Injury-in-Fact

News & Analysis as of

Thoughts on the Fairness in Class Action Litigation Act of 2017

A fair amount of attention has been given in the legal media to the Fairness in Class Action Litigation Act of 2017, H.R. 985, which has passed the House of Representatives and is currently under consideration by the Senate....more

Spokeo and the TCPA: Mere Receipt of Fax with Non-Compliant Opt-Out Notice is Not “Concrete Injury”

In ARcare v. Qiagen N. Am. Holdings, Inc., No. CV 16-7638 PA (ASX), 2017 WL 449173, at *1 (C.D. Cal. Jan. 19, 2017), the district court granted the defendant’s motion to dismiss a TCPA class action, finding that the simple...more

Recent Circuit Court Opinions Offer Guidance on Challenging the Standing Requirement for Plaintiffs in Data Breach Cases

By following trends and monitoring successful defenses in data breach litigation, companies can often avoid the reputational harm caused by making headlines. For most companies,it is not a question of whether they have been...more

Wendy’s Successful in Trimming Data Breach Class Action Suit But No Dismissal

We have previously discussed the class action case filed against Wendy’s as a result of a data breach. The case was initially dismissed based upon lack of standing, but the plaintiffs were given the opportunity to amend the...more

District Court Grants Motion To Dismiss Because FCRA Plaintiff Failed To Allege Concrete Injuries

On March 1, 2017, the United States District Court for the District of Minnesota granted a motion to dismiss a lawsuit predicated on alleged violations of the Fair Credit Reporting Act (“FCRA” or the “Act”). If a person...more

Veteran Class-Action Suits Following Data Breaches Dismissed for Lack of Standing

In a decision consolidating two cases involving two veterans and two separate incidences of data breaches at the Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC) in South Carolina, the US Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit...more

Ohio State and Federal Courts Find No Standing to Assert Technical Violations of the FCRA’s Background Check Disclosure...

Ohio courts have recently weighed in on a hotly litigated issue related to procurement of background checks on current or prospective employees: do employees have standing to sue employers where the employer fails to provide...more

Offers You Make May be Used against You: Free Credit Monitoring and Standing in Data Breach Cases

It’s become an unfortunate rite of passage for the modern age: the receipt of a letter from a company explaining that one’s personal information been lost or stolen in a data breach. The letter usually offers to...more

California's Automatic Renewal Law: three recent decisions, and what they mean for businesses

Yet another trial court has decided the question of whether California's Automatic Renewal Law (ARL) provides a private right of action.  The answer is a resounding no.  So where does this leave the state of lawsuits for...more

Antitrust Not Always Available in Competitor Disputes in the Healthcare Sector

The antitrust injury and antitrust standing defenses/doctrines are alive and well in healthcare.  A recent case, SCPH Legacy Corp. et al. v. Palmetto Health et al., shows that a competitor is not always the most legally...more

Fourth Circuit To Plaintiffs: “Could” Isn’t Enough For Standing

A split continued to develop in the federal courts last month as the Fourth Circuit denied Article III standing to the plaintiffs in a data breach case whose alleged injuries were limited to the increased risk of future...more

Inaccurate TILA Disclosures Not Enough to Create Standing

A district court from New York recently ruled that even assuming a creditor’s initial TILA disclosures falls short under the statutory requirements, the plaintiff must show an injury in fact in order to have standing under...more

District Court Opinion Highlights Effect of Spokeo on FDCPA Claims

A recent district court opinion from Michigan makes clear that statutory violations of the FDCPA do not absolve a plaintiff from the need to show a concrete injury in order to establish Article III standing. In Johnston v....more

District Court Rules That Statutory Violation Without Actual Damages Counts As Injury In Fact For Article III Standing

On February 15, 2017, the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan denied Time Inc.’s (“Time”) motion to dismiss a lawsuit predicated on Michigan’s Video Rental Privacy Act (the “Act”). According to...more

Second Circuit policyholder lawsuits challenging captive reinsurance disclosures

On February 23, 2017, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit affirmed the rulings of several US district courts, shutting down a series of policyholder class actions that had been filed against Metropolitan...more

Article III Injury-in-Fact Required to Appeal PTAB Final Written Decision in IPR

Addressing the legal standard for demonstrating standing in an appeal from a final agency decision, the US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit concluded that petitioners must have Article III standing to appeal a Patent...more

Proposed Legislation May Significantly Limit Class Action Litigation in Federal Court

Twelve years after he introduced the Class Action Fairness Act of 2005, Representative Bob Goodlatte (R-VA) has introduced the Fairness in Class Action Litigation Act of 2017 (“the Act”), which would significantly change the...more

"Privacy & Cybersecurity Update - February 2017"

In this edition of our Privacy & Cybersecurity Update, we look at a series of recent court rulings regarding standing in privacy cases, most of which suggest plaintiffs will continue to have a difficult time establishing...more

Eleventh Circuit: (1) Mere Procedural Violation Insufficient for Article III Standing and (2) Certified Return Receipt Sufficient...

Since Spokeo v. Robins, 136 S. Ct. 1540 (2016), as revised (May 24, 2016), the consumer finance industry has continued to refine what it means to allege a concrete injury in fact and to meet Article III case and controversy...more

Spokeo Argument After Removal to Federal Court Creates Double-Edged Sword for Defendants

After the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Spokeo, Inc. v. Robbins last year, many defendants have perceived the assertion of a standing argument as a potential panacea when confronted with federal statutory claims in which...more

Court Of Appeals Affirms Dismissal Of “Shadow Insurance” Lawsuits

In a summary order, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit has affirmed the dismissal of two “shadow insurance” putative class action lawsuits against Axa Equitable Life Insurance and Metropolitan Life...more

Bare Statutory Violation of FCRA Fails to Satisfy Standing Requirements Post-Spokeo, Says District of New Jersey in Suit Over...

Michaels escaped a potential class action alleging Fair Credit Reporting Act (“FCRA”) violations late last month when a federal judge found the United States Supreme Court’s recent decision in Spokeo, Inc. v. Robbins, 136 S....more

Ninth Circuit: Redefining the Reach of Spokeo, and “Effective Consent” under the TCPA

The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals recently held that, for purposes of the Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991 (TCPA), the scope of a consumer’s consent depends on the transactional context in which it is given. Van...more

Standing In Data Breach Class Actions: The Fourth Circuit Weighs In, Affirming Dismissal For Lack Of Subject Matter Jurisdiction

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit issued a unanimous opinion in Beck v. McDonaldon February 6, 2017, clarifying the standard for Article III standing and what constitutes sufficient injury-in-fact in putative...more

Van Patten V. Vertical Fitness Is No TCPA Killer

The rise of Telephone Consumer Protection Act litigation in the past decade has been staggering. From just 14 cases in 2007, the number of TCPA-related filings has exploded to 4,860 in 2016 — a total that is expected to...more

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Cybersecurity

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