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Federal Circuit to Consider International Patent Exhaustion En Banc - Lexmark International, Inc. v. Impression Products, Inc.

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit has sua sponte ordered an en banc hearing to consider the issue of international patent exhaustion. Lexmark International, Inc. v. Impression Products, Inc., Case No. 14-1617…more

Appeals, Lexmark, Patent Exhaustion, Patent Litigation, Patents

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White House Budget Proposal Includes Many Retirement-Related Provisions

On February 2, 2015, the White House released its Fiscal Year 2016 Budget, which includes a number of tax code changes targeting retirement savings. If enacted as presented, the proposals would have a significant effect on…more

401k, Federal Budget, IRA, Qualified Retirement Plans, Retirement Plan

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DOJ Issues Business Review Letter Pertaining to SSO Policy on Standard-Essential Patents and RAND Commitments

On February 2, 2015, the Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) issued a business review letter stating that it would not challenge the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.’s (IEEE’s)…more

DOJ, IEEE, Manufacturers, Market Participants, Patents

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CMS Proposes Recognition of Same-Sex Spouses

On December 12, 2014, CMS issued proposed regulations that would add recognition of same-sex spouses to the Conditions of Participation (CoPs) and Conditions for Coverage (CfCs) relevant to patients in hospitals, ambulatory…more

CMS, Health Care Providers, Same-Sex Marriage

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Focus on Tax Controversy - Fall 2014

Supreme Court to Hear Tax Injunction Act Case - On August 20, 2013, in Direct Marketing Association v. Brohl, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit held that the federal Tax Injunction Act (TIA) prohibited the…more

Brohl, Certiorari, Direct Marketing Association, Discovery, Electronically Stored Information

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FTC Consent Agreement with Par Petroleum Demonstrates Increased Agency Focus on Competitive Effects

On March 18, 2015, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) ordered Par Petroleum Corporation to terminate its storage and throughput rights at a key gasoline terminal in Hawaii. This action will settle FTC charges seeking to prevent…more

Antitrust Provisions, Consent Agreements, FTC, Oil & Gas, Refineries

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Supreme Court on Evaluation of Claims to Computer-Implemented Inventions under 35 U.S.C. § 101

On June 19, 2014, the Supreme Court of the United States issued its much anticipated decision in Alice Corporation Pty. Ltd. v. CLS Bank International et al., confirming that computer-implemented inventions, such as computer…more

Alice Corporation, Bilski, CLS Bank, CLS Bank v Alice Corp, Mayo v. Prometheus

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Copyright Co-Owner’s Ability to Grant an Exclusive Right to a Third Party - Corbello v. DeVito

Revisiting the issue of a copyright co-owner’s right to grant an exclusive right to a third party, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit clarified its prior ruling in Sybersound v. UAV, and explained that a copyright…more

Appeals, Co-Ownership, Copyright, Derivative Works, IP Assignment Agreements

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PTAB Excludes Documents Corroborating Publication Date as Hearsay but Admits Librarian Testimony - Toyota Motor Corporation v. American Vehicular Sciences LLC

In a final written decision, the U. S. Patent and Trademark Office Patent (PTO) Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB or Board) granted in part the patent owner’s motion to exclude certain documents purporting to corroborate the…more

Automotive Industry, Inter Partes Review Proceedings, Patent Trial and Appeal Board, Patents, Prior Art

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2015 Notice of Benefit and Payment Parameters

The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS or the agency) kicked off a flurry of springtime regulatory activity for health insurance issuers with publication of the final Notice of Benefit and Payment Parameters for 2015…more

Affordable Care Act, CMS, Employee Benefits, Health Insurance Exchanges, Healthcare

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Reporting Audit Changes – New York City Amends Provision on Apportionment

On April 13, 2015, Governor Andrew Cuomo signed into law two bills related to the 2015-2016 budget (S2009-B/A3009-B and S4610-A/A6721-A) (Budget Bill), containing several significant “technical corrections” to the New York State…more

