News & Analysis as of

But For Causation

First Circuit Rules that Bankruptcy Court “Retention of Jurisdiction” Provisions Not Enough to Establish Jurisdiction

It is very common for bankruptcy court orders to provide that the court retains jurisdiction to enforce such orders. Similarly, chapter 11 confirmation orders routinely provide that the bankruptcy court retains jurisdiction...more

Lack of Proof That Infringement was “But For” Cause of Lost Sales or Price Erosion Defeats Permanent Injunction

In Nichia Corp. v. Everlight Americas, Inc., [2016-1585, 2016-1618] (April 28, 2017), the Federal Circuit affirmed the district court’s judgment that U.S. Patent Nos. 8,530,250, 7,432,589, and 7,462,870, directed to LED...more

FCRA Retaliation Claims Require Proof of But-For Causation According to Fourth DCA

by Rumberger Kirk & Caldwell on

In an en banc decision by the Fourth District Court of Appeal in Palm Beach Cty. Sch. Bd. v. Wright, Case No. 4D16–112, WL 1278072 (Fla. 4th DCA Apr. 5, 2017), the court adopted a new standard on causation for Florida Civil...more

Doctor's Legal Malpractice Claim Tossed Based on Her Failure to Demonstrate "But For" Causation

by Hinshaw & Culbertson LLP on

Manveen Saluja, M.D. v. Honigman Miller Schwartz & Cohn, LLP, 2017 WL 1033751 (Mich. 2017) - Brief Summary - Summary judgment in favor of defendants was affirmed based on plaintiff's failure to establish that but...more

Evidence That Younger Employees Violated Company Policy Without Consequences Results in Denial of Summary Judgment

by Jackson Lewis P.C. on

In light of evidence that younger employees committed similar infractions as the plaintiff, and did not suffer significant disciplinary action, an Illinois federal district court denied an employer’s summary judgment motion....more

Employee’s Retaliation and Hostile Work Environment Claims Based on a Rumor Spread in the Workplace Survives Motion for Summary...

by Jackson Lewis P.C. on

In Baez v. Anne Fontaine USA, Inc., the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York denied an employer’s motion for summary judgment to dismiss a terminated employee’s retaliation claims under Title...more

Weighty Issues: Obesity And The But-For Test Under The ADAAA

by Jackson Lewis P.C. on

Obesity is still a hot topic both in our health conscious culture and in our courtrooms where we continue to see ADAAA claims based on the notion that an employer fired an employee because the employee was obese. After the...more

Seventh Circuit Affirms Dismissal of Malpractice Claim Based on Plaintiff's Failure to Plead "But For" Causation

by Hinshaw & Culbertson LLP on

West Bend Mutual Ins. Co. v. Schumacher, ___ F.3d ___, 2016 WL 7395708 (7th Cir. 2016) - Brief Summary - Plaintiff, a workers' compensation insurer, filed a legal malpractice action against former defense counsel,...more

EPA Eliminates “But For” Causation From the Exceptional Events Rule: Tort Professors Everywhere Get Excited

On Monday, EPA promulgated amendments to its “Exceptional Events” Rule. The rule is important, particularly in the Western states, and most particularly in connection with EPA’s latest iteration of the ozone NAAQS. EPA’s...more

Repercussions of Retaliation: EEOC Revises its Guidance on Retaliation

For the first time in 18 years, the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) has issued revised guidance (the Guidance) regarding retaliation. The Guidance, which broadens and clarifies the definition of protected...more

Front Pay & Back Pay: How About No Pay?

