Patent Trial and Appeal Board

News & Analysis as of

PTAB Will Not Review Contract Issues Even if They Relate to Standing

Whether a Petitioner breached a contract, that limited its ability to challenge a patent, is an issue outside the purview of the PTAB, per a recent decision in Ford Motor Company v. Paice LLC & The Abell Foundation, Inc.,...more

Fetal Diagnostics Patent Claims Fall in Inter Partes Review

Post grant inter partes review proceedings have lowered the hurdle to invalidate U.S. patents. The “broadest reasonable construction” of the claims and the lower burden to prove invalidity (by a preponderance of the evidence)...more

More Misinformation Regarding the Patent System and Non-Practicing Entities

The press has been all too eager to decry the so-called "broken" U.S. patent system and the alleged "scourge" of non-practicing entities (NPEs). However, few if any articles attempt to provide an even-handed analysis of...more

Don’t Forget Indefiniteness as a Ground for Invalidation in a CBM Patent Review

The PTAB recently instituted a covered business method patent review (CBM) based on grounds that include asserted indefiniteness under 35 U.S.C. § 112, second paragraph....more

IPR Motions for Joinder are Common, But Not Automatic

Recent statistics show that motions for joinder are granted about 60% of the time. While parties can, therefore, expect a sympathetic ear regarding these motions, they are not always successful and it is worth noting the...more

Rationale from Denied Ground Used By PTAB In Final Written Decision

Lost a challenge ground in the Board’s Decision to Institute? The Board has given some hope that such denied grounds may still of use in an IPR proceeding in McClinton Energy Group, LLC v. Magnum Oil Tools International,...more

For the First Time PTAB Upholds Validity of Pharma Patents

On December 9, 2014, the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (“PTAB”) upheld the validity of three Supernus Pharmaceutical’s patents relating to once-daily formulations of doxycycline. The trio of decisions is significant because...more

Patent Trial and Appeal Board Issues First IPR Decisions on Orange Book-Listed Patents

On December 9, 2014, the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) issued final decisions in three inter partes review (IPR) proceedings filed by Amneal Pharmaceuticals challenging three patents listed in the Orange Book for...more

PTAB Applies Balancing Test in Deciding Motions to Seal Evidence

Search Am., Inc. v. TransUnion Intelligence, LLC - In an recent covered business method (CBM) patent review proceeding, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) denied the parties’...more

Hell Hath No Fury Like a Patentee Scorned

In SAP America, Inc. v. Arunacgalam, IPR2014-00413, Paper 23, and IPR2014-00414, Paper 21 (December 5, 2014), the Board sanctioned pro se patent owner for her unauthorized filings in which she makes “bald, unsubstantiated...more

Claims Directed to a Mental Task Are Abstract, but Computerizing an Old Practice Is Not

Cambridge Assocs., LLC v. Capital Dynamics; PNC Bank et al. v. Secure Axcess - Addressing the issue of patent-eligible subject matter for covered business method (CBM) patents, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office...more

PTAB Update -- Hatch-Waxman-Watch Edition

The pharmaceutical industry has been closing watching the proceedings at the Patent Trial and Appeal Board ("PTAB" or "Board") to see if inter partes review ("IPR") will be a viable option for generic drug companies seeking...more

Failure to Address All Graham Factors Dooms CBM Petition

Travelocity.com L.P. v. Cronos Technologies LLC - Addressing the showing required to institute covered business method (CBM) proceedings based on obviousness, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Patent Trial and...more

High Evidentiary Threshold for Diligence in Reducing Invention to Practice

Oracle Corp. v. Click-to-Call Technologies LP - Addressing the evidentiary threshold to show diligence in constructive or actual reduction to practice between the date of a prior art reference and the date the...more

Play Nice in the Deposition Sandbox

Medtronic, Inc. v. Norred - In two separate orders on the conduct of the proceeding, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB or Board) came down on the parties for their inability to...more

IPR Patent Owner Succeeds in Antedating Key Prior Art

A witness credibility battle erupted in Dynamic Drinkware LLC v. National Graphics, Inc., IPR2013-00131, where the Board found that Patent Owner antedated a key prior art reference…despite the fact that the inventor testified...more

Motion for Observation Must Follow Guidelines

Medtronic, Inc. v. NuVasive, Inc. - The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB or Board) dismissed a patent owner’s improper motions for observation, agreeing with the petitioner that the...more

Patentee May Cancel but May Not Substitute Claims when Proposed Amended Claims Are Not Shown To Be Unobvious

Intelligent Bio-Systems, Inc. v. Illumina Cambridge Ltd. - Addressing the burden of establishing the patentability of claim amendments in inter partes review (IPR), the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Patent Trial and...more

No Cross-Examination of Expert at the Close of Evidence

A.C. Dispensing Equipment Inc. v. Prince Castle LLC - Addressing the appropriate timing of cross-examination of expert witnesses in an inter partes review (IPR), the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Patent Trial and...more

Prior Art-Related Submissions That Go to the Merits Are Supplemental “Evidence,” Not Supplemental “Information”

FLIR Systems, Inc. v. Leak Surveys, Inc. - Addressing whether prior-art-related submissions by a petitioner in an inter partes review (IPR) proceeding are supplemental information under 37 C.F.R. 42.123(a) or...more

PTAB Update -- Amending Claims in an IPR Proceedings

Just what does it take to amend your claims during an IPR proceeding before the PTAB? Of course, the America Invents Act ("AIA") specifically provides that Patent Owners may file one motion to amend the claims. AIA, §...more

Pyrrhic Victory: IPR Petition Denied Because Claims Indefinite

Patent Owner won a Pyrrhic victory in Facebook v. TLI Communications, IPR2014-00566, wherein the Board denied the Petition, but for a reason that calls into question the future viability of the patent-in-suit. Namely, the...more

PTAB Expands Discovery for Inter Partes Review

GEA Process Engineering, Inc. v. Steuben Foods, Inc. - In a decision that has the potential to expand the scope of permissible discovery in inter partes reviews (IPRs) as well as other post-grant procedures under the...more

Not So “Routine Discovery” in AIA Proceedings

Atlanta Gas Light Company v. Bennett Regulators Guards, Inc.; Aker Biomarine AS, et al. v. Neptune Technologies and Bioressources Inc. - In two orders issued from the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Patent Trial and...more

No Joinder Without Proof That Grounds Could Not Have Been Raised Previously

Reloaded Games, Inc. v. Parallel Networks LLC - Addressing the issue of joinder to an already instituted inter partes review (IPR), the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB or Board)...more

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