Burden of Proof

News & Analysis as of

FTC Administrative Law Judge To FTC: "Not So Fast On Data Security Enforcement!"

After repeatedly losing various challenges to the Federal Trade Commission's ("FTC's") authority to investigate and sanction it for alleged data security violations, LabMD Inc. ("LabMD") has finally come out on top, at least...more

FTC Fails to Prove Case Against LabMD

Last Friday, Chief Administrative Law Judge D. Michael Chappell ruled that the FTC had failed to prove its case against LabMD and dismissed the FTC's Complaint. LabMD is one of only two companies (the other being Wyndham) to...more

Maryland Court of Special Appeals Clarifies Plaintiff’s Burden in Proving Negligence Case for Personal Injuries From Exposure to...

The standard for establishing a prima facie case of negligence in a lead paint lawsuit is well established. The plaintiff has the burden of proving “1) that the defendant was under a duty to protect the plaintiff from...more

"Congress Overhauls Partnership Audit and Litigation Procedures"

On November 2, 2015, President Barack Obama signed into law the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 (the Act). The Act overhauls the partnership audit and litigation rules in the Internal Revenue Code, repealing both the provisions...more

Federal Circuit: Prior Disclosure Is Not Necessarily Prior Art - Dynamic Drinkware v. National Graphics

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit affirmed the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB or Board), finding that an IPR petitioner failed to meet its burden of proving that a cited prior art U.S. patent reference...more

Labor Code § 2708 Presumption of Employer Negligence is Not Applicable Against Homeowners Who Hired Unlicensed Painting Company

In Vebr v. Culp (Filed 10/28/2015, No. G050730), the Fourth District Court of Appeal affirmed a trial court’s grant of summary judgment in favor of homeowners, where an employee of an unlicensed painting company was injured...more

BALCA: Error Caused by Deficient PERM Form Not a Proper Reason for Denial

The permanent labor certification process (also referred to as PERM) allows an employer to hire a foreign national to work permanently in the United States. Prior to filing a PERM application for a foreign worker with the...more

GoDaddy victorious in dispute over OSCARS and ACADEMY AWARDS marks | World Trademark Review

In Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences v GoDaddy.com, the US District Court for the Central District of California has entered judgment in defendant GoDaddy’s favour, holding that plaintiff Academy of Motion Picture...more

Is a New Standard for Enhanced Damages in Patent Infringement on the Horizon?

The Supreme Court of the United States has recently announced that they will be reviewing the standard for willful patent infringement in two cases currently on appeal from the Federal Circuit: Halo Electronics, Inc. v. Pulse...more

Why Everyone Is Upset About The Third Circuit’s Recent TCPA Decisions … And A Few Reasons Why They Shouldn’t Be

Defendants’ discussions of the Third Circuit’s recent decisions in Leyse v. Bank of America and Dominguez v. Yahoo have been all doom and gloom. Some of that disappointment is understandable, as the Third Circuit vacated...more

The California Fair Pay Act

California’s Fair Pay Act, which takes effect on January 1, 2016, prohibits private employers from paying male and female employees at different wage rates for substantially similar work. This standard is both more stringent...more

Preparing for Compliance with California’s New Fair Pay Act

When California’s Fair Pay Act goes into effect January 1, 2016, the state’s employers will be subject to the strictest equal pay law in the country. The new law is part of an increased effort on both the federal and state...more

California Court Gets It Wrong On HRT Class Action

We understand that not everyone shares our view of class actions, but we hold certain truths to be self-evident: The government, including its courts, cannot order someone to give money to someone else without due process of...more

Rhode Island Supreme Court Decision Serves As A Reminder To Engage Necessary Experts Early In The Case

A recent Rhode Island Supreme Court decision serves as an important reminder of the need to engage essential expert witnesses early in a case and, at a minimum, before discovery responses are due....more

When is an Employee’s Disability a Factor in his Dismissal?

On June 30, 2015, the Court of Appeal of Alberta released its decision in Stewart v Elk Valley Coal Corporation, 2015 ABCA 225 (“Stewart”) and clarifying what constitutes discrimination. In Stewart, the employer...more

"The UK Softens Its Approach to Senior Banker Regulatory Liability"

The aftermath of the financial crisis saw regulators worldwide tighten rules and launch large-scale enforcement investigations, particularly directed at the banking sector. The U.K., notwithstanding the importance to it of...more

Rare TTAB §2(d) Reversal Where Examiner Failed to Heed Rules of Evidence

While browsing back issues of the indispensable Allen’s Trademark Digest, the blurb for the Trademark Trial & Appeal Board’s decision in the appeal In re Micros Systems, Inc. caught my eye. It was a rarely-seen reversal of an...more

Takeaways from Chisum’s Washington, D.C. September 2015 Seminar

On September 24-25, 2015, the Chisum Patent Academy held a two-day seminar at the offices of Kaye Scholer LLP in Washington, DC to discuss and debate current developments in U.S. patent law. The roundtable seminar group was...more

Workers’ Compensation and the Burden of Proof

When filing a workers’ compensation claim in Illinois, the injured worker is required to prove that he or she is eligible for benefits. Although this can be extremely burdensome for individuals who are already suffering from...more

Strict New California Fair Pay Act Will Become Effective January 2016

In only a few months, employers in California will be subject to one of the strictest and most aggressive equal pay laws in the country. This week, Governor Jerry Brown signed the California Fair Pay Act (“Act”), Senate Bill...more

Mitigating Damages: The Owner's Duty in a Condemnation Case

When a property owner is faced with a condemnation case, what is its responsibility for maintaining the property and reducing damages? In most cases, the owner still has a duty to responsibly care for the property....more

Wrongful Trading: Robin Hood’s not-so Merry Men

Brooks and another v Armstrong and another [2015] EWHC 2289 (Ch) 0 - In a rare judgment considering wrongful trading in detail, the memorably-named “Robin Hood” case considers at which point the directors ought to have...more

Heedless Heeding Presumptions – How New York Law Became a Morass

Ever since this blog started, we’ve made plain that we have no use for the so-called “heeding presumption.” This presumption posits that, because under Restatement §402A, comment j, a defendant providing an adequate warning...more

Some Useful Insights from Steris-Synergy Merger Case

The Federal Trade Commission suffered a rare loss when, on Sept. 24, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Ohio denied its request for a preliminary injunction, despite having accepted the FTC’s “actual...more

How to Prepare for the New California Fair Pay Act

Changes in the Act will increase the difficulty employers face in justifying pay differentials. On October 6, 2015, Governor Brown signed into law the California Fair Pay Act. The California Fair Pay Act amends Labor...more

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