News & Analysis as of

Burden of Proof

PTAB Holds All Claims Unpatentable in Reversal on Remand

The PTAB recently issued a final written decision on remand from the Federal Circuit, holding all claims to be unpatentable in Athena Automation Ltd., v. Husky Injection Molding Sys. Ltd., IPR2013-00290, Paper 61 (P.T.A.B....more

Sweeping Changes to the Missouri Human Rights Act – Back to the Mainstream

by Lathrop & Gage LLP on

For more than a decade, employment discrimination plaintiffs in Missouri have benefited from a lower burden of proof than plaintiffs in federal court or other states. With no statutory cap on compensatory and punitive...more

"Court of Chancery Provides Guidance on 'Credible Basis' Standard for Obtaining Books"

The Delaware Supreme Court has held that strict adherence to the procedural requirements of Section 220 of the Delaware General Corporation Law “protects the right of the corporation to receive and consider a demand in proper...more

Fair Use is Not Always Fair

Photographer TC Reiner sued Watkins Institute and its student Ryon Nishimori for copyright infringement when Nishimori incorporated one of Reiner’s copyrighted photographs into a mock advertisement for a classroom assignment...more

"The Continuing Evolution of Corwin in Delaware Courts"

Recent Delaware Supreme Court and Court of Chancery cases have continued to refine the impact and requirements of Corwin v. KKR Financial Holdings LLC, in which the Delaware Supreme Court held that the business judgment rule...more

Modifying Spousal Maintenance in Arizona: Are Changed Circumstances Continuing?

by Jaburg Wilk on

In Perkins vs. Perkins, Division One of the Arizona Court of Appeals addressed the question of changed circumstances for the purposes of modifying a spousal maintenance order and what constituted ‘continuing’ (as opposed to...more

PTAB Interprets “By Another” in 35 § 102(e)

by Jones Day on

In connection with a dispute over parking meters, the PTAB, on March 27, 2017, issued a decision in IPR2016-00067 that Duncan Parking Technologies, Inc. (DPT) had not met its burden of showing, by a preponderance of evidence,...more

Federal Court Denies “Fiduciary Exception” Challenge in Connection with Section 36(b) Excessive Fee Lawsuit

by Dechert LLP on

The U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois denied a motion to compel production of attorney-client privileged documents on April 25, 2017, in connection with the Section 36(b) lawsuit Chill v. Calamos...more

Updated CHOICE Act Proposes to Impose Heightened Pleading Requirement and Raise Burden of Proof for Plaintiffs in Section 36(b)...

by Dechert LLP on

The Chairman of the Financial Services Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives, Jeb Hensarling (R-TX), on April 19, 2017 released an updated discussion draft of the Financial CHOICE1 Act (Bill), and the Committee held...more

ITC Declassifies Portions of Final Determination

by Jones Day on

In re Certain Network Devices, Related Software and Components Thereof (I), Inv. No. 337-TA-944 (ITC Comm’n Apr. 19, 2017), is a surprisingly rare opinion addressing a common issue: When should the ITC redact a portion of an...more

Professional advisors not liable for client’s poor commercial judgment

by Allen & Overy LLP on

In a landmark decision, BPE Solicitors & anr v Hughes-Holland (in substitution for Gabriel) [2017] UKSC 21, the Supreme Court provided guidance on the application and effect of the well-known, but often misunderstood, ‘SAAMCO...more

Federal Circuit Affirms PTAB’s Obviousness Holding for Novartis’s Dementia Drug Patents

The Federal Circuit affirmed the PTAB’s final written decisions holding that claims directed to Novartis’s dementia drug compositions containing Exelon were obvious in Novartis AG v. Noven Pharm. Inc., No. 2016-1679 (Fed....more

PTAB Grants Rare Motion to Amend

The PTAB issued a Final Written Decision in Amerigen Pharm. Ltd. v. Shire LLC, IPR2015-02009, Paper 38 (P.T.A.B. March 31, 2017) granting a rare motion to amend. The motion canceled all instituted claims and amended a...more

Employer successfully fights EEOC subpoena

by McAfee & Taft on

Any employer that has gone through an Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) investigation knows one thing is certain: you will have to provide mountains of documents. Normally, the EEOC will informally request...more

Burden Shifted to Accused Infringer to Show Accused Product Not Made by Patented Process

A judge has ordered that an alleged infringer’s product must be presumed to have been made using a patented process, thereby shifting the burden of proof on the issue of infringement from the patent holder to the alleged...more

N.D. Indiana: Employer Bears Burden of Proving Whistleblower Exhausted Administrative Remedies

On February 1, 2016, the Northern District of Indiana ruled in a case brought under the Federal Railroad Safety Act (FRSA) that whether a whistleblower has fulfilled relevant administrative requirements prior to filing suit...more

New Trademark Office Audit May Result in Cancellation of Registrations

The United States Patent and Trademark Office (“USPTO”) announced a final rule that took effect on February 17, 2017. To assess and promote the accuracy and integrity of the trademark register, the USPTO amended rules...more

Utah Enacts Uniform Voidable Transactions Act

by Snell & Wilmer on

On March 21, 2017, Utah joined about a dozen other states in enacting the Uniform Voidable Transactions Act (the Act). This statute, which is found at §25-6-101 et seq., amends Utah’s Uniform Fraudulent Transfer Act (§25-6-1...more

USPTO launches new proof of use audit program

by Thompson Coburn LLP on

The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has launched a new program that will require some trademark owners to submit more “specimens” (i.e., proof of use) and information than was required in the past. As a...more

Subject Access Requests: "not an obligation to leave no stone unturned"

by White & Case LLP on

The English Court of Appeal has ruled in two recent cases that subject access requests are generally valid, and businesses must comply with such requests, even if they are made for collateral purposes, such as collecting...more

Defence & Indemnity - February 2017: IV. PRACTICE ISSUES B.

by Field Law on

In an action by homeowners against a chimney sweep, it was held that deficiencies in the plaintiffs’ expert Investigation and reports deprived the court and the other trial experts from being able to determine what actually...more

New York Appellate Court Dismisses CDO-Related Fraud Claims, Because Plaintiffs Failed To Show That Misrepresentations, Not Market...

by Shearman & Sterling LLP on

On March 3, 2017, the First Department of the Appellate Division of New York Supreme Court reversed a lower court’s ruling and ordered summary judgment to be entered in favor of the defendant, TCW Asset Management Company...more

Defence & Indemnity - February 2017: III. QUANTUM/DAMAGES ISSUES

by Field Law on

A. Regarding the defence of inevitable accident due to a medical condition, certain circumstances give rise to a presumption that the defendant drove negligently and the defendant needs expert medical evidence that causally...more

Proposed Changes - China’s commercial bribery laws face major revision.

On February 22, 2017, draft amendments (the 2017 Draft Amendments) to the Anti-Unfair Competition Law (AUCL) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) were submitted to the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress...more

Prior Sexual Harassment Does Not Ease Plaintiff's Burden of Showing Hostile Work Environment

Employers sometimes struggle determining appropriate disciplinary action in the event of relatively low level sexual harassment. Many companies take a no tolerance approach, concluding that keeping the harasser employed makes...more

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Cybersecurity

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