In Caterpillar Logistics Services, Inc. v. Amaya, 2016 WL 822020 (Fla. 3d DCA July 13th, 2016), Rudolph Amaya suffered an on-the-job injury to his back and knee while working at Caterpillar’s facility.  Shortly thereafter,...more

Court of Appeal decides that full losses flow from a second negligent valuation on a refinance regardless of whether the second...

by Dentons on

In Tiuta International Limited (in Liquidation) v. De Villiers Surveyors Limited [2016] EWCA Civ 661, the Court of Appeal allowed an application to set aside summary judgment after considering the correct application of the...more

The Court of Appeal redefines the “but-for” causation test for negligence: Losses caused to a lender by a surveyor’s negligent...

by Ropes & Gray LLP on

In a landmark judgment with wide implications for the lending, refinancing and valuation industries, in Tiuta International Ltd (In liquidation) v De Villiers Surveyors Ltd [2016] EWCA Civ 661, the Court of Appeal, by a two...more

District Court Permits Survey Evidence to Support Lost Profits Damage Theory

The defendants', Roland DGA Corporation and Roland DG Corporation (collectively "Roland"), filed a motion for summary judgment against plaintiff, Gerber Scientific International, Inc. ("Gerber") regarding Gerber's claims for...more

D. Mass. (!) Refuses to Certify Celexa/Lexapro RICO Class Action

by Reed Smith on

Is there a more misused statute than RICO? Or one that more convincingly shows the weakness of the textualist position, which wads up any evidence of legislative intent and tosses it into the trash bin? RICO was clearly...more

Is There A Difference Between Firing Because of Age vs. Salary?

by Shipman & Goodwin LLP on

Up on Fortune magazine’s column “Practically Speaking” is the following question: Frank has been with us for more than 20 years. He works in the warehouse and has done a good job for us. I like him. But, to be honest,...more

Still Cookin’ In California Court: Bakery Employer Survives EEOC Motion For Summary Judgment

by Seyfarth Shaw LLP on

In what has become an oft-used recipe in the EEOC cookbook of Title VII retaliation litigation, the government has once again utilized the strategy of taking an employer’s deposition and thereafter moving for summary...more

Finding coverage for “additional insured,” Third Circuit cautions that “insurer cannot bury its head in the sand”

by Reed Smith on

Executive Summary - Using the “four corners” rule, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit decided in Ramara, Inc. v. Westfield Insurance Co., No. 15-1003 (3d Cir. Feb. 17, 2016), that an insurer owed a garage...more

Scalia’s Employment Law Legacy: More Complicated Than You Think

by Shipman & Goodwin LLP on

About a decade ago, I had the good fortune to sit at a table with Justice Antonin Scalia over a long lunch. He was a distinguished speaker for the Young Lawyers’ Section of the Connecticut Bar Association and, as a former...more

EEOC’s Updated Retaliation Enforcement Guidance Seeks to Expand the Reach of its Anti-Retaliation Laws

by Hinshaw & Culbertson LLP on

Effectively responding to employee discrimination complaints by current employees without running afoul of federal and state anti-retaliation laws presents a slippery slope for all employers. In fact, retaliation complaints...more

EEOC Proposes Expansive Enforcement Guidance for Retaliation Claims

For the first time in nearly 20 years, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission has issued proposed enforcement guidance regarding retaliation claims. According to the EEOC, the revised guidance is necessary in light of...more

Federal Judge Leaves Yahoo’s 'Human Intervention' Argument in the Hands of Jury

by Reed Smith on

On December 14, 2015, a federal judge in the Southern District of California concluded that a jury should decide whether Yahoo is liable under the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA), 47 U.S.C. § 227, for “welcome...more

Causation In Federal Remedial Rights And Alternative Pleading

by Seyfarth Shaw LLP on

Several recent Supreme Court decisions have upended causation standards in the statutory alphabet soup of federal remedial rights. It is now clear that “but for” causation governs discrimination claims under the Age...more

Heedless Heeding Presumptions – How New York Law Became a Morass

by Reed Smith on

Ever since this blog started, we’ve made plain that we have no use for the so-called “heeding presumption.” This presumption posits that, because under Restatement §402A, comment j, a defendant providing an adequate warning...more

Business Litigation Report - September 2015

Alleging Fraud in a Financial Crisis: The Second Circuit Articulates a Less Stringent Pleading Standard for Loss Causation: Loss causation has emerged as a central obstacle to post-financial-crisis fraud cases. The loss...more

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