Disparate Impact

News & Analysis as of

New York Court of Appeals Applies Federal Impact Analysis Under State Law

Margerum v. City of Buffalo, 24 N.Y.3d 721 (N.Y. Feb. 17, 2015): The New York Court of Appeals held that, where an employer has allegedly engaged in intentional discrimination to avoid or remedy an unintentional disparate...more

U.S. Supreme Court Announces New Standard for Pregnancy Discrimination Claims

Last Wednesday the U.S. Supreme Court issued its much-anticipated decision in Young v. United Parcel Service, Inc. (UPS), which involves a claim of pregnancy discrimination under the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA)....more

U.S. Supreme Court Rules on Pregnancy Accommodation

The Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA) specifies that the Title VII prohibition against sex discrimination applies to discrimination on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth and related medical conditions. It also says that...more

Fourth Circuit Dismisses EEOC’s Background Check Lawsuit Based on Its Reliance on “Laughable” And Unreliable Expert Report Filled...

Earlier this session, in Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (“EEOC”) v. Freeman, No. 13-2365 (4th Cir. Feb. 20, 2015), the Fourth Circuit affirmed the award of summary judgment against the EEOC in its suit alleging that...more

2015 Employment Law Issues Tournament: First Round Results and Recaps

This past weekend, while college basketball teams across America finished up their conference tournaments, 64 employment law issues played in the first round of our tournament, and boy did it live up to the hype. Filled with...more

Statutory Class Actions: Developments and Strategies

In this Newsletter: - An Aspect Of Adequacy: Do Traditional Standing Requirements Apply To Statutory Class Actions? - The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act: A Constantly Shifting Battlefield. - Telephone...more

Fourth Circuit Finds EEOC's Expert Report Unreliable Under Federal Rules of Evidence

As part of an employer's business in providing integrated services for high level events, it commenced background checks of all prospective employees, including credit checks for positions dealing with "credit sensitive"...more

Fourth Circuit Slaps EEOC for Use of Misleading, Incomplete and Error-Riddled Expert Testimony

Several years ago, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission set discriminatory use of criminal and financial background checks as a top enforcement priority. These cases are brought under the disparate impact theory,...more

Federal Appellate Court Throws Out EEOC Discrimination Complaint After Expert Accused of “Cherry-Picking” Data

Last week, the Federal Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit upheld a district court’s decision granting summary judgment to an employer accused by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) of racial bias in its...more

EEOC Loses Another Background Check Case

The EEOC has taken a lot of heat on its controversial stance of aggressively litigating adverse impact cases involving background checks.  In April, 2012, the EEOC issued a new enforcement guidance seeking to curtail the uses...more

Update on Criminal Background Checks: Impact of EEOC v. Freeman and Ongoing Challenges in a Continuously Changing Legal...

The latest chapter in the ongoing saga of employment-related criminal background checks in the United States has been written, and one of the authors had some particularly strong words for the Equal Employment Opportunity...more

Fourth Circuit Affirms Summary Judgment against EEOC in Background Check Suit

Last week, in Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (“EEOC”) v. Freeman, No. 13-2365 (4th Cir. Feb. 20, 2105), the Fourth Circuit affirmed the award of summary judgment against the EEOC in its suit alleging that the...more

Tread Carefully When Implementing a Reduction in Force

With recent price drops in the oil and gas industry it is likely that reductions in force (RIFs) are looming on the horizon. But employers need to tread carefully when implementing any RIF, as it can raise thorny issues under...more

"Supreme Court May Nix Disparate Impact in Fair Lending Enforcement"

In recent years, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) and Department of Justice (DOJ) have increased fair lending enforcement under the disparate impact theory of liability. This term, however, the U.S. Supreme...more

U.S. Supreme Court hears disparate impact case

Last week, the U.S. Supreme Court heard oral argument in a case which questioned whether the Fair Housing Act (FHA) allows for a disparate impact theory of liability. The disparate impact theory of liability is one in which a...more

Third Time Is the Charm: U.S. Supreme Court Hears Argument in Disparate Impact Case

The U.S. Supreme Court recently heard oral argument in Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. The Inclusive Communities Project, Inc.—the case presenting the issue of whether disparate impact claims are...more

U.S. Supreme Court Addresses Disparate Impact Liability Under the Fair Housing Act

On January 21, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court heard oral argument in Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. The Inclusive Communities Project, Docket No. 13-1371, a case that focuses on whether claims based on...more

If You Are Planning Layoffs – Here Are Five Things You Need to Know

Unfortunately, when the price of oil goes down, the employment numbers also move downward in Houston. Many clients in the oil and gas industry are either planning or considering downsizing measures, which means that it is a...more

State AGs Take Sides as U.S. Supreme Court Hears Housing Discrimination Case

On January 21, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court will hear argument in Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, on the question of whether disparate impact claims for discrimination are...more

Special Alert: Supreme Court Hears Oral Arguments on Fair Housing Act Disparate Impact Case

Yesterday, the Supreme Court heard oral arguments in Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. The Inclusive Communities Project, in which Texas challenged the disparate impact theory of discrimination under the...more

Ballard Spahr submits amicus brief in Inclusive Communities

The U.S. Supreme Court is scheduled to hear oral argument tomorrow, January 21st, in Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. The Inclusive Communities Project, Inc., the case presenting the issue whether...more

Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly of the Proposed Rule and Draft Assessment Tool

Ever since HUD’s Proposed Rule regarding Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing (the Rule) was published on July 19, 2013, the housing industry and fair housing advocates have each drawn clear lines in the sand as to where...more

U.S. Supreme Court Agrees to Resolve Whether the FHA Provides for Disparate Impact Liability.

A major change to federal law governing mortgage lending may be on the horizon. On October 2, 2014, the United States Supreme Court agreed to decide whether the Fair Housing Act (“FHA”) not only imposes liability for...more

Amicus Curiae Oppose Disparate-Impact Liability

Recently, following the U.S. Supreme Court's grant of certiorari, more than a dozen organizations, groups, and associations filed separate amicus curiae briefs in support of the notion that the Fair Housing Act (FHA) does not...more

Financial Services Regulatory Bulletin - December 2014

In this issue: - CFPB Issues Final Rule on Regulation P: Annual Privacy Notices Can Be Delivered By Posting Online - ‘It Takes Hutzpah!’: D.C. Federal Judge Issues Stunning Rebuke of HUD Disparate Impact Rule...more

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