Corporate Taxes, Income Taxes, Sales & Use Tax

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New Ukraine-Related Sanctions Imposed on Russian Interests

On July 16, 2014, the Obama Administration responded further to developments in Ukraine by imposing another new round of sanctions on Russian, Ukrainian and Crimean parties. Importantly, for the first time, the United States…more

Foreign Policy, OFAC, Russia, Sanctions, Ukraine

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Inside M&A - Summer 2014

“Commercially Reasonable Efforts” Diligence Obligations in Life Science M&A" - More than 80 percent of all deals in the pharmaceutical, medical device and biotech industries include an earnout structure that provides some…more

Best Efforts Clauses, Biotechnology, Commercially Reasonable Efforts, Contingent Payment Clauses, Good Faith

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IP Update, Vol. 16, No. 10, October 2013

No Case or Controversy in DJ Against Patentee Who Sued Manufacturer’s Customers: Cisco Systems, Inc. v. Alberta Telecommunications Research Center - In a non-precedential opinion addressing declaratory judgment…more

Cisco, Claim Construction, Copyright, FRAND, Offsets

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FDA Issues Revised Draft Guidance on Disclosures of Risk Information in Consumer-Friendly Print Advertisements and Promotional Labeling

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently released its Revised Draft Guidance entitled “Brief Summary and Adequate Directions for Use: Disclosing Risk Information in Consumer-Directed Print Advertisements and…more

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Pressure Points: OCR Enforcement Activity in 2014

During 2014, the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) of the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services initiated six enforcement actions in response to security breaches reported by entities covered by the Health Insurance Portability…more

Business Associates, Covered Entities, Cybersecurity, Data Protection, Enforcement

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Inside M&A - Fall 2014

Managing Compliance Risks in M&A Transactions - Buyers can acquire unintended and potentially very damaging liabilities together with target business or assets. Analyzing the financial situation of a target company,…more

Compliance, DOJ, Due Diligence, FCPA, Integration

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The New Section 6501(c)(10) Regulations

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and the U.S. Department of the Treasury recently finalized Treas. Reg. § 301.6501(c)-1(g), which interprets § 6501(c)(10)’s extended limitations period (and other associated rules) where a…more

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Failure to Address All Graham Factors Dooms CBM Petition

Travelocity.com L.P. v. Cronos Technologies LLC - Addressing the showing required to institute covered business method (CBM) proceedings based on obviousness, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Patent Trial and Appeal…more

Covered Business Method Patents, Graham Factors, Obviousness, Patent Litigation, Patent Trial and Appeal Board

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IP Update, Vol. 16, No. 6, June 2013

Patents / Patent Eligible Subject Matter - Supreme Court to Myriad: Isolated DNA Sequences Are Not Patent-Eligible Subject Matter -- AMP et al. v. Myriad Genetics, Inc.: In a 9–0 decision the Supreme Court…more

Abuse of Discretion, AMP v Myriad, Burden of Proof, Copyright, Damages

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Washington Watch: House GOP Leadership and the ‘Fiscal Cliff’

An analysis of the year-end fiscal negotiations and their consequences. As the United States rapidly approached the “fiscal cliff,” negotiations between President Barack Obama and House Speaker John Boehner (R-OH) faltered,…more

Alternative Minimum Tax, American Taxpayer Relief Act, Capital Gains, Dividends, Estate Tax

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New York State Tax Department Releases Guidance on Tax Reform Legislation

The New York State Department of Taxation and Finance (the Department) has been issuing guidance explaining the 2014 corporate tax reform legislation (generally effective on January 1, 2015) through a series of questions and…more

Corporate Taxes, New Guidance, New Legislation, Tax Reform

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Section 752 Proposed Regulations Regarding Partnership Recourse Liabilities and Rules for Related Persons

On December 13, 2013, the Internal Revenue Service and U.S. Department of the Treasury issued proposed regulations under Section 752 regarding recourse liabilities of a partnership and the special rules for related persons…more

