News & Analysis as of

Don’t try this at Home or Abroad: Export Controls and Sanctions Violations Lead to $21 Million in Penalties for Dutch Company...

We frequently discuss enforcement actions in this blog, because understanding enforcement is a key aspect of trade compliance. From a fifty-thousand foot view, each enforcement case serves as a cautionary tale about the...more

Investment Management Update

In July 2014, the SEC settled the previously reported proceeding involving Chariot Advisors, and its former owner, Elliott Shifman, concerning charges of violating and aiding and abetting the violation of Section 15(c) of the...more

This Week In Securities Litigation (Week ending July 11, 2014)

The unblemished record of the Manhattan U.S. Attorney’s Office in insider trading cases came to an end this week with the acquittal of Rengan Rajaratnam, brother of the convicted Galleon Fund founder. This is the first loss...more

After Actavis: Crafting Pharmaceutical Settlements that Avoid Antitrust Scrutiny

Last year’s Supreme Court decision in FTC v. Actavis cleared the way for more antitrust challenges to settlements between generic and branded pharmaceutical companies resolving Hatch-Waxman patent litigation. As a result,...more

Second Circuit Doubles Down on Rule Preventing Non-Settling Parties from Objecting to Class Settlement

The robustness of the rule preventing non-settling defendants from objecting to a class settlement has received a boost from the Second Circuit. The class settlement at issue involved the claims of investors against a hedge...more

Two Observations From the SEC’s First Settlement Under its Municipalities Continuing Disclosure Cooperation Initiative

Just yesterday, the SEC announced its first settlement pursuant to its Municipalities Continuing Disclosure Cooperation (MCDC) Initiative. ... Here are two observations on this settlement that could shed some light on...more

Second Circuit Overturns District Court’s Rejection of SEC-Citigroup Fraud Settlement

In a closely-watched decision involving judicial review of agency settlements, the Unites States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit vacated United States District Court Judge Jed Rakoff’s 2011 order rejecting a proposed...more

SEC Settles with Hedge Fund Adviser over Principal Transactions and Retaliation Against Whistleblower

The SEC settled administrative proceedings against an investment adviser, Paradigm Capital Management, Inc. (the “Adviser”), and Candace King Weir, the Adviser’s principal owner (the “Principal”), over violations of the...more

SEC Settles with Exempt Reporting Adviser over Pay-to-Play Violations

The SEC settled public administrative proceedings against TL Ventures Inc., a venture capital fund adviser (the “Adviser”), over violations of Rule 206(4)-5 (the “Rule”) under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (the...more

Takeaways From GE Capital's $225M Credit Card Settlement

Last week, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau announced a $225 million settlement of two major credit card enforcement matters with Synchrony Bank, formerly known as GE Capital Retail Bank. First, the “add-on matter”...more

SEC Integrates Two Exempt Reporting Advisers to Determine Advisers Act Registration Status

The SEC settled public administrative proceedings against TL Ventures Inc., a venture capital fund adviser (the “VC Fund Adviser”) and Penn Mezzanine Partners Management, L.P. (the “Private Fund Adviser” and with the VC Fund...more

Patience is a Virtue: District Court Suggests that the SEC “Wait and See” Before Seeking Certain No-Admit, No-Deny Settlements

On June 18, 2014, Judge Victor Marrero of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York approved the SEC’s no-admit, no-deny consent decrees in its insider trading case against CR Intrinsic Investors, LLC and...more

DOJ, CFPB Fair Lending Enforcement Actions Target Credit Card Repayment Programs, Marketing Of Add-On Products

On June 19, the CFPB and the DOJ announced parallel enforcement actions against a federal savings bank that allegedly violated ECOA in the offering of credit card debt-repayment programs and allegedly engaged in deceptive...more

District Court Confirms “Neither Admit Nor Deny” Settlements Applying Citigroup Factors

In March 2013, the SEC requested that Judge Victor Marrero of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York approve consent judgments as to CR Intrinsic and CR Intrinsic Investments, LLC; S.A.C....more

SEC Settles Enforcement Proceeding Against Former Portfolio Manager over Prohibited Joint Transaction Involving Registered...

The SEC settled administrative proceedings against Christopher B. Ruffle (the “Portfolio Manager”) over his role in causing The China Fund, Inc., a U.S. registered closed-end fund (the “Registered Fund”), to engage in a...more

Second Circuit Clarifies Standard For Reviewing Enforcement Agency Consent Judgments

On June 4, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit vacated and remanded a district court’s decision to reject a proposed settlement between the SEC and a financial institution in a securities fraud suit. SEC v....more

The Second Circuit Confirms the SEC’s Ability to Settle Without Requiring Admissions of Wrongdoing

In November 2011, Judge Jed Rakoff of the Southern District of New York ignited a firestorm of commentary and concern among the securities bar by declining to approve a settlement between the SEC and Citigroup in which the...more

U.S. Appellate Court Overturns Decision Rejecting SEC’s No-Contest Settlement

The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit held on June 4, 2014 that the U.S. Southern District Court of New York “abused its discretion” when it refused to approve a “no-contest” settlement agreement between...more

Second Circuit Vacates Judge Rakoff’s Order Refusing to Approve Citigroup “Neither Admit Nor Deny” Settlement

On June 6, 2014, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals vacated Judge Rakoff’s order refusing to approve a settlement between the SEC and Citigroup in which Citigroup neither admitted nor denied the agency’s allegations. See SEC...more

The Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) Prevails in the Second Circuit in Defending Its No-Admission Settlement Policy

The long legal battle over the SEC’s neither-admit-nor-deny settlement policy has finally come to an end. On June 4, 2014, the Second Circuit issued an opinion vacating the district court’s rejection of a proposed consent...more

Second Circuit’s Citigroup Decision Protects SEC’s Discretion in Settling Enforcement Cases

Wednesday’s decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit in the Citigroup case is significant because it clarifies the standards for judicial review of consent decrees in SEC enforcement proceedings and...more

SEC v. Citigroup: A New Standard for Reviewing Consent Decrees

In an appeal that had the securities industry holding its breath for two years, the Second Circuit, on June 4, 2014, vacated Southern District Judge Jed Rakoff's 2011 order rejecting a proposed settlement between the SEC and...more

SEC Brings Settled Administrative Proceedings Against NYSE Relating to Informational Advantages, Electronic Trading and Other...

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC or Commission) on May 1, 2014 announced a settlement (Settlement) with the New York Stock Exchange LLC and certain of its affiliates (collectively, the NYSE), addressing a variety...more

Trials Are About Truth; Consent Decrees Are About Pragmatism

I recently wrote about Judge Rakoff’s refusal to enter the SEC’s proposed consent decree in SEC v. Citigroup Global Markets, Inc., 827 F. Supp. 2d 328 (SDNY 2011) – and the shift in SEC enforcement policy that it prompted. ...more

Judge Rakoff Reversed by Second Circuit on SEC-Citi case, Still Sort of Wins

You’d be forgiven if you’d forgotten at this point, but way back in Obama’s first term, the SEC once investigated and sued Citigroup for its involvement in a collateralized debt obligation deal. As the SEC said in its...more

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