Injury-in-Fact

News & Analysis as of

Spokeo Should Not Fall on Deaf Ears in Privacy Class Actions

On the May morning that the Supreme Court handed down its ruling in Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins, I was among those who read the case as a bellwether. The Spokeo appeal addressed a long-festering issue about whether Congress may...more

Causation Counts: Strategic Use of Summary Judgment Post-Spokeo

Early scorecards in the aftermath of the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in Spokeo Inc. v. Robins all note high marks in the plaintiffs’ column, especially at the motion to dismiss stage. Emboldened by these decisions,...more

Keep Reading: Standing Affirmed, but Barnes & Noble Data Breach Class Action Halted

It was about time for data breach defendants to get a win. The District Court for the Northern District of Illinois delivered one to Barnes & Noble in its long-running class action that stems from a breach suffered in 2012....more

eSports Lawsuit Over For Now, But State Action May Follow

On October 4, 2016, a federal judge in the Western District of Washington dismissed a suit against Valve Corporation (“Valve”) alleging that Valve and third-party websites had facilitated online gambling in violation of state...more

The Future is Now

More than a decade ago Steve Spielberg’s Minority Report contemplated a future in which facial recognition would be ubiquitously used for targeted advertising. Now, a California court will decide whether to dismiss a...more

Envelope’s Display of Barcode With Embedded Account Number Does Not Violate FDCPA, Court Rules

A federal district court in Florida has ruled that a debt collector did not violate the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA) by sending a collection letter in an envelope that allegedly revealed a barcode in which the...more

Spokeo Gets Lyft Off

The Northern District of California dismissed a Fair Credit Reporting Act case against Lyft upon finding that plaintiff lacked Article III standing based on the Supreme Court’s decision in Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins, 136 S. Ct....more

Consumer Financial Services Newsletter - October 2016

Courts Are Giving "Standing" Teeth After Spokeo - Since the U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Spokeo, Inc., v. Robins, courts have further clarified and interpreted the Spokeo decision. Spokeo held that (i) in order to...more

Legal Update: Evaporated Cane Juice

In recent years, a boomlet of litigation – primarily in California – has arisen regarding the product known as “evaporated cane juice” or “ECJ.” The product – made by extracting fluid from crushed sugar cane, clarifying the...more

Two New Jersey District Courts Dismiss TCCWNA Cases On Spokeo Grounds and Address What It Means To Be An “Aggrieved Consumer”...

In recent months, federal and state courts in New Jersey have been faced with numerous motions to dismiss class action complaints alleging that online retailers’ website terms and conditions violate New Jersey’s...more

Class Action Report - October 2016

As the Supreme Court begins its new term, the trajectory of its recent class certification guidance will be a key issue for many. The spring and summer of 2016 delivered significant new contours in class certification...more

Citing Spokeo, Eleventh Circuit Rejects Class Action Over Late Mortgage Satisfaction Recordation, Holding Plaintiff Had Not...

The Eleventh Circuit recently held in Nicklaw v. CitiMortgage, Inc.(No. 15-14216) that a plaintiff lacks standing to sue a creditor where the plaintiff merely alleges that the creditor failed to timely record a mortgage...more

No Harm, No Foul: Lack of Concrete Injury Dooms Two Separate Actions Based on the Truth in Consumer Contract Warranty and Notice...

Federal courts in New Jersey have begun to weigh on the application of the Truth in Consumer Contract Warranty and Notice Act (“TCCWNA”) in cases based on websites’ terms and conditions when the plaintiff has not alleged any...more

Fenwick Privacy Bulletin - Fall 2016

Privacy Shield – An Early Reflection - EU law generally prohibits the transfer of personal data from the European Economic Area to the U.S., unless the transfer is made in accordance with an authorized data transfer...more

Illinois District Court Denies Motion to Certify TCPA Class Action

In the consolidated cases Espejo v. Santander Consumer USA Inc., No. 11 C 8987, 2016 WL 6037625 (N.D. Ill. Oct. 14, 2016) and Levins v. Santander Consumer USA Inc., No. 12 C 9431, 2016 WL 6037 (N.D. Ill. Oct. 14, 2016), the...more

Courts Split on Standing Issues in FCRA Suits After Spokeo

On October 5, 2016, two district courts came to opposite conclusions on whether putative class action plaintiffs had standing to bring claims based on prospective employers’ failure to comply with Fair Credit Reporting Act...more

Sixth Circuit: Substantial Risk of Harm and Mitigation Costs Sufficient to Confer Standing in Data Breach Case

On October 12, 2016, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit denied a petition for an en banc rehearing of its September 12 decision in Galaria, et al. v. Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company (Nos. 15-3386/3387). In...more

Nicklaw v. CitiMortgage, Inc.: Eleventh Circuit Holds Statutory Violation Insufficient to Confer Article III Standing Absent...

On October 6, 2016, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit issued its opinion in Nicklaw v. CitiMortgage, Inc., dismissing, for lack of Article III standing, a class action complaint that alleged...more

Key TCPA Ruling Rejects Plaintiff for Lack of Standing

In a positive development for financial institutions and other businesses looking to communicate with customers via phone, a federal district court dismissed a Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA) suit based on the...more

Update on Data Breach and Data Privacy Class Actions Post-Spokeo

In May, the U.S. Supreme Court issued its opinion in Spokeo v. Robins, providing guidance on the “injury-in-fact” aspect of the constitutional standing requirement for putative class action plaintiffs. 136 S. Ct. 1540...more

Southern District of California Holds Charge for Incoming Call Does Not Create Standing to Assert TCPA Claim

Plaintiff filed suit, placing at issue a single call to his cell phone using an ATDS, and attempting to represent a class of similarly situated individuals. The only allegation in the Complaint arguably relating to injury was...more

Your Credit Card Number’s Been Stolen. Have You Been Injured? Courts’ Answers Continue to Vary

Seemingly not a day goes by without news of another major data breach. In the past few weeks, Yahoo! announced that at least 500 million of its user accounts were stolen in 2014, hot on the heels of Dropbox’s announcement...more

Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins and the TCPA: The Fallout is as Clear as “Concrete”

In the wake of Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins, 136 S.Ct. 1540 (May 16, 2016), the Supreme Court decision that had the chance to be legendary, but instead settled for punting back to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, we are left...more

Despite Plaintiffs Satisfying Standing Requirements, Barnes & Noble Closes the Book on Data Breach Class Action

In data breach class actions, standing is often the major obstacle, and has taken on renewed focus following the U.S. Supreme Court’s ruling in Spokeo v. Robins, 136 S. Ct. 1540 (May 24, 2016). See, e.g., Federal Court Finds...more

Sixth Circuit Eases Plaintiffs’ Burden for Standing in Data Breach Claims

Insurance companies are susceptible to the same sort of data breaches as suffered by many other businesses, such as the recently reported theft from Yahoo of the personal data in half a billion accounts. In a major decision...more

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