Disparate Impact

News & Analysis as of

District Court Applies Supreme Court’s Inclusive Communities Decision in Rejecting Disparate Impact Claim

On July 17, the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California granted summary judgment for Wells Fargo in a Fair Housing Act (FHA) case brought by the City of Los Angeles. City of Los Angeles v. Wells Fargo &...more

Disparate Impact is Here to Stay: What the Supreme Court's Decision Means for the Multi-Family Industry

On June 25, 2015, Justice Kennedy delivered the Supreme Court’s decision in Texas v. Inclusive Communities Project. In the case, the Court determined that the Fair Housing Act of 1968 includes disparate impact claims. Prior...more

Supreme Court Slams The Brakes On Challenge To Disparate Act

As of now, the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) prohibits dealers from unintentional, or “disparate impact,” discrimination in setting dealer reserves in auto financing. This disparate impact can result from policies or...more

Employment-ish FHA Decision

Amid the headlines of last week’s Supreme Court decisions was one applying disparate impact analysis to claims under the Fair Housing Act “FHA”. Texas Dept. of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project,...more

Supreme Court Affirms FHA Disparate Impact Claims

Late last month, the Supreme Court handed down a significant decision affecting rights and obligations under the Fair Housing Act. The Court’s 5-4 decision in Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive...more

Oregon’s New “Ban the Box” Law Prohibits Criminal History Questions on Employment Applications

It’s been an active legislative session in Oregon this year regarding laws affecting the state’s employers. Hot on the heels of enacting laws relating to paid sick leave, noncompete agreements, and employee privacy on social...more

EEOC Uses its Record Keeping Requirements to Police Use of Criminal Background Checks

We don't think about personnel files – we just have them. Everything from employment applications to benefits enrollment forms to discipline and discharge documents goes into those files. But did you know that the EEOC...more

Auto Finance Company Agrees to Change Dealer Compensation Policy to Settle CFPB and DOJ Fair Lending Claims

To resolve charges by the Consumer Federal Protection Bureau (CFPB) and the Department of Justice (DOJ) that it engaged in unlawful discrimination in violation of the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA), American Honda...more

A Boost for Affordable Housing Developers

In the last month, both the Supreme Court and the Federal Government have taken affirmative steps to combat housing discrimination, which may remove certain obstacles affordable housing developers have previously faced with...more

Anti-Discrimination Housing Laws Tackled by U.S. Supreme Court

Public Agencies May Face Litigation, but Court-Imposed Safeguards to Limit Liability - Having taken up the question twice before only to see both cases settle, the United States Supreme Court recently concluded that...more

Supreme Court Broadens Scope for Housing Discrimination Claims

Beneficial intent will not shield lenders and other financial services companies from discrimination claims under the Fair Housing Act (FHA), according to a recent decision by the United States Supreme Court. Specifically,...more

CFPB Brings First ECOA Disparate Impact Action Post-Inclusive Communities

Just over 18 months after bringing a disparate impact-based ECOA case against Ally Financial (“Ally”) for discriminatory auto loan pricing, the CFPB has struck again—this time taking action against American Honda Finance...more

Plaintiff Seeks to Use Anti-Discrimination Law to Stop Fracking

On July 14, a complaint was filed in Sacramento County Superior Court against Governor Brown and the Division of Oil, Gas & Geothermal Resources (“DOGGR”) Supervisor Steve Bohlen.  The lawsuit claims Governor Brown and...more

Supremes Expand Liability Under FHA

On June 25, 2015, the Supreme Court of the United States, by a margin of 5-4, held that disparate impact claims are cognizable under the Fair Housing Act. Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. The Inclusive...more

Another Mini-Dukes Action Revived

Current and former women employees of Wal-Mart recently won big in the Sixth Circuit in their mini-Dukes discrimination class action. The trial court had ruled that the class action was filed too late, but the court of appeal...more

Supreme Court Rules Against Abercrombie & Fitch in Religious Discrimination Case

In a previous blog post we discussed the facts, and potential consequences of a pro-plaintiff holding in Equal Employment Opportunity Commission v. Abercrombie & Fitch Store, Inc. As a brief recap, in 2008, Samantha Elauf, a...more

Supreme Court Upholds Broad Interpretation of FHA

In a 5-4 decision, the Supreme Court ruled that disparate impact claims can be brought under the Fair Housing Act (“FHA”). Disparate impact claims attack policies or practices that are facially neutral but have a...more

Disparate Impact Survives—Court Outlines Limitations on Liability

On June 25, 2015, the US Supreme Court issued a decision in Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. The Inclusive Communities Project, holding that disparate-impact claims are cognizable under the Fair Housing...more

U.S. Supreme Court Issues Ruling Favorable To Employers Involved In Disparate-Impact Litigation

On June 25, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court issued a 5 to 4 ruling in Texas Dep’t of Housing & Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc., No. 13-1371 (2015). Now that the dust has settled from the Supreme Court’s...more

Recent US Supreme Court Decision Impacts Affordable Housing Industry

On June 25, the US Supreme Court upheld a decision that the Fair Housing Act ("Act") includes disparate impact claims. In Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc., the Supreme...more

U.S. Supreme Court Upholds Disparate-Impact Claims in Fair Housing Act Cases

On June 25, 2015, in Texas Dep't of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, the U.S. Supreme Court held that a plaintiff may establish a prima facie case under the Fair Housing Act (FHA) on the basis...more

A Review of the Supreme Court’s 2014 - 2015 Term

During the United States Supreme Court’s 2014-2015 term, the Court departed from the pro-business reputation it had developed in labor and employment cases. This term, employees prevailed more often than not, including in...more

Lending Industry Take Note: Federal Fair Housing Act Provides For Disparate-Impact Liability

The status quo stands, to a degree. By a 5-4 vote, the United States Supreme Court has concluded that the federal Fair Housing Act (“FHA”) authorizes lawsuits not just for intentional discrimination, but for conduct taken...more

Court Reaffirms Viability of Disparate Impact Theory in Discrimination Cases

Last week, the Supreme Court issued its highly anticipated ruling in Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc. (Inclusive Communities). For the first time, the Court interpreted...more

The U.S. Supreme Court’s Decision in Texas Department of Housing & Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc.

In Texas Department of Housing & Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc., 576 U.S. ___, 2015 WL 2473449 (Jun. 25, 2015), the U.S. Supreme Court, in a 5-4 decision, held that disparate impact discrimination...more

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