IRS, Partnerships, Proposed Regulation, Risk of Loss, U.S. Treasury

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Louisiana Supreme Court Upholds Bundling Portable Toilet Leases and Cleaning Services, but Not Sure About True Object of Resulting Transactions

If you are ever waiting in line for portable toilet facilities at the St. Patty’s Day Parade and in need of something to think about, consider the property and service you are about to use: Is it the lease of tangible personal…more

Leases, Personal Property, Personal Services, Sales & Use Tax, Supreme Court of Lousiana

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Public Company Priorities for the New Year

Looking ahead to 2013, directors, executives and general counsel of public companies can take some solace from the fact that 2012 was not a year in which a large number of significant new disclosure rules or governance…more

Conflict Mineral Rules, Cybersecurity, Dodd-Frank, FCPA, Proxy Voting Guidelines

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Court of Justice of the European Union Holds that ISPs May Be Ordered to Block Customer Access to Websites Infringing Copyright

UPC Telekabel Wien GmbH v Constantin Film Verleih GmbH - On a reference from the Supreme Court of Austria, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) has held that ISPs may be ordered to block their customers’…more

CJEU, Copyright Infringement, Injunctions, ISPs, Websites

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Reminder: Important (and Imminent) Tax Deadline for Parent Organizations of Tax-Exempt Health Care Systems [and All Other Section 501(c)(3) Type III Supporting Organizations]

As you may recall, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) issued final regulations regarding Section 501(c)(3) supporting organizations in December 2012. The imposition of an annual notice requirement for all “Type III Supporting…more

501(c)(3), Final Rules, Health Care Providers, IRS, Notice Requirements

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Proposed Regulations Clarify Definition of “Real Property” for Real Estate Investment Trusts

On May 9, 2014, the Internal Revenue Service and U.S. Department of the Treasury issued proposed regulations (the Proposed Regulations) under Section 856 of the Internal Revenue Code (the Code) to clarify the definition of “real…more

Business Assets, C-Corporation, IRS, Private Letter Rulings, Proposed Regulation

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Whistleblowing in China and the United States

The Chinese Government’s wide-ranging bribery and corruption investigation into the pharmaceutical industry takes a new turn every week. Media reports contain numerous incidents of purported whistleblowers making allegations or…more

Bribery, China, Compliance, Corruption, Dodd-Frank

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FTC and DOJ Host Workshop Examining Health Care Competition - Updated 2015

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and the Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) held a public workshop on February 24–25, 2015, to examine recent trends and developments in health care provider organization…more

ACOs, Acquisitions, Affordable Care Act, Antitrust Division, DOJ

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Economic Justification in the Assessment of Abusive Terminations of Longstanding Commercial Relationships

International companies with operations in France, or those that conduct regular business with French commercial partners, should be aware that their longtime French commercial partners could be entitled to claim compensation…more

Abusive Terminations, Breach of Contract, Damages, Economic Downturn, France

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Plain and Simple: Maryland Tax Court Holds Insurance Company is Exempt from Corporate Income Taxes

Although taxpayers often complain that complying with the tax laws imposed by the numerous state and local taxing jurisdictions that exist in the United States is a burdensome process, many of these tax statutes also provide…more

Corporate Taxes, Exempt Organizations, Insurance Companies, Insurance Industry, State Taxes

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Recent Court Cases Highlight the Difficult Questions Related to Medically Assisted Procreation in France

Law No.2013-404 dated May 17, 2013, (the Law) allowed same-sex couples to get married and to adopt children, through either the mutual adoption of a child or the adoption of the same-sex spouse’s biological or adopted child…more

EU, Medically Assisted Procreation, Same-Sex Marriage

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IP Update, Vol. 16, No. 2, -- February 2013

