Burden of Proof

News & Analysis as of

Insurance Coverage – Predominant or Efficient Proximate Cause

Varadanyan v. Amco Insurance Company - Court of Appeal, Fifth Appellate District (January 7, 2016)- Insurance Code section 530 codifies the “efficient proximate cause doctrine” in resolving first party insurance...more

Wyeth v. Levine’s ‘Clear Evidence' Language: Clearly Misunderstood

In 2009, the United States Supreme Court in Wyeth v. Levine affirmed a judgment rejecting a prescription drug manufacturer’s contention that plaintiff’s claim that the manufacturer should have strengthened its U.S. Food and...more

District Court Rules Plaintiff Need Not Come Forward with Evidence of Priority Date Earlier than Patent Application Until...

Omega Patents, LLC ("Omega") filed a patent infringement action against CalAmp Corp. ("CalAmp") asserting that CalAmp infringes the claims of U.S. Patent No. 6,346,876 ("the '876 Patent"), U.S. Patent No. 6,737,989 ("the '989...more

Copyright Infringement and the First Sale Defense

The Ninth Circuit’s recent decision in the case of Dolby Systems, Inc. v. Christenson, focuses primarily on the issue of which party bears the initial burden of proof with regard to a “first sale” defense in a copyright...more

Federal Circuit Review | January 2016

The Federal Circuit Will Review Appeals from Inter Partes Review Proceedings Under the “Substantial Evidence” Standard - In Merck & Cie v. Gnosis S.p.A., Appeal No. 2014-1779, the Federal Circuit affirmed a PTAB IPR...more

Statistical Sampling Debate: A Growing Web Of FCA Cases

The government and qui tam plaintiffs are increasingly employing statistical sampling in False Claims Act cases, particularly in cases where addressing and analyzing large numbers of allegedly false claims poses substantial...more

California’s New Fair Pay Act: Practical Recommendations for Employers

As of January 1, 2016, employers need to adapt to California’s new Fair Pay Act (SB 358). Previously, the law prohibited employers from paying lower wages to employees of opposite gender when they performed equal work that...more

Illinois Court Addresses Insured’s Burden of Proof on Duty to Indemnify

In Consol. United Nat’l Ins. Co. v. Faure Bros. Corp., 2016 Ill. App. Unpub. LEXIS 22 (Jan. 11, 2016), the Appellate Court of Illinois, First District, had occasion to consider an insured’s burden of proof in a declaratory...more

New York’s First Department Holds That Classification Limitation Endorsement Is Part Of The Coverage Grant, Not An Exclusion,...

In Black Bull Contracting, LLC v. Indian Harbor Insurance Company, 2016 NY Slip Op 00002, New York’s Appellate Division, First Department recently concluded that a classification endorsement barred coverage, holding in the...more

New Year, New Fraudulent Transfer Law

It’s a new year, and we have a new law affecting debtors and creditors in California. Effective January 1, 2016, California’s Uniform Voidable Transactions Act (UVTA) has replaced California’s Uniform Fraudulent Transfer Act...more

Termination for Default Held Improper

A contractor performed a project involving the construction of stone dike extensions and other work at four sites on the Mississippi River. Nelson, Inc. ASBCA No. 57201 (December 15, 2015). One of the issues was whether the...more

Small Business: Record Your Employees' Time!

Over the years I've had the opportunity to represent and advise a number of small businesses on wage and hour issues. Small businesses are understandably reticent to spend money on legal fees, so my first contact with many of...more

Rye In Action: Tennessee’s New Summary-Judgment Standard is Here to Stay and Already Changing the Status Quo

Tennessee’s recent return to the federal summary-judgment standard has been the subject of two prior posts by Butler Snow lawyers (here and here). Just before Christmas, the Tennessee Court of Appeals put the new standard to...more

What are the Rules on Indefiniteness of a Patent Specification under 35 USC § 112?

While the question was answered by the Supreme Court in Nautilus, Inc. v. Biosig Instruments, 134 S. Ct. 2120 (2014), the Federal Circuit, in The Dow Chemical Company v. Nova Chemicals Corporation (Canada), (2014-1431,...more

Congress Tackling Injury Standards in Class Actions (Again)

Concerns over state courts allowing class actions to proceed, the impact on the U.S. economy, and the undue pressure on companies to settle for significant sums spurred Congress to pass the Class Action Fairness Act of 2005....more

It Can Happen: PTAB Alters Final Written Decision on Rehearing - Square, Inc. v. REM Holdings 3, LLC

In a rare decision granting a petitioner’s rehearing request, the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB or Board) reversed its earlier position in a final written decision where it found that the petitioner had not shown that...more

Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Details the Evidentiary Support a Gas Storage Company Must Provide to Justify Market-Based...

The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission issued an order on October 15, 2015 in which it addressed the first fully-litigated proceeding where a natural gas storage provider sought authorization to charge market-based rates....more

Indiana Tax Court Rejects Assessor’s Income Analysis And Allocated Purchase Price Information In Affirming Assessment Reductions...

In a pair of decisions issued on September 30 and December 3, 2015, the Indiana Tax Court upheld the 2006 to 2010 assessment reductions for an Indianapolis shopping center. In Marion County Assessor v. Gateway Arthur, Inc.,...more

Recent Decision Clarifies Availability of Defences at the Leave Stage in Statutory Securities Class Actions

The Ontario Superior Court of Justice’s (Court) recent decision in Rahimi v. SouthGobi Resources (Rahimi) confirms that courts will consider and evaluate defences at the leave stage of a statutory secondary market disclosure...more

Hillsborough County, Florida Passes Wage Theft Ordinance

On October 21, 2015, the Hillsborough County Board of Commissioners enacted the “Hillsborough County Wage Recovery Ordinance.” By it terms, the ordinance applies to all employers within Hillsborough County and any company...more

Tennessee Supreme Court Modifies Summary Judgment Standard

Recently the Tennessee Supreme Court modified the summary judgment standard in state courts in the state of Tennessee. The Tennessee Supreme Court returned the state’s summary judgment standard to be consistent with the...more

Sec. 103(c) Saves Patent Claims in IPR Final Written Decision

In a recently-issued Final Written Decision, the Board thoroughly explained the sometimes tricky issue of the shift, if any, of the burden of proof/production in an IPR proceeding. Global Tel*Link Corp. v. Securus Techs.,...more

PTAB Update -- PTAB Claim Amendment Practice at the Federal Circuit

In another unsurprising turn, the Federal Circuit affirmed the motion-to-amend practice adopted by the PTAB in IPR proceedings. The majority opinion in Prolitec Inc. v. Scentair Technologies, Inc., authored by Chief Judge...more

An Evolving Landscape: Timeliness of government disallowance of expenses contained in incurred cost proposals may depend on...

The last three years have seen a run of Contract Disputes Act (CDA) statute of limitations (SOL) cases involving contractor incurred cost proposals (ICP). The sledding has been more difficult for contractors after the Federal...more

Court Finds Promotional Tests Violate Title VII

In Bruce Smith, et al. v. City of Boston, Case No. 12-CV-10291 (D. Mass. Nov. 16, 2015), Judge Young of the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts held that the City of Boston Police Department’s (the...more

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