News & Analysis as of

Fourteenth Amendment

Businesses Challenge Philadelphia Law Prohibiting Inquiry into Prospective Employee’s Wage History

by Seyfarth Shaw LLP on

Seyfarth Synopsis: Businesses banded together to challenge, on First Amendment and Due Process grounds, the pay equity Ordinance which would ban inquiries into prospective employees’ prior salaries. The Ordinance, which was...more

United States Supreme Court Decides Nelson v. Colorado

by Faegre Baker Daniels on

On April 19, 2017, the Supreme Court decided Nelson v. Colorado, No. 15-1256, holding that Colorado’s Compensation for Certain Exonerated Persons statute (Exoneration Act), which requires petitioners whose felony criminal...more

Seventh Circuit Rules Title VII Bars Sexual Orientation Discrimination, Creating Circuit Split and Setting Stage for Likely...

In a landmark en banc decision rejecting its earlier panel ruling, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit became the first federal appellate court to hold that Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act prohibits...more

“The Writing Is on the Wall:” The Seventh Circuit Holds Title VII Prohibits Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation

by Hirschfeld Kraemer LLP on

On April 4, 2017, the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeal became the first United States appellate court to hold that Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. This is...more

Applicant Who Failed Pre-Employment Drug Test Could Not Show That Public Employer Violated Her Due Process Rights or Title VII

by Jackson Lewis P.C. on

A federal district court recently dismissed a lawsuit in which a job applicant challenged a public employer’s decision to withdraw an offer of employment after the individual tested positive for cocaine on a pre-employment...more

Church Entitled to Damages Following Denial of Special Use Permit

The expanding congregation of Christian Assembly Rios de Agua Viva sought a new home for their church in suburban Chicago, Illinois and began a three-and-a-half year search that ultimately led them to a four-acre property...more

See You In Court! - April 2017

by Shipman & Goodwin LLP on

The Nutmeg Board of Education was frustrated and dismayed this budget season by the need to cut programs and reduce costs. However, given various warnings from Seymour Dollars, the irascible Chairperson of the Nutmeg Board of...more

Preserving Constitutional Issues: Three States, Three Cases, One Hard Lesson

by Carlton Fields on

Late last year, three states illustrated an important point about preserving constitutional law issues for appeal: always be on the lookout for constitutional law issues at the beginning of the case. ...more

News-Gatherer not Nightcrawler: District Court Denies NYPD’s Motion to Dismiss Photojournalist’s First Amendment Complaint

by Genova Burns LLC on

The U.S. District Court in Manhattan recently allowed a photojournalist’s complaint against the New York Police Department (NYPD) and City of New York to go forward. In Jason B. Nicholas v. The City of New York, 15-CV-9592,...more

Nev. Supreme Court Holds HOA Foreclosure Statute Constitutional, Splits with Ninth Circuit

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

The Nevada Supreme Court has upheld the constitutionality of Nevada's pre-2015 statutory scheme for homeowners association (HOA) foreclosures. This decision contradicts the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals' conclusion that the...more

State Department of Education Addresses Immigration Executive Order

by Shipman & Goodwin LLP on

On January 30, 2017, the Connecticut State Department of Education (“CSDE”) released a memorandum titled, “Guidance for Districts Regarding Refugee Students,” in response to an Executive Order signed on January 27, 2017,...more

New Legal Challenges to Public Union Agency Fees

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

Public employees in three different federal circuits filed lawsuits this week challenging the constitutionality of public unions' right to require nonmembers to pay agency fees (also known as "fair share" fees). The...more

The Third Circuit Court Of Appeals Denies Teacher Qualified Immunity Under The “State-Created Danger” Theory Where The Teacher...

by Tucker Arensberg, P.C. on

L.R. v. School Dist. of Philadelphia et. al. No. 14-4640 (3rd. Cir. Sept. 6, 2016). The Third Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed an Order from the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania denying...more

New York’s high court finds jurisdiction over foreign bank on basis of correspondent bank account activity

by DLA Piper on

In a ruling that three dissenting judges warned would “have grave implications for correspondent banking relationships,” New York’s Court of Appeals has reinstated claims against a Swiss bank after concluding that its alleged...more

CAS Legal Mailbag Question of the Week – December, 2016

by Shipman & Goodwin LLP on

Dear Legal Mailbag: Last week, I met a lovely couple who stopped by my office to visit. They live just down the street from my school and they are homeschooling their two children who would otherwise be in grades 2 and...more

Bourne Valley Redux

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

The dispute between lenders and the purchasers at homeowners’ association foreclosure sale regarding superiority of title has embroiled the State of Nevada since at least as early as 2012. Since the issue rose in volume and...more

IRS Regulations Clarify Definition of Spouse for Federal Tax Purposes in Light of Obergefell v. Hodges

by BakerHostetler on

The IRS has issued final regulations clarifying the definitions of “spouse,” “husband,” “wife,” and “husband and wife” for federal tax purposes. The final regulations now define “spouse,” “husband” and “wife” as any...more

Landmarking designation is alleged to violate RLUIPA

A brewing dispute in Yonkers, NY has led the Islamic Community Center for Mid Westchester (ICCMW) to allege that Yonkers violated ICCMW’s rights under RLUIPA, and the First and Fourteenth Amendments of the United States...more

Prevailing RLUIPA Defendant Denied Attorneys’ Fees

This summer, we reported that Genoa Charter Township prevailed in a lawsuit filed by Livingston Christian Schools (LSC), which claimed that the Township violated RLUIPA’s substantial burden provision, the First Amendment to...more

Advertising Law - August 2016 #3

ANA, 4As Battle Over Transparency Guidance - Two industry groups are engaging in a public battle over transparency. The dispute began when a joint task force was formed between the American Association of...more

New Complaint Challenges Constitutionality of Connecticut Educational System

by Shipman & Goodwin LLP on

On August 23, 2016, four Connecticut parents, on behalf of themselves and their seven children, filed a 71-page complaint in the United States District Court for the District of Connecticut against Governor Dannel Malloy and...more

Constitutional Rights vs. The Exclusive Remedy Doctrine

by Collins & Lacy, P.C. on

The Workers’ Compensation Act evolved from what is often called the “Grand Bargain.” Injured workers cannot sue their employers for work-related injuries in exchange for a no fault system in which the injured worker does not...more

Challenges to the Constitutionality of Indiana’s Med Mal Caps Continue Despite a Recent Legislative Compromise

by Reminger Co., LPA on

Indiana’s Medical Malpractice Act’s caps on damages have survived constitutional challenges since their inception in 1975. In 1980, the Indiana Supreme Court, in Johnson v. St. Vincent Hosp., Inc., 273 Ind. 374, 404 N.E.2d...more

Foreclosure of Nevada HOA Super Lien Cannot Extinguish Mortgage Lender’s Security Interest

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

The non-judicial foreclosure of a Nevada HOA super lien cannot constitutionally extinguish a mortgage lender's security interest, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals has held. This holding will affect many lawsuits in federal...more

California Supreme Court Clarifies Constitutional Limits on Punitive Damages

In Brandt v. Superior Court, the California Supreme Court held that when a plaintiff proves that an insurance company withheld policy benefits in bad faith, attorneys' fees reasonably incurred to compel payment of the...more

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