Federal Jurisdiction

News & Analysis as of

Whither WOTUS?

In June 2015, EPA and the Corps of Engineers released a draft rule to define “waters of the United States,” affectionately referred to as WOTUS. This definition goes to the scope of federal jurisdiction over wetlands and...more

In Case You Missed It - Interesting Items for Corporate Counsel - June 2016

The SEC adopted a rule required by the FAST Act, here, that, we guess, confirms that an Annual Report on Form 10-K may include a summary. The SEC prescribes no rules about where a summary might appear or what it may look...more

The federal-state energy regulatory divide: The new order after Learjet, EPSA and Hughes

In three recent decisions (the Three Decisions), the US Supreme Court (the Court) drew a sharp dividing line between the authority of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC or Commission) and that of the states to...more

Dart Cherokee: Shifting The Burden To Plaintiff in Federal Diversity Cases

Under Dart, a Plaintiff contesting that the jurisdictional threshold has not been met must now come forward with evidence that establishes the jurisdictional amount in controversy is not present. We’ve all seen this...more

JSH Reporter - Summer 2016

We are excited to announce the launch of our Summer 2016 JSH Reporter! The JSH Reporter is designed to provide information about changes in the law and how these affect a variety of industries. In this issue, you will...more

U.S. Supreme Court Makes It Harder to Remove Some Securities Cases to Federal Court

In Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Inc. v. Manning, the U.S. Supreme Court held that mere references to Securities Exchange Act of 1934 violations in a state law claim filed in state court are not sufficient grounds for...more

Illinois District Court Holds CAFA and Diversity Both Provide Federal Jurisdiction Over Class Actions

The Southern District of Illinois recently confirmed that traditional diversity jurisdiction and jurisdiction under the Class Act Fairness Act (CAFA) provide two separate means of obtaining federal jurisdiction over class...more

Supreme Court Interprets Jurisdictional Provision of the Federal Securities Laws

On May 16, 2016, the Supreme Court issued its opinion in Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith, Inc. v. Manning, in which the Court resolved a Circuit split concerning the jurisdictional provision of the Securities Exchange...more

Supreme Court Update: Merrill Lynch V. Manning (14-1132), Huskie Int'l Electronics V. Ritz (15-145), Sheriff V. Gillie (15-338)...

It's that time of year! Fresh on the heels of the six decisions handed down Monday, the Court issued another three yesterday, with more to come on the other side of the weekend. This Update will cover the remaining three...more

Supreme Court Clarifies When State Law Claims Are Removable Under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

On May 16, 2016, the U.S. Supreme Court issued its decision in Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Inc. v. Manning, 578 U.S. __ (May 16, 2016), which resolved a longstanding circuit split as to the scope of exclusive...more

This Week In Securities Litigation

The Supreme Court concluded this week that a suit based on short selling filed in state court alleging state law causes of action was not preempted by the exclusive jurisdiction provision of Exchange Act Section 27 simply...more

Will Discovery Unlock Your Claim File? Federal or State Court Jurisdiction Could Make The Difference

Differences between federal court and state court procedure can be important for insurers that find themselves involved in “bad faith” litigation. If a lawsuit alleging extracontractual claims is filed in federal court, or...more

The Supreme Court - May 2016 #2

The Supreme Court of the United States issued decisions in six cases today: Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins, No. 13-1339: The Fair Credit Reporting Act of 1970 (“FCRA”) imposes a number of requirements regarding the creation and...more

Supreme Court Issues Two Decisions That Limit Access to Federal Courts

On May 16, 2016, the United States Supreme Court handed down two decisions that may, in practice, limit the ability to access federal district courts. In Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins, No. 13-1339, 578 U.S. ___ (2016), the Supreme...more

Supreme Court: Exchange Act Jurisdiction = “Arising Under”

The Supreme Court held May 16 that the exclusive federal jurisdiction provision of the 1934 Securities Exchange Act means the same as the “arising under” test for federal-question jurisdiction and does not pre-empt state law...more

Supreme Court’s Manning Decision Leaves Questions Unanswered

The U.S. Supreme Court’s decision on May 16, 2016 in Merrill Lynch v. Manning clarified the scope of federal jurisdiction under the Exchange Act in certain important respects, but also left open critical issues that may arise...more

Supreme Court: The Reach of Exchange Act Section 27

Exchange Act Section 27 gives federal district courts exclusive jurisdiction of all suits “brought to enforce any liability or duty created” by the Act. The critical question was the scope and reach of that exclusive...more

Supreme Court Decides Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Inc. v. Manning

On May 16, 2016, the Supreme Court of the United States decided Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Inc. v. Manning, No. 14-1132, holding that that the “arising under” test for federal-question jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C....more

Supreme Court Clarifies Jurisdiction Under Securities Exchange Act

On May 16, 2016, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the provision of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 granting federal district courts exclusive jurisdiction over suits brought to enforce the Exchange Act is subject to the...more

Blast From The Past: A Look Back At Lessons Learned

This week, TSW revisits some cases that taught us valuable lessons in the complex and ever-changing trade secrets arena. As our readers know, trade secrets law keeps evolving due to new case law and the near certainty of a...more

Ninth Circuit Rejects Director Cordray's Recess Appointment as Defense to CFPB Enforcement Action; Dissenting Judge Disagrees

Since it was filed in a California federal court in July 2012, we have been following Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) v. Chance Edward Gordon, a case in which the CFPB alleged that an attorney duped consumers by...more

Pazol v. Tough Mudder, Inc.: Muddying the waters on proof of jurisdictional facts under CAFA?

The Class Action Fairness Act of 2005 (CAFA) was intended to make it easier for defendants to remove class action lawsuits from state court to federal court. For example, CAFA introduced the concept of minimal as opposed to...more

7th Circuit Court of Appeals finds Article III Standing for P.F. Chang’s Plaintiffs

On April 14, 2016, the Court of Appeals for 7th Circuit reinstated plaintiffs’ action against P.F. Chang’s restaurant chain that arose out of the well-reported breach of payment card information. The action was previously...more

Buy One, Get One Free: Appellate Court Strikes Deal to Permit Defendant’s Second Attempt at Removing Class Action Beyond Initial...

Addressing an issue of first impression, the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals in Graiser v. Visionworks of America, Inc., recently upheld a defendant’s second attempt at removing a class action to federal court under the Class...more

“All Aboriginal Peoples”: SCC Rules Non-Status Indians and Métis are “Indians” under the Constitution

Yesterday, the Supreme Court of Canada issued a unanimous decision in Daniels v Canada (Indian Affairs and Northern Development), 2016 SCC 12 declaring that non-status Indians and Métis are “Indians” under s 91(24) of the...more

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