In This Issue: Patents - Supreme Court: State Court Has Jurisdiction over a Legal Malpractice Claim; Nothing Non-Obvious About Applying Pre-Existing Technology to the Internet; The Federal Circuit Is Not the Place…more

Adverse Inference Instructions, America Invents Act, Assignor Estoppel, Attorney Malpractice, Commercial Bankruptcy

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International News: Focus on Compliance

In This Issue - Welcome to the final issue of International News for 2014. As regulatory oversight of companies—from Sarbanes Oxley and the Dodd-Frank Act to the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and the UK Bribery…more

Chief Compliance Officers, China, COMESA, Compliance, Disclosure Requirements

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CFTC Finalizes Exception for Swaps with Utility Special Entities

The Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) last week released a final rule excluding certain electricity and natural gas swaps with governmental agencies and municipalities from the lower de minimis threshold for swaps with…more

CFTC, Electricity, Final Rules, Municipalities, Natural Gas

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TTB Issues Ruling on Formulas for Beer

On June 5, 2014 the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) issued TTB Ruling 2014-4, exempting from TTB’s formula and pre-import approval (PIA) submission requirements beer made with dozens ingredients as well as beer…more

Breweries, TTB, Wine & Alcohol

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Italian Parliament Approves Final Rules on Changes to Feed-in Tariffs for Photovoltaic Plants

On 7 August 2014, the Italian Parliament approved the conversion into law of Law Decree no. 91 /2014 (the Decree) regarding, amongst other matters, “urgent measures … for the limitation of costs applied to electricity prices”…more

Energy, EU, Feed-in-Tariffs, Solar Energy, Tariffs

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Privacy and Data Protection: 2014 Year in Review

In 2014, regulators around the globe issued guidelines, legislation and penalties in an effort to enhance security and control within the ever-shifting field of privacy and data protection. The Federal Trade Commission confirmed…more

Africa, Anti-Spam Legislation, Canada, China, Cybersecurity

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IP Update, Vol. 16, No. 6, June 2013

Patents / Patent Eligible Subject Matter - Supreme Court to Myriad: Isolated DNA Sequences Are Not Patent-Eligible Subject Matter -- AMP et al. v. Myriad Genetics, Inc.: In a 9–0 decision the Supreme Court…more

Abuse of Discretion, AMP v Myriad, Burden of Proof, Copyright, Damages

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Economic Justification in the Assessment of Abusive Terminations of Longstanding Commercial Relationships

International companies with operations in France, or those that conduct regular business with French commercial partners, should be aware that their longtime French commercial partners could be entitled to claim compensation…more

Abusive Terminations, Breach of Contract, Damages, Economic Downturn, France

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Mere Receipt of a Copy of the Complaint Does Not Invoke the One-Year Bar Rule - Petroleum Geo-Services, Inc. v. Westerngeco LLC

Addressing the meaning of “defendant” for purpose of the one-year bar rule, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB or Board) explained that being served with a third party subpoena in an…more

Inter Partes Review Proceedings, Patent Trial and Appeal Board, Patents, Statute of Limitations, USPTO

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Old Compound + Known Purpose + Prior Art Concentrations = Obvious -- Galderma Labs L.P., et al v. Tolmar, Inc.

In a split panel decision, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit reversed a district court concluding that the claims at issue were invalid as obvious because they were directed to the use of an old compound for a…more

Obviousness, Patent Litigation, Patents, Prior Art

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IP Update, Vol. 15, No. 12, December 2012

In This Issue: Patents - ..Federal Circuit Rules It’s Own Standards Apply When Considering Preliminary Injunctions ..Preliminary Testing of Medical Devices in Animals Enables Their Use in…more

America Invents Act, Claim Construction, Competition, Copyright, Infringement

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National Roadmap for Health Data Sharing: FTC Advocates Preservation of Privacy and Competition

On April 1, 2015, the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC), which assists with the coordination of federal policy on data sharing objectives and standards, issued its Shared Nationwide…more

Data-Sharing, FTC, Health Care Providers